2
votes
1answer
34 views

Ratio of sides of Triangle $ABC$

if in a Triangle $\Delta ABC$ with $a$, $b$ and $c$ as sides $$\begin{align}\left(Cot\frac{A}{2}\right)^2 ...
2
votes
3answers
63 views

Finding an area of a triangle inside of a triangle, given certain areas of other triangles, and area ratios.

I'm studying for the Waterloo Math Contest (Galois, Gr. 10) taking place in April of 2015 and I am preparing by looking at previous problems and solving them. This is question 4(c) on the 2010 Galois ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

How to find length of the sides of a triangle given the ratio of the sines of the sides?

Consider $\triangle ABC$. Let $\dfrac{\sin A}{\sin B} = \dfrac56$ and $\dfrac{\sin B}{\sin C} = \dfrac45$. Find $\dfrac{\vert AC\vert\cdot \vert AB\vert}{\vert BC\vert}$. If there is no definite ...
1
vote
2answers
453 views

Solving for Cos Exactly

How to solve $\cos(\dfrac{5\pi}{6})$ and $\cos(\dfrac{7\pi}{6})$ exactly? I couldn't use special triangles to solve this either.
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Get the angle in a circle using center, radius and one point in a circle.

There is a circle and i know Point1 this is fixed and i know another point Point2 which can be anywhere in the circle. and i want to know the angle which is made at center. Thanks Your help will be ...
0
votes
4answers
92 views

Finding $\sin^{-1}(x)$ without using a calculator

I don't understand how to compute $\sin^{-1} (0.6293)$, to figure out the angle without using a calculator. I understand how to find the answer if I use a calculator but I don't understand the ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

Find length of $CD$ where $\angle BCA=120^\circ$ and $CD$ is the bisector of $\angle BCA$ meeting $AB$ at $D$

$ABC$ is a triangle with $BC=a,CA=b$ and $\angle BCA=120^\circ$. $CD$ is the bisector of $\angle BCA$ meeting $AB$ at $D$. Then the length of $CD$ is ____ ? A)$\frac{a+b}{4}$ B)$\frac{ab}{a+b}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Rotating a triangle in different coordinate systems.

My android application uses openGL. OpenGL coordinate system has the origin in the middle and goes from -1 to 1. When I am rotating an equilateral triangle in the openGL coordinates, the triangle ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Calculate height from two right angled triangles sharing an edge

I am trying to calculate the perpendicular distance of a unicycle-like robot from a wall using two successive measurements from an ultrasonic sensor. The problem is modelled as shown: (EDIT). The ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Rationality in Triangle

How can I justify this answer? I think the answer is infinite, but cannot justify it///
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is the given triangle unique?

I was reading Polya's How to Solve It when I came across the following problem. Construct a triangle with an angle, the length of altitude through that angle and the perimeter of the triangle given. I ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

find angle sine knowing all sides

I know all the sides of an arbitrary triangle but not the angles, and I want to find the sine of any angle. ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

To prove inequality for two similar triangles $ABC$ and $A_1B_1C_1$ given that $A_1B_1C_1$ is inscribed in $ABC$

Consider a triangle $ABC$. A directly similar triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ is inscribed in the triangle $ABC$ such that $A_1,\;B_1\;,C_1$ are the interior points of the sides $AC,\;AB\;and\;BC$ respectively. ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Find Coordinates on a track

Charlie and Alexandra are running around a circular track with radius 60 meters. Charlie started at the westernmost point of the track, and, at the same time, Alexandra started at the northernmost ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Finding coordinates on a circle

So this problem I am have difficulty with. I think where I am going wrong is how to calculate the initial theta. Do I just use pi/2 because in the pictures it show to angle theta off the 90 degree ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Find the height of the dam given angles of a triangle

The top of a dam has an angle of elevation of 1.3 radians from a point on a river. Measuring the angle of elevation to the top of the dam from a point 155 feet farther downriver is 0.8 radians; assume ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Finding the missing coordinate of a point within a 3D triangle

We have an equilateral triangle $ABC$ in 3-dimensional space. The points are known, such as: $A = (x_1,y_1,z_1)$ $B = (x_2,y_2,z_2)$ $C = (x_3,y_3,z_3)$ Point $P$ is on triangle $ABC$. If I know ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

calculate the angles of a triangle?

