For questions about properties and applications of triangles

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Area of a triangle using vectors

I have to find the area of a triangle whose vertices have coordinates O$(0,0,0)$, A$(1,-5,-7)$ and B$(10,10,5)$ I thought that perhaps I should use the dot product to find the angle between the ...
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232 views

Question on Proof of Shoelace Formula

I was looking for a way to prove the shoelace formula when I found this proof: For this clockwise order to make sense, you need a point O inside the polygon so that the angles form $OA_{i}A_{i+1}$ ...
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Largest possible value of a side

ABC is a triangle with side a, b,c with $a\geq b\geq c$ and $sin^3A+sin^3 B+ sin^3 C=a^3+b^3 +c^3$ How do I find the largest possible value of a? I tried to use the law of sines ratio, but it ...
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197 views

Finding Areas in triangles using ratios

What theorem/theorems should be used to find the shaded area? Y and M lie on the sides Ab and Bc respectively of the triangle YMB such that AY/MI= 1/4 and O/M = 1/3. Area ABC=35 PC and QA intersect ...
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120 views

Proving that the circumcenter is the centroid

Given a triangle and its centroid, we know that the 3 line segments between the centroid and each of the vertices of the triangle divide the triangle into three smaller triangles. Prove that the ...
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84 views

maximum length of a scaled vector in a triangle (simplex)

Given a triangle (or, in general, a simplex) $T$ and a vector $\vec{s}$, I'd like to compute the quantity $$ \max\{|x-y|: x,y\in T, x-y = \alpha \vec{s}, \alpha\in\mathbb{R}\} $$ i.e., the maximum ...
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38 views

Two coloured plane

Can you prove that For any two angles $θ,ϕ$ there exists a monochromatic triangle that has angles $θ,ϕ,180−(θ+ϕ)$ in two coloured plane?
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How to find the inverse position inside a triangle

If i were standing in a triangle - How do i calculate the inverse of my position? Can it be done? It's easy inside a rectangle, but I can't think of how you would do it inside of a triangle. I'm ...
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46 views

Triangular exponentation logarithm and inverse

The generalized formula of triangular exponentation on real numbers field is $x ^ {\triangle y} = \frac {1} {y \cdot B (x, y)} = \frac {\Gamma(x + y)} {\Gamma(x) \cdot \Gamma(y + 1)} $ It's my ...
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531 views

General formula for computing triangular gaussian quadrature.

While this is a simple question, I'm totally lost. Is there any general formula for generation of n-point gaussian quadrature over a triangle? I'll use this formula to generate a variable-point (7, ...
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11 views

Minimizing the area of the triangles containing a square of side $1$

This exercise is from a past admission exam to an Italian institution: Among all the triangles that contain a square of side $1$, which ones have minimum area? I have solved it, however I'd like ...
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Prove that $r^3\rho=2R \rho \rho_1\rho_2 \rho_3$

I doubt whether this question is correct or not.Because in the LHS,it is fourth dimension in length and in the RHS,it is fifth dimension in length.If correct,i dont know how to prove it. If D,E,F be ...
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68 views

The maximum value of PA.PB.PC

Let A,B,C be the vertices of a triangle inscribed in a unit circle, and let P be a point in the interior or on the sides of the triangle ABC. Then the maximum value of (PA)(PB)(PC) equals to? I could ...
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40 views

Triangle inscribed in another triangle

If $a,b,c$ are the sides of a triangle,$\lambda a,\lambda b,\lambda c$ the sides of a similar triangle inscribed in the former and $\theta$ the angle between the sides $a$ and $\lambda c$,prove that ...
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27 views

Is my proof of 'inscribed angle theorem' different from the usual one?

The usual proof of inscribed circle theorem uses the fact that the sum of interior angles is equal to exterior angle. I've formulated a little different approach, although the underlying concept is ...
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25 views

Area of equilateral triangle from circumcircle

I am trying to calculate skewness of triangle. Given the sides of a triangle (not equilateral), I calculated circumradius from which I would like to get area of equilateral triangle.
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33 views

At what angle does the stone need to be hit?

