For questions about triangles

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History of incenter and Euler line

It is easy to see that if a triangle is isosceles, then its incenter lies on its Euler line. Who first proved the converse of this result and what technique was used? (See the post "The incenter and ...
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81 views

Hijacked Malaysian plane position geometry

Sorry to get geeky in the midst of a tragedy and likely horrible crime, but does anyone know how they got this diagram showing the possible last known positions of the possibly hijacked Malaysian ...
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Triangle Packing-Problem

Theory and Question We define a normalized triangle $T$ as an ordered list of six points s.t. $p \in [0,1)$ for all $p \in T$. Let $T = [x_0, y_0, x_1, y_1, x_2, y_2]$ be a normalized triangle. We ...
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Given 3 Vertices of a Tetrahedron, Find the 4th

A regular tetrahedron is circumscribed by the Earth (assume spherical). You are given 3 of the 4 vertices (as latitude and longitude in decimal format), and asked to find the 4th. Any help is most ...
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52 views

Minimize the perimiter of a triangle with an inscribed circle

A circle touches the two legs of an angle. How can one draw a line that intersects both legs, such that the circle lies within the triangle with as sides the two legs and the drawn line, and such that ...
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151 views

About the area of the region where the paper is twofold when you double a piece of paper in the shape of a triangle.

Suppose that you have a piece of paper in the shape of a triangle $ABC$ whose area is $S_0$ and that the area of the region where the paper is twofold when you double the paper in two along a line is ...
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217 views

How to calculate Fermat point in a triangle most efficiently?

I am aware of this question, but mine is a bit more specific. I want to find the coordinates of the Fermat point for a given triangle. Assuming that no angle in the triangle is larger than 120 ...
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108 views

triangles in a grid of $n\times n$ with positive coordinates

I need to count the number of triangles formed in a grid of $n\times n$ with positive integer coordinates $(0..n)$. For example for $n = 1$ the answer is 4.
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Euler's Line of a medial triangle

I have the following problem with a comment below on the steps that I took so far. Here is the example: Let triangle ABC be any triangle. The midpoints of the sides in Triangle ABC are labeled $A', ...
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How to calculate normal (of magnitude 1) of a triangle?

I am currently doing a bit of geometry practice and wanted to know how to calculate the normal (of magnitude 1) of a triangle defined by 3 vertices: a, b and c`. ...
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How to prove that $FC/FA + GC/GA= 0$ from this triangle problem?

In triangle $ABC$, a transversal line intersects $AB$, $BC$, $CA$ at $D,E,F$ respectively. $BS$ intersects $AC$ at $G$, where $S$ is the intersection of $AE$ and $CD$. How to prove that ...
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How to prove these equations base on this following interior and exterior angle bisectors problem?

In the triangle $\triangle ABC$, length of $BC$ is larger than length of $AC$. The interior angle bisector of $\angle C$ intersects $AB$ at $D$; and the exterior angle bisector of $\angle C$ ...
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Solution for the value of an angle of a triangle ABC

Find value of angle m< DBC Where $$BD=DC=AC$$ $$2(m\langle BAC)=14(m\langle ABD)=7(m\langle BCD)$$ I tried hard but im out of ideas now, I know the answer is 20 but I want to know how, thanks ...
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40 views

Howto prove that $\sum_{cyc}\cos\frac{A}{2}\cos\frac{B}{2}\le\frac{1+2\sqrt{2}}{2}+\frac{7-4\sqrt{2}}{R}r$

let $ABC$ is a triangle with inradius $r$ and circumradius $R$. Show that ...
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38 views

Ratios of right triangle integer multiples to PI

It is known that in a right triangle with angles 30 and 60 degrees the cathetus at the 60 angle is equal to the 0.5 of hypotenuse. In other words an angle with cosine 0.5 is equal to PI/3. Is there ...
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3-D evaluations of a triangle

We all do evaluations of triangles on 2-D space based on the fact that the sum of its internal angles is 180 degree. When we draw a triangle on a sphere this sum changes and gets bigger than 180 ...
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38 views

