Trigonometric functions (both geometric and circular), relationships between lengths and angles in triangles, and other topics relating to measuring triangles.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
1answer
13 views

Finding third vertexes of any triangle where 2 vertex known and all sides length known

I am working with a CAD engine in the head but i working on code only. I have a rectangular tube that need to be put at an angle. I so have the diagonal of the tube where it has to start and stop but ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Formula to calculate angle on a fan or semicircle

How do I calculate the angle shown in the picture given the height, width, and the arc deduction of $2$? I had applied the Right Triangles formula to calculate the hypotenuse: $h^2 = a^2 + ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Point on ellipse after walking a distance on the perimeter [duplicate]

I've the equation of an ellipse. Given a point (x,y) on the ellipse and a length L , I want to find the coordinates (x1,y1) of the point where I'd end up after taking a walk of length L from (x,y), ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Simple complex analysis inverse

On page 113 of Churchill in explaining the $\arcsin{(-i)}$ it comes across $$ln(1-\sqrt{2})$$ which is fine but then it goes on to say that it is equal to $$ln{\frac{1}{1+\sqrt{2}}}$$ How do they ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Calculate vertical lines intersection hexagon at regular interval

I would like to calculate the total size of vertical lines that dissect an hexagon regular, like the one on the image. I would like to know the internal size of the blue lines inside the hexagon, ...
0
votes
2answers
22 views

Evaluating trig functions for a point that passes through…

I have the question "Evaluate the trig functions for angle a in standard position whose terminal side passes through (3, 4): Sec a, csc a, and cot a. For cot a the answer given is 3/4, which makes ...
4
votes
2answers
296 views

'Rational' solutions of sine

Do there exist rational numbers $q \in (0,1) \cap \mathbb Q$ such that $$\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2}q\right) \in \mathbb Q$$ Clearly if $q \in \mathbb Z$, yes. But what about the case $0 < q < 1$? ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Getting ready for Calculus?

So I wanted to start a Masters program but they require that I have Calculus III. I want to take that course at the university, but I need to be ready for it. As I look at Khan Academy and do some ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Help With Solving Trigonometric equations

$(\sin x)^2 - 5\sin x \cos x=0$ What would be the first atep to solve this. I normally get the equation into a quadratic one but I cannot seem to spot the first step here. What I mean by $(\sin ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Fixed Point Iteration $x = g(x)$ method for $y_1 = e ^{-x}$ and $y_2= \cos x$

The question reads as follows: Find the x and y coordinates of the intersection points by means of the $x = g(x)$ method. ( I believe they are referring to the Fixed Point Iteration method) The ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Algebraic values of the sine function

First question: For which angles $x$ is $\sin(x)$ a real number that can be expressed using only integers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and the extraction of $n$th roots? (With ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How to solve: y'' + 9y = sin(3t)

I need to find the particular solution to the equation: $$y'' + 9y = \sin(3t)$$ I thought we were looking for a trigonometric forcing term on the form: $$y = a\cdot\cos(3t) + b\cdot\sin(3t)$$ But ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Derive inverse Laplace Transform using two given trigonometric transforms (5.2-13)

I am not certain how to begin this problem. Someone please point me in the right direction. Problem Using the two given formulas ($1$ and $2$ below) show that: ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Calculationg the angle of a triangle

I am trying to find a specified angle of a triangle. In triangle $ABC$, $\angle A = 20^\circ$. $D$ and $E$ are points on $AB$ and $AC$, where $AB=AC$. $\angle EBC = 50^\circ$ and $\angle DCB = ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Calculate perimeter of rhomboid

I am trying to solve the following problem but I got stuck In a rhomboid with an area of $48 \space cm^2$, the major diagonal is $4$ cm shorter than the double of the minor diagonal. Calculate the ...
0
votes
3answers
29 views

Find base of isosceles triangle with side length and angle

I would like to calculate the length of the side in red on the image. I tried the Law of cosines, but maybe i haven't applied the formula right, because for a side "a" and "b" of size 64 and a angle ...
3
votes
3answers
44 views

Complex hyperbolic Trigonometry

When faced with the equation $\cos{z}=\sqrt{2}$ I want to solve for z so I break it up into a sum $z=x+iy$ and get: $\cos{z}=\cos{x}\cosh{y}-i \sin{x} \sinh{y}$ equating real and imaginary parts I ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Determine the limit of a series, involving trigonometric functions: $\sum \frac{\sin(nx)}{n^3}$ and $\frac{\cos(nx)}{n^2}$

I have $$\sum^\infty_{n=1} \frac{\sin(nx)}{n^3}.$$ I did prove convergence: $0<\theta<1$ $$\left|\frac{\sin((n+1)x)n^3}{(n+1)^3\sin(nx)}\right|< \left|\frac{n^3}{(n+1)^3}\right|<\theta$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Proving standard properties of sine and cosine defined by their power series

Definition: We define $\displaystyle \sin x = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n x^{2n+1}}{\left ( 2n+1 \right )!}, \; x \in \mathbb{R} $ and $ \displaystyle \cos x = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Why is it that $\frac{\sin 30}{\sin 18}$ is equal to the golden ratio?

