For questions about properties and applications of triangles

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5
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1answer
45 views

A Triangle Determinant

How do we prove, without actually expanding, that $$\begin{vmatrix} \sin {2A}& \sin {C}& \sin {B}\\ \sin{C}& \sin{2B}& \sin {A}\\ \sin{B}& \sin{A}& \sin{2C} \end{vmatrix}=0$$ ...
5
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1answer
52 views

Circle with perpendicular chords

A blue circle is divided into $100$ arcs by $100$ red points such that the lengths of the arcs are the positive integers from $1$ to $100$ in an arbitrary order. Prove that there exists two ...
5
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1answer
89 views

explaining the resriction $b<a<2b$ in a triangle

I saw in a book that if $ABC$ is an isosceles triangle $(AB=AC)$ and the triangle is tangent to a circle in points $D,C$ and $AC$ is intersecting the circle in point $E$; $AC=a$, $BC=b$ so it has ...
3
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1answer
312 views

Geometry - optimal 2D mesh between X expendable points

Say you have X points on a plane. If you connect two points, you form a line. Connecting three points forms a triangle. A line cannot cross a line, and a smaller triangle cannot be created inside a ...
2
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1answer
62 views

How $\frac{\cos \alpha_1}{\sin \alpha}+\frac{\cos \beta_1}{\sin \beta}+\frac{\cos \gamma_1}{\sin \gamma}\leq\cot \alpha+\cot \beta+\cot \gamma$

Let are any two triangles with angles $\alpha, \beta, \gamma$ and $\alpha_1, \beta_1, \gamma_1$. How prove that $$\frac{\cos \alpha_1}{\sin \alpha} + \frac{\cos \beta_1}{\sin \beta}+ \frac{\cos ...
2
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1answer
29 views

How find the least value of the expression: $M = \cot^2 A + \cot^2 B + \cot^2 C + 2(\cot A - \cot B)(\cot B - \cot C)(\cot C - \cot A)$?

Consider all triangles $ABC$ where $A < B < C \leq \frac{\pi}{2}$. How find the least value of the expression: $M = \cot^2 A + \cot^2 B + \cot^2 C + 2(\cot A - \cot B)(\cot B - \cot C)(\cot C - ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Trigonometric Substitution and the Triangle Inequality

I was reading the solution to this problem: If $x, y, z$ are real numbers and $x+y+z=xyz$ then $x(1 − y^2 )(1 − z^2 ) + y(1 − z^2 )(1 − x^2 ) + z(1 − x^2 )(1 − y^2 ) = 4xyz$ The solution is to ...
2
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1answer
23 views

tetrahedron height

I've got the next figure: Now I would like to calculate the height, so from D to the plane ABC. First, I've tried with a coordinate system, but it's to difficult to take these distances into ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Find direction, angle or co-ord of unknown vertices using only distance?

My current issue is that I have a triangle, where I know all the line distances as well as an origin coordinate. Is there any way I can then gain the coordinates of the other vertices with this ...
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1answer
57 views

Area of similar triangle

Suppose that we are given a triangle whose area is known. put a circle C of radius r inside that triangle. How can we find the area of a triangle similar to the first one and whose inscribed circle is ...
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1answer
27 views

$PC+PD$ is least when the angles $CPA$ and $DPB$ are equal

$C$ and $D$ are two points in the $same$ side if a straight line $AB$ and $P$ is any point in $AB$. Show that $PC+PD$ is least when the angles $CPA$ and $DPB$ are equal No idea how to solve this ...
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1answer
41 views

Is the given triangle unique?

I was reading Polya's How to Solve It when I came across the following problem. Construct a triangle with an angle, the length of altitude through that angle and the perimeter of the triangle given. I ...
1
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1answer
56 views

How to solve this geometry question?

