For questions involving random variables uniformly distributed on a subset of a measure space. To be used with [probability] or [probability-theory] tag.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
7 views

Generating orthonormal matrix

How can I generate matrix D described as follows: "D is a d*d rotation matrix with orthonormal unit vectors as columns. D is built by generating its lower triangular matrix independently from d(d-1)/2 ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Distribution of ratio of uniform and exponential random variables

This is a homework question, I feel like I'm doing it right, but I can't seem to get the answer to match up. I have a uniform RV from 2 to 4, and an exponential with mean 4, so $X \sim ...
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

A basic question on uniform distribution [on hold]

I want to know under what condition on random variable $X$, $\{\log_{10}X\}$ is uniformly distributed. Here $\{x\}$ is the fractional part of $x$.
4
votes
1answer
29 views

If $X$ ~$Uni(-1,1)$ show that $X$ and $X^2$ are not independent

I provide my approach in solving this but I amd not entirely sure whether I am correct. Since X~uni(-1,1) $f_X(x)=1/2$ and $F_X(x)=(x+1)/2$. $F_{X^2}(x)$=$Pr[X^2≤x]$=$2F_X(√x)$=$(√x+1)/2$. Hence ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Explanation for the uniformity of the distance between a Gaussian variable to its nearest integer?

earlier I asked the question Expected distance for a gaussian variable to its nearest integer. and got a good answer. The expected distance is highly close to $1/4$, which is very similar to the ...
-1
votes
0answers
11 views

Contitional Expectation of Sum of two uniform rv [on hold]

(apologies for posting a more specific version of an earlier question). Let $X$ be uniformely distributed on $[0,1]$ and $Y$ be uniformely distributed on $[m-k,m+k]$ with m being a number in $[0,1]$ ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Distribution of a uniform random variable with random endpoint

Let $Y \sim U[0,k]$, where $0 < k < \infty$ and $U$ is a continuous uniform distribution. Now let $X \sim U[0, Y]$. What is the distribution of $X$? Is it possible to express in terms of some ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Proving Unbiased estimators

Hello all, Here is a question I am struggling to understand, ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Cont. Uniform Dist. Problem with Independent Random Vars

Let X1, X2, and X3 be independent random variables with the continuous uniform distribution over [0,2]. Let Z = min(X1, X2, X3). Find P(Z >= 0.5). I had thought this was $(1/4)^3 = 1/64$, but my ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Variance of a polynomial series from a uniform distribution

I intend to derive the variance of $Z$: $$Z \equiv \alpha_0+\alpha_1X+\alpha_2X^2+\dots + \alpha_MX^M = \sum_{m=0}^{M}\alpha_mX^m $$ for some $0 < M < \infty$ where each $\alpha_m \in ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

sum of two independent uniform random variables question

Let ܶ$T_1$ and ܶ$T_2$ be random times for a company to complete two consecutive steps in a certain process. $T_1$ and ܶ$T_2$ are measured in days and their joint probability density function is ...
4
votes
2answers
60 views

Draws from the uniform distribution are taken until the sum exceeds 1. What is the expected value of the final draw?

I was thinking about this question after a related problem: what's the expected number of draws for the sum to exceed 1? For that problem, the answer is known and is a surprising result ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Difference Uniform rv's

Let $U_{1}\sim U(0,1)$ be a standard uniform random variable. Is $U_{1}-U_{1}$ uniformly distributed? I've been trying to work this out as follows: Let $A,B$ be rv's $$P(A-B\leq ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Uniform Distribution Probability

A manager of an apartment store reports that the time a customer on the second floor must wait after calling the elevator has uniform distribution ranging between 0 and 6 minutes. Assuming that it ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Finding the probability density function $Y=|X|$

Suppose $X$ is a uniform $([-1,2])$ random variable. How can I find the probability density function $Y=|X|$?
3
votes
2answers
26 views

Independent two random variables with uniform density

Let $X \sim U[-1,1]$ and $Y=X^2$. Show that $X$ and $Y$ aren't independent. Of course we have $F_X(x) = \frac{x+1}{2}$ and $F_Y(y) = \frac{\sqrt{y}+1}{2}$. But how can I find $$F_{XY}(x,y) = \Pr(X ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Geometric Mean of Uniform random variables convergence

