For questions about triangles

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52
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10answers
9k views

What's a proof that the angles of a triangle add up to 180°?

Back in grade school, I had a solution involving "folding the triangle" into a rectangle half the area, and seeing that all the angles met at a point. However, now that I'm in university, I'm not ...
38
votes
13answers
5k views

Do two right triangles with the same long hypotenuse have the same area?

I watched computer monitors and I asked myself, do two monitors with the same display diagonal have the same display area? I managed to find out that the answer is yes, if two right triangles with ...
30
votes
6answers
12k views

How many triangles are there?

The question is how many triangles are there in the following picture? I have thought to solve it by creating a formula based on the angles of the lines starting from the bottom of each side. I ...
19
votes
1answer
635 views

Are there prime lengths in triangle with all integer sides and heights?

Suppose you have a triangle in which all sides and all heights are integer in length (i.e. triangle with sides 20, 25, 15 has heights 15, 12 and 20). Could it be that at least one of those numbers is ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center

what is the probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center of the regualr triangle the three points are randomly picked within the ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Proving Stewart's theorem without trig

Stewart's theorem states that in the triangle shown below, $$ b^2 m + c^2 n = a (d^2 + mn). $$ Is there any good way to prove this without using any trigonometry? Every proof I can find uses the ...
15
votes
1answer
61k views

Solving Triangles (finding missing sides/angles given 3 sides/angles)

What is a general procedure for "solving" a triangle—that is, for finding the unknown side lengths and angle measures given three side lengths and/or angle measures?
15
votes
2answers
379 views

Do there exist an infinite number of 'rational' points in the equilateral triangle $ABC$?

Let's call a point $P$ which satisfies the following condition 'a rational point'. Condition: Each distance $PA, PB, PC$ from a point $P$ to three vertices $A, B, C$ of an equilateral triangle $ABC$ ...
14
votes
3answers
730 views

The Notorious Triangle Problem

I was told this question by a friend, who said that their friend had thought about it on and off for six months without any luck. I have then had it for a while without any luck either. It is in the ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Tricky Triangle Area Problem

This was from a recent math competition that I was in. So, a triangle has sides $2$ , $5$, and $\sqrt{33}$. How can I derive the area? I can't use a calculator, and (the form of) Heron's formula (that ...
11
votes
4answers
326 views

What is so special about triangles?!

Take any random triangle. If we draw internal-angle-bisectors of all its angles, they intersect at the same point. If we draw the perpendicular bisectors of each side (although they aren't ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

The Ellipse Problem - finding an ellipse inside a triangle

The problem statement is as follows: A triangle is dissected into six smaller triangles by its angle bisectors. Prove that the intersections of the angle bisectors of each of these smaller triangles ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

how to prove DEF is an equilateral triangle?

ABC is an equilateral triangle,and AD = BE = CF,Prove DEF is an equilateral triangle.
10
votes
2answers
203 views

A geometric inequality, proving $8r+2R\le AM_1+BM_2+CM_3\le 6R$

Here, $AM_1$ is the angle bisector of $\angle A$ extended to the circumcircle and so on. $R$ is the circumradius and $r$ is the inradius, respectively. I have to prove that: $$8r+2R\le ...
10
votes
3answers
163 views

For which n are there primitive Pythagorean triples with legs of lengths a and a+n?

For which n can $a^{2}+(a+n)^{2}=c^{2}$ be solved, where $a,b,c,n$ are positive integers? I have found solutions for $n=1,7,17,23,31,41,47,79,89$ and for multiples of $7,17,23$... Are there ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Maximum area of a square in a triangle

I want to calculate the area of the largest square which can be inscribed in a triangle of sides a, b, c. The "square" which I will refer to, from now on, has all its four vertices on the sides of the ...
9
votes
1answer
662 views

Is there a value for $\pi$ that relates to triangles?

