# Tagged Questions

Trigonometric functions (both geometric and circular), relationships between lengths and angles in triangles, and other topics relating to measuring triangles.

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### $\int \frac{\sin^{a}x}{\sin^{a}x+\cos^{a}x}dx$ and $\int \frac{\cos^{a}x}{\sin^{a}x+\cos^{a}x}dx$

I tried solving this integral: $$\int^{\pi/2}_{-\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x + 1}\frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx$$ I took a while before aptly applying the following identity I had noted ...
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### Question about Stone-Weierstrass theorem

I have a question about Stone - Weierstrass theorem. In the space $C[0,2\pi]$ of continuous functions on $[0,2\pi]$ with the sup norm. Consider the spaces $M$ of all trigonometric polynomials. It's ...
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### Find the sum of the sides in a spherical right triangle

In a spherical triangle the angles at α, β and γ are π/5, π/3, π/2. Find the sum of the sides, we shall call the sides a,b,c So I'm looking at the formulas and I see one of Napier's rule which ...
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### Calculate the area of a triangular field, knowing that two and 1 angle.

Hello so this problem came up while I was studying trig. and I seem a bit stuck: Calculate the area of a triangular field, knowing that two of its sides measure $80$ m and $130$ m and between them is ...
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### Find roots of $\sin(a\,x)\sin(b\,y)-r\,\sin(b\,x)\sin(a\,y)$

Given $a,b,r$, I would like to find the roots of $f$ on $\mathbb{R}_+^2$: $$f(x,y)=\sin(a\,x)\sin(b\,y)-r\,\sin(b\,x)\sin(a\,y)$$ As you can see below, the roots of $f$ are curves (in red), ...
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### Trigonometry equation, always ending up with root of 17

how would one approach to solve this equation? $4sin^2x - ctg^2x = 0$ I transform it into a quadratic equation in which t = cosx, however i keep ending up with the wrong result and i cant seem to get ...
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### Prove minimizing angle in construction

I am a computer science student currently working on his master thesis. I stumbled across a geometric problem that seems obvious but I couldn't prove it for weeks. I attached a picture with the ...
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### Does the equation $\tan(x)=y$ have any non-zero rational solution?

Trivially $\tan(0)=0$ but it seems this is the "unique" solution of the equation $\tan(x)=y$ on rational numbers. In fact if we try to make $y$ rational we usually use irrational (transcendental) ...
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### What function has a 3D graph that will look like a spiral into a singularity?

I am trying to draw text spiraling into a black hole, from a more interesting slightly off-orthogonal viewpoint. I think a function that defines a black hole/singularity surface might look something ...
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### Solve $x/(4x^2+1) = \tan(6x)$ for $x$

$$\frac{x}{4x^2+1} = \tan(6x)$$ Can this equation be solved for $x$ algebraically and can I get exact answer for this question? Or do I have to approximate it?
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### How to easily prove Euler's theorem, $OI^2=R(R-2r)$?

If $R$ is the circumradius and $r$ is the inradius of some triangle $ABC$, with its circumcenter being $O$ and incenter being $I$, then how to prove: $$OI^2=R(R-2r)$$ I have seen many mentions of ...
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### Launch angle required to hit coordinate (x,y) with air resistance

Finding Angle of Elevation to hit X, Y and Wikipedia Angle required to hit coordinate work, but don't calculate air resistance. Is there a way to find the launch angle of a projectile required to hit ...
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### Application of integrating $\cos^4 x$?

A student asked a colleague the other day for a practical application that involved needing to integrate the fourth power of cosine, but no one here could think of one off-hand other than some volume ...
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### Period of trigonometric function

What is the period of $$\frac{7\sin x + 5\cos x}{7\sin{2x} + 11\cos x}$$ What should I do here? I don't even know where to start from. Please help me by giving me a hint!! Thanks.
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### From $\tan(1/A) = \tan(1/B) + \tan(1/C)$ to $A + B + C = ABC$

In this recent question, the equation $$\tan\left(\frac{1}{A}\right) = \tan\left(\frac{1}{B}\right) + \tan\left(\frac{1}{C}\right)$$ is said to imply $$A + B + C = ABC$$ without any stated constraints....
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### Eliminate variable in trigonometry equations

Say you have the equations: \begin{align} -S_1\sin\left(2\psi+\theta\right)+S_2\cos\left(\psi\right)&=S_3\\ S_1\cos\left(2\psi+\theta\right)+S_2\sin\left(\psi\right)&=S_4 \end{align} or ...
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### Alternative Proof for “Roots of Mertens Function-Farey Sequence-Cosines Relations”

You can write Merten's function as $$M(n)= \sum_{a\in \mathcal{F}_n} e^{2\pi i a} ,$$ where $\mathcal{F}_n$ is the Farey sequence of order $n$. The sum may be split into imaginary and real ...
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### Integer Factorization via Trigonometry

Nearly 20 years ago, I was sitting in a physics class in high school when a "dumb" question occurred to me: If two pendulums with unknown (different) frequencies started oscillating at the same time ...
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### Bretschneider-Brahmagupta-Heron Proof

Derive Bretschneider's formula, Brahmagupta's formula and Heron's formula in one memorable elegant proof. I ask this question merely to see the creativity of the MSE community when it comes to proof ...
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### conjecture regarding the cosine fixed point

context/motivation if the angle on a calculator is set to radians, then it is very easy to demonstrate that iteration of $cos x$ (for arbitrary initial x) converges - simply keep pressing the $cos$ ...
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### Derivative of trig function

Find the second derivative of $\arcsin(2x^3)$ The solution says for the first derivative : $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{1-(2x^3)^2}} \cdot 6x^2 = \dfrac{6x^2}{\sqrt{1-4x^6}}$ When i answered the first ...
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### Reduction formula for a trigonometric integral

I have come upon the following trigonometric integral: $$\int (\alpha + \sin x)^n \cos^2 x\,\mathrm{d}x,$$ where $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ is an arbitrary real constant and $n \in \mathbb{N}$ is a ...
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### Relating $x$ to $\frac{dx}{dt}$ in a right triangle.

I have a right triangle with sides of $x$ and $y$. I know $y$ is a constant (500) and that $\frac{d \theta}{dt}$ (where $\theta$ is the angle opposite from side $x$) is also constant ($8\pi$ rad/s). I ...
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### Reference request: Another tangent half-angle formula

Wikipedia's "Tangent half-angle formula" article lists these: \begin{align} \tan\frac\theta2 & = \frac{\sin\theta}{1+\cos\theta} = \frac{1-\cos\theta}{\sin\theta} = \frac{\tan\theta}{1 + \sec\...
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