# Tagged Questions

Trigonometric functions (both geometric and circular), relationships between lengths and angles in triangles, and other topics relating to measuring triangles.

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### Solving $2x - \sin 2x = \pi/2$ for $0 < x < \pi/2$

What is $x$ in closed form if $2x-\sin2x=\pi/2$, $x$ in the first quadrant?
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### Principal period of $\sin\frac{3x}{4}+\cos\frac{2x}{5}$ [duplicate]

Find the principal period of $$\sin\frac{3x}{4}+\cos\frac{2x}{5}$$ It was easy to find principle when single trigonometric function is given, but i don't know how to find principal period of sum of ...
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### Simplifying an Arctan equation

Simplify $f(x)=Arctan(x)+Arctan(\frac{1}{x})$. My attempt For all non null real numbers $f$ is derivable and is odd: so for all non null real number x : $f'(x)=\frac{1}{1+x^{2}}-\frac{1}{1+x^{2}}=0$...
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### How to solve $4\sin \theta +3\cos \theta = 5$

Another problem that I already wasted hours on. Given $$4\sinθ +3\cosθ = 5$$ Find $$4\cosθ -3\sinθ$$ Help me guys (PS:I'm not that good in maths)
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### Understanding imaginary exponents

Greetings! I am trying to understand what it means to have an imaginary number in an exponent. What does $x^{i}$ where $x$ is real mean? I've read a few pages on this issue, and they all seem to ...
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### Showing $\sup \{ \sin n \mid n\in \mathbb N \} =1$

how to prove $\sup \{ \sin n \mid n\in \mathbb N \} =1$
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In the arctangent formula, we have that: $$\arctan{u}+\arctan{v}=\arctan\left(\frac{u+v}{1-uv}\right)$$ however, only for $uv<1$. My question is: where does this condition come from? The ...
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### How to prove $\cos \frac{2\pi }{5}=\frac{-1+\sqrt{5}}{4}$?

I would like to find the apothem of a regular pentagon. It follows from $$\cos \dfrac{2\pi }{5}=\dfrac{-1+\sqrt{5}}{4}.$$ But how can this be proved (geometrically or trigonometrically)?
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### Ramanujan-type trigonometric identities with cube roots, generalizing $\sqrt[3]{\cos(2\pi/7)}+\sqrt[3]{\cos(4\pi/7)}+\sqrt[3]{\cos(8\pi/7)}$

Ramanujan found the following trigonometric identity \sqrt[3]{\cos\bigl(\tfrac{2\pi}7\bigr)}+ \sqrt[3]{\cos\bigl(\tfrac{4\pi}7\bigr)}+ \sqrt[3]{\cos\bigl(\tfrac{8\pi}7\bigr)}= \sqrt[3]...
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### $\sin(A)$, where $A$ is a matrix

If $A$ is an $n\times n$ matrix with elements $a_{ij}$ $i=$i'th row, $j=$j'th column. Then $e^A$ is also a matrix as can be seen by expanding it in a power series.Is $e^A$ always convergent and ...
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### Indefinite Integral with “sin” and “cos”: $\int\frac{3\sin(x) + 2\cos(x)}{2\sin(x) + 3\cos(x)} \; dx$

Indefinite Integral with sin/cos I can't find a good way to integrate: $$\int\dfrac{3\sin(x) + 2\cos(x)}{2\sin(x) + 3\cos(x)} \; dx$$
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### A “fast” way for computing $\prod \limits_{i=1}^{45}(1+\tan i^\circ)$?

Which is the fastest paper-pencil approach to compute the product $$\prod \limits_{i=1}^{45}(1+\tan i^\circ)$$
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### How were Hyperbolic functions derived/discovered?

Trig functions are simple ratios, but what does Cosh, Sinh and Tanh compute? How are they related to euler's number anyway?
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### Prove that $\cot^2{(\pi/7)} + \cot^2{(2\pi/7)} + \cot^2{(3\pi/7)} = 5$

Prove that $\cot^2{(\pi/7)} + \cot^2{(2\pi/7)} + \cot^2{(3\pi/7)} = 5$ . I am sure this is derived from using roots of unity and Euler's complex number function, but I am very uncomfortable in these ...
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### Evaluate $\tan ^{2}20^{\circ}+\tan ^{2}40^{\circ}+\tan ^{2}80^{\circ}$

Evaluate $\tan ^{2}20^{\circ}+\tan ^{2}40^{\circ}+\tan ^{2}80^{\circ}$. Can anyone help me with this? Thank You!
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### Euler angles and gimbal lock

Can someone show mathematically how gimbal lock happens when doing matrix rotation with Euler angles for yaw, pitch, roll? I'm having a hard time understanding what is going on even after reading ...
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### Proving $2 ( \cos \frac{4\pi}{19} + \cos \frac{6\pi}{19}+\cos \frac{10\pi}{19} )$ is a root of$\sqrt{ 4+ \sqrt{ 4 + \sqrt{ 4-x}}}=x$

How can one show that the number $2 \left( \cos \frac{4\pi}{19} + \cos \frac{6\pi}{19}+\cos \frac{10\pi}{19} \right)$ is a root of the equation $\sqrt{ 4+ \sqrt{ 4 + \sqrt{ 4-x}}}=x$?
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### Find the limit $\lim \limits_{n\to \infty }\cos \left(\pi\sqrt{n^{2}-n} \right)$

I'd love your help with finding the following limit: $$\lim_{n\to \infty }\cos (\pi\sqrt{n^{2}-n}).$$ I was asked to find this limit, but honestly I believe that it doesn't exist. According to Heine ...
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### Geometric explanation of $\sqrt 2 + \sqrt 3 \approx \pi$

Just curious, is there a geometry picture explanation to show that $\sqrt 2 + \sqrt 3$ is close to $\pi$?
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### Elementary Proof of Euler's Sine Expansion $\prod_{k=1}^\infty\left({1-\frac{x^2}{k^2\pi^2}}\right)$

I've been looking at proofs of Euler's sine expansion, that is $$\frac{\sin x}{x}=\prod_{k=1}^\infty\left({1-\frac{x^2}{k^2\pi^2}}\right)$$ All the proofs seem to rely on complex analysis and ...
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### Sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the fixed points of the tangent function

The sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the positive fixed points of the tangent function is $1/10$. I've seen this proved by means of residues, but I don't remember the details. I've also ...
There exists a well-known formula by John Machin: $$\frac{\pi}{4} = 4 \arctan \left(\frac{1}{5}\right) - \arctan \left(\frac{1}{239}\right).$$ Actually, it belongs to the family of Machin-like ...
### Evaluating the product $\prod\limits_{k=1}^{n}\cos\left(\frac{k\pi}{n}\right)$
Recently, I ran across a product that seems interesting. Does anyone know how to get to the closed form: $$\prod_{k=1}^{n}\cos\left(\frac{k\pi}{n}\right)=-\frac{\sin(\frac{n\pi}{2})}{2^{n-1}}$$ I ...