For questions about properties and applications of triangles

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7
votes
1answer
139 views

Can the $9$ point circle be generalized to $n$-gons of $n\gt3$?

All triangles have concyclic vertices and have a $9$ point circle which intersects the triangle's feet and the midpoints of its sides (as well as $3$ other significant points). Is this special for ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Circle with perpendicular chords

A blue circle is divided into $100$ arcs by $100$ red points such that the lengths of the arcs are the positive integers from $1$ to $100$ in an arbitrary order. Prove that there exists two ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

explaining the resriction $b<a<2b$ in a triangle

I saw in a book that if $ABC$ is an isosceles triangle $(AB=AC)$ and the triangle is tangent to a circle in points $D,C$ and $AC$ is intersecting the circle in point $E$; $AC=a$, $BC=b$ so it has ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Ortocenter and incenter

In triangle $ABC$: $H_{1}$ is a foot of an altitude from side $BC$, $H_{2}$ is a foot of an altitude from side $AC$, $H_{3}$ is a foot of an altitude from side $AB$, $M_{1}$ is midpoint of $BC$, ...
3
votes
1answer
369 views

How to calculate Fermat point in a triangle most efficiently?

I am aware of this question, but mine is a bit more specific. I want to find the coordinates of the Fermat point for a given triangle. Assuming that no angle in the triangle is larger than 120 ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

Geometry - optimal 2D mesh between X expendable points

Say you have X points on a plane. If you connect two points, you form a line. Connecting three points forms a triangle. A line cannot cross a line, and a smaller triangle cannot be created inside a ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Spherical Triangle

I know that the area for a spherical triangle is calculated as Area $= r^2(a+b+c-\pi)=r^2E$ where $E= (a+b+c-\pi)$ is the spherical excess I was wondering why do you have to multiply by $r^2$ (the ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Minimum Distance between a Triangle and a Distance Field 3D

I am looking for (possibly numerical) solution to this geometric problem: Given a filled 3D triangle $T = \text{conv}(p_1, p_2, p_3) \subseteq R^3$, and a distance field $D(x) : R^3 \to R$, what ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What is the isotomic conjugate version of the six point circle of isogonal conjugates?

As it is well known, the pedal triangles of a pair of isogonal conjugates in a triangle share a circumcircle. This is a nice theorem, but is there an analogous version of it for a pair of isotomic ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views
+50

Cabri 3D - Rotating a triangle

I'm given the exercise, in Cabri 3D, to rotate the triangle T around the axis AB and lead it via the triangle To to the triangle T'. I tried to rotate the triangle T around a fixed point and then ...
0
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0answers
9 views

trigonometry - find coordinates of inner triangle after rotation

here is my situation: I have a rectangle I'm rotating 30 degrees counterclockwise, how could I use trig to get the 3 vertices (corners) and lengths of the purple triangle sides and hypotenuse ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Get Tangential Vector from angular velocity

Good day, I'd like to know how to get the tangential vector with magnitude and direction (resolved through x y components) of a vector, given it's angular velocity. In this case, there is only 1 ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Angle condition for $a^2+c^2=nb^2$

Find a necessary and sufficient angle condition (independent of $a,b,c$ -- see under "what I have got so far" for examples) such that $a^2+c^2=nb^2$ where $n$ is a positive integer. Note: As usual ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Point distance to verices of triangle with given edges

I would like to find a formulation for the distances between a given point P(x,y), which is inside a general triangle with all edges values provided, to its vertices. Thanks,
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Ravi substitution in inequalities

There is a well-known substitution for proving geometric inequalities: If $a,b,c$ are the side lengths of a triangle, then in an inequality involving $a,b,c$ it is possible to replace $a,b,c$ by ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Finding a specific weight triangle in a graph

It is possible to find the minimum weight of the triangles in a graph by using the following: Let G = (V, E; w) with w : V ∪ E → {−W, . . . , 0, . . . , W} ∪ {∞}, and V = {1, . . . , n}. Set D = ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Angle of Sine wave

