# Tagged Questions

For questions about vector spaces and their properties. More general questions about linear algebra belong under the [tag:linear-algebra] tag. A vector space is a space which consists of elements called "vectors", which can be added and multiplied by scalars. In other words, these are the spaces ...

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### If I want to find the dimension of the image of a linear transformation…

If I have a linear transformation $T(v)=Av$ and want to find the dimension of the range$(T)$, the following procedure is valid? Looking at the columns of $A$, if all columns are linearly independent, ...
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### Finding eigenvalues of $A^{10} + A^7 + 5A$.

Problem: Let $A = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 2 & -1 \\ 0 & 5 & -2 \\ 0 & 6 & -2 \end{pmatrix}$. 1) Compute the eigenvalues of $A^{10} + A^7 + 5A$. 2) Compute $A^{10} X$ for the ...
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### Prove that $\mathbb{R}^∞$ is infinite-dimensional.

Prove that $\mathbb{R}^∞$ is infinite-dimensional. The section that contains this problem deals with the idea of a basis, so the proof probably has something to do with it (since a basis must have a ...
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### Is the direct sum of two orthogonal subspaces well defined in infinite-dimensional vector spaces?

Let's say that $V$ is an inner product space on some field $\Bbb{K}$ and $M$ is a subspace of $V$. If $M^{\perp}$ is the orthogonal complement of $M$ with respect to the inner product, can I make the ...
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### Find a basis of a subspace defined by a linear equation

Let $B=\{v_1,v_2,v_3,v_4\}$ be a basis of $V$. Let $$V \supset S= \left \{v:v=\sum\limits_{i=1}^4 \alpha_iv_i, \alpha_1+2\alpha_2+\alpha_3-\alpha_4=0 \right \}$$ Find a basis of $S$. I don't ...
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### How to prove there exists a unique linear map such that $T(e_i) = w_i$ in an infinite-dimensional vector space?

Problem: (a) Let $V$ and $W$ be two finite dimensional vectorspaces over a field $F$, and let $\left\{e_1, e_2, \ldots, e_n\right\}$ be a basis for $V$. Then there exists for each $w_i \in W$ an ...
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### Prove that an $n$-dimensional non-unital algebra over a field $k$ is isomorphic to a subalgebra $\mathfrak{M}_n(k)$

Assume we have already proved this for unital algebras. Here's my book's solution: Construct the unital algebra $A^1$ [with unit $(1,0)$] as an algebra on the vector space $k\oplus A$ with the ...
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### Is the given subset a subspace of the given vector space?

The set of all polynomials of degree greater than 3 together with the zero polynomial in the vector space P of all polynomials with coefficients in $\Bbb R$. Let $S$ be the set of all polynomials ...
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### Distance between point and plane - why use the dot product?

So according to this, the signed distance between a point and a plane will be the dot product of the plane's normal vector (does it have to be a unit vector?) and the point-in-plane minus the point ...
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### Find the dimension of a vector subspace

I'm doing a problem on finding the dimension of a linear subspace, more specifically if $\:$ {$f \in \mathcal P_n(\mathbf F): f(1)=0, f'(2)=0$} is a subspace of $P_n$, what is this dimension of ...
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### All surfaces through a common “concur-line” [closed]

Find all second degree surfaces passing through a common given parameterized space curve of intersection: $$(x,y,z) = (\pm \sqrt {2 t ( 1-t)} , t , (1-t) )$$ using a single variable parameter ...
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### What is “Real coordinate space”?

What is the Real Coordinate Space in the discussion of vectors? How does it relate to Cartesian Coordinate System and Euclidean Space? P.S. Please, use naive terms.
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### Consequences of the positivity condition $v^t A v > 0$ for the eigenvalues of $A$

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ symmetric real matrix with n distinct eigenvalues $\lambda_1 , ... , \lambda_n$. a) Suppose $v^t(Av)$>0 for all v in $R^n$, v$\ne$0. Show that all $\lambda_i$ are positive ...
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### Must a basis for an $n$-dimensional vector space have $n$ vectors?

Does a basis for an $n$-dimensional vector space have to have $n$ vectors? For example, if I form a basis for $\mathbb{R}^n$, do I need at least $n$ vectors in my basis set? In other words, can I ...
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### Determining the formula for a linear map

Determine the formula for the following linear map: $L : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ with $L(1,2) = (0,-1)$ and $L(-1,-1) = (2,1)$. Attempt at solution: On the basis of these examples I ...
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### For which infinite dimensional real normed linear spaces $X$ , can we say that every infinite dimensional subspace of it is closed in $X$ ?
For which infinite dimensional real normed linear spaces $X$ , can we say that every infinite dimensional subspace of it is closed in $X$ ? Or , does every infinite dimensional normed linear space has ...