Trigonometric functions (both geometric and circular), relationships between lengths and angles in triangles, and other topics relating to measuring triangles.

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70 views

Strategies to work with system of trigonometric inequality

I'm trying solve this problem using matlab, anybody know good strategies to work with system of trigonometric inequalities such as $ ...
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1answer
211 views

Sine & Cosine Word Problem [closed]

Problem: While a student was playing with their calculator they found that sometimes the answers produced from taking the sine and cosine of different angles were the same answer. The information ...
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2answers
79 views

Finding the zeros of trionometric polynomails.

I have a question about something I've struggled with for a while: Finding the zeros of trigonmetric polynomials. Let me show you a problem I am solving and you guys can tell me if I got the right ...
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1answer
129 views

Determining intersecting points between square and circle

I unfortunately have spent too much time trying to solve this question, and have turned to you for help. The corner of my square has intersected some circle, and I need to move it out. I only know one ...
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1answer
180 views

Show that: $ (\csc\theta - \sin\theta)(\sec\theta - \cos\theta) \equiv \frac{1}{\tan\theta + \cot\theta}$

I am having hard time solving this question, I start with the L.H.S and my answer always boils down to $\sin\theta\cos\theta$ And I don't know what to do after that.
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2answers
131 views

Duo Fresnel-like integrals $(??)$

I really wonder how I can prove the following integrals. $$\int_0^\infty \sin ax^2\cos 2bx\, dx=\frac{1}{2}\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2a}}\left(\cos \frac{b^2}{a}-\sin\frac{b^2}{a}\right)$$ and ...
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5answers
120 views

Prove $\frac{\sin A}{\sec A+\tan A-1}+ \frac{\cos A}{\csc A+\cot A-1}=1$

$$\frac{\sin A}{\sec A+\tan A-1}+ \frac{\cos A}{\csc A+\cot A-1}=1$$ Prove that L.H.S.$=$R.H.S. This type of questions always creates problem when in right hand side some trigonometry function is ...
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4answers
114 views

inverse trigonometric equation $\displaystyle \tan^{-1}{x}+\cot^{-1}{x}=\frac{\pi}{2}$

I have problem with showing that $\displaystyle \tan^{-1}{x}+\cot^{-1}{x}=\frac{\pi}{2}$ I think there have to be used formula: $\displaystyle ...
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2answers
131 views

Trigonometric Arithmetic Progression

If $a$, $b$, $c$ are in arithmetic progression, prove that $$\cos A \cot\frac{A}{2} \qquad \cos B \cot \frac{B}{2} \qquad \cos C \cot\frac{C}{2}$$ are in arithmetic progression, too. Here, $a$, $b$, ...
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1answer
120 views

Finite integral with goniometric functions, $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{8\sin^4(\pi f t)\tan^2(\pi f/2)}{(\pi^4 \tau^2 f^3) }df$

I have difficulties trying to find an algebraic solutions of the following integral: The $\tau$ in this formula is an integer, which is a very important fact because only then this integral is ...
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4answers
133 views

Antiderivative of $\frac{1}{1+\sin {x} +\cos {x}}$

How do we arrive at the following integral $$\displaystyle\int\dfrac{dx}{1+\sin {x}+\cos {x}}=\log {\left(\sin {\frac{x}{2}}+\cos {\frac{x}{2}}\right)}-\log {\left(\cos {\frac{x}{2}}\right)}+C\ ?$$
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2answers
66 views

Trigonometry question: $\sin^2(A) + \sin^2(B) - \sin^2(C) = 2\sin(A)\sin(B)\cos(C).$

Given $A + B + C = 180$, prove that $$\sin^2(A) + \sin^2(B) - \sin^2(C) = 2\sin(A)\sin(B)\cos(C).$$ I tried all identities I know but I have no idea how to proceed.
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9answers
204 views

Find $\tan x $ if $\sin x+\cos x=\frac12$

It is given that $0 < x < 180^\circ$ and $\sin x+\cos x=\frac12$, Find $\tan x $. I tried all identities I know but I have no idea how to proceed. Any help would be appreciated.
3
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4answers
84 views

Solve for $x$, $\tan x +\sec x = 2\cos x$ ; $−∞ < x < ∞$

Solve for $x$, $\tan x +\sec x = 2\cos x$ ; $−∞ < x < ∞$ $$\tan x + \sec x = 2\cos x$$ I tried changing it all to sin and cos $$\frac{\sin x}{\cos x} + \frac{1}{\cos x} = 2\cos x$$ then I ...
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1answer
83 views

Solve for x: sin2 x − cos2 x = sin x, −π ≤ x ≤π

I have to solve for x using the domain of −π ≤ x ≤π sin^2 x − cos^2 x = sin x I tried changing cos^2 x to 1 - sin^2 x so it would be sin^2 x - 1 + sin^2 x = sin x making it, 2sin^2 x - 1 = sin x ...
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4answers
7k views

How to memorize the trigonometric identities?

