0
votes
1answer
23 views

Finding Y coordinate of third triangle point when X coordinate and two other points are already known

Suppose you know the coordinates for points A and B of a triangle. We can refer to those coordinates as (Ay,Ax) and (By,Bx). Also, suppose you know the X coordinate for point C (Cx) but do not know ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Trigonometric ratios

I'm stuck with a problem. Given is a triangle $\Delta ABC$ with $\angle A = 35°, BC=3$ and $AC=5$. I need to find the two possible values for $\angle C$. I only managed to found one angle. I did the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Find angle and hypotenuse of right angled triangle

Find the missing side and the hypotenuse of a right triangle that has a side length of 5 cm and a perimeter of 30 cm. I'm confused. Can somebody please explain to me how to do this step by step? Not ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

How to easily prove Euler's theorem, $OI^2=R(R-2r)$?

If $R$ is the circumradius and $r$ is the inradius of some triangle $ABC$, with its circumcenter being $O$ and incenter being $I$, then how to prove: $$OI^2=R(R-2r)$$ I have seen many mentions of ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

$ \cos {A} \cos {B} \cos {C} \leq \frac{1}{8} $

In an acute triangle with angles $ A, B $ and $ C $, show that $ \cos {A} \cdot \cos {B} \cdot \cos {C} \leq \dfrac{1}{8} $ I could start a semi-proof by using limits: as $ A \to 0 , \; \cos {A} ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Dividing a triangle into seventeen equal parts.

I was trying to solve a problem on Pigeonhole principle from Problem Solving Strategies by Arthur Engel. A target has the form of an equilateral triangle with side 2 units. If it is hit ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Trigonometry: Find the side of a triangle within a triangle

Please help. I found a solution to this problem on yahoo answers but I do not understand the answer. I would use the laws of cosine but I have to be able to answer this without a calculator If AB = ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Calculate the angle from the given points coordinates.

I'm trying to figure out the way to calculate the a angle value from given coordinates of three points as showed on the illustration below: I know how to ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Geometry Problem relating similarity.

Given a triangle $ABC$ and $D$ be a point on side $AC$ such that $AB=DC$, angle $BAC=60-2x$, angle $DBC=5x$ and angle $BCA=3x$ prove that $x=10$. Source: 150 Nice Geometry Problems - Amir ...
0
votes
3answers
38 views

If the hypotenuse is 4 times the height from A, prove that one of the angles is 15 degrees

In a right triangle (with angle CAB = 90°), suppose |BC| = 4|AD| with AD being the height from A to BC. Prove that the angle BCA is 15°. I had a similar problem but with 22.5°. I thought it would be ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Constructing triangle using side length-median relationship

$$\begin{align} m^2_a&=\frac{2b^2+2c^2−a^2}4\\[4pt] m^2_b&=\frac{2c^2+2a^2−b^2}4\\[4pt] m^2_c&=\frac{2a^2+2b^2−c^2}4 \end{align}$$ Solving for $a$, $b$, $c$ in terms of $m^2_a$, $m^2_b$, ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

How to find coordinates of 3rd vertex of a right angles triangle when everything else is known?

I want to locate precisely the 3rd coordinate of a right angled triangle. I have: the length of three sides The three angles The other two coordinates of the triangle The triangle can lie in any ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

How find the least value of the expression: $M = \cot^2 A + \cot^2 B + \cot^2 C + 2(\cot A - \cot B)(\cot B - \cot C)(\cot C - \cot A)$?

Consider all triangles $ABC$ where $A < B < C \leq \frac{\pi}{2}$. How find the least value of the expression: $M = \cot^2 A + \cot^2 B + \cot^2 C + 2(\cot A - \cot B)(\cot B - \cot C)(\cot C - ...
7
votes
5answers
111 views

Are all triangles where “$a^2 = b^2+ c^2$”, right-angled?

