For questions about properties and applications of triangles

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53
votes
10answers
10k views

What's a proof that the angles of a triangle add up to 180°?

Back in grade school, I had a solution involving "folding the triangle" into a rectangle half the area, and seeing that all the angles met at a point. However, now that I'm in university, I'm not ...
41
votes
14answers
5k views

Do two right triangles with the same long hypotenuse have the same area?

I watched computer monitors and I asked myself, do two monitors with the same display diagonal have the same display area? I managed to find out that the answer is yes, if two right triangles with ...
30
votes
6answers
15k views

How many triangles are there?

The question is how many triangles are there in the following picture? I have thought to solve it by creating a formula based on the angles of the lines starting from the bottom of each side. I ...
19
votes
1answer
720 views

Are there prime lengths in triangle with all integer sides and heights?

Suppose you have a triangle in which all sides and all heights are integer in length (i.e. triangle with sides 20, 25, 15 has heights 15, 12 and 20). Could it be that at least one of those numbers is ...
18
votes
2answers
589 views

Is ABC an equilateral triangle

In the figure, AD=BE=CF. Moreover, DEF is an equilateral triangle. Must ABC be equilateral?
18
votes
4answers
1k views

probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center

what is the probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center of the regualr triangle the three points are randomly picked within the ...
17
votes
1answer
69k views

Solving Triangles (finding missing sides/angles given 3 sides/angles)

What is a general procedure for "solving" a triangle—that is, for finding the unknown side lengths and angle measures given three side lengths and/or angle measures?
16
votes
7answers
2k views

Can one deduce whether a given quantity is possible as the area of a triangle when supplied with the length of two of its sides?

Recently I have found a question like following: In triangle $ABC$, $AB=AC=2$. Which of the following could be the area of triangle $ABC$? Indicate all possible areas: [A] $0.5$ [B] $1.0$ ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Proving Stewart's theorem without trig

Stewart's theorem states that in the triangle shown below, $$ b^2 m + c^2 n = a (d^2 + mn). $$ Is there any good way to prove this without using any trigonometry? Every proof I can find uses the ...
15
votes
4answers
180 views

A Triangle Determinant

How do we prove, without actually expanding, that $$\begin{vmatrix} \sin {2A}& \sin {C}& \sin {B}\\ \sin{C}& \sin{2B}& \sin {A}\\ \sin{B}& \sin{A}& \sin{2C} \end{vmatrix}=0$$ ...
15
votes
2answers
425 views

Do there exist an infinite number of 'rational' points in the equilateral triangle $ABC$?

Let's call a point $P$ which satisfies the following condition 'a rational point'. Condition: Each distance $PA, PB, PC$ from a point $P$ to three vertices $A, B, C$ of an equilateral triangle $ABC$ ...
14
votes
3answers
748 views

The Notorious Triangle Problem

I was told this question by a friend, who said that their friend had thought about it on and off for six months without any luck. I have then had it for a while without any luck either. It is in the ...
13
votes
4answers
958 views

Does a triangle always have a point where each side subtends equal 120° angles?

Is there a point $O$ inside a triangle $\triangle ABC$ (any triangle) such that the angle $\angle{AOB} = \angle{BOC} = \angle{AOC}$? What do we call this point?
12
votes
4answers
442 views

What is so special about triangles?!

Take any random triangle. If we draw internal-angle-bisectors of all its angles, they intersect at the same point. If we draw the perpendicular bisectors of each side (although they aren't ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Tricky Triangle Area Problem

This was from a recent math competition that I was in. So, a triangle has sides $2$ , $5$, and $\sqrt{33}$. How can I derive the area? I can't use a calculator, and (the form of) Heron's formula (that ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding an angle within an 80-80-20 isosceles triangle

The following is a geometry puzzle from a math school book. Even though it has been a long time since I finished school, I remember this puzzle quite well, and I don't have a nice solution to it. So ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

The Ellipse Problem - finding an ellipse inside a triangle

The problem statement is as follows: A triangle is dissected into six smaller triangles by its angle bisectors. Prove that the intersections of the angle bisectors of each of these smaller triangles ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

how to prove DEF is an equilateral triangle?

