For questions about triangles

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47
votes
10answers
8k views

What's a proof that the angles of a triangle add up to 180°?

Back in grade school, I had a solution involving "folding the triangle" into a rectangle half the area, and seeing that all the angles met at a point. However, now that I'm in university, I'm not ...
37
votes
13answers
4k views

Do two right triangles with the same long hypotenuse have the same area?

I watched computer monitors and I asked myself, do two monitors with the same display diagonal have the same display area? I managed to find out that the answer is yes, if two right triangles with ...
29
votes
6answers
11k views

How many triangles are there?

The question is how many triangles are there in the following picture? I have thought to solve it by creating a formula based on the angles of the lines starting from the bottom of each side. I ...
19
votes
1answer
586 views

Are there prime lengths in triangle with all integer sides and heights?

Suppose you have a triangle in which all sides and all heights are integer in length (i.e. triangle with sides 20, 25, 15 has heights 15, 12 and 20). Could it be that at least one of those numbers is ...
16
votes
4answers
942 views

probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center

what is the probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center of the regualr triangle the three points are randomly picked within the ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Proving Stewart's theorem without trig

Stewart's theorem states that in the triangle shown below, $$ b^2 m + c^2 n = a (d^2 + mn). $$ Is there any good way to prove this without using any trigonometry? Every proof I can find uses the ...
15
votes
1answer
55k views

Solving Triangles (finding missing sides/angles given 3 sides/angles)

What is a general procedure for "solving" a triangle—that is, for finding the unknown side lengths and angle measures given three side lengths and/or angle measures?
15
votes
2answers
362 views

Do there exist an infinite number of 'rational' points in the equilateral triangle $ABC$?

Let's call a point $P$ which satisfies the following condition 'a rational point'. Condition: Each distance $PA, PB, PC$ from a point $P$ to three vertices $A, B, C$ of an equilateral triangle $ABC$ ...
11
votes
4answers
280 views

What is so special about triangles?!

Take any random triangle. If we draw internal-angle-bisectors of all its angles, they intersect at the same point. If we draw the perpendicular bisectors of each side (although they aren't ...
11
votes
1answer
948 views

The Ellipse Problem - finding an ellipse inside a triangle

The problem statement is as follows: A triangle is dissected into six smaller triangles by its angle bisectors. Prove that the intersections of the angle bisectors of each of these smaller triangles ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

how to prove DEF is an equilateral triangle?

ABC is an equilateral triangle,and AD = BE = CF,Prove DEF is an equilateral triangle.
10
votes
3answers
156 views

For which n are there primitive Pythagorean triples with legs of lengths a and a+n?

For which n can $a^{2}+(a+n)^{2}=c^{2}$ be solved, where $a,b,c,n$ are positive integers? I have found solutions for $n=1,7,17,23,31,41,47,79,89$ and for multiples of $7,17,23$... Are there ...
10
votes
2answers
684 views

Maximum area of a square in a triangle

I want to calculate the area of the largest square which can be inscribed in a triangle of sides a, b, c. The "square" which I will refer to, from now on, has all its four vertices on the sides of the ...
8
votes
1answer
569 views

Is there a value for $\pi$ that relates to triangles?

So I heard that if one inscribes the largest circle that can fit into a equilateral triangle, then divides the perimeter of the triangle by the diameter of the inscribed circle, it gives a value which ...
8
votes
4answers
177 views

equilateral triangle; $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2)^2.$

In equilateral triangle ABC of side length d, if P is an internal point with PA = a, PB = b, and PC = c, the following pleasingly symmetrical relationship holds: $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

How to find surface normal of a triangle

If I have a triangle with $3$ points $P_1, P_2,$ and $P_3$, each with $x, y,$ and $z$ coordinates, how do I find the surface normal $N$ in $x, y,$ and $z$ such that $$N_x+N_y+N_z = 1$$ I'm looking ...
8
votes
2answers
48 views

Area of the given triangle

Through an arbitrary point lying inside a triangle, three straight lines parallel to its sides are drawn. These lines divide the triangle into six parts, three of which are triangles. If the areas of ...
8
votes
2answers
648 views

