For questions about properties and applications of triangles

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12
votes
2answers
4k views

Finding an angle within an 80-80-20 isosceles triangle

The following is a geometry puzzle from a math school book. Even though it has been a long time since I finished school, I remember this puzzle quite well, and I don't have a nice solution to it. So ...
9
votes
9answers
4k views

Prove that $\tan A + \tan B + \tan C = \tan A\tan B\tan C,$ $A+B+C = 180^\circ$

I want to prove \begin{equation*} \tan A + \tan B + \tan C = \tan A\tan B\tan C \quad\text{when } A+B+C = 180^\circ \end{equation*} We know that \begin{equation*} \tan(A+B) = \frac{\tan A+\tan ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

The minimum perimeter and maximum height of a triangle under constraints

I'm developing a web application that consists of a calculator triangles. Although I am not a mathematician, with paper, derive and Geogebra I managed to get a lot of formulas to calculate a triangle ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

“World's Hardest Easy Geometry Problem”

This question is a "corollary" (if you will) to the World's Hardest Easy Geometry Problem (external website). Formally, this is called Langley's Problem. The objective of that problem was to solve for ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Determine angle $x$ using only elementary geometry

Using only elementary geometry, determine angle x. You may not use trigonometry, such as sines and cosines, the law of sines, the law of cosines, etc.
1
vote
2answers
973 views

Convert Equilateral triangle to Isosceles triangle

Let an equilateral triangle have the length of each side an integer $N$. I need to find if it is possible to transform the triangle keeping two sides fixed and alter the third side such that it still ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Triangle Formula for alternative Points

With this formula I tried to calculate the third point in a triangle: http://math.stackexchange.com/a/1553606/126977 I know the length between the two point points and the angles at this corners: ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is the inradius of any triangle at most half its circumradius?

Is there any geometrically simple reason why the inradius of a triangle should be at most half its circumradius? I end up wanting the fact for this answer. I know of two proofs of this fact. Proof ...
4
votes
3answers
132 views

Maximum value of $\sin A+\sin B+\sin C$?

What is the maximum value of $\sin A+\sin B+\sin C$ in a triangle $ABC$. My book says its $3\sqrt3/2$ but I have no idea how to prove it. Can anyone help? :)
2
votes
2answers
10k views

How to find the third coordinate of a right triangle given 2 coordinates and lengths of each side

p2 |\ |b\ | \ A| \C | \ |c___a\ p1 B p3 If given point p1 & p2, side A & B how would you find point p3? I know given this information you ...
8
votes
5answers
12k views

Is there any equation for triangle?

Like there's an equation of a circle, is there any equation of a triangle? I've been trying to build one and the closest thing I've managed to do is to create an equation of 2 lines and use the $x$ ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

equality of triangle inequality

$z$ and $w$ be nonzero complex numbers. How do I show that $|z+w|=|z|+|w|$ if and only if $z=sw$ for some real positive number $s$. I approached this by letting $z=a+ib$, and $w=c+id$, and kinda ...
13
votes
4answers
858 views

What is so special about triangles?!

Take any random triangle. If we draw internal-angle-bisectors of all its angles, they intersect at the same point. If we draw the perpendicular bisectors of each side (although they aren't ...
1
vote
2answers
687 views

Given a number say $x$, How do you check if it can become hypotenuse of right angle triangle and other sides must be integers?

Given a number say $x$, how to check if it can become hypotenuse of right angle triangle and other sides must be integer For example: $5$ it can be hypotenuse as its other sides $3$ & $4$ are ...
2
votes
3answers
372 views

Vector path length of a hypotenuse

Consider the red path from A that zigzags to B, which takes $n$ even steps of length $w$. The path length of the route $P_n$ will be equal to: $ P_n = P_x + P_y = \frac{n}{2}\times w + ...
60
votes
10answers
16k views

What's a proof that the angles of a triangle add up to 180°?

Back in grade school, I had a solution involving "folding the triangle" into a rectangle half the area, and seeing that all the angles met at a point. However, now that I'm in university, I'm not ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Equilateral triangle geometric problem

I have an Equilateral triangle with unknown side $a$. The next thing I do is to make a random point inside the triangle $P$. The distance $|AP|=3$ cm, $|BP|=4$ cm, $|CP|=5$ cm. It is the red ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

probability of three random points inside a circle forming a right angle triangle

three points are randomly chosen on a circle. what the probability that 1.triangle formed is right angled triangle. 2.triangle formed is acute angled triangle. 3.triangle formed is obtuse angled ...
43
votes
14answers
7k views

Do two right triangles with the same long hypotenuse have the same area?

