For questions about trees in graph theory, which are connected graphs with no cycles. Also can be used for questions about forests, which are graphs that are disjoint unions of trees.

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Can we construct from $[0,\omega_1)$ a space which is strictly-Frechet with no winning strategy in $G_{np}(q,E)$?

I have asked in here a question which tured out to make no sense. I think I have found the confusion and would like to try and rephrase my question: Let $E$ be a topological space, $q \in E$. ...
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1answer
24 views

calculate the proportion of n-node trees whose root has only one or two subtrees.

Could we use combinatorics and generating functions to calculate the proportion of n-node trees whose root has only one or two subtrees? Here is what I tried: The combinatorial construction for the ...
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1answer
17 views

Determine number of directed trees and rooted trees obtainable

I've been doing some exercices about graph theory and I find myself stuck on this one with no idea of to proceed. Here's the question : how many different directed trees can be obtained if we assign ...
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0answers
23 views

prove splits compatible if and only if edge-split

"Prove that if $e_A$ and $e_B$ are distinct edges of a binary $X$-tree $T$ and $C=A\Delta B$(symmetric difference), then the splits $\sigma(A), \sigma(B)$ and $\sigma(C)$ are compatible if and only if ...
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2answers
2k views

Finding number of homeomorphically irreducible trees of degree N

There is a scene in Goodwill Hunting where professor challenges students with task of finding all homeomorphically irreducible trees of degree 10. This is discussed in many places, such as here and is ...
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0answers
3 views

What is a first-order dependency tree?

From the definition of Chow–Liu trees. Obviously, a tree is a graph with no loops; with first-order do they mean that it is a tree similar to those followed by a depth-first search?
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0answers
18 views

Expected number of feed-forward/backward triangles in a random graph with internal nodes.

Suppose we have a graph with N* nodes (these are internal nodes. they all have at least one child). Every directed link in the network exists with probability p. What would be the expected number of: ...
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1answer
61 views

Number of all labeled, unordered rooted trees with $n$ vertices and $k$ leaves.

I've been trying to do the following exercise: The problem Find the number of all labeled, unordered rooted trees with $n$ vertices and $k$ leaves. I know that I should try to write an ...
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0answers
14 views

Representing trees in Set builder notation?

Is there a way to represent graphs and minimum spanning trees using set builder notation? e.g. I have a weighted graph of n nodes, all connected to each other in a mesh network manner. I am to ...
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1answer
37 views

Determining the total degree of a tree

At the start of the solution, I understand that any tree with four vertices has three edges. I don't understand the next statement: "Thus the total degree of a tree with four vertices must be 6." ...
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2answers
43 views

Finite trees and embedding in infinite regular trees.

Assume that you have a finite tree $T=(V,E)$, where $V$ and $E$ are the set of vertices and edges of $T$, respectively. Let $d_{max}$ be the maximum degree the some vertice(s) $v\in{V}$. Assume also ...
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1answer
29 views

Proving that a sub-graph of a tree is a tree

The proof that P ::== any sub-graph, G* of the tree G, is also a tree, involves proof by contradiction. We can suppose that the sub-graph has a cycle --> the whole graph has a cycle --> the whole ...
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41 views

How to solve this question/approach to solve this question?

A family tree of the Royal Family of Mysore has n vertices to represent each of its members. The present king, who is also the oldest member of the family, decides to find his heir. He decides that ...
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1answer
23 views

Proving this tree definition with pigeonhole principle

I am studying the following tree definition: Let $T$ be a finite set and a function: $p: T \mathbin{\backslash} \{r\} \rightarrow T$. Then, $(T,p)$ is a tree if and only if, for all $x \in T, p^k(x) ...
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1answer
28 views
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1answer
322 views

How to draw all nonisomorphic trees with n vertices?

I have a textbook solution with little to no explanation (this is with n = 5): Could anyone explain how to "think" when solving this kind of a problem? (for example, drawing all non isomorphic ...
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1answer
37 views

How do I construct a minimum spanning forest?

I realize that a minimum spanning forest in a weighted graph is a spanning forest with minimal weight. Does this mean that I construct it by turning all of the trees into spanning trees?
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1answer
41 views

What is the difference between a forest and a spanning forest?