Sangaku: Show line segment is perpendicular to diameter of container circle

"From a 1803 Sangaku found in Gumma Prefecture. The base of an isosceles triangle sits on a diameter of the large circle. This diameter also bisects the circle on the left, which is inscribed so that ...
7
votes
2answers
177 views

Question on triangle with heights

Prove that there exists no triangle with heights 4,7, and 10 units. I am completely puzzled.
7
votes
3answers
459 views

Sliver triangle

Reading through geometric algorithms and code, I've encountered a term I'm not familiar with, and even the mighty google has not been that helpful: What is a sliver triangle ? From what i ...
7
votes
4answers
456 views

Maximum area of a triangle

I have been attempting to solve the problem here which is: Given three concentric circles of radii 1, 2, and 3, respectively, find the maximum area of a triangle that has one vertex on each of ...
7
votes
4answers
347 views

Right triangle where the perimeter = area*k

I was doodling on some piece of paper a problem that sprung into my mind. After a few minutes of resultless tries, I advanced to try to solve the problem using computer based means. The problem ...
7
votes
1answer
160 views

Series for envelope of triangle area bisectors

The lines which bisect the area of a triangle form an envelope as shown in this picture It is not difficult to show that the ratio of the area of the red deltoid to the area of the triangle is ...
7
votes
3answers
276 views

Elementary Geometry

The side of the square measures $1\ \mathrm{cm}$ , and $AC = 1\ \mathrm{cm}$, find the value of $AB$
7
votes
1answer
528 views

Sum of distances from triangle vertices to interior point is less than perimeter?

Let $M$ be a point in the interior of triangle $ABC$ in the plane. Prove $AM+BM+CM<AB+BC+CA$. The above question was posed to someone I know who is taking high-school Euclidean geometry. I'm ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

Geometric inequality with a triangle

The positive real numbers $x,y,z$ are the side lengths of a triangle iff $$x^2 + y^2 + z^2 < 2\sqrt{x^2y^2 + y^2z^2 + z^2x^2}$$
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is an equilateral triangle the same as an equiangular triangle, in any geometry?

I have heard of both equilateral triangles and equiangular triangles. (For example, this sporcle quiz lists both.) Are these always equivalent, regardless of geometry? I know they are the same in ...
6
votes
2answers
207 views

Similarity of Triangle problem

Given: AD & PS are medians in ΔABC and ΔPQR respectively, $$\frac{AB}{PQ}=\frac{AD}{PS}=\frac{AC}{PR}$$ To Prove: ΔABC ~ ΔPQR Figure: Problem: In ΔABD & ΔPQS or in ΔADC & ΔPSR or ...
6
votes
2answers
390 views

Problem with the Pythagorean theorem [duplicate]

The Pythagorean theorem has already been proved and it is a basic fact of math. It always works, and there are proofs of it. But I have found a problem. Say you want to get from point ...
6
votes
5answers
581 views

Is there any equation for triangle?

Like there's an equation of a circle, is there any equation of a triangle? I've been trying to build one and the closest thing I've managed to do is to create an equation of 2 lines and use the $x$ ...
6
votes
2answers
465 views

Equilateral triangle geometric problem

I have an Equilateral triangle with unknown side $a$. The next thing I do is to make a random point inside the triangle $P$. The distance $|AP|=3$ cm, $|BP|=4$ cm, $|CP|=5$ cm. It is the red ...
6
votes
1answer
375 views

Geometry Proving Isosceles Triangle

This question seems tricky and I frankly don't know how to start. I will be grateful if someone can provide a solution. We have a triangle $ABC$ and there is a point $F$ on $BC$ such that $AF$ ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

RHS Congruency test - What makes 90 degrees different?

RHS is a well known test for determining the congruency of triangles. It is easy enough to prove it works, simply use Pythagorus' theorem to reduce to SSS. I thought that it seems strange that this ...
6
votes
3answers
284 views

Why Doesn't This Integral $\int \frac{\sqrt{x^2 - 9}}{x^2} \ dx$ Work?

I am trying to solve this integral, which is incorrect compared to Wolfram|Alpha. Why doesn't my method work? Find $\int \frac{\sqrt{x^2 - 9}}{x^2} \ dx$ Side work: ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

Concurrency of A'L, B'M, C'N.