I watched computer monitors and I asked myself, do two monitors with the same display diagonal have the same display area? I managed to find out that the answer is yes, if two right triangles with ...
3
votes
4answers
190 views

Triangle Inequality with Complex Numbers

I was wondering how to prove the triangle inequality with complex numbers: Verify that the function $d(z_1, z_2)$ is a distance funtion on $\mathbb{C}$ and also on any subdomain on $\mathbb{C}$. I ...
2
votes
3answers
58 views

How to determine the equation and length of this curve consistently formed by the intersection of Circles

Consider a Point $A$ that moves linearly on the positive $x$-axis with the velocity $1$ m/s and another Point $B$ at a distance $L$ from $A$ with position $(L,0)$. With each forward motion of point ...
2
votes
1answer
439 views

Sum of Angles in a Triangle.

Can anyone please explain how to form a better idea in understanding sum of measures of angles in a triangle is $180^\circ$ ?
3
votes
5answers
267 views

Probability distribution for the perimeter and area of triangle with fixed circumscribed radius

Given a circle with radius R = 1, I'm trying to find either the probability distribution function or the density function for the space of triangle, which is randomly selected on this circle. The same ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Determine if projection of 3D point onto plane is within a triangle

In 3D, given three points $P_1$, $P_2$, and $P_3$ spanning a non-degenerate triangle $T$. How to determine if the projection of a point $P$ onto the plane of $T$ lies within $T$?
173
votes
7answers
21k views

V.I. Arnold says Russian students can't solve this problem, but American students can — why?

In a book of word problems by V.I Arnold, the following appears: The hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle (in a standard American examination) is 10 inches, the altitude dropped onto it ...
17
votes
1answer
109k views

Solving Triangles (finding missing sides/angles given 3 sides/angles)

What is a general procedure for "solving" a triangle—that is, for finding the unknown side lengths and angle measures given three side lengths and/or angle measures?
13
votes
1answer
1k views

The Ellipse Problem - finding an ellipse inside a triangle

The problem statement is as follows: A triangle is dissected into six smaller triangles by its angle bisectors. Prove that the intersections of the angle bisectors of each of these smaller triangles ...
19
votes
7answers
48k views

Finding out the area of a triangle if the coordinates of the three vertices are given

What is the simplest way to find out the area of a triangle if the coordinates of the three vertices are given in $x$-$y$ plane? One approach is to find the length of each side from the coordinates ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

The position of a ladder leaning against a wall and touching a box under it

I was reading a newspaper and there was a little math riddle, I thought "how funny, that's gonna be easy, let's do it" and here am I... The problem goes as follow : in a barn, there is a 1 meter ...
8
votes
4answers
276 views

equilateral triangle; $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2)^2.$

In equilateral triangle ABC of side length d, if P is an internal point with PA = a, PB = b, and PC = c, the following pleasingly symmetrical relationship holds: $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 ...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

In triangle, $\sin\frac{A}{2}+\sin \frac{B}{2}+\sin\frac{C}{2} -1 = 4\sin \frac{\pi -A}{4}\sin\frac{\pi -B}{4} \sin\frac{\pi-C}{4}$

To prove $$\sin\frac{A}{2}+\sin \frac{B}{2}+\sin\frac{C}{2} -1 = 4\sin \frac{\pi -A}{4}\sin\frac{\pi -B}{4} \sin\frac{\pi-C}{4}$$ My approach : $$ \begin{align} \text{L.H.S.} & = ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

The concurrence of angle bisector, median, and altitude in an acute triangle

$ABC$ is an acute triangle. The angle bisector $AD$, the median $BE$ and the altitude $CF$ are concurrent. Prove that angle $A$ is more than $45$ degrees. Here $D,E,F$ are points on $BC,CA,AB$ ...
4
votes
3answers
294 views

Smallest square containing a given triangle

Given a triangle $T$, how can I calculate the smallest square that contains $T$? Using GeoGebra, I implemented a heuristic that seems to work well in practice. The problem is, I have no proof that it ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

Proving that $|CA|+|CB|=2|AB|$ in a general $ABC$ triangle

How in this situation (presented in image) can I prove that $|CA|+|CB|=2|AB|$?
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Right triangle where the perimeter = area*k

I was doodling on some piece of paper a problem that sprung into my mind. After a few minutes of resultless tries, I advanced to try to solve the problem using computer based means. The problem ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Prove that $\|a\|+\|b\| + \|c\| + \|a+b+c\| \geq \|a+b\| + \|b+c\| + \|c +a\|$ in the plane.

