For questions about or related to trigonometric series.

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What function does this trigonometric series represent?

I wonder what known function does this trigonometric series represent? $$ f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k^{3/2}}\sin{(kx)} $$ with $$ -\pi\le x\le \pi $$ and $$ f(x)=f(x+2\pi) $$ And how is it ...
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25 views

How to determine if this converges?

I find this one to be hard, I tried expanding $\cos$ into a Taylor series, but that didn't work out well because I couldn't apply $p$-series... $$ \sum^{\infty}_{n=1} n (1-\cos(\pi/n)) $$
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48 views

Sum of Complex series

Let $\theta\in\mathbb{R}$ and $\theta \neq k\pi$ for $k\in\Bbb Z$. By summing a geometric progression show that $$1 + e^{2i\theta} + e^{4i\theta}+e^{6i\theta} + e^{8i\theta}= ...
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505 views

How do I find the direction angle of a vector?

Let $v= -3 i-10j$. I found the dot product to be $109$ and the magnitude to be $\sqrt{11881}$. I divided it out and it came out to be one. I don't know what I'm doing wrong. Please help.
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184 views

Solving for linear velocity

A wheel is rotating at 3 radians per second and the wheel has an 80 inch diameter To the nearest foot per minute, what is the linear velocity?
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1answer
43 views

Solving $\operatorname{ctg} x=x/b$

I have no problems finding first solution (both: $b \to 0$ and $b \to \infty$). My solutions on photos. I got stuck trying to find solution when $x \to \infty$. As I think, solution for $x$ will have ...
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1answer
64 views

Sum of the trigonometric series

I'm studying de Moivre's theorem's application on the summation of trigonometric series. Here's what I have so far: \begin{align*} \sum_{k=0}^n \cos(k\theta)&= \text{Re}\sum_{k=0}^n e^{ki\theta} ...
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1answer
29 views

Can you raise trigonometric functions to a non-integer power?

I don't inmediately see any reason why you could not yet I have never come across it. For any answer given reasoning would also be appreciated! Thank you
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33 views

Sum of trigonometric series $\sum_{m=1}^{N-1} \frac{\sin(4\pi mk/N)}{\sin ^2 (\pi m/N) }$

Anybody has some ideas to prove the following identity? \begin{equation} \sum_{m=1}^{N-1} \frac{\sin(4\pi mk/N)}{\sin ^2 (\pi m/N) }= 0 \end{equation} where $N$ is an integer greater than $1$, $k$ ...
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1answer
30 views

MacLaurin of the Third-degree in sin(a*x)*cos(b*x) at given values

Alright so from my understanding MacLaurin is a special case of Taylor Series but at f(0). However my question involves solving the third degree of MacLaurin for $$f(x) = sin(a \times x)\times ...
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Solving a problem of Ramanujan's interest

I am Brian Diaz, and I am new to the math.stackexchange community. I have been struggling with attempting to find a closed form of the following series: $$ \varphi(\theta) = 1 + 2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
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98 views

Value of a Sine-Like Infinite Product

Does the following infinite product have a "nice" closed form? $$ P = \prod_{k=2}^{\infty} \left(\left(1 - \frac{1}{k^2}\right)^\dfrac{(-1)^k}{k}\right) $$ I know that without the power one could ...
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194 views

On the series $ \displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\Lambda(n)}{\sqrt{n}} \cos(x \log(n) + a) $.

Is the following series ‘summable’ in the sense that it may be divergent but we can attach a meaning to it? $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\Lambda(n)}{\sqrt{n}} \cos(x \log(n) + a) = (\text{reg}) ...
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95 views

Has this function a name?

Has this function a name? $$f(x) = \prod_{i=2}^{\lceil \frac{x}{2} \rceil} \sin\left( \frac {\pi x}{i}\right)$$ (the product of $\sin( \frac {\pi x}{i})$ for $i=2,3,...,\lceil x/2 \rceil$)
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36 views

Trigonometric sum evaluation

Let $q$ a prime number and $1 \leq a<q$ a positive integer. We know from Ramanujan identity that $$\underset{h=1,\left(h,q\right)=1}{\overset{q}{\sum}}e^{2\pi ...
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70 views

Finite Trigonometric Sum

I have a dynamical system model whose equilibria depend on the solution of the following finite sum: \begin{align} \sum_{j\neq ...
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40 views

Estimation of trignometric polynomial and Lipschitz estimation

Let $\mathcal{T}_n$ denote the linear space of trigonometric polynomials of degree up to $n$ and $$E_n(f)=\inf_{P\in\mathcal{T}_n} ...
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81 views

Proving that sin(x)/x=(1-x^2/pi^2)(1-x^2/4pi^2)(…)

I am faced with explaining to a bunch of people who have taken a course in real analysis, but no course in complex analysis, why $\sin(x)=x\prod_{n\geq1}(1-x^2/\pi^2n^2)$. I vaguely remember being ...
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35 views

Harnack's curve theorem for zero sets of real trig polynomials in two variables?