If you calculate $\frac{\sin 30}{\sin 18}$, where $18$ and $30$ are in degrees, the result is $\phi$, or alternately $\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}$. I know that these numbers add up, but is there any ...
0
votes
4answers
38 views

Prove the inequalities without calculating the integrals

$$ \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \sin^4x dx \le \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \sin^3xdx$$ I have tried to define 2 functions $ f, g:[0, \frac{\pi}{2}] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and say that $ f(x) = \sin^4x$ ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Estimating the integral $\int \frac{\sin(x)}{x}\, dx$. [on hold]

Would anyone be able to help me out with this question? I'm not quite sure how to go about it. Thanks in advance! Consider the integral $$ I = \int_{\pi/2}^\pi \frac{\sin x}{x}\,dx. $$ This integral ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Square Wave Intuition

As I understand it, a square wave can be produced as follows: $$y = \cases{ 1 & \text{if } \sin(x) > 0\cr 0 & \text{if }\sin(x) = 0\cr -1 & \text{if } \sin(x) < 0} $$ What I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Can anyone help me find an $x$ for which $\sin x=-1/2$ and $\sin x=\sqrt{2}/2$?

I know that $\sin x=0$ when $x$ is of the form $x=n\pi$ for $n\in\mathbb{Z}$. But, I can't figure out an $x$ for which $\sin x=-1/2$ and $\sin x=\sqrt{2}/2$ are both true. Can anyone help me?
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Why does the following equality hold? $\sec^{-1}(2/\sqrt{2}) = \sec^{-1}(\sqrt{2})$?

Why is $\sec^{-1}(2/\sqrt{2}) = \sec^{-1}(\sqrt{2})$ true?
-1
votes
1answer
30 views

Find all angles that satisfy $6\cos^2(x)+5\cos(x)-6=0$ [on hold]

Find all angles that satisfy: $$6\cos^2(x)+5\cos(x)-6=0.$$
0
votes
1answer
25 views

angle $0$ to $2\pi$ between two 3Dvectors

Ok this is for a computer game I'm learning to program with. How do you find angle between two normalized 3D vectors so that you get the resulting angle in the range $[0,2\pi]$ or $[-\pi,\pi]$? Using ...
6
votes
3answers
94 views

How prove $\sin \left( \alpha+\frac{\pi }{n} \right) \cdots \sin \left( \alpha+\frac{n\pi }{n} \right) =-\frac{\sin n\alpha}{2^{n-1}}$?

How prove $$\prod_{k=1}^{n}\sin \left( \alpha+\frac{\pi k }{n}\right) =-\frac{\sin n\alpha}{2^{n-1}}$$ for $n \in N$?
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Why is arcsin represented with the ^(-1) notation?

So in trigonometry, we have sin, secant (which is one over sin) and arcisn. Why is arcsin sometimes represented with sin^-1? sin^2 means sin to the second power, but sin^-1 explicitly does not mean ...
7
votes
3answers
245 views

Does $\sin(x+iy) = x+iy$ have infinitely many solutions?

How to prove that $\sin(x+iy) = x+iy$ has infinitely many solutions? I know how to prove that $\sin(x) = x$ has only one solution, but I do not know how to extend this to complex analysis.
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How to divide trigonometric ratios using identities?

$$\frac{1-\tan^2x}{1+\tan^2x}$$ We know: $$\frac{1-\frac{\sin^2x}{\cos^2x}}{1+\frac{\sin^2x}{\cos^2x}}$$ Now what? Flip denominator and times numerator? Which equals ??? Please help - Thanks
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Find Coefficients from already fourier function

Hello I have this function and I'm asked 1.Find the period for $f(t)$ 2.Find the coefficients $a_n$ and $b_n$ $$f(t)=2(cos(2t+\frac{\pi}{4})-sin(6t-\frac{\pi}{2}))$$ I know that the period for ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

number of solutions of these equations.

Find the number of solution for this equation without drawing graph?! Total number of solutions for $2^{\cos x}=|\sin x|$ in $[-2\pi,5\pi]$ a) $14$ b) $15$ c) $16$ d) $17$ [ans given : ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What is the best trigonometry book available free?

