Transformation has many meanings in mathematics. If using this tag, add another tag related to the object being transformed. If there is a tag for your specific kind of transformations, use that one instead: e.g., (laplace-transform), (fourier-analysis), (z-transform), (integral-transforms), ...

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transformation of variables in Melnikov method

Supposing there is a system of non-autonomous non-linear differential equations with small damping and small forcing. The unperturbed system (zero damping and forcing) is Hamiltonian but neither has a ...
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26 views

Is the transformation $T: (r, \theta) \to (r, \theta + \phi)$ linear? Here $\phi$ is a given angle

Let $T$ rotate every point through the same angle $\phi$ about the origin, $i.e.$ $T: (r, \theta) \to (r, \theta + \phi)$ where $\phi$ is given. If in addition that $T(O) = O,$ namely, if $T$ maps the ...
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21 views

Terminology with linear transformation

I am working on a problem that asks me to "Write C for the matrix whose ij entry is $(1/2)^{ij}$" given that $M$ is the vector space of all $n x n$ matrices and $l$ is a linear transformation on $M$. ...
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49 views

How to wrap 2D image around a circular arc?

How to transform rectangular image to image that is bent at certain radius? On the plot the center line follows the radius which is 2. Conformal transformation would be this, but there should be ...
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15 views

Composite Transformation expressed as single transformation

Is this right following the composition rule. Also, i know that we can add or subtract 2 pie so as to make the number nicer, by adding 2 pie in the case i shouldn't be wrong right ?
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mobius transformation form $M= B(0,1)\setminus\overline{B(1,\sqrt2)}$ to a sector.

I know that the intersections of the two circles need to be sent to $0$ and $\infty$ in order to get a sector $S = \{x+iy: x>0,0<y<x\}$ The intersections of the two balls were i and -i. So i ...
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32 views

The Composition of Two rotations

So far I rewrote the halfturns of d,c,b,a to halfturn (p,n)(m,l) where n=m because lines c and d are parallel so I can make ambiguous lines n and p parallel too. I also know that lines c,d can be ...
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41 views

Transformation that f(A+B)=f(A)+f(B) and f(AB) = f(A)f(B)

if $f:M_{n*n}(F) \rightarrow M_{m*m}(F) $ and f transformation identity to identity matrix and $f(AB) = f(A)f(B) , f(A+B)=f(A)+f(B)$. now we want to prove there is an integer like $k$ that $m = k*n$
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24 views

How principal component analysis ensures component orthogonality when using zero co-variance as the restriction to maximize variance?

I am currently learning the mathematics behind PCA and I found when PCA maximizes variance to find out the 2nd, 3rd, ... components, it uses zero co-variance as the restriction, as shown below, ...
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265 views

Transforming a function by a sequence geometric operations on its graph.

I am solving the following problem: Let $f(x) =\sqrt{x}$. Find a formula for a function $g$ whose graph is obtained from $f$ from the given sequence of transformations: shift right $3$ ...
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32 views

Find the image of the unit vector at the point $z_0=i$ under the function $f(z)=z^2+2z$

From this image find the rotation angle and the expansion factor. $z\in\Bbb C$ I am unsure how to find a way to accurately plot the image. I understand that the image should expand because the ...
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63 views

Prove that the map $f(z)=\frac{1}{z}$ sends any line onto either a line or a circle.

Show the cases in which the image is a line and the case in which the image is a circle. I understand that representing the equation of line, ($ax+by+c=0$ $a,b,c\in\Bbb R$ $a,b\neq0$ at the same ...
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1answer
35 views

Is centre of a circle remains invarient under Movius transformation?

Prove that the image of the center of a given circle is never the same as that of the circle image under a linear fractional map. Given some linear fractional map$f(z)=\frac{az+b}{cz+d}$, that is ...
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1answer
30 views

Linear Transformations

I have no idea how to work this question. Can someone offer some insight?
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2answers
49 views

How does $y=|x+3|+4$ become $y=\frac{1}{2}|2x+3|+4$ (compositions and translations)

Today, I had a test question that was bothering me because my friend and I had different answers to it. It's a grade 12 math question. It's telling us to explain the changes that were made to the ...
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4answers
86 views

Eigenvalues and Eigenspaces of a Projection

Let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto a subspace $E \subset V$ ($V$ being an inner product space) with $\mathrm{dim(V)}=n$, $\mathrm{dim(E)}=r$. Obtain the eigenvalues and eigenspaces, along with ...
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45 views

Transformation of xy plane to polar coordinates. (What would be the bound of polar coordinate?)