Is there a result like Harnack's curve theorem for real trig polynomials which gives bounds for the number of connected components the zero set can have in terms of the degree? More specifically, let ...
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106 views

Is there a relationship between a function's period and number of roots?

Let: $f(x,a,l)=\prod _{k=a}^l\sin \left(\frac{\pi x}{k}\right)$ and $f(x,k)=\sin \left(\frac{\pi x}{k}\right)$ I came up with this equation to find the period $T(f(x,a,l))=2\,{{\pi }^{l-a+1} ...
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165 views

Fourier Series; odd and even half-range expansion

I have some standard Fourier series questions which I cannot solve. My fourier series is defined like this: $$s(x)=\frac{a_0}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} (a_n \cos (nx) + b_n \sin (nx))$$ For $f(t) = ...
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integrate trigonometric function

I have to determine the value of $\int_{-\pi }^{\pi } \left(\cos (3\cdot x)\cdot \sin (x)^2\right)^2 \, dx$. What I did was rewriting the integrand as $$\frac{1}{16}(6\cdot \sin (x)-\sin (3\cdot ...
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Understanding the indices in a Fourier series

Sometimes the truncated Fourier series of a function with Fourier coefficients $\hat{u}_k$ is written $$\sum_{k=-N}^N\hat{u}_ke^{ikx}$$ which is a linear combination of $\cos(nx) +i\sin(nx)$ for ...
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Product of truncated Fourier series

Given the truncated power series (trigonometric polynomials) $$ a(t)=\sum_{k=-P}^P A_k e^{ik\omega t} ,\quad b(t)=\sum_{k=-Q}^Q B_k e^{ik\omega t} $$ I am looking for formulas for the product and ...
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Understanding this question in regards to Taylor Polynomials

I am looking at the following question, and I simply don't understand it. I've calculated the Taylor series for $f(x) = \arcsin(x)$ centered around $0$ of order $n=3$. Evaluating this series at $x = ...
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38 views

How to calculate the sample autocorrelation coefficient of this time series?

Given : $\hat{\gamma}(h)=n^{-1}\Sigma_{t=1} ^{n-|h|}(x_{t+|h|}-\bar{x})(x_{t}-\bar{x})$ $\bar{x}=\frac{1}{n}\Sigma_{t=1} ^n x_{t}$ $\hat{\rho}(h)=\frac{\hat{\rho}(h)}{\hat{\rho}(0)}$ $x_{t}=c \cdot ...
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38 views

Using Algebra with Trig Functions

Using Algebra with Trig Functions I'm trying to find the correct 1 second audio signal I would need to apply to a 1 second known noise signal to have the output signal be a sin wave. The basic ...
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51 views

Trigonometry - proving a rule

I was given that $\sin a + \sin b + \sin c \cdots$ is equal to: (where $a,b,c$ are in arithmetic progression) $$\frac{\sin\frac{a + c}{2}\sin\frac{nb}{2}}{\sin{b/2}}$$ Here $a$ is the first term of ...
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27 views

Help in finding a book

That is my problem: i have this series: $\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \psi_{k}(h)\cos(k\theta)$. I need to see to what it converges assuming something on the functions $\psi_{k}(h)$. There is a book or a site ...
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64 views

Find a short formula for $\sin x+\sin (x+y)+\sin (x+2y)+. . .+\sin (x+(n-1)y)$

The answer is : $$\sin(\frac {x+x+(n-1)y}{2}) \dfrac {\sin \frac{ny}{2}}{\sin \frac {y}{2}}$$ I could've written the question as: Show that..., but then people would try induction. What I did: ...
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61 views

trigonometric polynomial using FFT

I am trying to use the FFT to approximate a given function. So i have 10 points xk that are given for example, if i use the FFT that will give me Xk. So now using the inverse FFT we can get the ...
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40 views

Binomial series for $2^{n-1}\cos^n\vartheta$ and $2^{n-1}(-1)^{\frac{n}{2}}\sin^n\vartheta$

Can somebody confirm for me whether the following series are correct? $$2^{n-1}\cos^n\vartheta=\cos ...
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10 views

Is there a specific name for Fourier cosine series divided by its input?

I am thinking about a univariate model $$ y=a_{0}x^{-1}+\sum_{k=1}^{n}a_{k}\cos(kx)x^{-1}. $$ It seems that this form looks like a Fourier cosine series w.r.t. $x$ divided by $x$. Could you tell me ...
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144 views

Cosine series as a Fourier series.

Theorem: Let $a_{n}\downarrow 0$ and suppose that $\left(a_{n}\right)$ is a quasi-convex. Then $\displaystyle \frac{a_{0}}{2}+\sum a_{n}\cos nx$ is the Fourier series of the $L^{1}$ function ...
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155 views

Trigonometric series as a Fourier series of essentially bounded function.

A trigonometric series $ \displaystyle \frac{a_0}{2}+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}(a_{n}\cos nx +b_{n}\sin nx)$ is a Fourier series of a essentially bounded function if and only if there exists a constant $K$ ...