If we have a triangle $ABC$ and we only know three things: -The angle $A$ -The length $AB$ -The length $AC$ Is it possible to calculate the other angles: $B$, $C$ All what I can think of ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Proving a tough geometrical inequality, with equality in equilateral triangles.

For any triangle with sides $a ,b, c$ prove or disprove (1) and (2) : $$\sum_\mathrm{cyc} \frac{1}{\frac{(a+b)^2-c^2}{a^2}+1}\ge \frac34$$ Equality in (1) holds if and only if the triangle is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Year 10 - Trigonometry

Please ignore the pencilled 4m in the diagram but I really need to know what the length of the bottom line - line DC - is. A procedure or tips on how to calculate this would be useful. Also, is the ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views

If this relation holds, then is the triangle equilateral?

Let $ABC$ be a triangle. If $$\sum_{cyc}\frac{BC}{4AC\cos^2({\frac{\angle BAC}{2})}+BC}=\frac{3}{4}$$ then the triangle is equilateral? We can check if we set $\widehat{BAC}=\pi/3$ and $AB=BC=CA$ that ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

New Angle When Opposite Side is Halved

Suppose you have a right triangle with any length sides. The value of one of the angles is $\theta$ and the opposite side is a. If I change the triangle so that the new length of side a is $\frac a2$, ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Inequality problem about sides of a triangle and the semiperimeter

Let $a,b,c$ the sides of a triangle and $s$ be the semi perimeter. Then show that $$ a^2+b^2+c^2 > \frac{36}{35}(a^2+\frac{abc}{s}) $$ I tried it doing in many ways using some ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

An Inverse Cosine Problem

Here is my problem: $$ \sin(\cos^{-1} \frac{2}{5} ) $$ I know how to do it for the most part; I just draw a triangle with sides 2,5 and √21 and I then find the sine (opposite/hypotenuse) of the ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Sin and Cos relationship with Triangle sides

In a triangle ABC, ${sinA < \frac{a}{c}}$ and ${cosA > \frac{b}{c}}$. Which of the statements below are always false regarding triangle ABC? ABC is an acute triangle ABC is an isosceles ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Using Right triangles to determine Values

Missed a day of class, and I can't seem to figure out the concept here. It seems simple but I just can't wrap my head around it. Any and all help is much appreciated.
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Question that includes Trigonometry

In the diagram, $AB = 80 cm$, $\angle ABD = 44^∘$ (Angle B), $\angle BAC = 31^∘$, $\angle DAC =37^∘$ and $\angle DBC = 36^∘$. Calculate: a) $BC$ b) $BD$ c) $CD$
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Find term for one angle of two in a trig function

In a right angled triangle, I know that $\tan (x) = \cfrac{4}{z}$ and that $\tan(x+y) = \cfrac{12}{z}$. I need to find an equation which has only $\tan(y)$. The answer is $\cfrac{12}{z} = ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Finding angles in Barycentric system

How to find the angles of a triangle given the barycentric coordinates of its corners? Does it work if i take the first two components of every coordinate, and find the angles in the triangle (on the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Solve an Angle-Side-Angle special case triangle if it has an obtuse angle?

I've seen this type of problem multiple times on homework, and it's confusing me like mad. The scenario: We have a triangle. It is a special case triangle, with one angle, one side, and another ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

How to find opposite and adjacent lengths of a right triangle given the hypotenuse and angle?

I'm writing a few functions for a JavaScript game engine. Is it possible to calculate the length of the legs of a right triangle given ONLY the length of the hypotenuse and an angle?
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Obtaining consistent triangle surface normals.

I am given 3 points in a random order like so... calculateSurfaceNormal(point1, point2, point3); I have implemented the method by simply saying... ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Change in length of a right triangle

And so my question is how do I prove the ??
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Unusual result when comparing trigonometry and Pythagoras in triangles.

I'm a Scottish Higher maths student. I was looking over some old textbooks, and came across a seemingly easy question, involving a circle within a triangle. I used the expected method to solve it; ...
7
votes
2answers
98 views

How to prove that $\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$?