So I heard that if one inscribes the largest circle that can fit into a equilateral triangle, then divides the perimeter of the triangle by the diameter of the inscribed circle, it gives a value which ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding an angle within an 80-80-20 isosceles triangle

The following is a geometry puzzle from a math school book. Even though it has been a long time since I finished school, I remember this puzzle quite well, and I don't have a nice solution to it. So ...
9
votes
5answers
266 views

Tangent and angle bisectors

The tangent to the incircle of a triangle ABC is reflected about the external angle bisectors. Show that the triangle formed by the resulting 3 lines is congruent to ABC .
9
votes
1answer
113 views

Geometric inequality with a triangle

The positive real numbers $x,y,z$ are the side lengths of a triangle iff $$x^2 + y^2 + z^2 < 2\sqrt{x^2y^2 + y^2z^2 + z^2x^2}$$
8
votes
3answers
515 views

Sliver triangle

Reading through geometric algorithms and code, I've encountered a term I'm not familiar with, and even the mighty google has not been that helpful: What is a sliver triangle ? From what i ...
8
votes
4answers
187 views

equilateral triangle; $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2)^2.$

In equilateral triangle ABC of side length d, if P is an internal point with PA = a, PB = b, and PC = c, the following pleasingly symmetrical relationship holds: $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 ...
8
votes
5answers
509 views

Maximum area of a triangle

I have been attempting to solve the problem here which is: Given three concentric circles of radii 1, 2, and 3, respectively, find the maximum area of a triangle that has one vertex on each of ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

How to find surface normal of a triangle

If I have a triangle with $3$ points $P_1, P_2,$ and $P_3$, each with $x, y,$ and $z$ coordinates, how do I find the surface normal $N$ in $x, y,$ and $z$ such that $$N_x+N_y+N_z = 1$$ I'm looking ...
8
votes
2answers
66 views

Area of the given triangle

Through an arbitrary point lying inside a triangle, three straight lines parallel to its sides are drawn. These lines divide the triangle into six parts, three of which are triangles. If the areas of ...
8
votes
2answers
684 views

Sangaku: Show line segment is perpendicular to diameter of container circle

"From a 1803 Sangaku found in Gumma Prefecture. The base of an isosceles triangle sits on a diameter of the large circle. This diameter also bisects the circle on the left, which is inscribed so that ...
8
votes
1answer
73 views

Trigonometric Substitution

I am having trouble with this problem even though everything I did seemed right to me since we went over a similar one in my class. I used the method of setting up a triangle, my hypotenuse is ...
7
votes
2answers
184 views

Question on triangle with heights

Prove that there exists no triangle with heights 4,7, and 10 units. I am completely puzzled.
7
votes
2answers
454 views

Problem with the Pythagorean theorem [duplicate]

The Pythagorean theorem has already been proved and it is a basic fact of math. It always works, and there are proofs of it. But I have found a problem. Say you want to get from point ...
7
votes
4answers
411 views

Right triangle where the perimeter = area*k

I was doodling on some piece of paper a problem that sprung into my mind. After a few minutes of resultless tries, I advanced to try to solve the problem using computer based means. The problem ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Series for envelope of triangle area bisectors

The lines which bisect the area of a triangle form an envelope as shown in this picture It is not difficult to show that the ratio of the area of the red deltoid to the area of the triangle is ...
7
votes
2answers
108 views

How to prove that $\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$?

How do we prove that for any triangle this holds: $$\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$$ I can use this beautiful identity to prove several geometric inequalities, but I have no idea how to prove the ...
7
votes
3answers
285 views

Elementary Geometry

The side of the square measures $1\ \mathrm{cm}$ , and $AC = 1\ \mathrm{cm}$, find the value of $AB$
7
votes
1answer
683 views

Sum of distances from triangle vertices to interior point is less than perimeter?

Let $M$ be a point in the interior of triangle $ABC$ in the plane. Prove $AM+BM+CM<AB+BC+CA$. The above question was posed to someone I know who is taking high-school Euclidean geometry. I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
914 views

Why is the inradius of any triangle at most half its circumradius?

Is there any geometrically simple reason why the inradius of a triangle should be at most half its circumradius? I end up wanting the fact for this answer. I know of two proofs of this fact. Proof ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is an equilateral triangle the same as an equiangular triangle, in any geometry?