ABC is an equilateral triangle,and AD = BE = CF,Prove DEF is an equilateral triangle.
10
votes
2answers
252 views

A geometric inequality, proving $8r+2R\le AM_1+BM_2+CM_3\le 6R$

Here, $AM_1$ is the angle bisector of $\angle A$ extended to the circumcircle and so on. $R$ is the circumradius and $r$ is the inradius, respectively. I have to prove that: $$8r+2R\le ...
10
votes
3answers
171 views

For which n are there primitive Pythagorean triples with legs of lengths a and a+n?

For which n can $a^{2}+(a+n)^{2}=c^{2}$ be solved, where $a,b,c,n$ are positive integers? I have found solutions for $n=1,7,17,23,31,41,47,79,89$ and for multiples of $7,17,23$... Are there ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Maximum area of a square in a triangle

I want to calculate the area of the largest square which can be inscribed in a triangle of sides a, b, c. The "square" which I will refer to, from now on, has all its four vertices on the sides of the ...
9
votes
1answer
770 views

Is there a value for $\pi$ that relates to triangles?

So I heard that if one inscribes the largest circle that can fit into a equilateral triangle, then divides the perimeter of the triangle by the diameter of the inscribed circle, it gives a value which ...
9
votes
2answers
13k views

How to find surface normal of a triangle

If I have a triangle with $3$ points $P_1, P_2,$ and $P_3$, each with $x, y,$ and $z$ coordinates, how do I find the surface normal $N$ in $x, y,$ and $z$ such that $$N_x+N_y+N_z = 1$$ I'm looking ...
9
votes
1answer
122 views

Geometric inequality with a triangle

The positive real numbers $x,y,z$ are the side lengths of a triangle iff $$x^2 + y^2 + z^2 < 2\sqrt{x^2y^2 + y^2z^2 + z^2x^2}$$
9
votes
2answers
734 views

Sangaku: Show line segment is perpendicular to diameter of container circle

"From a 1803 Sangaku found in Gumma Prefecture. The base of an isosceles triangle sits on a diameter of the large circle. This diameter also bisects the circle on the left, which is inscribed so that ...
8
votes
2answers
194 views

Question on triangle with heights

Prove that there exists no triangle with heights 4,7, and 10 units. I am completely puzzled.
8
votes
3answers
602 views

Sliver triangle

Reading through geometric algorithms and code, I've encountered a term I'm not familiar with, and even the mighty google has not been that helpful: What is a sliver triangle ? From what i ...
8
votes
5answers
324 views

Tangent and angle bisectors [closed]

The tangent to the incircle of a triangle ABC is reflected about the external angle bisectors. Show that the triangle formed by the resulting 3 lines is congruent to ABC .
8
votes
4answers
221 views

equilateral triangle; $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2)^2.$

In equilateral triangle ABC of side length d, if P is an internal point with PA = a, PB = b, and PC = c, the following pleasingly symmetrical relationship holds: $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 ...
8
votes
5answers
578 views

Maximum area of a triangle

I have been attempting to solve the problem here which is: Given three concentric circles of radii 1, 2, and 3, respectively, find the maximum area of a triangle that has one vertex on each of ...
8
votes
4answers
198 views

Construction of a triangle

I need to construct a triangle with given information: $c = 6$, $h = 4$ and $\alpha - \beta = 30º$. I'll put approximate result for any clarification.
8
votes
3answers
80 views

Dividing an obtuse triangle into acute triangles

Can an obtuse triangle be subdivided into only acute triangles (right triangles are not allowed)? Any number of subdivisions can be made as long as all of the angles in all resulting triangles are ...
8
votes
2answers
83 views

Area of the given triangle

Through an arbitrary point lying inside a triangle, three straight lines parallel to its sides are drawn. These lines divide the triangle into six parts, three of which are triangles. If the areas of ...
8
votes
2answers
136 views

How to prove that $\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$?