For a right angle triangle, you can say that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. Does the converse hold, ie. can you also say that, if the square ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Trigonometry and triangle proof

Question: Prove that in an acute angle triangle ABC: $$\tan A\tan B +\tan A \tan C + \tan B \tan C \geq 9$$ I have no idea where to even begin this question. Please help me!
0
votes
2answers
69 views

In any triangle ABC, the expression (a + b + c) (a + b - c) (b + c - a) (c + a - b)$ is equal to

In any triangle ABC, give an equivalence to the expression $$(a + b + c) (a + b - c) (b + c - a) (c + a - b)$$ Can somebody help me? Note that ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Find the value of $a$.

please help I'm lost on what numbers to add or what formula to use
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Translate line vertically and calculate intersection on circle

Let's say I have a line extending from the center of the circle at a 45° angle. If I were to translate that line up 212.132 units, how would I calculate the intersection between the translated ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

$S$, $I$, $O$ are circumcenter, incenter and orthocenter then $SO\ge IO \sqrt2$

Let $S$, $I$ and $O$ be the circumcenter, incenter and orthocenter of $\triangle ABC$ then prove that $SO\ge IO \sqrt2$, or equivalently $SO^2\ge 2IO^2$. I was able to derive an expression for $SO^2$ ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Complete Triangle Given 3 Parallel Planes and 2 Points

I have a problem where a point B connects to a point C at a known angle and distance. Both point B and C are on two separate parallel axis, GH and JK respectively. I need to find a third point, A, on ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Triangle question, proving isoceles given trigometric conditions

$ABC$ is a triangle satisfying the following condition: $$\frac{\sin B}{\sin A}=\frac{\tan B+\cot C}{\tan A+\cot C}$$ How do I prove that $ABC$ is isoceles? I really have no idea.
0
votes
2answers
34 views

How do I find a missing angle using a reciprocal trigonometric function?

I just attempted this as best as I could, but I'm not sure if I'm correct. Here's the work: $$\cot x =\frac{1}{2}$$ $$\frac{1}{\tan{x}} = \frac{1}{\frac{1}{2}}$$ $$\frac{1}{\tan^{-1}\cdot\tan x} = ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Splitting a triangle to make two equal halves, find the length of the new line

Could someone please explain to me how I would find this out? I have a triangle and I need to find the length of the line that would split it down the middle so that the areas were even. A = 105 ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Find the angle between the sides 4 and 7 in a right triangle

I need to solve the $B$ corner What I've tried: $$\operatorname{sin} B=\frac47$$ $$B=\operatorname{arcsin}\frac47$$ $$B=34.85$$ But that's not the right answer, can anyone help me find what I did ...
0
votes
4answers
61 views

How to find an angle (in degrees) in a right triangle, given its sides?

I need to find out a degree of an angle. Pretty simple, or so I thought. I remember doing a crap-ton of these in high-school, sadly the details did not remain. Anyway, let's take a look at this ...
1
vote
3answers
37 views

Basic question about angles

Why is the answer a)? Why can't it be d)? Why are the choices listed in this format, i.e., $(x \pm \theta^{\circ})$, and why is angle C $(x+30^{\circ})$ and not just $30^{\circ}$? Thanks.
-1
votes
1answer
152 views

How to get the third point coordinates in isosceles triangle?

Isosceles triangle $ABC$ $AB = AC = d_1$ $BC = d_2$ $A = (x_1, y_1)$ $B = (x_2, y_2)$ $C = (x_3, y_3)$ $\angle BAC = \phi$ $\angle ABC =\angle ACB = \theta$ I want an equation for $x_3$ and $y_3$ ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Trigonometric Substitution and the Triangle Inequality

I was reading the solution to this problem: If $x, y, z$ are real numbers and $x+y+z=xyz$ then $x(1 − y^2 )(1 − z^2 ) + y(1 − z^2 )(1 − x^2 ) + z(1 − x^2 )(1 − y^2 ) = 4xyz$ The solution is to ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Find points of triangle, one point, all sides and all angles known

Imagine the setup above; how can I calculate the points P1 and P2 if all angles, all sides A,B,C and point P3 are known?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Trigonometry, find distance of arc movement

Imagine I have the setup as follows: I want to compute the height x in State 2, depending on how much the blue axis have moved. That is, the distance ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Similar triangle, Quick question (Thick Lens Formula)

http://www.panohelp.com/thinlensformula.html On the right hand side, f is defined as focus of the lens, i understand why the image distance is (f + fm). However i have spent an afternoon and could ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Ratio of sides of Triangle $ABC$

if in a Triangle $\Delta ABC$ with $a$, $b$ and $c$ as sides $$\begin{align}\left(Cot\frac{A}{2}\right)^2 ...
2
votes
3answers
87 views

Finding an area of a triangle inside of a triangle, given certain areas of other triangles, and area ratios.

