For questions about triangles

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9
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding an angle within an 80-80-20 isosceles triangle

The following is a geometry puzzle from a math school book. Even though it has been a long time since I finished school, I remember this puzzle quite well, and I don't have a nice solution to it. So ...
2
votes
3answers
215 views

Vector path length of a hypotenuse

Consider the red path from A that zigzags to B, which takes $n$ even steps of length $w$. The path length of the route $P_n$ will be equal to: $ P_n = P_x + P_y = \frac{n}{2}\times w + ...
51
votes
10answers
8k views

What's a proof that the angles of a triangle add up to 180°?

Back in grade school, I had a solution involving "folding the triangle" into a rectangle half the area, and seeing that all the angles met at a point. However, now that I'm in university, I'm not ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

probability of three random points inside a circle forming a right angle triangle

three points are randomly chosen on a circle. what the probability that 1.triangle formed is right angled triangle. 2.triangle formed is acute angled triangle. 3.triangle formed is obtuse angled ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there any equation for triangle?

Like there's an equation of a circle, is there any equation of a triangle? I've been trying to build one and the closest thing I've managed to do is to create an equation of 2 lines and use the $x$ ...
15
votes
1answer
60k views

Solving Triangles (finding missing sides/angles given 3 sides/angles)

What is a general procedure for "solving" a triangle—that is, for finding the unknown side lengths and angle measures given three side lengths and/or angle measures?
6
votes
2answers
561 views

Equilateral triangle geometric problem

I have an Equilateral triangle with unknown side $a$. The next thing I do is to make a random point inside the triangle $P$. The distance $|AP|=3$ cm, $|BP|=4$ cm, $|CP|=5$ cm. It is the red ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

In triangle, $\sin\frac{A}{2}+\sin \frac{B}{2}+\sin\frac{C}{2} -1 = 4\sin \frac{\pi -A}{4}\sin\frac{\pi -B}{4} \sin\frac{\pi-C}{4}$

To prove $$\sin\frac{A}{2}+\sin \frac{B}{2}+\sin\frac{C}{2} -1 = 4\sin \frac{\pi -A}{4}\sin\frac{\pi -B}{4} \sin\frac{\pi-C}{4}$$ My approach : $$ \begin{align} \text{L.H.S.} & = ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

Proving that $|CA|+|CB|=2|AB|$ in a general $ABC$ triangle

How in this situation (presented in image) can I prove that $|CA|+|CB|=2|AB|$?
6
votes
3answers
878 views

Why is the inradius of any triangle at most half its circumradius?

Is there any geometrically simple reason why the inradius of a triangle should be at most half its circumradius? I end up wanting the fact for this answer. I know of two proofs of this fact. Proof ...
7
votes
4answers
404 views

Right triangle where the perimeter = area*k

I was doodling on some piece of paper a problem that sprung into my mind. After a few minutes of resultless tries, I advanced to try to solve the problem using computer based means. The problem ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating circle radius from two points on circumference (for game movement)

I'm designing a game where objects have to move along a series of waypoints. The object has a speed and a maximum turn rate. When moving between points p1 and p2 it will move in a circular curve ...
1
vote
1answer
312 views

Sum of Angles in a Triangle.

Can anyone please explain how to form a better idea in understanding Sum of measures of angles in a triangle are 180 degrees.
2
votes
2answers
116 views

When is $Ar(APD)=Ar(ABCD)$?

This question arose while I was answering this question, (we need to show $Ar(\Delta APD)=Ar(ABCD)$). First the original question: $ABCD$ is a quadrilateral. A line through $D$ parallel to $AC$ meets ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

calculating the Fermat point of a triangle

Is there any algorithm by which one can calculate the fermat's point for a set of 3 points in a triangle? a fermat's point is such a point that the sum of distances of the vertices of the triangle to ...
-2
votes
2answers
157 views

Consider a triangle with sides, $3,4,5$, does $3^2+4^2=5^2$ hold for such a triangle.

Consider a triangle with sides, $3,4,5$, let the angle opposite the greatest side $5$ be $\theta$, does $3^2+4^2=5^2$ hold for such a triangle. Now consider a triangle with sides (1,1,$\sqrt{2}$), let ...
30
votes
6answers
12k views

How many triangles are there?

