For questions about properties and applications of triangles

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1answer
29 views

Demonstrate equality: ON = 2m/m-3 in math exercise

I'm actually getting stuck with a part of a quite tricky math exercise using Thales theorem (I've got difficulties with Thales theorem). In this exercise,you have a right handed Cartesian coordinate ...
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1answer
38 views

Point P on side BC of triangle ABC such that PC=2BP. Find ACB if ABC=45º, APC=60º [closed]

Point P on side BC of triangle ABC such that PC=2BP. Find ACB if ABC=45º, APC=60º. I can't solve this one. Tried some stuff but can't work it out. Can this be done using just simple geometry (like ...
5
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1answer
137 views

Symmetrical of a triangle's vertexes

I have the following problem : Show that the symmetrical (ie reflection) of a triangle's vertexes by the opposite side are aligned iff the distance between the orthocenter and the circumcenter is ...
4
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3answers
71 views

Complex numbers on circle of unit radius

Given three points in the complex plane (i.e. numbers $z_1,z_2,z_3\in\mathbb C$), they define a unique circle (unless they are collinear). When does that circle have radius one? I know how to compute ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Side Lengths of Triangles

Die This is Exercise 3-5 from the Art of Problem Solving Volume 2 by Richard Rusczyk and Sandor Lehoczky. I looked at the solution in the solution manual, but I don't quite understand it, so I'm ...
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1answer
18 views

Is there any polygon exists such that sum of length of square of two adjacent sides is equal to another side/diagonal?

In Right angle triangle we have $ a^2 + b^2 = c^2$ where $a^2 = (x_1-x_2)^2 + (y_1-y_2)^2 ,$ $b^2 = (x_3-x_2)^2 + (y_3-y_2)^2 $and $c^2 = (x_1-x_3)^2 + (y_1-y_3)^2$ And in Square we have $ a^2 + ...
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1answer
18 views

What are the limitations of non-metric distances?

If the triangle inequality does not hold for a distance function (i.e. it is not metric), will this limit its application in some area?
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1answer
38 views

$H$ is an orthocenter of triangle $ABC$

$H$ is an orthocenter of angle $ABC$. Angle $B$ is $60^{\circ}$. Perpendicular bisectors of $AH$ and $CH$ cross line $AC$ at points $A_{1}$ and $C_{1}$. Show that the centre of $A_{1}HC_{1}$'s ...
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2answers
74 views

Area of one of four regions within a rectangle

There is a figure below (a rectangle). You can see different colors depicting different regions of the figure. The labels on the top of a region defines the area of that region. Can you find the ...
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1answer
74 views

Ortocenter and incenter

In triangle $ABC$: $H_{1}$ is a foot of an altitude from side $BC$, $H_{2}$ is a foot of an altitude from side $AC$, $H_{3}$ is a foot of an altitude from side $AB$, $M_{1}$ is midpoint of $BC$, ...
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0answers
21 views

Determine Angle based on Vertical Displacement

I need a formula that will help me identify a observing angle based on the following example: Launching a bottle rocket. Test 1: looking from 35 degree angle, when a bottle is launched from ground, ...
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1answer
46 views

Triangle Inequality Property for the Euclidean Metric

I've read in many of my books that the triangle inequality for a metric space of the Euclidean Metric is defined as: $$d(x,y) \leq d(x,z) + d(z,y)$$ But when I look up the proof, to help me ...
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2answers
32 views

Diophantine Equation Related To Triangles

a,b and c are the sides of a triangle and a, b, c are integers. I need to solve the following Diophantine equation for positive integral values of k. $bc(b+c-a) = k^{2}(a+b+c)$ I think some ...
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2answers
71 views

double integral over an arbitrary triangle

Assume we have an arbitrary triangle ABC in x-y plane and we want to integrate a function $f(x,y)$ over surface of this triangle as shown in fig. 1: We can define another coordination system [x' ...
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2answers
62 views

$ \cos {A} \cos {B} \cos {C} \leq \frac{1}{8} $

In an acute triangle with angles $ A, B $ and $ C $, show that $ \cos {A} \cdot \cos {B} \cdot \cos {C} \leq \dfrac{1}{8} $ I could start a semi-proof by using limits: as $ A \to 0 , \; \cos {A} ...
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1answer
59 views

Dividing a triangle into seventeen equal parts.

I was trying to solve a problem on Pigeonhole principle from Problem Solving Strategies by Arthur Engel. A target has the form of an equilateral triangle with side 2 units. If it is hit ...
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1answer
27 views

Trigonometry: Find the side of a triangle within a triangle

Please help. I found a solution to this problem on yahoo answers but I do not understand the answer. I would use the laws of cosine but I have to be able to answer this without a calculator If AB = ...
0
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1answer
33 views

How to prove two triangles have the same centroid?