I am doing some independent study in asymptotic statistics and point estimation and am aware that you can get from log transformations of uniform random variables (exponential) all the way up to ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

low discrepancy of halton sequences

I want to proof, that the Halton sequence is low discrepancy. I have to show that $$D_N^*(\mathcal{S})\le C\frac{\ln(N)^s}{N}$$ where $D_N^*$ ist the star discrepancy, $\mathcal{S}$ is the Halton ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Expected value with two random variables

A line segment AB of length 1m is broken in two at a random point P where the length of AP has the following probability density function: $f(x)=6x(1-x), 0<x<1$ A point Q is uniformly selected ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Complete Statistic: Uniform distribution

Take a random sample $X_1, X_2,\ldots X_n$ from the distribution $f(x;\theta)=1/\theta$ for $0\le x\le \theta$. I need to show that $Y=\max(X_1,X_2,...,X_n)$ is complete. Now, I know I should ...
2
votes
3answers
36 views

How do I calculate this expected value?

The problem is as follows: Six players draw, one after another and independently, a number uniformly distributed on $[0,1]$. A player is called a recordist if he draws a number that is larger than ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Moment of uniform distribution

Suppose that $U$ is a random variable from a uniform distribution on $[a, b]$. Then, we can obtain the moment generating function of $U$, and by using that, we can get the $n$th order moment of $U$ ...
-1
votes
2answers
84 views

Uniform Distribution in [0,1] where P[x1+x2<=x3]

Consider the following question : X1, X2, X3 are 3 independent random variables having uniform distribution between [0,1] then P[x1+x2<=x3] to the greatest value is ? Now this is not a homework. ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Proving a process generates a uniform distribution

I have a process that generates a series of real numbers. Specifically, starting from a given arbitary value (Xi-1), the process will generate a new number Xi following the formula: Xi = Xi-1 + ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

A Brownian motion $B$ that is discontinuous at an independent, uniformly distributed random variable $U(0,1)$

Suppose that $\left\{B\left(t\right): t \geq 0\right\}$ is a Brownian motion and $U$ is an independent random variable, which is uniformly distributed on $\left[0,1\right]$. Then the process ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

If $X$ ~ $U[0, 4]$ and $Y$~$[0, 7]$ find the probability X value is greater than Y value

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are continuous uniform random variables. If $X$ ~ $U[0, 4]$ and $Y$~$[0, 7]$ find the probability that a random $X$ value is greater than a random $Y$ value.
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Choosing points uniformly on a sphere surface

I need a set, $A$, of points on a sphere surface, $S$. $A$ must satisfy: 1. The mean is the exact center of the sphere. 2. $\forall p_1,p_2\in S:\sum _{i\in A} \text{od}\left(i,p_1\right)=\sum _{i\in ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Product of standard normal and uniform random variable

I'm trying to find the PDF of the product of two random variables by first finding the CDF. I don't know where I'm going wrong. Let $X\sim N(0,1)$ and $Y\sim Uniform\{-1,1\}$ and let $Z = XY$, then: ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Sum of three numbers from unformly distributed set equals to zero

I'm reading Sedgewick's "Algorithms" and completely stuck at one exercise. It is formulated like that: Develop an appropriate mathematical model describing the number of triples of N random int ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

CDF on Standard uniform gives the same distribution

Assume that $X$ has a continuous and strictly increasing CDF $F_X$. Define $Y = F_X^{-1}(U)$ where $U$ is standard Uniform. How dow I show that $X$ and $Y$ have the same distribution?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Computing an expectation with a uniform probability distribution.

Suppose $F$ is a cumulative density function of a uniform distribution between $a=0$ and $b=B$ and $c$ is a positive real number. I need to evaluate the integral $$\int_c^Bq\;\mathrm dF$$ where the ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Uniformed Distribution - Recap

I have divide the interval $[0,1]$ into $k$ equal sub-intervals, which I call classes, and generated $n$ observations from a uniform distribution. The number $X_{1}$ of the $n$ observations that fall ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What is the conditional distribution of this random vector?

Let us have random vectors $X_1, \dots, X_N$ which are identically independently uniformly distributed in the $n$-dimensional unit hyperbox $[0; 1]^n$. Let $c = (0.5, \dots, 0.5)$ be the center of ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Method of moments on uniform distributions

I need help on how to find the estimates $a$ and $b$ in the uniform distribution $\mathcal U[a,b]$ using the method of moments. This is where I am at: I have found $U_1=\overline X$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Distribute a population size based on fractions using random number generator drand48()

I have a population size of say 5000 people. Every person belongs to either A, B, C or D category. I want to split the population as per a given fraction provided by user. for example, 99% of A, 0.4% ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

$X$ and $Y$ are uniformly ditributed on $(0,1)$. distribution of $\max(X,Y)/\min(X,Y)$

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are chosen randomly and independently according to the uniform distribution from $(0,1)$. Define $$ Z=\frac{\max(X,Y)}{\min(X,Y)}.$$ Compute the probability distribution ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Transformation of a uniform distribution in order to get a random variable distributed like Y.