I have a double integral $$\int_0^a \int_0^x (x^2+y^2)^{1/2} \operatorname d y \operatorname d x$$ So, I am double-integrating $r^2$ What would be the region of the polar coordinate..?
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36 views

Stereographic Projection from an Arbitrary Point

Let $p \in \mathbb{S}^{n}$, then the stereogaphic projection is a diffeomorpshim $h:\mathbb{S}^{n} \setminus \{p\} \to \mathbb{R}^{n-1}$. Suppose that $p$ is the 'north pole' ($p = (0,0,..,1)$), then ...
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1answer
31 views

Why is this laplace identity true $\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$?

I was wondering why this laplace identity is true? Does it follow from definition? $$\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$$ I'm trying to understand the first ...
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1answer
41 views

The Matrix of a Transformation from P2 to P1

I don't understand how T(1), T(x), and T(x^2) were found in the picture so I did it using another method I saw on StackExchange. (a + b)x - c => -c + (a + b)x + 0x^2 so the first row would be {0, 0, ...
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37 views

Line plane intersection

I have two planes in $\mathbb R^3$ as shown below: axes representation corrected after MvG's comment Each plane is a finite area, a rectangle with length and width $H_l, H_w$. Each plane has its ...
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inverse laplace tranform

I have a simple question, There are some functions f(t), g(t) and lets say F(s) and G(s) for the form of Laplace transform of f(t) and g(t), respectively. While I am solving differential equation ...
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38 views

How do I calculate 3D movement based on yaw, pitch and roll?

I'm creating a 3D game demo and I need to calculate the position of the player in the space (i.e. the player's x, y and z coordinates). I understand that this would be affected based on the camera ...
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1answer
21 views

Is a series that contains the index term a function of the same series without the index term?

Can it be shown that $U_{2} = \sum_{i=1}^{n} [i*g(Y_{i})]$ is a function of $U_{1}=\sum_{i=1}^{n} g(Y_{i})$ ? My intuition tells me that this is not true because of the changing (for lack of a ...
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14 views

changing variables and taking limits respectively

Say we have the equation $3\left[a\frac{d}{dx}+R\right]\frac{\alpha^{4}}{R^{2}}=R$ If we make the trasformation $\phi=\frac{\gamma}{R}$ and $a\rightarrow{a_{0}+\gamma{a_{1}}}$, where ...
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64 views

Fractional Linear Transformation: Region between two circles to strip

I'm trying to find Fractional Linear Transformation (if one exists) that maps the region between the circles $\|z+1| = 1\}$ and $\{|z|=2\}$ to the region between the horizontal lines $Im(z) = 1$ and ...
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1answer
42 views

Prove the result of multiplying a complex number by (1 + i)

I know that if I multiply a complex number that has the form a + bi by the number (1 + i), this will rotate the vector that corresponds to the complex number by 45 degrees in the counterclockwise ...
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37 views

Reducing heat equation into nondimensional form

I want to get nondimensional form of heat equation $u_t=a(x,t)u_{xx}$. For the case of $a(x,t)=a(t)$, by setting $A(t)=\int_0^ta(\eta)d\eta$ and $t=\phi(\tau)$, where $\phi$ is the inverse mapping ...
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Make a conform map g that sends the unit disk to $A = \{w: \operatorname{arg}(w) \in(\frac{\pi}{4},\frac{3\pi}{4})\}$ such that $g(2i) = 0$

make a conform transformation g that sends the unit disk to $A = \{w: \operatorname{arg}(w) \in(\frac{\pi}{4},\frac{3\pi}{4})\}$ such that $g(2i)$. I actually solved it by taking the inverse of $f(x) ...
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65 views

Mapping A point from one 3D Coordinate System to Another 3D coordinate System with Euler Angles between the two systems given

Suppose I have a point in the green coordinate system, and I wish to describe it in reference to the orange coordinate system. I know the roll, pitch, and yaw of the green system with respect to the ...
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How to take dft of irregularly sampled function in k space?

I would like to take inverse dft of irregularly sampled complex function in k-space. I am just summing in a loop over the length of the k vector, but is quite slow. ...
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19 views

how can I find matrix of linear transformation for this specific problem

I am migrating my problem here with the hope of getting some assistance http://stackoverflow.com/questions/29029523/how-do-i-find-the-matrix-of-the-linear-transformation
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2answers
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suppose $|a|<1$, show that $\frac{z-a}{1-\overline{a}z}$ is a mobius transformation that sends $B(0,1)$ to itself.

