For questions involving random variables uniformly distributed on a subset of a measure space. To be used with [probability] or [probability-theory] tag.

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3
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2answers
24 views

Independent two random variables with uniform density

Let $X \sim U[-1,1]$ and $Y=X^2$. Show that $X$ and $Y$ aren't independent. Of course we have $F_X(x) = \frac{x+1}{2}$ and $F_Y(y) = \frac{\sqrt{y}+1}{2}$. But how can I find $$F_{XY}(x,y) = \Pr(X ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Difference Uniform rv's

Let $U_{1}\sim U(0,1)$ be a standard uniform random variable. Is $U_{1}-U_{1}$ uniformly distributed? I've been trying to work this out as follows: Let $A,B$ be rv's $$P(A-B\leq ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

$(\log n)_{n \in \mathbf{N}}$ not uniformly distributed mod 1.

Let $(x_n)_{n \in \mathbf{N}}$ be a sequence of real numbers, we say that $(x_n)$ is uniformly distributed mod 1 (u.d. mod 1) if $$\lim_{N \to \infty} \frac{|\{1\leq n \leq N : (x_n -\lfloor x_n ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

Expected Value Problem (Q-function…inside a function)

I'm working through my textbook for a communications course I'm taking, and this problem is confusing me big time. Like always, the math questions give me the most problems. Maybe I should take the ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Weak convergence and limiting distribution

I have $X_{i} \sim \operatorname{Unif}\left(0,1\right)$ iid random variables and have to show that $$ \frac{4\sum_{i=1}^n iX_{i} - n^2}{n^{3/2}}$$ converges weakly and compute its limit. How can I do ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Interval of non-uniformly distributed set of numbers adjusted that it properly excludes extremes

Let's say I have an interval of numbers from 1 to 9 with the following frequency of distribution: numbers 1, 2 and 3 about 20 occurrences number 6 has 2 occurrences and number 9 has only ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Looking for a simple bivarate uniform distribution with non-zero covariance matrix

Obviously there are many forms this can take, I'm looking for on that gives an non-zero (off diagonal elements) covariance matrix. Does anyone know of one?
1
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1answer
51 views

What is the distribution of $X+Y$ where $X \sim U(0,\frac{L}{2})$ and $Y \sim U(\frac{L}{2},L)$?

I started along these lines: Let $Z = X + Y$ where $\frac{L}{2}< z < \frac{3L}{2}$, then, $$f_{X+Y}(z)=f_{Z}(z) = \int f_{X}(x)f_{Y}(z-x)dx$$ However, I am not sure how to fill in the bounds ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

spin arrow of random variables

Spin an arrow attached to the center of a circular board, let theta be the final angle of the arrow, theta<= 2pi. The probability that theta falls in a subinterval (0, 2pi] is proportional to ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Equivalence of uniform distribution

Behind a rectangle grid evenly (i.e. uniform distribution) scattered dots. Could it be considered identical (will have the same uniform distribution) to a sequence of independent events with ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Measure the uniformity of distribution of points in a 2D square

I am currently running into this problem: I have a 2D square, and have a set of points inside it, say, 1000 points. I need a way to see if the distribution of points inside the square are spread out ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Conditional uniform distribution

I had this question in a quiz, and now that I am reviewing it, I am not sure if why my TA gave me the marks because I am pretty sure I am wrong. Let the r.v. $Y$ follow uniform distribution $U(1,2)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Sufficient statistic for uniform distribution

Given random sample $\left\{ { X }_{ 1 },{ X }_{ 2 },...,{ X }_{ n } \right\} $ from $ U(0,\theta)$. Let ${Y}_{i}$ be the order statistics. Then the sufficient statistic for $\theta$ is ${ Y }_{ n ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Finding the joint density of two random variables

Suppose (X,Y) is uniformly distributed over the region { (x, y) : 0 < x < y < 1 }. Find the joint density of (X, Y). I started out by drawing the unit square and filling in the area where 0 ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Finding probability of uniform random variable given a condition with another random variable

Suppose X and Y are independent and uniformly distributed on the unit interval (0,1). Find: $$P[Y>\frac{1}{2}\,|\,Y>1-2X]$$ How I approached it was to find the area where $Y > 1 - 2X$, and ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Finding variance .