Area of a triangle using vectors

I have to find the area of a triangle whose vertices have coordinates O$(0,0,0)$, A$(1,-5,-7)$ and B$(10,10,5)$ I thought that perhaps I should use the dot product to find the angle between the ...
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102 views

Computing Euler Angles from Direction Cosines Vector

My problem simply as the following: Suppose we measured the orientation of a plane object with respect to a reference fame. (where the reference frame parallel to plane frame). The unit normal vector ...
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52 views

Question on Proof of Shoelace Formula

I was looking for a way to prove the shoelace formula when I found this proof: For this clockwise order to make sense, you need a point O inside the polygon so that the angles form $OA_{i}A_{i+1}$ ...
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35 views

Largest possible value of a side

ABC is a triangle with side a, b,c with $a\geq b\geq c$ and $sin^3A+sin^3 B+ sin^3 C=a^3+b^3 +c^3$ How do I find the largest possible value of a? I tried to use the law of sines ratio, but it ...
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104 views

Finding Areas in triangles using ratios

What theorem/theorems should be used to find the shaded area? Y and M lie on the sides Ab and Bc respectively of the triangle YMB such that AY/MI= 1/4 and O/M = 1/3. Area ABC=35 PC and QA intersect ...
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Proving that the circumcenter is the centroid

Given a triangle and its centroid, we know that the 3 line segments between the centroid and each of the vertices of the triangle divide the triangle into three smaller triangles. Prove that the ...
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82 views

maximum length of a scaled vector in a triangle (simplex)

Given a triangle (or, in general, a simplex) $T$ and a vector $\vec{s}$, I'd like to compute the quantity $$ \max\{|x-y|: x,y\in T, x-y = \alpha \vec{s}, \alpha\in\mathbb{R}\} $$ i.e., the maximum ...
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35 views

Two coloured plane

Can you prove that For any two angles $θ,ϕ$ there exists a monochromatic triangle that has angles $θ,ϕ,180−(θ+ϕ)$ in two coloured plane?
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62 views

How to find the inverse position inside a triangle

If i were standing in a triangle - How do i calculate the inverse of my position? Can it be done? It's easy inside a rectangle, but I can't think of how you would do it inside of a triangle. I'm ...
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39 views

Triangular exponentation logarithm and inverse

The generalized formula of triangular exponentation on real numbers field is $x ^ {\triangle y} = \frac {1} {y \cdot B (x, y)} = \frac {\Gamma(x + y)} {\Gamma(x) \cdot \Gamma(y + 1)} $ It's my ...
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415 views

General formula for computing triangular gaussian quadrature.

While this is a simple question, I'm totally lost. Is there any general formula for generation of n-point gaussian quadrature over a triangle? I'll use this formula to generate a variable-point (7, ...
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11 views

Is the centroid of any triangle can be calculated by averaging vertices

Is it always true that the centroid of any triangle can be calculated by averaging the x and y coordinates of its vertices without bothering with finding medians?
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15 views

Optimally connecting 2D points to form as many nested triangles that do not overlap

So I have 3 cities that are pretty far apart (2D plane). Distance between each of them more than 50km. In every city I have nodes scattered throughout the city in a random fashion. I know the 2D ...
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16 views

Force to change the base length of an isosceles triangle

Given an isosceles triangle with legs 7' long weighing 160lbs. What horizontal force would be required to change the base width from 15' to 13'? The ends are on wheels-so assume perfect conditions ...
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How to prove that PH is containing midpoint of side MN from this circle and triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC is acute triangle. M and N are midpoints of AB and BC respectively, while BH is altitude of triangle ABC. Circles AHN and CHM meet at point P. (P is not same with H) How to ...
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How to prove that P,G, and K are collinear from this triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC. We choose point Q at AC, P1 and P at BC, and R at AB, such that: AR/RB= BP/PC= CQ/QA= CP1/P1B Suppose G is centroid of triangle ABC, and K= AP1 ∩ RQ. How to prove that P,G, and ...
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I stumbled when i saw this (Travelling Salesman related)

I have here 5 locations like below I then have a tour of 1,2,3,4 (point 5 isn't inserted into tour yet) like below I then find the shortest addition distance to include point 5 into tour, the ...
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How to prove that angle EDL is same with angle ELD in the following triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC with angle A equal with 60 degree. We choose points D and M at AC, points E and N at AB, such that DN perpendicular to AC and EM perpendicular to AB. If L is midpoint of MN, ...
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solve this complex triangle question ?