In curling, it is often necessary to hit and displace an opponent’s stone to win the end. Olivia would like to hit her opponent’s stone with her own stone. If she releases her stone at the hog line, ...
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25 views

Given verticies find the area of the triangle formed

When I looked at this problem I didn't think it seemed all that hard until I actually tried it. The problem is this: Given the rectangular vertices $O(0, 0, 0), P(-1, 2, -3), Q(-2, 3, -4), R(0, 0, ...
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23 views

Find A or B only given the hypotenuse and A to B ratio of a right triangle?

I'm looking for a formula (or set of formulas) that would be able to determine the A, or B value given a right triangle when only C and the A:B ratio is known. I want this mostly for personal use with ...
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46 views

Energy of a Triangle Wave

I want to find the energy of two triangular functions (identical, one above ( S1(t) ) and the other below ( S2(t) ) the x axis, so it should be the same thing). They are shown in the images below. The ...
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20 views

Angle for sloped surface intersection

I'm not sure if this is the right SE site for this questions so apologies if it's not. But I've got a question about calculating angles that I can't seem to figure out the maths for. To add a bit of ...
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30 views

Ideal Triangles and Klein Beltrami Disc

I'm trying to prove something with the ideal triangle in hyperbolic geometry and someone told me that the ideal triangle looks like a euclidean triangle inscribed in a circle in the Klein Beltrami ...
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20 views

8 Angles Question: What are solutions with all angles rational multiples of pi?

I don't know how to draw a picture, maybe someone can help. Consider a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. The 8 angles I'm referring to are the angles made between the diagonals and the edges. Explicitly: ...
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33 views

Conditions for point lying inside triangle formed by three complex numbers.

The question states $z_1,z_2,z_3$ are three non-collinear complex numbers such that $$z=\frac{lz_1+mz_2+nz_3}{l+m+n}$$ lies inside the triangle formed by $z_1,z_2,z_3$. If $l,m,n$ are the ...
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18 views

How to find local extrema of f (p) give us area of triangle A1B1C1

For a right triangle ABC ( angle C = 90) on the rights height CC1 is chosen point P and consider the triangle A1B1C1 (A1 = AP cross BC, B1 = BP cross AC), if p is distance from point P to AB, to find ...
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26 views

How prove $S_{ABC}S_{XYZ}\ge S_{MNP}^2$ for an acute-angled triangle and $M, N, P$ are points from the segments $AB, BC, CA$ respectively

Let $ABC$ is an acute-angled triangle and $M, N, P$ are points from the segments $AB, BC, CA$ respectively. Let $CM\cup NP=X, AN\cup MP=Y, BP\cup NM=Z$. How prove $S_{ABC}S_{XYZ}\ge S_{MNP}^2$? ...
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25 views

What is the isotomic conjugate version of the six point circle of isogonal conjugates?

As it is well known, the pedal triangles of a pair of isogonal conjugates in a triangle share a circumcircle. This is a nice theorem, but is there an analogous version of it for a pair of isotomic ...
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12 views

trigonometry - find coordinates of inner triangle after rotation

here is my situation: I have a rectangle I'm rotating 30 degrees counterclockwise, how could I use trig to get the 3 vertices (corners) and lengths of the purple triangle sides and hypotenuse ...
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26 views

Angle condition for $a^2+c^2=nb^2$

Find a necessary and sufficient angle condition (independent of $a,b,c$ -- see under "what I have got so far" for examples) such that $a^2+c^2=nb^2$ where $n$ is a positive integer. Note: As usual ...
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Finding a specific weight triangle in a graph

It is possible to find the minimum weight of the triangles in a graph by using the following: Let G = (V, E; w) with w : V ∪ E → {−W, . . . , 0, . . . , W} ∪ {∞}, and V = {1, . . . , n}. Set D = ...
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77 views

Angle of Sine wave

How you do calculate angle of sine wave? Here in this example you can see the angle as the sine wave goes either side of the graph http://www.mathopenref.com/triggraphsine.html. For producing the sine ...
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29 views

Quantifying the similarity of two line segments with a third line segment

In the program I'm developing, there are a large number of lines, and one point. One of the lines will split into two lines, the first line beginning with the original's first point and ending with ...
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19 views

Length of a right triangle's hypoteneuse projected onto a sphere

Please forgive me if this is the wrong kind of question, but I need someone to verify or refute my work. One leg of a triangle has length, $b$ (base), resulting from angle theta swept out by a ray ...
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40 views