The question is how many triangles are there in the following picture? I have thought to solve it by creating a formula based on the angles of the lines starting from the bottom of each side. I ...
11
votes
1answer
991 views

The Ellipse Problem - finding an ellipse inside a triangle

The problem statement is as follows: A triangle is dissected into six smaller triangles by its angle bisectors. Prove that the intersections of the angle bisectors of each of these smaller triangles ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Proving Stewart's theorem without trig

Stewart's theorem states that in the triangle shown below, $$ b^2 m + c^2 n = a (d^2 + mn). $$ Is there any good way to prove this without using any trigonometry? Every proof I can find uses the ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center

what is the probablity of random pick up three points inside a regular triangle which form a triangle and contain the center of the regualr triangle the three points are randomly picked within the ...
10
votes
2answers
197 views

A geometric inequality, proving $8r+2R\le AM_1+BM_2+CM_3\le 6R$

Here, $AM_1$ is the angle bisector of $\angle A$ extended to the circumcircle and so on. $R$ is the circumradius and $r$ is the inradius, respectively. I have to prove that: $$8r+2R\le ...
8
votes
4answers
184 views

equilateral triangle; $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2)^2.$

In equilateral triangle ABC of side length d, if P is an internal point with PA = a, PB = b, and PC = c, the following pleasingly symmetrical relationship holds: $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Maximum area of a square in a triangle

I want to calculate the area of the largest square which can be inscribed in a triangle of sides a, b, c. The "square" which I will refer to, from now on, has all its four vertices on the sides of the ...
7
votes
2answers
98 views

How to prove that $\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$?

How do we prove that for any triangle this holds: $$\frac{r}{R}+1=\cos A+\cos B+\cos C$$ I can use this beautiful identity to prove several geometric inequalities, but I have no idea how to prove the ...
6
votes
2answers
518 views

The incenter and Euler line.

It seems well known that the incenter of a triangle lies on the the Euler line if and only if the triangle is isosceles (or equilateral, but that is trivial). Searching the internet, I could not find ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Prove that $\|a\|+\|b\| + \|c\| + \|a+b+c\| \geq \|a+b\| + \|b+c\| + \|c +a\|$ in the plane.

Prove that $\|a\| + \|b\| + \|c\| + \|a+b+c\| \geq \|a+b\| + \|b+c\| + \|c +a\|$ in the plane. Gentle hints only, please! I know that attempting to decompose R.H.S. into $$\alpha a + \beta b + ...
3
votes
2answers
409 views

how many rectangles in this shape

I've learned in my high school the solution to such riddle: How many rectangles are there in this shape: the solution is through combinations: in this shape is a $5\times 6$ grid so the number of ...
2
votes
3answers
127 views

Find out the angle of <ABC

Help me to solve it please.how could it be done.I tried but nothing comes out.Help me please
38
votes
13answers
5k views

Do two right triangles with the same long hypotenuse have the same area?

I watched computer monitors and I asked myself, do two monitors with the same display diagonal have the same display area? I managed to find out that the answer is yes, if two right triangles with ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views

If this relation holds, then is the triangle equilateral?

Let $ABC$ be a triangle. If $$\sum_{cyc}\frac{BC}{4AC\cos^2({\frac{\angle BAC}{2})}+BC}=\frac{3}{4}$$ then the triangle is equilateral? We can check if we set $\widehat{BAC}=\pi/3$ and $AB=BC=CA$ that ...
5
votes
2answers
199 views

Proof for SSS Congruence?

I'm hoping that someone can provide a method for deducing the commonly known SSS congruence postulate? The postulate states If the three sides of one triangle are pair-wise congruent to the three ...
5
votes
3answers
755 views

Largest Triangle with Vertices in the Unit Cube

How would one find a triangle, with vertices in or on the unit cube, such that the length of the smallest side is maximized? And what is that length? A lower bound for the length is $\sqrt{2}$, by ...
4
votes
2answers
607 views

Find an angle of an isosceles triangle

$\triangle ABC$ is an isosceles triangle such that $AB=AC$ and $\angle BAC$=$20^\circ$. And a point D is on $\overline{AC}$ so that AD=BC, , How to find $\angle{DBC}$? I could not get how to use ...
4
votes
4answers
743 views

Constructing a triangle given three concurrent cevians?

