Tagged Questions

Questions related to understanding line integrals, vector fields, surface integrals, the theorems of Gauss, Green and Stokes. Some related tags are (multivariable-calculus) and (differential-geometry).

860 views

11k views

Proof for the curl of a curl of a vector field

For a vector field $\textbf{A}$, the curl of the curl is defined by $$\nabla\times\left(\nabla\times\textbf{A}\right)=\nabla\left(\nabla\cdot\textbf{A}\right)-\nabla^2\textbf{A}$$ where $\nabla$ is ...
344 views

Why does $\oint\mathbf{E}\cdot{d}\boldsymbol\ell=0$ imply $\nabla\times\mathbf{E}=\mathbf{0}$?

I am looking at Griffith's Electrodynamics textbook and on page 76 he is discussing the curl of electric field in electrostatics. He claims that since $$\oint_C\mathbf{E}\cdot{d}\boldsymbol\ell=0$$ ...
347 views

Intuition behind curl identity

Is there any clear intuition behind the identity $$\nabla\times (\nabla\times A)=\nabla (\nabla \cdot A)-\nabla ^2A$$ Though the result is useful and not difficult to derive, it doesn't quite ...
173 views

Non-divergence form of a 2nd order PDE

This might be a trivial question but I'm very rusty with regards to calculus and am new to PDEs. How would you write the following second order quasilinear equation in it's non-divergence form: The ...
92 views

11k views

mathematical difference between column vectors and row vectors

I'm writing a mathematical library; and I have an idea where I want to automatically turn column matrices and row matrices to vectors, with all of the mathematical properties of a vector. Answer I'm ...
205 views

202 views

Evaluating the Surface Integral $\iint_{x^3+y^3+z^3=a^3} \frac{\bf{x}}{||\bf{x}||} \cdot d\bf{S}$

Compute the surface integral: $$\int_S({x\over \sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}}, {y\over \sqrt{ x^2+y^2+z^2}}, {z\over \sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}}) \cdot \vec n \ dS$$ where $S: x^3+y^3+z^3=a^3$ The first ...
225 views

8k views

What's the geometrical interpretation of the magnitude of gradient generally?

In the following picture, the author of the Field and Wave Electromagnetics shows the geometrical meaning of the direction of the gradient. That is, only by following the direction of the normal ...
8k views

Proof of vector calculus identities

Here is the all identities : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_calculus_identities I need help concerning vector functions and indexing notations. Let $\overrightarrow{a}$ be a (smooth) vector ...
22k views

Derivative of cross-product of two vectors

In finding the derivative of the cross product of two vectors $\frac{d}{dt}[\vec{u(t)}\times \vec{v(t)}]$, is it possible to find the cross-product of the two vectors first before differentiating?
488 views

Integral Definition of Exterior Derivative?

Is there a rigorous integral definition of the exterior derivative analogous to the way the gradient, divergence & curl in vector analysis can be defined in integral form? Furthermore can it be ...
1k views

Geometric proof for triple vector product Jacobi identity

I believe the vector identity $\vec{a} \times (\vec{b} \times \vec{c}) + \vec{b} \times (\vec{c} \times \vec{a}) + \vec{c} \times (\vec{a} \times \vec{b}) = 0$ is called the Jacobi identity and I know ...
624 views

Is the helix the unique path with constant curvature and constant torsion?

If a path has both curvature and torsion constant why it is necessarily a helix? How to prove it?
1k views

Directional Derivatives using Polar Coordinates

I am having a hard time with this problem on my homework assignment. Here is the problem, and i will show my work below: If $f( x, y) = -2 x^{2} + 3 y^{2}$, find the value of the directional ...
766 views

Special case of the Hodge decomposition theorem

I am trying to prove the following special case of the Hodge decomposition theorem in differential geometry for an $n$ component vector field $V_i$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I have very little knowledge of ...
9k views

What is the difference between Green's Theorem and Stokes Theorem?

I don't quite understand the difference between Green's Theorem and Stokes Theorem. I know that Green's Theorem is in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and Stokes Theorem is in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and my lecture notes give ...
148 views

26k views

Find the equation of a line which is perpendicular to a given vector and passing through a known point

There is given a vector $2 \vec i + \vec j - 3 \vec k$ and now I want to find the equation of a line that is perpendicular to the given vector and passing through a known point $(1,1,1)$. How can I ...
160 views

basic question from vector analysis

Let $\vec v = (a,b,c)$ be a constant vector and let $\vec r = (x,y,z)$ denote the position vector. Consider the vector field $\vec v \times \vec r$. A straightforward calculation (using determinants ...
In order to prove the following identity: $$\sum_{k}\epsilon_{ijk}\epsilon_{lmk}=\delta_{il}\delta_{jm}-\delta_{im}\delta_{jl}$$ Instead of checking this by brute force, Landau writes thr product of ...