General formula for n-Simplex side-lenghts given n-volume and angles

Given a flat triangle's three angles $\phi_i $, and its area $A$, you can calculate the $i$th sidelenght $s_i$ (using Einstein's sum-convention) like so: $$ s_i=\frac{\sqrt{2A} \sin \left(\phi ...
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52 views

Exact values on unit circle

Why is it allowed to draw an equilateral triangle on the unit circle to prove the exact values for $\cos(\pi/3)$ or $\sin(\pi/3)$ for example?
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Finding the ratio of division by circumcenter

In an acute angled triangle ABC where O is the circumcenter Prove that $BD : DC = sin2C:sin2B \quad$ where D is the point of intersection of AO (extended) with BC. $AO : OD = sin2C + sin2B : ...
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24 views

Filling an Obtuse Triangle with Equilateral Triangles or a Pre-Defined Shape

I am creating an obtuse triangle of undetermined proportions and I need to find how to fill it with equilateral triangles or a pre-defined shape that can fill it. Any math I've done has been, and is ...
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40 views

How many are there triangles with different rational sides, rational area, bisectrixes and 1 rational median?

I've been searching triangles with all elements being rational numbers. However, I've found somewhere on Internet proof that it's not possible. Then, I was searching triangles with maximal possible ...
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Two questions about triangle that blocked at rectangle…

The area of the triangle is equal to the half area of the rectangle? The center point of the triangle is same as the center point of the rectangle? About 2 - if not, how do I calculate the center? ...
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35 views

Determine Angle based on Vertical Displacement

I need a formula that will help me identify a observing angle based on the following example: Launching a bottle rocket. Test 1: looking from 35 degree angle, when a bottle is launched from ground, ...
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40 views

Create dynamic cities of perspective angle x

I'm creating a tilemap... I found you can create unique building sizes with perspective with six tiles using parallel projection, whose angles are always $45^\circ$ .... this allows you to connect to ...
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42 views

How find a triangle ABC minimizing $\frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 A}}{\sin B} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 B}}{\sin C} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 C}}{\sin A}$?

How find in triangle $ABC$ the minimum value of : $$\frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 A}}{\sin B} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 B}}{\sin C} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 C}}{\sin A}\text{ ?}$$
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Find angle of an arc in the circle using 3 coordinates

I want to find angle of semicircle. I have 3 coordinates (center_a,center_b) , (pivot_a,pivot_b) and (last_point_a, last_point_b). From triangle , i can find angle using equation using cosine ...
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106 views

Calculate height from two right angled triangles sharing an edge

I am trying to calculate the perpendicular distance of a unicycle-like robot from a wall using two successive measurements from an ultrasonic sensor. The problem is modelled as shown: (EDIT). The ...
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66 views

minimum sum of distances from vertices

Find a point on the plane of a triangle such that the sum of its distances from three vertices is minimum. I am guessing that it is the centroid but I can't prove that.
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73 views

Moving up the Y axis the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle

If I have a right $\triangle ABC$ with $B$ being the right angle and length $AB = 50$ and length $BC = 50$. Based on the Cartesian coordinate system if I wanted to move up the Y axis the length of the ...
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46 views

Complex Number and Geometry

Given $A(3+4i)$, $B(-4+3i)$ and $C(4+3i)$ be the vertices of a triangle $ABC$ which is inscribed in a circle $S=0$. Let $AD, BE, CF$ be altitudes through $A, B, C$ which meet the circle S=0 at ...
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50 views

Proof metric space with distance function

Thats the first time i have to do such an proof but don't know how, never seen or done this before. Especially (iii). Let $X$ be the Set of all complex sequences. $$ d((a_n),(b_n)) := ...
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I stumbled when i saw this (Travelling Salesman related)

I have here 5 locations like below I then have a tour of 1,2,3,4 (point 5 isn't inserted into tour yet) like below I then find the shortest addition distance to include point 5 into tour, the ...
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55 views

Triangle rotating freely around origo, need to calculate corners.

Lets say I have a triangle with corners $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$ and $(1, -2)$. I specify a line that is exactly one side of the triangle, for example $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$. Now, I rotate the triangle ...