Transformation has many meanings in mathematics. If using this tag, add another tag related to the object being transformed. If there is a tag for your specific kind of transformations, use that one instead: e.g., (laplace-transform), (fourier-analysis), (z-transform), (integral-transforms), ...

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A question on the procedure of finding the matrix of a linear transformation of a polynomial and a combination of its derivatives

I'm trying to self-study Linear Algebra from Linear Algebra Done Wrong, but the book doesn't have solution manual so my question might be extremely easy, apologize in advance: The question is for the ...
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Find the matrix that represents a rotation clockwise around the origin by$ 30∘$ followed by a magnification by a factor of 4.

Find the matrix that represents a rotation clockwise around the origin by 30∘ followed by a magnification by a factor of 4. My attempt: I multiplied the magnification matrix $\left[ ...
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73 views

Use the transformation $x=u^2-v^2$, $y=2uv$ to evaluate the integral

$$\int_0^1 \int_0^{2\sqrt{1-x}} \! \sqrt{x^2+y^2} \, \mathrm{d}y\,\mathrm{d}x$$ Here's where I'm at: $J(x,y)=4u^2+4v^2$ Substituting $x$ and $y$ into the integral: $\sqrt{(u^2-v^2)^2+4u^2v^2} ...
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How do you solve a linear transformation with no transformation matrix given?

I am stuck, I can't see how Tff was found with no transformation matrix. And now am being asked to find Tgg, help me http://oi60.tinypic.com/33yrplv.jpg
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Relation between two distributions expressed in terms of their CDFs

Not great at stats, and having trouble wrapping my mind around this. Would love an explanation, not overly detailed, in plain english of what these transformations mean. The bias correction ...
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Linear transformation - linear matrix & kernel

I have a problem understanding getting the KERNEL and IMAGE of a linear transformation. We have the following transformation given: $$ \mathbb{R}_{2}[ x ] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_{2}[ x ] $$ $$ (\phi ...
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35 views

Translation of basis for a vector space on the specified distance

In the Euclidean space $XYZ$ is a basis $X_1Y_1Z_1$ defined that is specified by the vectors $\overrightarrow {O_1X_1}$, $\overrightarrow {O_1Y_1}$ and $\overrightarrow {O_1Z_1}$. How to calculate ...
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56 views

Transform square region to triangular region

How do you express x and y in terms of u and v so that the region $\{(u,v): 0\le u, v\le 1\}$ is mapped to the triangular region in the $xy$-plane with vertices $(0,0)$, $(1,0)$, and $(0,1)$? Now, ...
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46 views

Determine whether the following map is a linear transformation.

So I have to determine if the following is a linear transformation: $$T: F(I) \rightarrow F(I)$$ defined by: $$T(f) = 2f$$ I know that if you let $T: V\rightarrow W$ be a linear transformation. Then: ...
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23 views

Transformation matrix of a polynomial

I would really appretiate some help about the following transformation matrices. We have to write a tranformation matrix in basis $B = \{ 1 + x, x + x^2, x^2 \}$ with a polynomial $(Ap)(x) = (x^2 - ...
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28 views

Verify Result of a Calculation

In the journal: "A Closed Form Solution for the Similarity Transformation Parameters of Two Planar Point Sets", I cannot get same value for scaling factor for the same problem in the journal. Here is ...
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23 views

Coordinates rotation and function change

In the Cartesian coordinates $(x,y)$, I have a vector function $\bar{f}(x)=\hat{x}A\cos(yk)$, where $A$ and $k$ are constants. I make now a 45 degrees rotation (in the same plane) to the new set of ...
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87 views

Transformation of two independent uniform random variables

Suppose $X,Y \sim \text{Uniform} \left(0,1 \right)$ are independent. Then I need to find the PDF for $W=X/Y$. By the CDF technique this is seen to be : $$F_W( w)=\int_{0}^1 \int_{0}^{wy} ...
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94 views

Find the equation of the linear transformation of an orthogonal projection on the line y=mx.