If a graph is labelled as a forest it does not contain any cycles, meaning it consists of all trees, which I realize can even be a single node (since that is technically a tree). If a graph is ...
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2answers
70 views

How many trees are in the spanning forest of a graph?

Spanning forest is defined by the following definition: A forest that contains every vertex of G such that two vertices are in the same tree of the forest when there is a path in G between these two ...
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0answers
16 views

Having trouble with a few concepts in “find the fake coin using 2 pan weigh scale” questions

The question states that I have to find how many weighings of a balance scale are needed to determine the lighter coin (fake) in a group of 8 coins total (7 normal, 1 fake which is lighter). To do ...
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0answers
27 views

How can I find the height of the Recursion Tree?

How do I determine the height of a Recursion tree? For example for the recursion $T(n) = 3T(\frac{2n}{3}) + O(1) $. Could you give me a hint?
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1answer
20 views

Definition of a leaf in a tree

Across two different texts, I have seen two different definitions of a leaf 1) a leaf is a node in a tree with degree 1 2) a leaf is a node in a tree with no children The problem that I see with ...
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1answer
773 views

Height of a full binary tree

A full binary tree seems to be a binary tree in which every node is either a leaf or has 2 children. I have been trying to prove that its height is O(logn) unsuccessfully. Here is my work so far: I ...
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3answers
50 views

Why do the children of a node $n$ in a complete binary tree have indices $2n $ and $2n+1$?

The complete binary tree is breadth-first ordered 1 to $n$ where $n$ is the number of nodes. The thing I cant seem to understand is that why are the children of node $N$ always $2N$ and $2N+1$? For ...
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1answer
30 views

find an algorithm to find MST in linear time while each edge has the same weight

I have been disscussing this problem with a lot of my friends . However no solution has been found. let G= w is a weight function for each e in E w(e)=1 find MST of G in O(|V|+|E|) thanks
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1answer
43 views

Largest order of automorphism group on a rooted tree?

MacArthur, Sanchez-Garcia, and Anderson have used the ratio of the order of $|Aut(G)|$ and $n!$ (i.e., order of $S_n$) as a normalized measure of the symmetries present in a graph. I am working on ...
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1answer
119 views

Minimum number of nodes in balanced binary search tree

I'd like to know if anyone could help me verify a recursive formula for the minimum possible number of nodes a binary search tree would require to be balanced. So far, I know that the recursive ...
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1answer
59 views

Bipartite Graphs and Trees Questions

Which of the claims below is not equivalent to the rest? 1) Every cycle in a graph "B" has an even length 2) Graph "B" is bipartite 3) Graph "B" has two components that are connected. 4) Graph "B" ...
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1answer
39 views

What's an efficient algorithm for walking to a minimum spanning tree?

Given a connected directed acyclic graph $G(V, E)$, is there an algorithm for changing a spanning tree to a minimum spanning tree through a series of edge swaps? We can use Prim's or Kruskal's ...
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2answers
59 views

Show that if G is a simple graph with at least 4 vertices and 2n-3 edges, it must have two cycles of the same length.

For $n\ge4$, let G be a simple n-vertex graph with at least $2n - 3$ edges. Prove >that G has two cycles of equal length. (West's Introduction to Graph Theory Q 2.1.42) I am trying to prove the ...
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0answers
40 views

Structural induction on internal nodes of a binary tree

I know my language is not super mathematic, but I want to make sure I have the logic down. Here is my proof for the number of internal nodes in a binary tree being equal to the floor_function(n/2), ...
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1answer
174 views

has deleting node in a binary search tree Displacement feature?

I am developing an academic project about graph and tree theory.I searched a lot but I didn't find a clear answer. In a part of project we want to delete some nodes from tree for example we want to ...
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3answers
47 views

Name of the generalization of quadtree and octree?

What is the name of the equivalent of quadtrees and octrees in n-dimension ?
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1answer
32 views

How I can prove the one order homology of a tree is zero

When T is a tree and d1 is boundary operator fromC_1(T) to C_0(T) how to prove kernel of d1 is {0} I think acyclic is key point but i don't know next step.
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2answers
50 views

How many vertices does this tree have?