I am stuck trying to memorize the trig identities, and try as I may, I just can't get them to stick (especially the sum-product and product-sum formulas). I am concerned I won't be able to memorize ...
3
votes
3answers
63 views

Trigonometry Question: find Value of…

Find value of $3 + \cos2x + \cos4x + \cos6x - 4\cos x\cos2x\cos3x$. I tried with $\cos A + \cos B$ identity but it was not simplifying.... Help..
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3answers
406 views

please help me. ive been trying to solve this for hours [closed]

At 3:00 PM, a boat is 12.5 miles due west of a radar station and traveling at 11 mph in a direction that is 57.3 degrees south of an east-west line. At what time will the boat be closest to the radar ...
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5answers
278 views

Trigonometric functions of the acute angle

Find the other five trigonometric functions of the acute angle A, given that: \begin{align} &\text{a)}\ \ \sec A = 2 \\[15pt] &\text{b)}\ \ \cos A = \frac{m^2 - n^2}{m^2 + n^2} \end{align} ...
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1answer
39 views

Acute angle and trigonometric functions [closed]

Given that $\theta$ is an acute angle and $\cos\theta = \dfrac{7}{25}$. Find: $\tan\theta$, $\sin\theta$, $\sec\theta$.
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0answers
39 views

The roots of transcendent equation $\tan(x)=x$ [duplicate]

Can we find the roots of equation $\tan(x)=x$. I once found a formula which gives its roots approximately. Any link will be wlecomed.
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2answers
142 views

Calculation for the chance of finding something a given distance from a starting point by walking straight in a random direction?

The premise is basically a 2D plane with a single point, the starting point. Now a landmark sought by a hiker is a certain distance from that point. If the hiker can only see 1 mile in any ...
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1answer
97 views

Trigonometric Substitution and the Triangle Inequality

I was reading the solution to this problem: If $x, y, z$ are real numbers and $x+y+z=xyz$ then $x(1 − y^2 )(1 − z^2 ) + y(1 − z^2 )(1 − x^2 ) + z(1 − x^2 )(1 − y^2 ) = 4xyz$ The solution is to ...
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4answers
756 views

Double Angle Equations

$\cos2x=\frac1{\sqrt2}$ is the original problem, and I have to solve for $x$. However, I'm not sure what to do after I substitute the double angle formulas for $\cos2x$. I know that $\frac1{\sqrt2}$ ...
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1answer
54 views

Proving the following trigonometric proportion

$$\frac{a\sin(B-C)}{b^2-c^2}=\frac{b\sin(C-A)}{c^2-a^2}=\frac{c\sin(A-B)}{a^2-b^2}$$ A, B, C are angles of a triangle and a, b, c are the sides of a triangle. I tried using various things such as ...
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2answers
74 views

Trigonometric relation between sides and angles of a triangle

$$a \cdot \sin (B-C) +b \cdot \sin(C-A) +c \cdot \sin(A-B) =0$$ where $a, b, c$ are the sides of a triangle and $A, B, C$ are the angles of a triangle. No idea how to solve this problem.
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1answer
119 views

Find points of triangle, one point, all sides and all angles known

Imagine the setup above; how can I calculate the points P1 and P2 if all angles, all sides A,B,C and point P3 are known?
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3answers
95 views

What is the value of $ \int_{x}^{1} \arcsin \left( \frac{2t}{t^2+1} \right) \text{d}t $?

Is this result true? Wolfram doesn't seem to be able to evaluate the definite integral in the allowed time. $$ \int_{x}^{1} \arcsin \left( \dfrac{2t}{t^2+1} \right) \text{d}t = \dfrac{\pi}{2} - ...
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3answers
257 views

Find a basis of $A = (\{1, \sin(x), (\cos)^2(x), (\sin)^2(x)1\})$ and determining its dimension.

We consider a space F(R,R) of functions of R in R. Let A = ({1, \sin(x), $\cos^2(x)$, $\sin^2(x)$}) Find a basis of the vector subspace of F(R,R) and determine its dimension. So I used the identity ...
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3answers
50 views

Check my answer for this trigonometric identity

Simplify $\sec x \cot x$ $\sec x = \frac{1}{\cos \theta}$ $\cot x = \frac{1}{\tan \theta}$ therefore $\frac{1}{\cos \theta} · \frac{1}{\tan \theta} = 1(\tan\theta) + 1(\cos\theta) = \frac{\sin ...
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3answers
395 views

Simplify tan$\theta$ cos$\theta$

How do I simplify tan$\theta$ cos$\theta$ ? Why is this so hard to do? What pieces of information should I know before doing these? Can someone just tell me were am I going wrong? I have 5 days ...
11
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2answers
334 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{\pi/2} \arctan \left(2\tan^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x$