Suppose you have a triangle ABC and three similar exterior triangles BCX, CAY and ABZ. How can I prove that the centroids of ABC and XYZ are the same point?
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1answer
48 views

$a\in\mathbb{Z}/\mathbb{Z}_{p}$ and Triangles

Can someone please give me a geometric explanation for the following: if you consider the integers modulo a prime as a group under + and plot the set of points $(a,a')$ where ...
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2answers
79 views

What are the ranges of triangle angles?

Lets say, that $\alpha \le \beta \le \gamma$. As shown here, $60 \le \gamma \lt 180$. What are the minimum and maximum values of $\alpha$ and $\beta$? The answer: $$0\lt \alpha \le 60 \\ 0 \lt ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the range of angle in front of longest triangle edge?

What is the minimum and the maximum values of the angle $\gamma$ in front of the longest triangle edge?
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2answers
42 views

Calculate the angle from the given points coordinates.

I'm trying to figure out the way to calculate the a angle value from given coordinates of three points as showed on the illustration below: I know how to ...
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0answers
47 views

Geometry Problem relating similarity.

Given a triangle $ABC$ and $D$ be a point on side $AC$ such that $AB=DC$, angle $BAC=60-2x$, angle $DBC=5x$ and angle $BCA=3x$ prove that $x=10$. Source: 150 Nice Geometry Problems - Amir ...
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1answer
29 views

Radius of circumscribed circle of triangle as function of the sides

Given the length ot the sides $a , b$ and $c$ of $ \triangle ABC$. What is the length of the radius of the circumcribed circle? After some formula substitution I came to the monster formula: $$ ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Weighted Interpolation over Triangle

Question: Is there a modification of simple component-wise barycentric-based interpolation of vertex values (such as colors) that accounts for arbitrary positive non-zero weights assigned to these ...
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3answers
46 views

If $R$ is the circumradius of $\triangle ABC$, and $\cos A=\frac1{2R}$, $\cos B=\frac1{R}$ and $\cos C= \frac3{2R}$, then is it unique and its area?

Given that $R$ is the circumradius of $\triangle ABC$, and $\cos A=\frac1{2R}$, $\cos B=\frac1{R}$ and $\cos C= \frac3{2R}$. Then would the $\triangle ABC$ be unique? If so how easily we may find its ...
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4answers
187 views

A Triangle Determinant

How do we prove, without actually expanding, that $$\begin{vmatrix} \sin {2A}& \sin {C}& \sin {B}\\ \sin{C}& \sin{2B}& \sin {A}\\ \sin{B}& \sin{A}& \sin{2C} \end{vmatrix}=0$$ ...
0
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3answers
40 views

If the hypotenuse is 4 times the height from A, prove that one of the angles is 15 degrees

In a right triangle (with angle CAB = 90°), suppose |BC| = 4|AD| with AD being the height from A to BC. Prove that the angle BCA is 15°. I had a similar problem but with 22.5°. I thought it would be ...
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1answer
29 views

Smallest turning angle

I know it's probably been answered, but my google-fu is failing me today... I have two 2D points; A and B A has a known Heading. The X and Y coordinates are always positive, if that helps at all. ...
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1answer
61 views

Given the coordinates of four points on a plane, how can one determine the shape they form?

Actually it is an algorithm problem, however I cannot solve the problem. So, We have 4 points, how can we know what kind of shape(figure) can be drawn ? I want to learn mathematically. If possible i ...
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0answers
52 views

Prove that $a,b,c$ are the sides of a triangle

$a,b,c\in\mathbb R_{>0}$ are such that $$\begin{cases}a^2x+b^2y+c^2z=1\\xy+yz+zx=1\end{cases}$$ has a unique solution $(x,y,z)\in\mathbb R^{3}$. Prove that $a,b,c$ are the sides of a ...
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1answer
64 views

Area of similar triangle

Suppose that we are given a triangle whose area is known. put a circle C of radius r inside that triangle. How can we find the area of a triangle similar to the first one and whose inscribed circle is ...
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3answers
132 views

Find side of an equilateral triangle inscribed in a rhombus

The lengths of the diagonals of a rhombus are 6 and 8. An equilateral triangle inscribed in this rhombus has one vertex at an end-point of the shorter diagonal and one side parallel to the longer ...
2
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3answers
71 views

How to determine if a triangle can be drawn with the given points.