Well, I've been taught how to construct triangles given the $3$ sides, the $3$ angles and etc. This question came up and the first thing I wondered was if the three altitudes (medians, ...
4
votes
2answers
403 views

Proving $\cot(A)\cot(B)+\cot(B)\cot(C)+\cot(C)\cot(A)=1$

I was stumped by another past-year question: In $\triangle ABC$, prove that $$\cot(A)\cot(B)+\cot(B)\cot(C)+\cot(C)\cot(A)=1.$$ Here's what I have done so far: I tried to replace $C$, using ...
3
votes
3answers
425 views

Heronian triangle Generator

I'm trouble shooting my code I wrote to generate all Heronian Triangles (triangle with integer sides and integer area). I'm using the following algorithm $$a=n(m^{2}+k^{2})$$ $$b=m(n^{2}+k^{2})$$ ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

Proving the length of angle bisector

How do I prove that a triangle with sides a, b, c, has an angle bisector (bisecting angle A) is of length: $$\frac{2 \sqrt{bcs(s-a)}}{b+c}$$ I have tried using the sine and cosine rule but have ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Existence of Gergonne point, without Ceva theorem

The intersection at one point (called Gergonne point) of the lines from vertices of a triangle to contact points of the inscribed circle can be proved immediately using Ceva's theorem. Is there a ...
0
votes
3answers
89 views

Perpendicular lines inside and outside a circle

No trigonometry allowed. Let $\Delta ABC$ be inscribed inside a circle.Let $P$ be a point on the circle.Let $PD$ and $PE$ be perpendiculars on on $BC$ and $AC$ respectively.Let $DE$ when extended ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

maths - find vertices when 1 vertex and center point is given in polygon

I want to know if there is any general formula to find out vertices (co-ordinates) of a polygon (3 or more equal sides) when following is given: ...
11
votes
4answers
319 views

What is so special about triangles?!

Take any random triangle. If we draw internal-angle-bisectors of all its angles, they intersect at the same point. If we draw the perpendicular bisectors of each side (although they aren't ...
6
votes
2answers
440 views

Problem with the Pythagorean theorem [duplicate]

The Pythagorean theorem has already been proved and it is a basic fact of math. It always works, and there are proofs of it. But I have found a problem. Say you want to get from point ...
5
votes
4answers
141 views

Is there an integer that $\sqrt{3}$ can be multiplied by that will produce a whole integer?

The question came up while messing around with graph paper. I wanted to make an isosceles triangle where the length of one side and it's hight were both integers. The closest I could get was a base ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Does “triangle” in English exclude degenerate triangles?

Just for fun read few problems on the projeteuler.net website. Number 276 found interesting: Consider the triangles with integer sides a, b and c with a ≤ b ≤ c. An integer sided triangle ...
4
votes
1answer
984 views

Finding the distance between two gears

I have the following problem: In my class, we did a majorly complicated method to figure this out but I think there is a better way to do this... Here is the exact problem: A belt fits snugly ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Find the coordinates in an isosceles triangle

Given: A = (0,0) B = (0,-10) AB = AC Using the angle between AB and AC, how are the coordinates at C calculated?
3
votes
2answers
144 views

How do you find the height of a triangle given $3$ angles and the base side? Image given.

This question has me absolutely stumped. This is the image of the question, how can I work out $x$? I've been doing a variety of attempts but I just cant get it.
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Equal perimeters of squares and right angled isosceles triangles

Consider a square ABCD having length l and breadth. Now start folding the sides AB and AC so that the figure becomes something like this $$$$ All the vertical and horizontal folds/stairs are equal in ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Distances to line passing through the centroid of triangle

Let $p$ be a line that pass through the centroid of a triangle $ABC$. Unless the line pass through one vertex, then $2$ verices are one side of the line, while the third one is on the other side. ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

finding out the area of a triangle if the coordinates of the three vertices are given

What is the simplest way to find out the area of a triangle if the coordinates of the three vertices are given in x-y plane? One approach is to find the length of each side from the coordinates given ...