Prove that $\|a\| + \|b\| + \|c\| + \|a+b+c\| \geq \|a+b\| + \|b+c\| + \|c +a\|$ in the plane. Gentle hints only, please! I know that attempting to decompose R.H.S. into $$\alpha a + \beta b + ...
3
votes
4answers
188 views

Recurrence relation for right-angled triangles stuck-together

Given the image: and that $x_0 = 1, y_0=0$ and $\text{angles} \space θ_i , i = 1, 2, 3, · · ·$ can be arbitrarily picked. How can I derive a recurrence relationship for $x_{n+1}$ and $x_n$? I ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Proving the length of angle bisector

How do I prove that a triangle with sides a, b, c, has an angle bisector (bisecting angle A) is of length: $$\frac{2 \sqrt{bcs(s-a)}}{b+c}$$ I have tried using the sine and cosine rule but have ...
10
votes
5answers
740 views

Eritrea's Theorem

According to this newspaper, an Eritrean high school student named Saied Mohammed Ali has discovered a new geometric theorem. Another source seems to say that it's the following: Say you have a ...
8
votes
1answer
305 views

Series for envelope of triangle area bisectors

The lines which bisect the area of a triangle form an envelope as shown in this picture It is not difficult to show that the ratio of the area of the red deltoid to the area of the triangle is ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Proof for SSS Congruence?

I'm hoping that someone can provide a method for deducing the commonly known SSS congruence postulate? The postulate states If the three sides of one triangle are pair-wise congruent to the three ...
4
votes
3answers
756 views

Heronian triangle Generator

I'm trouble shooting my code I wrote to generate all Heronian Triangles (triangle with integer sides and integer area). I'm using the following algorithm $$a=n(m^{2}+k^{2})$$ $$b=m(n^{2}+k^{2})$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

When is $Ar(APD)=Ar(ABCD)$?

This question arose while I was answering this question, (we need to show $Ar(\Delta APD)=Ar(ABCD)$). First the original question: $ABCD$ is a quadrilateral. A line through $D$ parallel to $AC$ meets ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Calculating circle radius from two points on circumference (for game movement)

I'm designing a game where objects have to move along a series of waypoints. The object has a speed and a maximum turn rate. When moving between points p1 and p2 it will move in a circular curve ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Prove that the triangles $ABC$ and $AB^{'}C^{'}$ have the same incentre.

The question is as follows if $ABC$ is a triangle, with $AD$ as the internal angle bisector of $\angle A$ with $D$ at $BC$ and $B^{'}, C^{'}$ are reflection of points $B$ and $C$ in $AD$. Show that ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Radius of circumscribed circle of triangle as function of the sides

Given the length ot the sides $a , b$ and $c$ of $ \triangle ABC$. What is the length of the radius of the circumcribed circle? After some formula substitution I came to the monster formula: $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Prove the inequality $\frac{a}{c+a-b}+\frac{b}{a+b-c}+\frac{c}{b+c-a}\ge{3}$

Let a, b, c be the three side lengths of a triangle. Prove that $$\frac{a}{b+c-a}+\frac{b}{a+c-b}+\frac{c}{a+b-c}\geq 3$$ Under what conditions is equality obtained?
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Prove the triangle is equilateral given that a quadrilateral related to its circumcircle is a kite

Let $\triangle ABC$ be a triangle. Let $Γ$ be its circumcircle, and let $I$ be it’s incenter. Let the internal angle bisectors of $∠A,∠B,∠C$ meet $Γ$ in $A',B',C'$ respectively. Let $B'C'$ intersect ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Inequality of length of side of triangle

For any triangle with sides a,b,c $$a^2b(a-b)+b^2c(b-c)+c^2a(c-a)\ge 0$$ I tried substituting $a=x+y$, $b=y+z$, $c=z+x$ but well it doesn't help in any sense except wasting 3 pages that lead to ...
3
votes
3answers
450 views

Drawing a Right Triangle With Legs Not Parallel to x/y Axes?

I have been presented with an interesting problem. How can I decide whether a right triangle with given side lengths can be placed (with integer coordinate vertices) on a Cartesian plane so that the ...