Suppose that $T$ is a tree. It has $e$ edges and $n$ vertices, and $\overline{T}$ has $10e$ edges. What is n? I think $n = 1$ is a solution, because $T$ can have no edges then, so $0=10*0$. A ...
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1answer
17 views

Parse Trees - Arithmetic Expressions

In regards to the right side of this expression (c * (a-b)) how is it factored to include (-) instead of * and then (-) again? I cant understand what steps my teacher made to do this.
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1answer
61 views

Infinite sequence of trees that are not subgraphs to each other

This is from a set of exercises and I am stuck to this. Please, have in mind, that I want to understand how it's solved, I am not just looking for a solution. Define an infinite sequence of trees ...
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1answer
24 views

Binary Search Tree Traversals

Draw a BST when you insert, $O,V,E,R,F,L,C,W$ from left-to-right and determine the order of the nodes when using post-order traversal and pre-order traversal. My attempt at drawing the BST: ...
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0answers
17 views

Can an arbitrary network of nodes be effectively visualized as a circular “treemap”?

We all know that a treemap is effective for visualizing hierarchical tree data (i.e. where there are only 1 to many relationships like in a computer file system): But how difficult algorithmically ...
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2answers
207 views

Ordinal interpretation of Friedman's $n$?

I heard that Kruskal's tree theorem can be turned into a finite form that creates an extremely fast growing function because ordinals could be encoded into trees. On this wiki page it mentions that ...
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1answer
65 views

questions about binary search tree

Show that every n-node binary search tree is not equally likely (assuming items are inserted in random order), and that balanced trees are more probable than straight-line trees. How is it prove ...
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2answers
54 views

A tree $T$ with 50 end-vertices has an equal number of vertices of degree 2, 3, 4, and 5 but contains no vertices of degree greater than 5.

What should be the order of $T$? So I know a graph $G$ is a tree if every two vertices of G are connected by a unique path
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1answer
34 views

Graph G with two Spanning Trees

Let's assume that Graph $G = <V,E>$ has two Spanning Trees $G_a = <V, T_1>$ and $G_b = <V,T_2>$ where $T_1 \cap T_2 = \emptyset$ and $T_1 \cup T_2 = E$. Prove that $\chi(G) \le 4$ ...
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1answer
54 views

Finding graphs with a given number of spanning trees

All of the graphs considered in this question are connected. We can find the number of spanning trees $t(G)$ of $G$ using Kirchhoff's matrix-tree theorem or the deletion-contraction method. I'm ...
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1answer
47 views

Find Minimal Spanning Tree Using Prim's Algorith

What will be the minimal spanning tree using Prim's Algorithm for this graph Also can i draw a tree and assign the weights as i like,will there be a minimal spanning tree for such a graph
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1answer
34 views

Some questions about first-order logic (arising from a book by Raymond M Smullyan)

Recently, I got confused when reading a book about first order logic written by Raymond M smullyan. Chapter 1 page 9:When introducing the notion "Formation tree", smullyan define a formation tree for ...
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0answers
45 views

Proof of existing path on Depth-First-Search spanning tree

Let $G$ be an undirected connected graph, and $T$ the directed spanning tree of $G$, which I got by performing a DFS on $G$. If $H$ is a complete subgraph of $G$, how can I proof that there a path in ...
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2answers
34 views

Proof that spanning trees can be converted into one another

Let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be two spanning trees of a graph $G$. Prove that if $e$ is an edge of $T_1$, there exists an edge $f$ in $T_2$ so $T_1-\{e\}+\{f\}$ also is a spanning tree. For $\{e\}\subset ...
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2answers
43 views

Construction Types or Type Constructions?

In any (simple) type theory there are base types (i.e. the type of individuals and the type of propositions) and type builders (i.e. $\rightarrow$, which takes two types $t,t'$ and yields the type of ...
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1answer
26 views

Finding the parent of a node in recombining binomial tree

I have posted an earlier question: Finding the child node in the recombining binomial tree. Now I would like to find the parent of a node in recombining tree. The tree looks like this: Now I need ...