Suppose $|a|<1$, show that $f(x) = \frac{z-a}{1-\overline{a}z}$ is a mobius transformation that sends $B(0,1)$ to itself. To make such a mobius transformation i tried to send 3 points on the edge ...
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Which transformations preserve this?

Let $a,b,x,y,z\in \mathbb{Z}$ (with $a,b$ given) and consider the equation $a(x^2+y^2+z^2)=b(xy+yz+zx)$. Consider transformations taking $x$ to $px+p'y+p''z$, $y$ to $qx+q'y+q''z$ and $z$ to ...
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1answer
87 views

Which linear transformations preserve this?

Let $a,b,x,y\in \mathbb{Z}$ (with $a,b$ given) and consider the equation $a(x^2+y^2)=bxy$. Consider transformations taking $x$ to $px+p'y$ and $y$ to $qx+q'y$. For which integers $p,q,p',q'$ is it ...
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1answer
25 views

Matrix of $L(A)=A^{T}$ From $R^{2 \times 2} \rightarrow R^{2 \times 2}$

A bit of trouble with this question: Find the matrix of the linear transformation $L(A)=A^{T}$ From $R^{2 \times 2} \rightarrow R^{2 \times 2}$ with respect to the basis $\begin{bmatrix} ...
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1answer
36 views

Inverse Fourier Transform Proof

I am aware of how Fourier Transformation and Fast Fourier Transformation works, however I do not understand the logic of the inverse of FFT. Could someone explain why the inverse fourier ...
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1answer
46 views

Is monotony preserved under expectation?

let $X_1 \sim f_1(x)$ and $X_2 \sim f_2(x)$. Suppose we know that $\mu_1=E(X_1)<E(X_2)=\mu_2$ and let $\nu_1=E(\log(X_1))$ and $\nu_2=E(\log(X_2))$. Since $\log$ is monotonically increasing, my ...
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51 views

How to rotate an orientation (Euler angles)

If I have an orientation defined by Euler angles and I want to simulate a rotation of the coordinate system about the origin (doesn't matter to me how the rotation is specified), how would I get the ...
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30 views

Slice, projection, contour: A terminology question.

Consider a multivariate function, say $y=f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$, and suppose that $z=f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_{n-1},g(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_{n-1}))$. What do we call $z$ with respect to $y$? Projection, level set, ...
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48 views

Computing range, null space, and matrix of a linear transformation

Let $T: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be defined by $(a_1, a_2, a_3) \mapsto (a_1, a_2, -a_1-a_2)$. I have to find $R(T), N(T)$ and a matrix that represents $T$. I know for my matrix that represents ...
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33 views

Find a surjective linear map with the following conditions

Find a surjective Linear map $ T: \mathbb{C}^{3} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}^{3} $ such that $ T(1,0,0) = (0,i,0) \space $ and $ T(0,i,0) = (0,0,1) $ We must also verify that $T$ is injective. I suppose ...
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2answers
34 views

Is this transformation surjective?

Consider the transformation $T:C_{\mathbb R} [0,1] \to \mathbb R$ defined by $T(f(t)) = \int_0^1 f(t)dt$. Is this transformation surjective? It would be enough to show that $$\mathbb{R} ...
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1answer
50 views

What does it mean for a matrix to change basis?

I understand what it means for vectors, i.e. $$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{pmatrix} \begin{pmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} ...
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30 views

DPE problem invlolving Fourier transforms / partial eq.

Don't even know where to start with this question! would really appreciate some guidance.
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2answers
39 views

How does the Jacobian relate to sketch of x,y coordinates with u,v constant?

T is a non-linear transformation, with the following component functions: x = u/v, y = v On a sketch of the x-y plane, with u and v constant, how does the Jacobian, J = 1/v, relate to the sketch of y ...
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1answer
25 views

Multiplication order of rotation matrices

I have three 3D coordinate frames: O, A and B, as shown below. I want to know the rotation matrix RAB between A and B, that is the rotation that is required, with respect to the frame A, to move ...
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34 views

Change of Bases defined by a Plane

In the plane $V$ defined by the equation $x_1-2x_2+2x_3=0$, consider the basis $\mathcal{A} = (\vec{a_1}, \vec{a_2}) = ...
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18 views

Poisson transformations question

I have a poisson random variable Q. Q~Po($\lambda$) Y = $\frac{Q}{3}$ How would I write the probability mass function of the variable Y?
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1answer
67 views

Transformations between two coordinate systems on a rigid body

I have two coordinate frames, A and B, which are rigidly attached to each other on a body. This body then translates and rotates, such that A starts at A1, and moves to A2, and B starts at B1, and ...