Let $T : \mathbb R^2 → \mathbb R^2$ the orthogonal projection on the line $y = mx$. Prove that for all $a, b \in \mathbb R$, $$\begin{align}T((a,b)) = {\frac{1}{m^2 + 1}}(a+mb, ma + ...
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54 views

Discrete Fourier Transform Interpretation

Using Mathematica I took the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of a vector whose entries are volumes of a particular stock. The power spectrum is plotted below: There are two questions that I have ...
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23 views

Transform gradient to reference element

Minimal example of the problem How can you transform the gradient to the reference element?
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Source for Kontorovich-Lebedev transformation formulas in Erdelyi's “Table of integral transforms”

I am looking for the sources (i.e. papers with the detailed derivations) of the Kontorovich-Lebedev transformation formulas in Erdelyi's "Table of integral transforms, Volume 2" (McGraw-Hill 1954, ...
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60 views

More on transformations and convolution on continuous random variables

This question is related to my last question but I've done some more exploring and then got stuck again. I decided to modify the problem a little bit and use a transformation of a random variable that ...
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1answer
88 views

Given $A$, find invertible $B$ such that $B^{-1}AB$ is positive

Given $A \in Mat(n,n,\mathbb R)$, is there always an invertible matrix B, such that $B^{-1}AB$ is positive, assuming all eigenvalues of A are positive and simple ? If yes, is it possible to classify ...
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83 views

Linear Algebra - Question about transformation and characteristic polynomial

I have some trouble with this question, I tried to solve it but I'm not sure that my solution is correct. I'll be glad if somebody could take a look. Data : T : R^4 --> R^4 (linear transformation) ...
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25 views

Getting linear combinations in linear algebra?

I failed a homework problem a few days ago. I can't figure out how they got the answers, which have been given in green as corrections. Help me figure how they got them;
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41 views

Reversible smoothing of a two dimensional function (or an image)

Smoothing of an image, or a two dimensional function is quite easy, there are many methods to achieve it, using average of near elements. But how to make it reversible? Maybe DCT (discrete cosine ...
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36 views

Finding the image of a region transformed by a mapping

The only examples I've found are either very complicated, or state the transformation like y=g(u,v) x=f(u,v), whereas this question states u and v in terms of x and y. I'm not sure how to get ...
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Basis in the vector space of all polynomials

Let $V$ vector space of all polynomials $p(t) = a_0 + a_1t + \cdots + a_nt^n$,$\forall n \in\mathbb{N}$ and $a_0,\ldots,a_n \in\mathbb{R}$. How can I prove that $ \gamma = \{1,t,t^2,\ldots\}$ is a ...
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152 views

Consistency of a ratio between positive and negative numbers

I want to model the inverse relationship between two sets of numbers $A, B$ both in the domain $[-5, 5]$. That is, for the same value $A$ I need a number that decreases linearly as $B$ increases, ...
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1answer
19 views

Will statistical analysis of transformed data hold for the original one?

I have a data with distribution like chisq-squared one. But ANOVA and t-test need the data to be normal distributed. So I want to do the Box-cox transformation to the data, but my concern is will the ...
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45 views

Constructing regular integer matrices with distinct integer eigenvalues

How can I construct matrices with positive integer values and distinct integer eigenvalues (not necessarily positive, but 0 should not be an eigenvalue). The standard-method to construct matrices ...
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89 views

What kind of transformation an upper triangular matrix represents

Every matrix represents a linear transformation, but depending on characteristics of the matrix, the linear transformation it represents can be limited to a specific type. For example, an orthogonal ...
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35 views

Rational quadratic forms

The quadratic form $$10x^2+20y^2+2z^2+4xy-6xz+8yz$$ can be written as $x^TAx$, where A = [ [10,2,-3] , [2,20,4] , [-3,4,2] ] Using diagonalization, this can be written in the form ...
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1answer
165 views

Decompose distortion affected homography matrix

I am working on a system that finds homography between images taken by moving (shaking) camera with rolling shutter and map. The map is orthogonal image of flat 2D plane and the camera images are ...
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Linear Probability Density Transformations

Suppose that $\mathbf{y=Ax}$ and that a probability density function over $\mathbf{x}$ is defined as $p(\mathbf{x})$. If $\mathbf{A}$ has an inverse then the PDF over $\mathbf{y}$ is given by ...
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110 views

How can I transform a 3D triangle to xy plane

Suppose I am given a triangle ABC and its corresponding vertex coordinates in 3D. I want to transform ABC in such a way so that vertex A lies on global (0,0,0) coordinate, B lies on (dist, 0, 0) ...
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64 views

Transformation to avoid division by 0

I want to model the relationship between a discrete variable $A$ with values in the range $[-5,5]$ and a continuous variable $B$ as $\dfrac A B$. How do I transform the data to avoid dividing by ...
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1answer
62 views

Looking for peculiar vector transformation

I have a vector of numbers from 0 to 1. For example: [0.5, 0.5, 0.1]. I need to find a transformation which increases sum of the vector to asked number and: -keeps the order of elements (if element1 ...
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63 views

Using Kolmogorov's 0-1 law in proof of shift map being ergodic

Why should ${\cal E}_\theta$ be trivial?. I dont see how Kolmogorov's 0-1 law says that in this case we should take the 0 option. This is only mention of ${\cal E}_\theta$ in my notes I can find. ...
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38 views

What is the difference between a bijection and a reversible transformation?