I'm studying for the Waterloo Math Contest (Galois, Gr. 10) taking place in April of 2015 and I am preparing by looking at previous problems and solving them. This is question 4(c) on the 2010 Galois ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

How to find length of the sides of a triangle given the ratio of the sines of the sides?

Consider $\triangle ABC$. Let $\dfrac{\sin A}{\sin B} = \dfrac56$ and $\dfrac{\sin B}{\sin C} = \dfrac45$. Find $\dfrac{\vert AC\vert\cdot \vert AB\vert}{\vert BC\vert}$. If there is no definite ...
1
vote
2answers
461 views

Solving for Cos Exactly

How to solve $\cos(\dfrac{5\pi}{6})$ and $\cos(\dfrac{7\pi}{6})$ exactly? I couldn't use special triangles to solve this either.
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Get the angle in a circle using center, radius and one point in a circle.

There is a circle and i know Point1 this is fixed and i know another point Point2 which can be anywhere in the circle. and i want to know the angle which is made at center. Thanks Your help will be ...
1
vote
4answers
100 views

Finding $\sin^{-1}(x)$ without using a calculator

I don't understand how to compute $\sin^{-1} (0.6293)$, to figure out the angle without using a calculator. I understand how to find the answer if I use a calculator but I don't understand the ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Find length of $CD$ where $\angle BCA=120^\circ$ and $CD$ is the bisector of $\angle BCA$ meeting $AB$ at $D$

$ABC$ is a triangle with $BC=a,CA=b$ and $\angle BCA=120^\circ$. $CD$ is the bisector of $\angle BCA$ meeting $AB$ at $D$. Then the length of $CD$ is ____ ? A)$\frac{a+b}{4}$ B)$\frac{ab}{a+b}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Rotating a triangle in different coordinate systems.

My android application uses openGL. OpenGL coordinate system has the origin in the middle and goes from -1 to 1. When I am rotating an equilateral triangle in the openGL coordinates, the triangle ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Calculate height from two right angled triangles sharing an edge

I am trying to calculate the perpendicular distance of a unicycle-like robot from a wall using two successive measurements from an ultrasonic sensor. The problem is modelled as shown: (EDIT). The ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Rationality in Triangle

How can I justify this answer? I think the answer is infinite, but cannot justify it///
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Is the given triangle unique?

I was reading Polya's How to Solve It when I came across the following problem. Construct a triangle with an angle, the length of altitude through that angle and the perimeter of the triangle given. I ...
0
votes
3answers
107 views

find angle sine knowing all sides

I know all the sides of an arbitrary triangle but not the angles, and I want to find the sine of any angle. ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

To prove inequality for two similar triangles $ABC$ and $A_1B_1C_1$ given that $A_1B_1C_1$ is inscribed in $ABC$

Consider a triangle $ABC$. A directly similar triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ is inscribed in the triangle $ABC$ such that $A_1,\;B_1\;,C_1$ are the interior points of the sides $AC,\;AB\;and\;BC$ respectively. ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Find Coordinates on a track

Charlie and Alexandra are running around a circular track with radius 60 meters. Charlie started at the westernmost point of the track, and, at the same time, Alexandra started at the northernmost ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Finding coordinates on a circle

So this problem I am have difficulty with. I think where I am going wrong is how to calculate the initial theta. Do I just use pi/2 because in the pictures it show to angle theta off the 90 degree ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Find the height of the dam given angles of a triangle

The top of a dam has an angle of elevation of 1.3 radians from a point on a river. Measuring the angle of elevation to the top of the dam from a point 155 feet farther downriver is 0.8 radians; assume ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Finding the missing coordinate of a point within a 3D triangle

We have an equilateral triangle $ABC$ in 3-dimensional space. The points are known, such as: $A = (x_1,y_1,z_1)$ $B = (x_2,y_2,z_2)$ $C = (x_3,y_3,z_3)$ Point $P$ is on triangle $ABC$. If I know ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

calculate the angles of a triangle?

If we have a triangle $ABC$ and we only know three things: -The angle $A$ -The length $AB$ -The length $AC$ Is it possible to calculate the other angles: $B$, $C$ All what I can think of ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Proving a tough geometrical inequality, with equality in equilateral triangles.

For any triangle with sides $a ,b, c$ prove or disprove (1) and (2) : $$\sum_\mathrm{cyc} \frac{1}{\frac{(a+b)^2-c^2}{a^2}+1}\ge \frac34$$ Equality in (1) holds if and only if the triangle is ...