Let ABC be an acute-angled triangle; L, M, N be the feet of perpendiculars respectively from A, B, C to the opposite sides; D, E, F be the midpoints of the sides BC, CA, AB respectively; and $I_1, ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Find out the $\angle PRQ$

please, help me to solve this.How can I proceed.I just need help. $PQR$ is a triangle. $M$ is a point on $QR$.here,$QM=1/3RM$ , $\angle RPM=30^ \circ$ and $ \angle QPM=20^ \circ$ now,$ \angle PRQ=??$ ...
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1answer
31 views

Solving integral including a triangle

How can I solve this integral? Image link: http://oi61.tinypic.com/2jeoga1.jpg I tried to solve it: x^2/2 from 4 to 0. [(4^2/2)-(0^2/2)]=8 but its wrong. Do I have to multiply base*height/2 because ...
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1answer
41 views

Similar Triangles with proportions

In $\triangle ABC$, $AB=8, BC=7, CA=6$, and side $BC$ is extended to point $P$, so that $\triangle PAB$ is similar to $\triangle PCA$. Find the length of $PC$.
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1answer
76 views

Find the area of the Grayed triangle Given the following Figure

Can you help me find the area of the gray triangle in the given figure. I'm having a hard time finding the base value of the triangle, I've managed to find the sides for the big triangle but not ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Find Cathetus C1, C2 Knowing Hipotenuse or Find C1, C2, C3, C4 of Rectangle

I have a rectangle. I know all sides and 4 points for it (see black rectangle below). I resize one edge of this rectangle to any point (see resized red color rectangle and new point B). Here is the ...
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1answer
114 views

Need help solving -

i was writing an paper on solutions of triangles when i encountered this sum - In a $\Delta$ ABC , P is an interior point such that $\angle PAB = 10^\circ$ , $\angle PBA = 20^\circ$ , $\angle PCA = ...
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1answer
250 views

Barycentric coordinates of a triangle

I have to do what described in the picture below. Any ideas on how to do this?
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1answer
53 views

How to find coordinates of 3rd vertex of a right angles triangle when everything else is known?

I want to locate precisely the 3rd coordinate of a right angled triangle. I have: the length of three sides The three angles The other two coordinates of the triangle The triangle can lie in any ...
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1answer
19 views

Calculation of third vertices of a triangle given a vector that should be perpendicular to the triangle plane

I have an isosceles triangle (2 sides same length) with vertices O, A and B. OA and OB are the same length. Vertices O and A are known, with O at origin (0,0,0). A known vector V, should be ...
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121 views

Finding general Cartesian coordinates of the third vertex of a triangle lies between two circles

I'd like to find the Cartesian coordinates of the vertices $(a, b, c)$ of the triangle $T$ inscribed in the circle $S^1$ and circumscribed about the circle $D$ ? I start my calculations as follows: ...
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42 views

minimum sum of distances from vertices

Find a point on the plane of a triangle such that the sum of its distances from three vertices is minimum. I am guessing that it is the centroid but I can't prove that.
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38 views

Moving up the Y axis the lengh of the hypotenuse of a right triangle

If i have a right triangle ABC with B being the right triangle and length AB = 50 and length BC = 50. Based on the Cartesian coordinate system if i wanted to move up the Y axis the length of the ...
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36 views

Complex Number and Geometry

Given $A(3+4i)$, $B(-4+3i)$ and $C(4+3i)$ be the vertices of a triangle $ABC$ which is inscribed in a circle $S=0$. Let $AD, BE, CF$ be altitudes through $A, B, C$ which meet the circle S=0 at ...
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22 views

Volume of a Part of a Triangular Prism Enclosed in a Sphere

I'm having trouble finding the volume of the shaded prism. I know how to calculate the volume by extending the height of this prism to create a triangular based pyramid, but I cannot get the same ...
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0answers
27 views

Proof metric space with distance function

Thats the first time i have to do such an proof but don't know how, never seen or done this before. Especially (iii). Let $X$ be the Set of all complex sequences. $$ d((a_n),(b_n)) := ...
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109 views

Generate X, Y, Z coordinates of 3D triangular prism with Edge Rounding

I'm trying to create an interactive 3D visualization with Python and Mayavi for inputs to an analysis program. The program accepts certain primitive shapes which it combines (constructive solid ...
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32 views

Solving for and x,y,z coordinate in a 3D plane

This is hard for me to explain, but basically I am making a game and I want a 3rd person like camera. I have a lot of information about how the camera should be but I can't seem to get the camera to ...
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37 views

Optimally connecting 2D points to form as many nested triangles that do not overlap

So I have 3 cities that are pretty far apart (2D plane). Distance between each of them more than 50km. In every city I have nodes scattered throughout the city in a random fashion. I know the 2D ...
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28 views

Force to change the base length of an isosceles triangle

Given an isosceles triangle with legs 7' long weighing 160lbs. What horizontal force would be required to change the base width from 15' to 13'? The ends are on wheels-so assume perfect conditions ...
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27 views