I was reading http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0101012v4 and one of the axioms is that there needs to be a continuous reversible transformation between states. What is the difference between that and a ...
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Show $rk(A) + rk(B) \ge rk(A+B)$

Show $rk(A) + rk(B) \ge rk(A+B)$, where $A,B \in M_{m\times n}(\mathbb{F})$ I'm trying to think in terms of linear transformations. We can define $T_a, T_b:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$ I ...
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Find that the given linear transform is a isomorphism

I'm studying Linear Algebra and I'm having trouble demonstrating that a function is a isomorphism, that is: "Given the linear transform $T: V \rightarrow W$, $T$ is a isomorphism if and only if it is ...
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Understanding a definition for vector-spaces

Let $V$, a finite dimensional vector space, and $L$, a subspace of $V$. Let $T:V^*\rightarrow L^*$ defined as: $T(\varphi)(x)=\varphi(x)$ for all $\varphi \in V^*$. Prove $T$ is onto. Well, I'm ...
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$V = \operatorname{Im} T + \ker T $ then $ \operatorname{Im} T \cap \ker T = \{0\}$

Let $F$ be a field, let $V$ be a vector space with finite dimension over $F$ and let $T$ be a linear operator on $V$. Prove that: a) If $V = \operatorname{Im} T + \ker T $ then $\operatorname{Im} T ...
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39 views

$\ker S$ is not contained in $\ker T$ implies $\dim \Im T \ge 1$

Let $T,S:V\rightarrow W$.where $V$ is a finite vector space above $F$ and $W$ is one-dimensional vector-space above $F$ ($\dim W = 1$). It is given that $\ker S$ isn't contained in $\ker T$. Why is ...
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43 views

what's a homogeneous transformation?

Minkowski writes in his paper on Time and Space: If, for simplicity, we retain the same zero point of space and time, the first-mentioned group signifies in mechanics that we may subject the axes ...
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218 views

Isomorphism implies direct sum of Kernel and Image

If $f: U \rightarrow V$ and $g: V \rightarrow W$ are linear transformations between vector spaces over a field $K$ such that $ g \circ f$ is an isomorphism, then $V = \operatorname{Im}f \oplus ...
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39 views

Finding this integra(Radon Transform)

I need to find the radon transform of the following function. But I got stuck in finding this integral. Assume that $\delta$ is the Dirac delta distribution. Let $\chi$ be given by $$\chi(t) = ...
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$T (x_1,x_2,x_3,…,x_n) = (-x_3,x_3,x_4,x_5,…) $ then $ W \ne ker T$

Let $V$ the vector space of all sequences of real numbers and $W$ the subspace given by $W = \{(a,a,0,0,...) | a \in R\}$ , and $T : V \rightarrow V$ given by $T (x_1,x_2,x_3,...,x_n) = ...
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If $f\in V$ of degree $n$ then for every $g \in P_n(\Bbb R)$ there exist scalars $c_0,c_1,..,c_n$ such that $g = c_0f + c_1f'+ … + c_nf^{(n)}$

Let $V=P(\Bbb R)$ and $1 ≤ i$ be the vector space of the polynomials with real coefficients, on the field of real numbers $\Bbb R$. Let $T_i(f)=f^{(i)}$ the $i$th derivate of $f$. a) I have to show ...
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39 views

Matrices as linear transformations

I am reading a proof which claims: A matrix of $m\times n$ is a linear transformation from $m$ vector-space to $n$ vector-space, And therefore, by the dimension theorem: $m = \dim\ker A + ...
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42 views

Matrix transformations

I have to find components of a matrix for 3D transformation. I have a first system in which transformations are made by multiplying: $M_1 = [Translation] \times [Rotation] \times [Scale]$ I want to ...
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73 views

How does the z transform work in practice?

What I've found I've implemented a PID controller using the equations 7 and 9 of this article, which states that: $$\frac{U(s)}{E(s)}=K_p+\frac{K_i}{s}+K_ds$$ Translates to ...
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One double integral elated problem

The bit I am stuck is the limits in the double integral. I tried X from 0 to uy and Y from 0 to infinity, this is obviously incorrect. I just want to know the complete double integral in the order ...