$f(y)=\begin{cases} \frac{b}{y^2}, & y\ge b,\\ 0, & \mbox{elsewhere}\end{cases}$. is a bona fide probability density function for a random variable, $Y$. Assuming $b$ is a known constant and ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Calculate expectation and variance

Let $(X_n)$ be a sequence of independent RVs which are uniformly distributed on $[0,1]$ interval. For $0<x\le 1$ we define $$N(x):=\inf\{n:X_1+\dots+X_n\ge x\}.$$ Show that $$\mathbb{P}(N(x)\ge ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What's the distribution of the exponential of uniformly distributed variable?

I want to know the distribution of $z = \exp(j\varphi)$, with $\varphi \sim \mathcal{U}[-\pi;+\pi]$. From the book "Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes" by Papoulis and Pillai I ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Expected Value - Uniform distribution over infinite interval

Question: The probability that an error is introduced into a packet is $\alpha$. Messages, consisting of one or more packets, are received at a node. Given that a message has been received free of ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Probability with multiple uniform distributions

Question: Two sources output a number at equal rates. The output from source A is uniformly distributed between 100 and 199, and the output from source B is uniformly distributed between 50 and 249. ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Calc expected value of 5 random number with uniform distribution

Assume we have a random numbers $\sim U(0,100)$. Then the expected value of that number will be: $\int_{0}^{100} \frac{x}{100}$ = 50.5 Now assume we have 5 random numbers $\sim U(0,100)$. How can I ...
1
vote
3answers
43 views

uniform moment generating function at t=0

I have calculated the moment generating function for the uniform distribution as Mx(t) = ((e^(tb)-e^(ta))/t(b-a) However I know Mx(0)=1 but I can't get my head around how this is possible as if t=0, ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Probability the three points on a circle will be on the same semi-circle

Three points are chosen at random on a circle. What is the probability that they are on the same semi circle? If I have two portions $x$ and $y$, then $x+y= \pi r$...if the projected angles are $c_1$ ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Prove that $E(X_1 \dots X_n)^\frac{1}{n} \leq (EX_1 \dots EX_n)^\frac{1}{n}$, with $X_i$ uniform distribution

Let $X_1, \dots , X_n$ i.i.d. uniformly distributed random variables with $f(x) = 1_{(0,1)}(x)$, $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $\Pi_n = (X_1 \dots X_n)^\frac{1}{n}$ and $M_n = \max \{ X_1, \dots , X_n ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Finding the joint density of $Z=X+Y$ where $X\in U(0,1), Y\in U(0,\alpha)$

I'm trying to find the joint density of $Z=X+Y$ where $X\in U(0,1), Y\in U(0,\alpha)$ Here $U$ is the uniform distribution. The method I use i to introduce an auxilary variable $W=X$ and then use ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Distribution function of the sum of poisson and uniform random variable.

Merry Christmas to everybody. I am working on the following problem. Let $X$ and $Y$ be independent Poisson($\lambda$), respectively Uniform$(0,1)$ random variables. Find the distribution function of ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

How to show $\max\{Y_{1},Y_{2},\cdots,Y_{n}\}$ converges in probability to $\theta$ as $n \to \infty$.

Let $Y_{1},Y_{2},\ldots,Y_{n} $ be independent random variables , each uniformly distributed over the interval $(0,\theta)$. Show that $\max\{Y_{1},Y_{2},\ldots,Y_{n}\}$ converges in probability to ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Simple probability problem.

$X$ ~ $U(0,1)$ and $Y$~U$(0,1)$ are two indenpendent variables. Get Pr ( Y > X). NOW what i don't understant in this problem is how you set the limits of integration. I heard that you must set ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Conditional uniform distribution

I had this question in a quiz, and now that I am reviewing it, I am not sure if why my TA gave me the marks because I am pretty sure I am wrong. Let the r.v. $Y$ follow uniform distribution $U(1,2)$ ...