Given $3$ points $$(x_1, y_1), (x_2, y_2), (x_3, y_3),$$ how does one determine whether they are vertices of a triangle? Thanks.
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1answer
57 views

Constructing triangle using side length-median relationship

$$\begin{align} m^2_a&=\frac{2b^2+2c^2−a^2}4\\[4pt] m^2_b&=\frac{2c^2+2a^2−b^2}4\\[4pt] m^2_c&=\frac{2a^2+2b^2−c^2}4 \end{align}$$ Solving for $a$, $b$, $c$ in terms of $m^2_a$, $m^2_b$, ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Relationship between the altitude of an isosceles triangle and segments drawn to the lateral side from a point on the base.

Question :In an isosceles triangle, the sum of the distances from each point of the base to the lateral sides is constant. I've tried a couple of things, but it seems like this statement is not true. ...
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2answers
32 views

Relation of length of a projection of a point to a line

In the given figure, can it be said that $x \leq a + b - d$?
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1answer
20 views

Determine sides of obtuse triangle

I really cannot figure this question out. Can anyone give me a hint please!? Find an integer $a$, for which $a$, $a+1$ and $a+2$ are the lengths of the sides of an obtuse triangle.
0
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1answer
62 views

Disprove the possibility of such a triangle.

The image is not that good, but, consider the following figure to be true without actually constructing it,how can one person find a $fault$ in it. The blue colour represents perpendicular, The ...
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1answer
586 views

How to find coordinates of 3rd vertex of a right angles triangle when everything else is known?

I want to locate precisely the 3rd coordinate of a right angled triangle. I have: the length of three sides The three angles The other two coordinates of the triangle The triangle can lie in any ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Find the area of the triangle using $\frac12\|u\| \,\|v-\operatorname{proj}_u(v)\| $

Real stuck on this and I'm sure I went wrong somewhere. Here is the question. Using points $A=(1, -1)$; $B=(2,2)$; $C=(4,0)$ find the area of the triangle. The book states that the way to find ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Calculation of third vertices of a triangle given a vector that should be perpendicular to the triangle plane

I have an isosceles triangle (2 sides same length) with vertices O, A and B. OA and OB are the same length. Vertices O and A are known, with O at origin (0,0,0). A known vector V, should be ...
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2answers
33 views

Using Pascal's Triangle for Binomial Expansion.

I'm trying to answer a question using Pascal's triangle to expand binomial functions, and I know how to do it for cases such as (x+1) which is quite simple, but I'm having troubles understanding and ...
2
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1answer
71 views

How $\frac{\cos \alpha_1}{\sin \alpha}+\frac{\cos \beta_1}{\sin \beta}+\frac{\cos \gamma_1}{\sin \gamma}\leq\cot \alpha+\cot \beta+\cot \gamma$

Let are any two triangles with angles $\alpha, \beta, \gamma$ and $\alpha_1, \beta_1, \gamma_1$. How prove that $$\frac{\cos \alpha_1}{\sin \alpha} + \frac{\cos \beta_1}{\sin \beta}+ \frac{\cos ...
18
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2answers
595 views

Is ABC an equilateral triangle

In the figure, AD=BE=CF. Moreover, DEF is an equilateral triangle. Must ABC be equilateral?
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1answer
42 views

Complex numbers and geometry

There exist two different complex numbers $c_1$ and $c_2$, that together with $2+2i, 5+i$ form the vertices of two equilateral triangles. Find the product $c_1c_2$.
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3answers
36 views

finding median when all three sides are not given

Let ABC be a triangle with AB=3cm, AC=5cm. If AD is a median drawn from the vertex A to the side BC, then which one of the following is correct? a) AD is always greater than 4cm but less than 5cm b) ...
4
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3answers
80 views

Triangle Congruence

I have found a problem form internet and got stucked trying to proof or disproof it. It says: Given AD=AE ,BF=FC; Proof △ABE≌△ACD Update 1 The @Matrial's solution seems very promising however ...
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1answer
31 views

If a triangle has side lenghts $a,b,c$ where $c$ is the largest prove that its obtuse if $c^2>a^2+b^2$ and acute if $c^2<a^2+b^2$.

I was thinking about this and I cant get to a formal proof. I have a sort of mental image where you draw $a$ and $b$ perpendicular and the $c$ is too small to connect the two endpoints. So the right ...
0
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1answer
24 views

The amount of unit squares being covered

$L$ and $i$ are integers, $L$ is the length of edge of outermost square and $i$ is the minimum length divided from $L$. And there are cells or unit squares consisting the whole block. There is a ...