The following integral may seem easy to evaluate ... $$ \int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{2}} \arctan \left(2 \tan^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x = \pi \arctan \left( \frac{1}{2} \right). $$ Could you prove ...
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1answer
42 views

Trigonometric inequality in a triangle

If $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$ are the interior angles in a triangle, the following inequality seems to hold: ...
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4answers
88 views

Simplify $\tan(360 - \theta)$

I am aware that $\tan(\alpha-\beta)=\dfrac{\tan(\alpha)-\tan(\beta)}{1+\tan(\alpha)\tan(\beta)}$ So for my question: $\tan(360 - \theta)$ Do I choose random value for $\theta$ and plug it into the ...
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3answers
151 views

Simplify $\sin (90 - \theta)$

Title. I have no idea what to do. Is their an identity I have to remember? What am I supposed to do to the equation? Do I have to solve for something first, what does it mean by simplify?
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2answers
90 views

Different Definitions Of The Sine Function

I was hoping someone could give me a flow chart or high-level map connecting all of the definitions of the sine function, with some of the reasons why we care next to each. I've tried this but I'm not ...
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3answers
59 views

Trigonometric Identities help

How do you solve this? I can't figure out what I should do. $$\sin ^4\left(A\right)+\cos ^2\left(A\right)=\cos ^4\left(A\right)+\sin ^2\left(A\right)$$ Also, why is this equal zero? Can someone ...
12
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3answers
331 views

How to evaluate $\sum_{n=1}^{38}\sin\left(\frac{n^8\pi}{38}\right)$ [closed]

Evaluate $$\sum_{n=1}^{38}\sin\left(\frac{n^8\pi}{38}\right)$$ I have found the problem on this page. I have no idea how to do it. Thank you very much.
2
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0answers
73 views

Solving systems of equations with trigonometric terms

I am trying to solve (or rather find the least squares solution for) a system of equations with trigonometric terms in them. The system consists of pairs of equations of the form $a_1 \cos\theta - ...
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2answers
68 views

The bird pointer problem: finding the angle of rotation

Suppose we have a bird pointer. He is a guy that likes to point at birds in the sky: His legs cannot move, however he can rotate around his torso. Also, his body and his arm always make a right ...
2
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2answers
79 views

Pick a smart function

Our teacher wants us to find a function $f$ on $(0,\pi)$ such that $$\sqrt{\sin(x)} f(x)^{\frac{1}{4}} =k_1 + \cos(x)$$ and $$\sqrt{\sin(x)} f(x)^{-\frac{1}{4}} = k_2 + \cos(x).$$ The two constants ...
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1answer
55 views

Family of lines $\sin\alpha x +\sin\beta y +\sin\gamma =0$

Problem : If $\sin(\alpha + \beta)\sin(\alpha -\beta) =\sin\gamma (2\sin\beta +\sin\gamma), 0 < \alpha , \beta ,\gamma <\pi$ then the family of lines $\sin\alpha x +\sin\beta y +\sin\gamma =0$ ...
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2answers
4k views

How to find the period of the sum of two trigonometric functions

I want to know if there exists a general method to find the period of the sum of two periodic trigonometric function. Example: $$f(x)=\cos(x/3)+\cos(x/4).$$
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1answer
77 views

What trig identities must one know to derive the others?

My TA told me in problem section one day that every trig identity could be derived from just 2: the Pythagorean identity and the double-angle identity (or he might have said the half-angle identity). ...
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0answers
29 views

Steps involved in simplifying trigonometric identities.

I am trying to master the simplification of trigonometric identities. When I look at a problem, asking me to simplify a trigonometric expression, I am not really sure what to do - but I do sort of ...
2
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2answers
142 views

How am I supposed to work this out, or do I have to memorize?

When simplifying a trigonometric expression, say, $\sin^2 \theta$ / $\cos^2 \theta$ - I remember that sin over cos is equal to tan. However, what other identities, such as the one mentioned above, ...
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1answer
67 views

Trigonometry - SSS formula to calculate angle of Triangle

I am trying to calculate angle using Law of cosines, SSS formula of Triangle. That is given three sides of triangle, calculate angle between sides. When there is large difference between all sides ...
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1answer
232 views

Conversion of angle from 360 degree to-90 degree

Here i am trying to convert angle into +90 degree AND -90 DEGREE FORMAT.For desired elevation angle i got answer properly.How to converert angle -90deg to zero, zero to +90 degree format. you can ...
7
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7answers
210 views

Value of $\cos^2\alpha-\sin^2\alpha$

My problem is from Israel Gelfand's Trigonometry textbook. Page 48. Exercise 8: b) If $\tan\alpha=r$, write an expression in terms of $r$ that represents the value of $\cos^2\alpha-\sin^2\alpha$. ...
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1answer
61 views

Integer Solutions to Cosine's Dot Product Formula

Say one wanted to test their students on the dot product formula without a calculator. One would (being a nice teacher and all) natural like to pick numbers in the plane that are "nice" and satisfy a ...