How you do calculate angle of sine wave? Here in this example you can see the angle as the sine wave goes either side of the graph http://www.mathopenref.com/triggraphsine.html. For producing the sine ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Quantifying the similarity of two line segments with a third line segment

In the program I'm developing, there are a large number of lines, and one point. One of the lines will split into two lines, the first line beginning with the original's first point and ending with ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Coordinates of third vertex of right angled triangle in 3D

I am looking for a solution of the problem given at: How to find the third coordinate of a right triangle given 2 coordinates and lengths of each side but in 3D. Any help, please?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Length of a right triangle's hypoteneuse projected onto a sphere

Please forgive me if this is the wrong kind of question, but I need someone to verify or refute my work. One leg of a triangle has length, $b$ (base), resulting from angle theta swept out by a ray ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

General formula for n-Simplex side-lenghts given n-volume and angles

Given a flat triangle's three angles $\phi_i $, and its area $A$, you can calculate the $i$th sidelenght $s_i$ (using Einstein's sum-convention) like so: $$ s_i=\frac{\sqrt{2A} \sin \left(\phi ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Exact values on unit circle

Why is it allowed to draw an equilateral triangle on the unit circle to prove the exact values for $\cos(\pi/3)$ or $\sin(\pi/3)$ for example?
0
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0answers
11 views

Finding the ratio of division by circumcenter

In an acute angled triangle ABC where O is the circumcenter Prove that $BD : DC = sin2C:sin2B \quad$ where D is the point of intersection of AO (extended) with BC. $AO : OD = sin2C + sin2B : ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Filling an Obtuse Triangle with Equilateral Triangles or a Pre-Defined Shape

I am creating an obtuse triangle of undetermined proportions and I need to find how to fill it with equilateral triangles or a pre-defined shape that can fill it. Any math I've done has been, and is ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How many are there triangles with different rational sides, rational area, bisectrixes and 1 rational median?

I've been searching triangles with all elements being rational numbers. However, I've found somewhere on Internet proof that it's not possible. Then, I was searching triangles with maximal possible ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Two questions about triangle that blocked at rectangle…

The area of the triangle is equal to the half area of the rectangle? The center point of the triangle is same as the center point of the rectangle? About 2 - if not, how do I calculate the center? ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Determine Angle based on Vertical Displacement

I need a formula that will help me identify a observing angle based on the following example: Launching a bottle rocket. Test 1: looking from 35 degree angle, when a bottle is launched from ground, ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Create dynamic cities of perspective angle x

I'm creating a tilemap... I found you can create unique building sizes with perspective with six tiles using parallel projection, whose angles are always 45 degrees... this allows you to connect to ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How find a triangle ABC minimizing $\frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 A}}{\sin B} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 B}}{\sin C} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 C}}{\sin A}$?

How find in triangle $ABC$ the minimum value of : $$\frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 A}}{\sin B} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 B}}{\sin C} + \frac{\sqrt{1 + 2\cos^2 C}}{\sin A}\text{ ?}$$
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Triangle Theorem relating the shortest and longest distance from any arbitrary point inside

I recall somewhere there was a relationship such that given a triangle $T$ and a point $A$: If $A$ is inside of $T$, then the sum of the longest distance from $A$ to any point on a side of $T$, plus ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Trigonometry, find distance of arc movement

Imagine I have the setup as follows: I want to compute the height x in State 2, depending on how much the blue axis have moved. That is, the distance ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Find angle of an arc in the circle using 3 coordinates

I want to find angle of semicircle. I have 3 coordinates (center_a,center_b) , (pivot_a,pivot_b) and (last_point_a, last_point_b). From triangle , i can find angle using equation using cosine ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Similar triangle, Quick question (Thick Lens Formula)

http://www.panohelp.com/thinlensformula.html On the right hand side, f is defined as focus of the lens, i understand why the image distance is (f + fm). However i have spent an afternoon and could ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Rationalizing triangle relationship for a bar inside a hemisphere

Find ratio of length AE to diameter of the hemisphere Given that ABD = 90 degree, AO = BO, O is the center of the sphere. This is actually a physics problem, but I bump into geometric problem ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Rotating a triangle in different coordinate systems.

