# Tagged Questions

For questions on vector bundles.

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### Under what type of transformations are characteristic classes and characteristic numbers of a manfold invariant?

When I say "characteristic class of a manifold" I mean the characteristic class of the tangent bundle. I assume that all Chern/Pontrjagin classes/numbers are invariant under diffeomorphism, if they ...
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### What motivated trying to express the signature of a manifold as a linear combination of pontrjagin numbers?

I have tried reading a proof of the signature theorem but it is way beyond me, is there a way to motivate, in english, why anyone even started searching for such a formula? Why would one assume that ...
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### Is $T\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^n$ globally generated?

A vector bundle $E\to X$ is globally generated if there exists global holomorphic sections $s_1,\dots,s_n$ such that $E_x$ is spanned by $s_1(x),\dots,s_n(x)$ for all $x\in X$. Consider the ...
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### Defining a Riemannian metric

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. I have seen a Riemannian metric be defined in many ways: A smooth choice of an inner product $g_p:T_pM\times T_pM\to\mathbb{R}$ which is symmetric and positive-definite,...
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### Motivation for equivalence of Tautological Line Bundle and ${\operatorname{Bl} _0}\mathbb{A}_k^{n + 1}$

I currently reading a book on Complex Algebraic Geometry and both the Tautological Line Bundle $L \to \mathbb{P}_k^n$ and the blow up ${\operatorname{Bl} _0}\mathbb{A}_k^{n + 1}$ are defined set ...
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### Definition of cotangent and conormal bundle

I have read the following definition of cotangent bundle: Let $X$ be a $n$-dimensional smooth algebraic variety. For any $p\in X$ there exist a neighbourhood $U_{p}\subseteq X$ and functions (...
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### Pullback of global sections?

Let $X$, $Y$ be abelian varieties and let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism. They told me that we can define the pullback $f^*s$ of a global section $s\in\Gamma (L)$ where $L$ is an ample line bundle on $Y$, ...
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### Global holomorphic vector field on a two-sphere

I'm sure this question has been asked before... Till today, I thought that one cannot define a global holomorphic vector field on a two-sphere due to the hairy ball theorem. However, here's an ...
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### Are there characteristic classes for symplectic vector bundles?

Given a real vector bundle, say the tangent bundle of a manifold, some obstructions to this being the underlying real bundle of a complex bundle come from characteristic classes. These can prove the ...
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### What does “factoring out an (group) action $\tau$ of a group $G$ acting on some set $E$” mean?

I am reading a survey article where they define the following objects: $\Gamma:=\mathbb{Z}^{n}$ seen as a group of translations. $\mathbb{T}:=\mathbb{R}^{n}/\Gamma$ is the $n$-dimensional ...
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### Bundle isomorphism $\Phi : TM \oplus T^*M \to T(T^*M)$.

Prove that there is a bundle isomorphism $\Phi : TM \oplus T^*M \to T(T^*M)$ which identifies the summand $T^*M$ with the vertical vectors. If $\omega_{can}$ is the canonical symplectic ...
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### Whitney sum bundle vs. direct product bundle [closed]

The question is simple: are Whitney sum bundle and direct product bundle the same? When are they different? PS: I have realized my mistake: let $E_1 \to B$ and $E_2 \to B$ be two bundles, their ...
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### On the zero in the fibre of a vector bundle.

Let $X$ be a differentiable manifold, let $\{U_i \mid i\in I\}$ be an open cover of $X$, let $\{g_{ij}:U_i\cap U_j\to\mathbb{R}^r\}$ be a set of differentiable maps satisfying the cocycle condition, ...
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### Roots of canonical line bundles that are not necessarily square roots

I understand that holomorphic square roots of the canonical line bundle of a compact Riemann surface always exist, and that there are $2^{2g}$ choices of such a root. But what about further roots? ...
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### Computing Curvature of a Connection (Dirac Monopole)

I'm trying to verify some computations in a paper I'm reading and am feeling a little lost. In particular I haven't been able to properly compute curvature of a connection acting on a line bundle. ...
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### Extending a section to a basis of sections in a trivial bundle.