I am not a rich person but I really want to have a look on the trigonometry book
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Find the area of trapezium given certain angles and length of diagonal

In the trapezium $MNOP$, $MP$ is the major base and $NO$ is the minor base. Knowing that the angle $P$ is $58° 15'$, the angle $OMP$ is $21° 45''$, and the diagonal $OM$ is of $6.5$ cm, calculate the ...
-1
votes
2answers
29 views

Solve trigonometric equation $\sin(2t) = −\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ on interval $[0, 2 \pi]$

Solve the following equation on interval $[0, 2 \pi]$: $$\sin(2t) = −\dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$$ I got $t=\left\{\dfrac{9\pi}{8},\dfrac{15\pi}{8}\right\}$, but website for math assignment said that it is ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Find sides and height of isosceles trapezium given information about its diagonals

In an isosceles trapezium the diagonals cut at a point $O$ which divides them in two segments of $3$ cm and $7$ cm. If one of the angles formed between them is of $120°$, find the measures of the ...
-3
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the maximum area of a trapezium with 3 known sides and unknown angles. [closed]

The Question: A major company in your city has both new equipment capable of making guttering in the shape of an open top trapezium. The sheet metal used is 22 cm wide and bent such that the base s ...
-4
votes
0answers
32 views

Trigonometric math problem [closed]

A camera is mounted at a point 3000 ft from the base of a rocket launching pad. The Rocket rises vertically when launched, and the camera's elevation angle is continually adjusted to follow the bottom ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Prove the inequality $x \le x+(1-x) \sin^2(x) \le 1$ for $x \in (0,1)$ by using derivative

The problem: show that $x \le x+(1-x) \sin^2(x) \le 1$ for $x \in (0,1)$ I tried to solve it with the derivative and the inequality $\sin(x) \le x$ for $x>0$ thanks for helpers
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Radians or degrees?

In problem 2 from this page: http://www.analyzemath.com/calculus/Problems/rate_change.html The last couple steps including the equation: $$\frac{da}{dt} = \left[-\frac{\sin ...
0
votes
2answers
16 views

Finding upper and lower bounds on a trigonometric function

I've been tasked with finding the upper and lower bounds of the element: $A = sin(\frac{\pi.n}{2n+3}) | n\in\mathbb{N}$ I think I have found the upper bound by doing: $\lim_{n\to +\infty} ...
0
votes
4answers
86 views

Integrating $\int_{\sqrt{2}}^2 \frac{1}{t^3\sqrt{t^2-1}}\,dt$.

I am trying to compute $$ \int_{\sqrt{2}}^2 \frac{1}{t^3\sqrt{t^2-1}}\,dt. $$ This is what I got so far: $t=\sec(x)$ and $dt=\sec(x)\tan(x)x\,dx$ So plugging this in gives me $$ \int ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Solving a Cartesian and parametric equation at a intersection.

A curve C has parametric equations: $x=4cos(2t)$ and $y=3sin(t)$ $-\frac{\pi}{2} < t < \frac{\pi}{2}$ The normal of a point A$(2,1.5)$ on curve C has the equation $6y-16x+23=0$ The curve and ...
-1
votes
3answers
41 views

Finding $\lim_{x \rightarrow \frac{1}{4} \pi } \frac{\tan x-\cot x}{x-\frac{1}{4} \pi }$.

How do I get the value of $$\lim_{x \rightarrow \frac{1}{4} \pi } \frac{\tan x-\cot x}{x-\frac{1}{4} \pi }?$$ I need the steps without using L'hospital.
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Solving functional equation $f(x+y)+f(x-y)=2f(x)\cos y$?

How can I solve this functional equation, where $x,y$ are any real numbers and $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb R$ is a function such that : $$f(x+y)+f(x-y)=2f(x)\cos y$$ I tried substituting $x=0$ to get ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Closed form of $\cot x=x$

I plotted the graphs of $y=\cot x$ and $y=x$. Its clear that they have infinite intersections. I tried to solve for the first root but it doesn't seem to be any known number to me. Even Wolfram Alpha ...
6
votes
1answer
54 views

How to prove $\lim_{n \to \infty}\frac{\pi}{2n+1}\sum_{k=1}^{n}(-1)^{k+1}\cot\frac{k\pi}{2n+1}=\ln2$

I am trying to prove the following: $$\lim_{n \to \infty}\frac{\pi}{2n+1}\sum_{k=1}^{n}(-1)^{k+1}\cot\frac{k\pi}{2n+1}=\ln2$$ I tried some values and it seems convincing. I wonder if this is a ...
9
votes
2answers
217 views

How to Solve Trigonometric Equations?

How are you supposed to go about solving equations such as: $$-\sqrt{3} = \frac{\sin{4\theta}}{\sin{7\theta}}.$$ I know that $\theta = 30^{\circ}$ is one such solution, but how do I find all ...
5
votes
3answers
64 views

Range of trigonometric functions

I would like to know if there is a simple approach to find the range of functions in the form: $$\sin x\sin2x$$ $$\cos x\cos3x$$ $$\sin 2x\cos 4x$$ For example, finding the range of a function in ...