,D,E,F are midpoint of triangle ABC on sides BC , CA , AB. The feet of the altitudes from A,B,and C are P,Q and R. h is the orthocentre and O is the circumcentre . Then prove 2OD=AH. The nine ...
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Prove that the given triangle is isoceles

I'm trying to solve a problem here. It says: "Prove that a triangle is isoceles if $\large b=2a\sin\left(\frac{B}{2}\right)$." $B-beta$ I've tried to prove it but I can't Can anyone help me?
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Triangle rotating freely around origo, need to calculate corners.

Lets say I have a triangle with corners $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$ and $(1, -2)$. I specify a line that is exactly one side of the triangle, for example $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$. Now, I rotate the triangle ...
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Need explanation for clustering coefficient formula

I need some explanation for clustering coefficient formula itsef firstly and why it can be used for detecting communities in a social network! Also I would like to know why it is not a good method for ...
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Ratios in a rhombus

NOTE: I am NOT looking for a full answer,just a hint. Last problem on this question. BdMO 2013 Chittagong: Let $ABCD$ be a rhombus.Let $G$ be a point outside the rhombus such that GE is ...
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Triangle inscribed insemicircle area-ratio question

My approach: $m<A= 60$ degrees and $m<C=30$. This creats a 30, 60, 90 triangle with ratios $$1:\sqrt3:2$$ After getting the ratio's of the areas, I obtain $$\frac{b*h}{\pi r^2}=\frac{1*\sqrt ...
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Finding a point on a circle when segment and ratio is given

I am currently working in university on different kinds of proofs, and now we looked closer at one geometry problem, which dates from ancient Greece. It goes as follows: We are given a random segment ...
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86 views

Find a common point that three lines meet.

I have a base 2D triangle with 3 lines coming out of each vertex with their own coordinate point (xyz) and a set distance, is it possible to calculate the specific point that they should meet? I also ...
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72 views

Triangular pyramidal frustum-triangle intersection

How would I go about determining what sub-triangles form from intersection between a triangular pyramidal frustum and a triangle? My goal is to determine which triangles, or subtriangles, are visible ...
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58 views

Cube Euclidean Metric Triangle Inequality?

I'm trying to prove that $d((x_1,y_1),(x_2,y_2)) = \sqrt[3]{|x_2 - x_1|^3 + |y_2 - y_1|^3}$ defines a metric. The problem is that I only know how to prove the triangle inequality for the Euclidean ...
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Fastest way to check whether the triangle inequality is satisfied

If we are given the lengths of the three sides of a triangle, and we simply add the 2 smallest sides and check to see if the sum is larger than the third side, will this always yield the correct ...
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Line Triangle Intersection Mathematics

I am following the math in the book Real Time Collision Detection by Christer Ericson. On pages 184 thru 188, he discusses how to test for an intersecting line against a triangle. I replicated the ...
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95 views

Sum of angles in a hyperbolic triangle with one ideal angle

I want to calculate the sum of the angles of the triangle formed in the hyperbolic plane from the points $(-1,1), (0,1)$, and $(1,1)$. This forms an angle at the origin which has an infinite slope for ...
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125 views

Determining a point in 3D space

So given a point, a rotation around the y-axis, a rotation around the x-axis, and a distance, how can one calculate the relative point in space? For example, the beginning coordinates are (0,0,0). ...
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Looking for different (analytical) approaches to a problem

Given 5 points in the plane any three of which are vertices of a triangle. Prove that among these triangles there is an obtuse triangle. I was able to prove it by examining all possible cases. I ...
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pixels in a projection of a triangle in 3d space onto a 3d plane through a pinhole camera

I have a triangle in 3d space. The x and y components of its vertices make a 2d right isoceles triangle. I am projecting it through a pinhole onto a plane. The projected triangles on the plane are now ...