1
vote
0answers
67 views

Geometrical application of generation function for permutation

It is quite well known that the generation function for permutations is represented as $$(1+x)(1+x+x^2)\dots(1+x+x^2+x^3...+x^{n−1})$$ (See, e.g., question The generating function for permutations ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Computer-aided study of elementary geometry

As a beginning student of elementary (euclidean plane) geometry, so far, I have gotten the impression that there are two major approaches to geometries: naive vs axiomatic. Being a humanities student ...
3
votes
3answers
258 views

Visualizing mathematics and geometry

Im writing a paper on the role of visualization in mathematics and specifically geometry. I was wondering if it is possible to represent any arbitrary system of relations and manipulable objects ...
0
votes
2answers
171 views

Parametric equations and specifications of a triskelion (triple spiral)

I haven't been able to find the parametric equations and specifications to form a triskelion, a triple spiral (this is made of three interlocked couples of spirals). Using the parametric equation of ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Credit Given - Geometricly Modeling Infinity with 3 planes and 9 circles - Ratio of Circles

Refer to the attached diagram sketch to help visualize the equation. I am requesting help with an interesting math problem. Basically, I am diagraming infinity using three planes. These planes ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

A visual proof of - Curved surface area of a hemisphere = 2(Area of circle)

Suppose we have a circle with radius $r$ . So its area is $\pi r^2$. Now suppose we have a hemisphere of the same radius ie. $r$. Then its curved surface area is $2 \pi r^2$. Which means it is equal ...
5
votes
2answers
256 views

Proofs without words of some well-known historical values of $\pi$?

Two of the earliest known documented approximations of the value of $\pi$ are $\pi_B=\frac{25}{8}=3.125$ and $\pi_E=\left(\frac{16}{9}\right)^2$, from Babylonian and Egyptian sources respectively. ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Visualization of rotation in $\mathbb R^3$

I am trying to visualize the following rotation of $\mathbb R^3$, but it is very difficult. I want to get the answer by intuition, and not by using the Rodrigues rotation formula or conjugation of ...
7
votes
0answers
218 views

Kakeya Needle problem video

I'm intruiged by the Kakeya Needle problem, described here on Wikipedia. Wikipedia has a nice animation of a needle turning through a hypo-cycloid: What I'm searching for is a visualisation of the ...
3
votes
0answers
163 views

Imagining four or higher dimensions and the difference to imagining three dimensions

I’m very interested in how people envision four or higher dimensions. And I’m especially interested in how geometers and topologists who actually work in four dimensions do. Now I know of the video ...
13
votes
7answers
412 views

$\pi$ from the unit circle, $\sqrt 2$ from the unit square but what about $e$? [duplicate]

If one wants to introduce $\pi$ to a not mathematically savvy person, the unit circle would be a good choice. The unit square would be the way to go for $\sqrt 2$. But what about $e$? I've reviewed ...
2
votes
1answer
288 views

Kerning on the fly -algorithm [closed]

Do anyone know any algorithm which would calculate automatically kerning of characters based on glyph shapes when user types text? I don't mean trivial calculation of advance widths or similar, I ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Help me to vizualise this falling ball on spinning Earth

The earth rotates. The ball falls in an latitude, not equator, let say in Germany. I am trying to understand how to express the ball in terms of the angular velocity on the planet. The constant ...
11
votes
2answers
770 views

What are all these “visualizations” of the 3-sphere?

a 2-sphere is a normal sphere. A 3-sphere is $$ x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 = 1 $$ My first question is, why isn't the w coordinate just time? I can plot a 4-d sphere in a symbolic math program and ...
8
votes
3answers
325 views

Three-dimensional art galleries

The well-known art gallery problem starts with an "art gallery" (a simple polygon in the plane, not necessarily convex) and asks for the minimum number of "guards" (points on the polygon) required to ...
4
votes
2answers
277 views

Computing the projection of an infinite 3D grid of points

Consider the subset $S$ of $\mathbb{R}^3$ consisting of points whose coordinates are integers (compare Gaussian integers, Euclid's orchard). The view from the origin has interesting structure; it has ...
7
votes
3answers
414 views

Reconciling 'intersecting planes' and 'linear transformation' interpretations of matrices

I've learned in linear algebra class that an $n \times m$ augmented matrix can be thought of as a collection of n planes in $\mathbb {R}^m$ . If the matrix is invertible, the planes all intersect at a ...
8
votes
3answers
841 views

Is there a geometric interpretation of the exponential function of real numbers?

I can visualize the exponential function with the graph $y = e^x$, but I can do that for almost any function. In addition to its graph, the function $f(x) = x^n$ can be visualized as the volume of a ...
2
votes
3answers
794 views

Nice geometric parallelepiped proof?

Question 1: The volume of a parallelepiped in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with n sides given by the vectors $(x_{1_1}, x_{1_2} ... x_{1_n}), (x_{2_1}, x_{2_2} ... x_{2_n}) ... (x_{n_1}, x_{n_2} ... x_{n_n})$ and ...