How do we prove that for any triangle this holds: $$\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$$ I can use this beautiful identity to prove several geometric inequalities, but I have no idea how to prove the ...
8
votes
1answer
77 views

Trigonometric Substitution

I am having trouble with this problem even though everything I did seemed right to me since we went over a similar one in my class. I used the method of setting up a triangle, my hypotenuse is ...
8
votes
2answers
140 views

Number of triangles in a graph based on number of edges

Given a graph $G(V,E)$, what is the maximum number of triangles that this graph can have in terms of $|E|$? I know that there is a triangle listing algorithm that lists all the triangles in ...
7
votes
5answers
112 views

Are all triangles where “$a^2 = b^2+ c^2$”, right-angled?

For a right angle triangle, you can say that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. Does the converse hold, ie. can you also say that, if the square ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the inradius of any triangle at most half its circumradius?

Is there any geometrically simple reason why the inradius of a triangle should be at most half its circumradius? I end up wanting the fact for this answer. I know of two proofs of this fact. Proof ...
7
votes
2answers
576 views

Problem with the Pythagorean theorem [duplicate]

The Pythagorean theorem has already been proved and it is a basic fact of math. It always works, and there are proofs of it. But I have found a problem. Say you want to get from point ...
7
votes
1answer
227 views

Series for envelope of triangle area bisectors

The lines which bisect the area of a triangle form an envelope as shown in this picture It is not difficult to show that the ratio of the area of the red deltoid to the area of the triangle is ...
7
votes
4answers
509 views

Right triangle where the perimeter = area*k

I was doodling on some piece of paper a problem that sprung into my mind. After a few minutes of resultless tries, I advanced to try to solve the problem using computer based means. The problem ...
7
votes
3answers
296 views

Elementary Geometry

The side of the square measures $1\ \mathrm{cm}$ , and $AC = 1\ \mathrm{cm}$, find the value of $AB$
7
votes
2answers
667 views

The incenter and Euler line.

It seems well known that the incenter of a triangle lies on the the Euler line if and only if the triangle is isosceles (or equilateral, but that is trivial). Searching the internet, I could not find ...
7
votes
1answer
964 views

Sum of distances from triangle vertices to interior point is less than perimeter?

Let $M$ be a point in the interior of triangle $ABC$ in the plane. Prove $AM+BM+CM<AB+BC+CA$. The above question was posed to someone I know who is taking high-school Euclidean geometry. I'm ...
7
votes
2answers
66 views

Proving a triangle equilateral given condition $al_a^2+bl_b^2+cl_c^2=9R\Delta$

$ABC$ is a triangle, with $l_a$, $l_b$, $l_c$ as angle bisectors, $R$ as circumradius and $\Delta$ as area, such that: $$al_a^2+bl_b^2+cl_c^2=9R\Delta$$ Is it true that $ABC$ is equilateral? I am ...
7
votes
1answer
134 views

Can the $9$ point circle be generalized to $n$-gons of $n\gt3$?

All triangles have concyclic vertices and have a $9$ point circle which intersects the triangle's feet and the midpoints of its sides (as well as $3$ other significant points). Is this special for ...
6
votes
4answers
12k views

finding out the area of a triangle if the coordinates of the three vertices are given

What is the simplest way to find out the area of a triangle if the coordinates of the three vertices are given in x-y plane? One approach is to find the length of each side from the coordinates given ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is an equilateral triangle the same as an equiangular triangle, in any geometry?

I have heard of both equilateral triangles and equiangular triangles. (For example, this sporcle quiz lists both.) Are these always equivalent, regardless of geometry? I know they are the same in ...
6
votes
2answers
224 views

Similarity of Triangle problem

Given: AD & PS are medians in ΔABC and ΔPQR respectively, $$\frac{AB}{PQ}=\frac{AD}{PS}=\frac{AC}{PR}$$ To Prove: ΔABC ~ ΔPQR Figure: Problem: In ΔABD & ΔPQS or in ΔADC & ΔPSR or ...
6
votes
4answers
741 views

How to know location of a point?

I have a circle formed with three given points. How can i know whether another given point is inside the circle formed by previous three points. Is it determinant i need to calculate? Then what are ...