How to prove that PH is containing midpoint of side MN from this circle and triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC is acute triangle. M and N are midpoints of AB and BC respectively, while BH is altitude of triangle ABC. Circles AHN and CHM meet at point P. (P is not same with H) How to ...
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21 views

How to prove that P,G, and K are collinear from this triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC. We choose point Q at AC, P1 and P at BC, and R at AB, such that: AR/RB= BP/PC= CQ/QA= CP1/P1B Suppose G is centroid of triangle ABC, and K= AP1 ∩ RQ. How to prove that P,G, and ...
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33 views

I stumbled when i saw this (Travelling Salesman related)

I have here 5 locations like below I then have a tour of 1,2,3,4 (point 5 isn't inserted into tour yet) like below I then find the shortest addition distance to include point 5 into tour, the ...
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15 views

How to prove that angle EDL is same with angle ELD in the following triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC with angle A equal with 60 degree. We choose points D and M at AC, points E and N at AB, such that DN perpendicular to AC and EM perpendicular to AB. If L is midpoint of MN, ...
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42 views

Triangle rotating freely around origo, need to calculate corners.

Lets say I have a triangle with corners $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$ and $(1, -2)$. I specify a line that is exactly one side of the triangle, for example $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$. Now, I rotate the triangle ...
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33 views

Need explanation for clustering coefficient formula

I need some explanation for clustering coefficient formula itsef firstly and why it can be used for detecting communities in a social network! Also I would like to know why it is not a good method for ...
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60 views

Ratios in a rhombus

NOTE: I am NOT looking for a full answer,just a hint. Last problem on this question. BdMO 2013 Chittagong: Let $ABCD$ be a rhombus.Let $G$ be a point outside the rhombus such that GE is ...
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49 views

Triangle inscribed insemicircle area-ratio question

My approach: $m<A= 60$ degrees and $m<C=30$. This creats a 30, 60, 90 triangle with ratios $$1:\sqrt3:2$$ After getting the ratio's of the areas, I obtain $$\frac{b*h}{\pi r^2}=\frac{1*\sqrt ...
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46 views

Finding a point on a circle when segment and ratio is given

I am currently working in university on different kinds of proofs, and now we looked closer at one geometry problem, which dates from ancient Greece. It goes as follows: We are given a random segment ...
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111 views

Find a common point that three lines meet.

I have a base 2D triangle with 3 lines coming out of each vertex with their own coordinate point (xyz) and a set distance, is it possible to calculate the specific point that they should meet? I also ...
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64 views

Fastest way to check whether the triangle inequality is satisfied

If we are given the lengths of the three sides of a triangle, and we simply add the 2 smallest sides and check to see if the sum is larger than the third side, will this always yield the correct ...
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109 views

Line Triangle Intersection Mathematics

I am following the math in the book Real Time Collision Detection by Christer Ericson. On pages 184 thru 188, he discusses how to test for an intersecting line against a triangle. I replicated the ...
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97 views

Sum of angles in a hyperbolic triangle with one ideal angle

I want to calculate the sum of the angles of the triangle formed in the hyperbolic plane from the points $(-1,1), (0,1)$, and $(1,1)$. This forms an angle at the origin which has an infinite slope for ...
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136 views

Determining a point in 3D space

So given a point, a rotation around the y-axis, a rotation around the x-axis, and a distance, how can one calculate the relative point in space? For example, the beginning coordinates are (0,0,0). ...
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214 views

pixels in a projection of a triangle in 3d space onto a 3d plane through a pinhole camera

I have a triangle in 3d space. The x and y components of its vertices make a 2d right isoceles triangle. I am projecting it through a pinhole onto a plane. The projected triangles on the plane are now ...
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152 views

Get value of angle with 45 degrees as maximum and 0 and 90 degrees as minimum

I want the calculate the "value" of an angle in such a way that: The angle of 45 degrees corresponds with the maximum value of 1 The angles of 0 and 90 degrees correspond with the minimum value of 0 ...
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200 views

Uniform Random Points on a triangle using only edge plane normals

For a triangle $ABC$ in 3D (each point has x, y, z coordinates) is it possible to generate uniform random points on the triangle from only the following data: Normal of the triangle plane $N = ...
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222 views

problem finding a 2D Point in a triangle

I have a Triangle with 3 Points - A, B and C and the angle alpha A and B are fixed. C is any point at the side of 'b' Alpha has at A and B the same size I need to find any Point on side 'a' except B ...