Suppose we have a manifold $M$ of dimension $m$ and let $E$ be the rank $n$ trivial vector bundle on $M$. Let $\Gamma$ be a section of the trivial bundle $E$. My question is, are there some conditions ...
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### Exact sequences of bundles and orientations

If we have an exact sequence of finite-dimensional vector spaces $$0\rightarrow E'\rightarrow E\rightarrow E''\rightarrow0$$ then an orientation of any two induces an orientation of the third. I have ...
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### Linear connection in a vector bundle in terms of the vertical projection

Let $\pi:E \rightarrow M$ a vector bundle. Can we define a linear connection as a connection $\Phi \in \Omega^1(E,VE)$ such that the horizontal projection $p_H = \text{id}_{TE} - \Phi$ is a vector ...
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### Using partition of unit to extend paths on vector bundles in time dependent sections.

Let $\pi: A\longrightarrow M$ be a vector bundle and $a: I\longrightarrow A$ be a path where $I=[0, 1]$. I would like to show there are time dependent section $\alpha: I\times M\longrightarrow A$ ...
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### $E$-orientation of a closed manifold induce $E$-orientation of normal bundle: passage in the proof.

I'm trying to follow Kochman's proof of the well-known result For a ring spectrum $E$, and closed manifold $M^n$ together with an embedding in $\mathbb{R}^{n+k}$, the following are equivalent: ...
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### Understanding algebraic operations on vector bundles

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold with vector bundles $V$ and $W$. I'm trying to understand how we can construct in general a vector bundle $V \otimes W$. In particular what manifold structure do we give ...
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### Is a bundle morphism which restricts to homeomorphisms of the fibers a bundle isomorphism?

If $f$ is such a map between total spaces (assume a common base space) then it is a bijective and continuous and the inverse will be fiber preserving so that all we would need to prove is that the ...
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### Cylinder as trivial fiber bundle with fiber $S^1$?

In prepartion for the example of a Mobius strip, a cylinder is often taken as a first example of a trivial fiber bundle with fiber $I$ and total space $S^1\times I$. However, it seems to me that we ...
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### Showing that Killing vector fields form a vector space without introducing connection

I'm trying to show that the sum of two killing vector fields is again a vector field without introducing a connection and just using the smooth structure on a manifold. Let $X,Y$ be Killing vector ...
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### Fundamental class for tangent bundle

For closed orientable manifolds $X$ we can define the fundamental class $[X]$ which is just a choice of generator of the top homology group $H_n(X; \mathbb{Z})$. However, in the context of the ...
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### Isomorphic modules of sections imply isomorphic bundles

For reference this is about a part of question 3-F in Characteristic Classes by Milnor and Stasheff, which discusses the $C(B)$-module structure of the space of sections of a topological vector bundle ...
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### Two definitions of the first Chern class

there are two definitions of the first Chern class that I don't know how to relate - hints and references are both welcome. So, first approach: say that I have a complex vector bundle $E\to M$; I can ...
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### Normal vector field for an immersion

I know that a hypersurface $M$ of a riemannian manifold $N$ is orientable iff there exists a globally defined unit normal vector field $\eta : M \to TM^{\perp} \subset TN|_M$. Does the same hold for ...
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### Splitness of quotient sequence

Let $A, B, C$ be holomorphic vector bundles over some complex manifold $X$. Let $A', B', C'$ be sub bundles, respectively. Suppose that we have short exact sequences: 0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow B \...
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### Endomorphism vector bundle isomorphic to the adjoint bundle of its frame bundle?

Could somebody help me to prove the following isomorphism (in particular what is the isomorphism)? End(\xi) \cong ad(E_{\xi}) = E_{\xi} \times_{GL(n,\mathbb{R})} \text{Mat}_n(\...
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### Definition of Levi-Civita connection map?

Does anyone know definition of Levi-Civita connection map that defined as $TTM\to TM$. I would appreciate if you could give a good reference. Thanks.