I have heard of both equilateral triangles and equiangular triangles. (For example, this sporcle quiz lists both.) Are these always equivalent, regardless of geometry? I know they are the same in ...
6
votes
2answers
214 views

Similarity of Triangle problem

Given: AD & PS are medians in ΔABC and ΔPQR respectively, $$\frac{AB}{PQ}=\frac{AD}{PS}=\frac{AC}{PR}$$ To Prove: ΔABC ~ ΔPQR Figure: Problem: In ΔABD & ΔPQS or in ΔADC & ΔPSR or ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there any equation for triangle?

Like there's an equation of a circle, is there any equation of a triangle? I've been trying to build one and the closest thing I've managed to do is to create an equation of 2 lines and use the $x$ ...
6
votes
2answers
596 views

Equilateral triangle geometric problem

I have an Equilateral triangle with unknown side $a$. The next thing I do is to make a random point inside the triangle $P$. The distance $|AP|=3$ cm, $|BP|=4$ cm, $|CP|=5$ cm. It is the red ...
6
votes
1answer
407 views

Geometry Proving Isosceles Triangle

This question seems tricky and I frankly don't know how to start. I will be grateful if someone can provide a solution. We have a triangle $ABC$ and there is a point $F$ on $BC$ such that $AF$ ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

RHS Congruency test - What makes 90 degrees different?

RHS is a well known test for determining the congruency of triangles. It is easy enough to prove it works, simply use Pythagorus' theorem to reduce to SSS. I thought that it seems strange that this ...
6
votes
3answers
310 views

Why Doesn't This Integral $\int \frac{\sqrt{x^2 - 9}}{x^2} \ dx$ Work?

I am trying to solve this integral, which is incorrect compared to Wolfram|Alpha. Why doesn't my method work? Find $\int \frac{\sqrt{x^2 - 9}}{x^2} \ dx$ Side work: ...
6
votes
2answers
138 views

Concurrency of A'L, B'M, C'N.

Need some help with the following problem. Problem: In $\triangle ABC$ the midpoints of $BC$, $AC$, $AB$ are $L, M,$ and $N$ respectively, and the points on the circumcircle opposite to $A, B,$ and ...
6
votes
2answers
529 views

The incenter and Euler line.

It seems well known that the incenter of a triangle lies on the the Euler line if and only if the triangle is isosceles (or equilateral, but that is trivial). Searching the internet, I could not find ...
6
votes
3answers
158 views

What characteristic of the triangle leads the the existence of the orthocenter

We all know that all three altitudes of a triangle meets in the orthocenter of the triangle. It's a quite classical problem and is proven. However, what I really wanna know is what characteristic of ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

A question on elementary plane geometry

Given a triangle $ABC$, let $S$ be an inner point of this triangle. Let $P$, $Q$, $R$ be the orthogonal projection of $S$ respectively on the three sides of this triangle. Are there beautiful methods ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Proof that the angle sum of a triangle is always greater than 180 degrees in elliptic geometry

I've scoured the internet and have found many proofs showing that in Euclidean geometry, the angle sum of a triangle is always 180 degrees. I've also found many proofs showing that in hyperbolic ...
6
votes
2answers
73 views

Number of triangles in a graph based on number of edges

Given a graph $G(V,E)$, what is the maximum number of triangles that this graph can have in terms of $|E|$? I know that there is a triangle listing algorithm that lists all the triangles in ...
5
votes
7answers
8k views

Geometry triangle question

In the figure below, AB=BC=CD. If the area of triangle CDE is 42, what is the area of triangle ADG? I think triangles are similar. Are there any properties of similar triangles regarding their area. ...
5
votes
3answers
225 views

Need algebra tip about $a^4 + b^4 + c^4 - 2b^2c^2 - 2a^2b^2 - 2a^2c^2$ for sides of a triangle

I just got a long expression: $$a^4 + b^4 + c^4 - 2b^2c^2 - 2a^2b^2 - 2a^2c^2$$ and I need to prove its less than zero for every $a$, $b$, and $c$ which are triangle sides I really need tips how to ...