Need some help with the following problem. Problem: In $\triangle ABC$ the midpoints of $BC$, $AC$, $AB$ are $L, M,$ and $N$ respectively, and the points on the circumcircle opposite to $A, B,$ and ...
6
votes
2answers
473 views

The incenter and Euler line.

It seems well known that the incenter of a triangle lies on the the Euler line if and only if the triangle is isosceles (or equilateral, but that is trivial). Searching the internet, I could not find ...
6
votes
3answers
146 views

What characteristic of the triangle leads the the existence of the orthocenter

We all know that all three altitudes of a triangle meets in the orthocenter of the triangle. It's a quite classical problem and is proven. However, what I really wanna know is what characteristic of ...
6
votes
2answers
149 views

A question on elementary plane geometry

Given a triangle $ABC$, let $S$ be an inner point of this triangle. Let $P$, $Q$, $R$ be the orthogonal projection of $S$ respectively on the three sides of this triangle. Are there beautiful methods ...
5
votes
7answers
7k views

Geometry triangle question

In the figure below, AB=BC=CD. If the area of triangle CDE is 42, what is the area of triangle ADG? I think triangles are similar. Are there any properties of similar triangles regarding their area. ...
5
votes
3answers
411 views

Prime Number in triangle

I had a question here, the measures of the sides of a right triangle (a single unit) can be prime numbers? If they can not, why?! But, if you can, could you help me find an example?
5
votes
3answers
814 views

Why is the inradius of any triangle at most half its circumradius?

Is there any geometrically simple reason why the inradius of a triangle should be at most half its circumradius? I end up wanting the fact for this answer. I know of two proofs of this fact. Proof ...
5
votes
2answers
340 views

When is the area of a triangle whose side lengths are consecutive integers also an integer?

Consider a triangle with side lengths 3, 4, and 5. By Heron's formula, its area is $\sqrt{6(6 - 5)(6-4)(6 - 3)} = \sqrt{6(1)(2)(3)} = \sqrt{36} = 6$. Are there any other triangles like this?
5
votes
4answers
141 views

Is there an integer that $\sqrt{3}$ can be multiplied by that will produce a whole integer?

The question came up while messing around with graph paper. I wanted to make an isosceles triangle where the length of one side and it's hight were both integers. The closest I could get was a base ...
5
votes
2answers
526 views

Why is $d\theta/dx$ necessarily $\cos \theta$ in this physics problem? Or am I wrong?

I'm asking this on the math stack exchange because it seems that the key part of this physics problem I'm asking for help on is more related to the geometry of it than the physics of it. I'm ...
5
votes
4answers
627 views

How to know location of a point?

I have a circle formed with three given points. How can i know whether another given point is inside the circle formed by previous three points. Is it determinant i need to calculate? Then what are ...
5
votes
3answers
284 views

On Ceva's Theorem?

The famous Ceva's Theorem on a triangle $\Delta \text{ABC}$ $$\frac{AJ}{JB} \cdot \frac{BI}{IC} \cdot \frac{CK}{EK} = 1$$ is usually proven using the property that the area of a triangle of ...
5
votes
2answers
54 views

Triangle and Maxium value

Given any triangle ABC with $a \ge b \ge c$ such that $\frac{a^3+b^3+c^3}{\sin^3(A)+\sin^3(B)+\sin^3(C)}=7$, what is the maximum value of $a$?
5
votes
3answers
408 views

geometry triangles side-side-side | prove my teacher she is wrong?

First time I'm here, I'M REALLY frustrated by now. So I'll just give u the question first. ...
5
votes
2answers
103 views

Minimum area of a triangle

In triangle inscribed circle with radius $r = 1$ and one of it sides $a=3$. Find the minimum area of triangle? Ans = 5.4 My reasonings: $BC = a$, $AC = b$, $AB = c$ $AD=AF=x$ $FC=CE=y$ ...
5
votes
2answers
122 views

Find The range of $r/R$.

Given a triangle $ABC$ with angle $A=90^{\circ}$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $BC$. If the inradii of the triangles $ABM$ and $ACM$ are $r$ and$\ R$ respectively, then find the range of $\dfrac rR$ .