Suppose that $f : [0, 1] → [0, 1]$ and we wish to estimate $$I = \int_{0}^{1} f(x) dx$$ Using the hit-and-miss method, we obtain the estimate $$\hat I_{HM}=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^{n}X_i$$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

On uniform number generation with vectors

Let $\vec{a}$ be a random unitary vector. If $\vec{\lambda}$ is a uniformly distributed vector on $\mathbb{S}_2$ (the unitary sphere?), could we say that the result $|\vec{a}.\vec{\lambda}|$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
369 views

Range of Uniform Distribution

I'm trying to compute the density for the range $R_n$ for samples of a random variable $X$ that are uniformly distributed on the interval $(a,b)$. We define the range as $$ R_n = X_{(n)} - X_{(1)}, ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

Weakly bounded iff uniformly bounded in $E'$?

I have a problem: Suppose that $E$ be a normed space over $\mathbb{R}$ and $E= \{f: [0,1] \to \mathbb{R}\ \text{is continuous and such that}\ f|_{[0, \delta]}=0, \text{with}\ \delta=\delta(f)>0 ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Is $X_i$ in the following question uniform $\,k$-wise independent bits?

This is a homework question in the book named probability and computing. $13.9$ : suppose we are given m vectors $\overrightarrow v_1, \overrightarrow v_2 , ...
0
votes
1answer
209 views

Find coordinates of n points uniformly distributed in a rectangle

I have a rectangle R of width W and height H. I have N points inside this rectangle. I need to find an algorithm to position my points in the rectangle in the most uniform way possible (no overlaps, ...
0
votes
1answer
362 views

Distribution of Sum of Discrete Uniform Random Variables

I just had a quick question that I hope someone can answer. Does anyone know what the distribution of the sum of discrete uniform random variables is? Is it a normal distribution? Thanks!
-2
votes
1answer
160 views

Convolution of Discrete Uniform ,$DU$, Distribution.

If $X\sim DU(k,a,h),\quad -\infty<a<\infty,h>0=1,2,\ldots$ then the probability function is $$P(X=a+jh)=\frac{1}{k},\quad j=0,1,\ldots,k-1$$ Let $Z\sim DU(r,0,s)$ and $Y\sim DU(s,0,1)$ , ...
10
votes
0answers
245 views

Two questions about weakly convergent series related to $\sin(n^2)$ and Weyl's inequality

By using partial summation and Weyl's inequality, it is not hard to show that the series $\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{\sin(n^2)}{n}$ is convergent. Is is true that ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

What is the difference between these two questions?

Consider two independent random variables: X~U(0,1) and Y~U(0,2). Let Z = min(X,Y). b) Find F$_Z$(z) in terms of F$_X$(.) and F$_Y$(.). c) Eliminate F$_X$(.) and F$_Y$(.) to find F$_Z$(z). What is ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

How to construct a uniform joint distribution

I have a question that is critical to my work, but I am not sure if it is any possible. Assume that you have two uniform random variables X and Y. The product distribution of Z=XY is not a uniform. ...
2
votes
0answers
497 views

Probability Integral Transformation

I just attended an introductory course on Statistics and we came across the following: I know what random variables, the uniform distribution, etc. are but the notation from the proposition ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Is $e$ uniformly distributed in all bases?

There has been talk of whether or not $\pi$ is normal, i.e. uniformly distributed in all bases $b$ where $b\ge2$. The general response has been that we expect that it is, and have found no obvious ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

Max variance of uniform distribution?

Suppose I roll a 20-sided die 1000 times and count the number of times a particular value comes up. This gives an array of 20 counts, and the expected value of each is 1000/20 = 50. I'd like to find ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Prove that $E(X_1 \dots X_n)^\frac{1}{n} \leq (EX_1 \dots EX_n)^\frac{1}{n}$, with $X_i$ uniform distribution

Let $X_1, \dots , X_n$ i.i.d. uniformly distributed random variables with $f(x) = 1_{(0,1)}(x)$, $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $\Pi_n = (X_1 \dots X_n)^\frac{1}{n}$ and $M_n = \max \{ X_1, \dots , X_n ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

choose a list of words such that have equal letter frequency

I have a big list meaning full Words. surely letter frequency of this word list is different for each letter. Now my problem is to find a way to randomly select words from this word list to a new ...
1
vote
0answers
361 views

What is the expected time you have to wait until the first bus comes?

 three buses, bus A, B, and C come to a bus stop every hour. The time at which each bus arrives at the stop is distributed as a uniform random variable, i.e., TA,TB,TC ∼ Unif[0,1] hours. The ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Uniform distribution

You arrive at a bus stop at 10'0 clock, knowing that the bus will arrive at some time uniformly distributed between 10 and 10:30. what is the probability that you wait longer than 10 minutes? if at ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Finding Limits of Integration