How do we prove that for any triangle this holds: $$\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$$ I can use this beautiful identity to prove several geometric inequalities, but I have no idea how to prove the ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

In triangle, $\sin\frac{A}{2}+\sin \frac{B}{2}+\sin\frac{C}{2} -1 = 4\sin \frac{\pi -A}{4}\sin\frac{\pi -B}{4} \sin\frac{\pi-C}{4}$

To prove $$\sin\frac{A}{2}+\sin \frac{B}{2}+\sin\frac{C}{2} -1 = 4\sin \frac{\pi -A}{4}\sin\frac{\pi -B}{4} \sin\frac{\pi-C}{4}$$ My approach : $$ \begin{align} \text{L.H.S.} & = ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

MCA entrance question

In triangle $ABC$, the value of $\ \displaystyle \sum_{r=0}^n\ ^nC_ra^rb^{n-r}\cos(rB-(n-r)A)$ is equal to (a) $c^n$ (b) $b^n$ (c) $a^n$ (d) $0$ I have no idea how to start ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

I stumbled when i saw this (Travelling Salesman related)

I have here 5 locations like below I then have a tour of 1,2,3,4 (point 5 isn't inserted into tour yet) like below I then find the shortest addition distance to include point 5 into tour, the ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Calculate regular or equilateral triangle altitude with radius only possible?

I need to calculate the altitude of a regular triangle (equilateral) but i only have the radius (polygon radius) available (http://www.mathopenref.com/polygonradius.html). I have been searching for ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Maximum perimeter of an isosceles triangle inscribed in the unit circle?

So I have seen this question asked before but with variations (circle of radius 4, and an equilateral triangle) and so I am hoping for an answer on how to do this. After looking around I saw that ...
-1
votes
5answers
108 views

Trigonometry Question (finding the sin, cos, cosec etc on a right-angled triangle)

For the right-angled triangle $\widehat{PQR}$, where $\overline{PQ} = 9\text{ cm}$, $\overline{QR} = 40\text{ cm}$ and $\overline{PR} = 41\text{ cm}$, give the value of: a) $\sin \hat{P}$ b) $\cos ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Find the maximum angle possible

$P$ is a point on the $Y-axis$ . Find the maximum possible value of $\angle APB$ where $A=(1,0)$ and $B=(3,0)$. Here is how I solved the problem. Suppose $P=(0,k)$ . Then using the cosine formula we ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Prove that this is an isoceles triangle

I'm trying to solve a problem here. It says: "Prove that a triangle is isoceles if $\large b=2a\sin\left(\frac{\beta}{2}\right)$." $B-\beta$ I've tried to prove it but I can't Can anyone help me?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Prove that the given triangle is isoceles

I'm trying to solve a problem here. It says: "Prove that a triangle is isoceles if $\large b=2a\sin\left(\frac{B}{2}\right)$." $B-beta$ I've tried to prove it but I can't Can anyone help me?
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Triangle rotating freely around origo, need to calculate corners.

Lets say I have a triangle with corners $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$ and $(1, -2)$. I specify a line that is exactly one side of the triangle, for example $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$. Now, I rotate the triangle ...
8
votes
1answer
70 views

Trigonometric Substitution

I am having trouble with this problem even though everything I did seemed right to me since we went over a similar one in my class. I used the method of setting up a triangle, my hypotenuse is ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Sine defined for a triangle inscribed in a circle with a diameter of one

Let a circle be drawn with a diameter of one (and thus a radius of one half). Then let a triangle with vertices A, B, and C be inscribed in the circle (i.e. points A, B, and C are arbitrary points on ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

How do I solve for the height of a triangle?

The basic triangle looks something like this: How do I solve for $h$? As an example, in one problem I was given $b = 45, c = 42, \angle C = 38^\circ$ I understand how $h$ divides $\triangle ABC$ ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Solving all possible triangles?

So we're doing oblique triangles -- Law of Sines and all that good stuff =). I have a bunch of problems that ask you to solve for "all possible triangles that satisfy the given conditions". For ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Ratios of right triangle integer multiples to PI

It is known that in a right triangle with angles 30 and 60 degrees the cathetus at the 60 angle is equal to the 0.5 of hypotenuse. In other words an angle with cosine 0.5 is equal to PI/3. Is there ...