My android application uses openGL. OpenGL coordinate system has the origin in the middle and goes from -1 to 1. When I am rotating an equilateral triangle in the openGL coordinates, the triangle ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Calculate height from two right angled triangles sharing an edge

I am trying to calculate the perpendicular distance of a unicycle-like robot from a wall using two successive measurements from an ultrasonic sensor. The problem is modelled as shown: (EDIT). The ...
0
votes
0answers
174 views

Finding general Cartesian coordinates of the third vertex of a triangle lies between two circles

I'd like to find the Cartesian coordinates of the vertices $(a, b, c)$ of the triangle $T$ inscribed in the circle $S^1$ and circumscribed about the circle $D$ ? I start my calculations as follows: ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

minimum sum of distances from vertices

Find a point on the plane of a triangle such that the sum of its distances from three vertices is minimum. I am guessing that it is the centroid but I can't prove that.
0
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0answers
56 views

Moving up the Y axis the lengh of the hypotenuse of a right triangle

If i have a right triangle ABC with B being the right triangle and length AB = 50 and length BC = 50. Based on the Cartesian coordinate system if i wanted to move up the Y axis the length of the ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Complex Number and Geometry

Given $A(3+4i)$, $B(-4+3i)$ and $C(4+3i)$ be the vertices of a triangle $ABC$ which is inscribed in a circle $S=0$. Let $AD, BE, CF$ be altitudes through $A, B, C$ which meet the circle S=0 at ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Volume of a Part of a Triangular Prism Enclosed in a Sphere

I'm having trouble finding the volume of the shaded prism. I know how to calculate the volume by extending the height of this prism to create a triangular based pyramid, but I cannot get the same ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Proof metric space with distance function

Thats the first time i have to do such an proof but don't know how, never seen or done this before. Especially (iii). Let $X$ be the Set of all complex sequences. $$ d((a_n),(b_n)) := ...
0
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0answers
30 views

How to prove that PH is containing midpoint of side MN from this circle and triangle problem?

Given: triangle ABC is acute triangle. M and N are midpoints of AB and BC respectively, while BH is altitude of triangle ABC. Circles AHN and CHM meet at point P. (P is not same with H) How to ...
0
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0answers
37 views

I stumbled when i saw this (Travelling Salesman related)

I have here 5 locations like below I then have a tour of 1,2,3,4 (point 5 isn't inserted into tour yet) like below I then find the shortest addition distance to include point 5 into tour, the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Triangle rotating freely around origo, need to calculate corners.

Lets say I have a triangle with corners $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$ and $(1, -2)$. I specify a line that is exactly one side of the triangle, for example $(-1, -2)$, $(0, 2)$. Now, I rotate the triangle ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Ratios in a rhombus

NOTE: I am NOT looking for a full answer,just a hint. Last problem on this question. BdMO 2013 Chittagong: Let $ABCD$ be a rhombus.Let $G$ be a point outside the rhombus such that GE is ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Triangle inscribed insemicircle area-ratio question

My approach: $m<A= 60$ degrees and $m<C=30$. This creats a 30, 60, 90 triangle with ratios $$1:\sqrt3:2$$ After getting the ratio's of the areas, I obtain $$\frac{b*h}{\pi r^2}=\frac{1*\sqrt ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Fastest way to check whether the triangle inequality is satisfied

If we are given the lengths of the three sides of a triangle, and we simply add the 2 smallest sides and check to see if the sum is larger than the third side, will this always yield the correct ...
0
votes
0answers
121 views

Line Triangle Intersection Mathematics

I am following the math in the book Real Time Collision Detection by Christer Ericson. On pages 184 thru 188, he discusses how to test for an intersecting line against a triangle. I replicated the ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Sum of angles in a hyperbolic triangle with one ideal angle

I want to calculate the sum of the angles of the triangle formed in the hyperbolic plane from the points $(-1,1), (0,1)$, and $(1,1)$. This forms an angle at the origin which has an infinite slope for ...