I have two functions, one depending on $x$ which is $\frac {1} {2} {\delta(x-5)} + \frac {1} {4}$ which is the combination of a dirac delta function at $5$ and a uniform distribution from $5$ to $7$. ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Approximation or calculation of the probability of getting “clumps” when sampling from a uniform distribution

Suppose that there are $n$ independent samples $X_1,X_2,...,X_n$ sampled from the uniform distribution on $[0,1]$ with the pdf $f(x)=1$. Is there a good way to calculate or approximate the ...
0
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0answers
39 views

sum of two independent uniform random variables question

Let ܶ$T_1$ and ܶ$T_2$ be random times for a company to complete two consecutive steps in a certain process. $T_1$ and ܶ$T_2$ are measured in days and their joint probability density function is ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Uniform Distribution Probability

A manager of an apartment store reports that the time a customer on the second floor must wait after calling the elevator has uniform distribution ranging between 0 and 6 minutes. Assuming that it ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Geometric Mean of Uniform random variables convergence

I am doing some independent study in asymptotic statistics and point estimation and am aware that you can get from log transformations of uniform random variables (exponential) all the way up to ...
0
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0answers
14 views

low discrepancy of halton sequences

I want to proof, that the Halton sequence is low discrepancy. I have to show that $$D_N^*(\mathcal{S})\le C\frac{\ln(N)^s}{N}$$ where $D_N^*$ ist the star discrepancy, $\mathcal{S}$ is the Halton ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Choosing points uniformly on a sphere surface

I need a set, $A$, of points on a sphere surface, $S$. $A$ must satisfy: 1. The mean is the exact center of the sphere. 2. $\forall p_1,p_2\in S:\sum _{i\in A} \text{od}\left(i,p_1\right)=\sum _{i\in ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Product of standard normal and uniform random variable

I'm trying to find the PDF of the product of two random variables by first finding the CDF. I don't know where I'm going wrong. Let $X\sim N(0,1)$ and $Y\sim Uniform\{-1,1\}$ and let $Z = XY$, then: ...
0
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0answers
32 views

What is the conditional distribution of this random vector?

Let us have random vectors $X_1, \dots, X_N$ which are identically independently uniformly distributed in the $n$-dimensional unit hyperbox $[0; 1]^n$. Let $c = (0.5, \dots, 0.5)$ be the center of ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Expected Value - Uniform distribution over infinite interval

Question: The probability that an error is introduced into a packet is $\alpha$. Messages, consisting of one or more packets, are received at a node. Given that a message has been received free of ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Summing many non-standard i.i.d. uniform random variables

all! I have looked up a fair bit on this question and learned much about the problem. But haven't been able to get any crisp answers. Sorry, if I'm missing something obvious. I know one can use the ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Goodness of fit for uniform distribution

I have a set of $N$ votes $O_1, O_2,..O_N$ distributed into $n$ bins. So... $$n \le N$$ $$0 \le O_i \le N$$ $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} O_i = N$$ I want to generate some sort of metric for how uniformly ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

If $n$ order stats are iid from Uniform(0,1), why does dividing by the highest order stat give $n−1$ order stats iid from Uniform(0,1)?

As the title states: If $P_{(1)}, ... ,P_{(n)}$ are order statistics of $n$ independent uniform $(0,1)$ random variables, why are $P_{(1)}/P_{(n)} ..... P_{(n-1)}/P_{(n)}$ also order statistics of ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Slicing Up Uniform Random Rotation Quaternions

I'm generating uniform random rotations using quaternions. I am using the method attributed to Shoemake, which is discussed in another post (Uniform Random Quaternion In a restricted angle range): ...
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0answers
21 views

Is there a name for a uniform+normals mixture model?

Currently I am working on the Hough transform which can be described as a mixture of Gaussians combined with one uniform distribution, all in Hough space. The details on the Hough transform are ...
0
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0answers
55 views

Is transfert theorem the best choice in this kind of exercise?

I am studying Probability theory and came to this exercise : Let $U,V$ be independent uniform random variables over $[0,1]$. Show that $X:=\cos(2\pi V)\sqrt{-2\ln U}$ and $Y:=\sin(2\pi V)\sqrt{-2\ln ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Distribution of binary digits in moduli

Considering the (infinite) set of all positive integers that are a product of $2$ primes only, represented in binary $100...01$. Question: is the distribution of the proportion of $0,1$ digits ...