Transformation has many meanings in mathematics. If using this tag, add another tag related to the object being transformed. If there is a tag for your specific kind of transformations, use that one instead: e.g., (laplace-transform), (fourier-analysis), (z-transform), (integral-transforms), ...

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Computing range, null space, and matrix of a linear transformation

Let $T: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be defined by $(a_1, a_2, a_3) \mapsto (a_1, a_2, -a_1-a_2)$. I have to find $R(T), N(T)$ and a matrix that represents $T$. I know for my matrix that represents ...
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33 views

Find a surjective linear map with the following conditions

Find a surjective Linear map $ T: \mathbb{C}^{3} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}^{3} $ such that $ T(1,0,0) = (0,i,0) \space $ and $ T(0,i,0) = (0,0,1) $ We must also verify that $T$ is injective. I suppose ...
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1answer
53 views

Hyperbolic Geometry: Question about the Transitivity of Möbius transformations

I was confronted with this exercise in the book Hyperbolic Geometry by Anderson which states: In each case, find $m \in Möb(\mathbb{H})$ such that the property holds, or prove that no such $m$ ...
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2answers
30 views

Is this transformation surjective?

Consider the transformation $T:C_{\mathbb R} [0,1] \to \mathbb R$ defined by $T(f(t)) = \int_0^1 f(t)dt$. Is this transformation surjective? It would be enough to show that $$\mathbb{R} ...
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25 views

DPE problem invlolving Fourier transforms / partial eq.

Don't even know where to start with this question! would really appreciate some guidance.
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93 views

Geometry question: translating a rectangle according to a specific rule

Please take a look at the figure below. I have two line segments: a, which goes from point A to point B, and b, which goes from point B to point C. Each line defines a rectangle, which has width d and ...
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2answers
38 views

How does the Jacobian relate to sketch of x,y coordinates with u,v constant?

T is a non-linear transformation, with the following component functions: x = u/v, y = v On a sketch of the x-y plane, with u and v constant, how does the Jacobian, J = 1/v, relate to the sketch of y ...
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1answer
21 views

Multiplication order of rotation matrices

I have three 3D coordinate frames: O, A and B, as shown below. I want to know the rotation matrix RAB between A and B, that is the rotation that is required, with respect to the frame A, to move ...
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1answer
31 views

Change of Bases defined by a Plane

In the plane $V$ defined by the equation $x_1-2x_2+2x_3=0$, consider the basis $\mathcal{A} = (\vec{a_1}, \vec{a_2}) = ...
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1answer
48 views

Transformations between two coordinate systems on a rigid body

I have two coordinate frames, A and B, which are rigidly attached to each other on a body. This body then translates and rotates, such that A starts at A1, and moves to A2, and B starts at B1, and ...
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18 views

Poisson transformations question

I have a poisson random variable Q. Q~Po($\lambda$) Y = $\frac{Q}{3}$ How would I write the probability mass function of the variable Y?
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29 views

$T(f(t))$ from “the space of all polynomials”

Let $T(f(t)) = (f(0), f(1), f(2), f(3),\cdots)$ from $P$ to $V$, where $P$ denotes the space of all polynomials. Is $T$ linear and if so, is $T$ an isomorphism? I feel like a counterexample is ...
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1answer
19 views

Hamiltonian, symplectic transformation

I am trying to understand symplectic transformations. Assume that $H(q,p)$ is a Hamiltonian and the corresponding Hamiltonian equations are given as, \begin{split} & \dot q = \frac{\partial ...
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20 views

Transfer Function of non-linear systems

I am trying to find an approximate transfer function of the following system using either Laplace or Fourier transform methods $$\frac{dy(t)}{dt} = k_1\times q_0\times x(t)-k1\times x(t)\times ...
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1answer
29 views

Minimum amount of points required to find a transformation matrix

Given a set of point $P$ in $\mathbb R^n$ and the same set of points $P'$ which have been transformed by a transformation matrix: $$L: \mathbb R^n\mapsto \mathbb R^n$$ $$L(p_1) = p_1',\;\; p_1\in ...
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1answer
28 views

Proving that a transformation of a function gives a positive result

If $x$ is real and: $$p = \frac{3(x^2+1)}{2x-1}$$ Prove that: $$ p^2-3(p+3)\geq 0$$ I think this has something to do with equating the discriminant to $0$, but I'm not entirely sure I'd really ...
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1answer
158 views

Result of multiplying a scaling matrix with a rotation matrix

I don't understand why if you multiply a scaling matrix with rotation matrix that the resulting matrix, when applied to a shape like an ellipse, only gets scaled and does not get rotated. ...
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1answer
43 views

$X$ and $Y$ are ind. exponentially dist. ran. variables w/para. $\beta_1$ and $\beta_2$. Let $U=X+Y$, verify that $f_u(u)= \int_0^u f_{xy}(u-v,v)dv$.

I am a little lost with transformations with exponential distributions, any help would be much appreciated! The given hint is $0<x<infty$ and $x=u-v$
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1answer
18 views

Transformation matrix for a 3d->2d projection

We know $\mathbf{\hat{y}} = X\mathbf{w}$ and $A$ is the subspace in which $\mathbf{\hat{y}}$ lies (so the columns of the $X$ matrix define the subspace $A$). $\mathbf{\hat{y}}$ (2-dimensional vector) ...
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3answers
32 views

Linear transformation formula

How to find formula for linear transformation $\varphi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^4$ when the following is given: $$\varphi ((5,1))=(2,5,1,1)$$ $$\varphi((1,0))=(3,4,2,2)$$ What is the ...
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0answers
23 views

Multiplication order for coordinate frame transformations

Suppose I have three coordinate frames: $A$, $B$ and $C$. If $T_{AB}$ is the transformation from $A$ to $B$, then which of the following is correct? $T_{AC} = T_{AB} \cdot T_{BC}$ $T_{AC} = T_{BC} ...
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1answer
28 views

How to apply coordinate transformations

Lets say I want to rotate a parabola by $\pi/4$ degrees counterclockwise. Wikipedia tells me a counterclockwise transformation would mean: $$ x'=x\cos t-y\sin t \\ y'=x\sin t+y\cos t $$ however ...
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23 views

Non-linear transformation of symmetric distribution to get non-negative skewness

Say you have a variable $x \sim D(\mu,\sigma^2) $, where $D$ is a symmetric known distribution. I'm looking for two linear or non-linear transformations of $x$ that give one negative and one positive ...
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1answer
34 views

Find the Laplace transform of integral(from 0 to x) sin(2t) dt

Find the Laplace transform of $\int_0^x\,\sin\,(2t)\,dt$ So basically, $$\int_0^x\,\sin\,(2t)\,dt = -\frac{1}{2}(\cos\,(2x) - 1)$$ So $$\mathcal{L}\{\cos\,(2x)\} = \dfrac{s}{s^2 + 4}$$ ...
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1answer
31 views

Show that $F$ is not a one-to-one transformation

Given $$F(x,y)=(x-y,y^2-x-2)=(u,v),$$ how to show that this transformation is not one-to-one? And at which points $F$ is locally one to one? While I was drawing this transformation I found that ...
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1answer
90 views

Difference between transform and transformation.

I was told that there is a difference between a transform and a transformation. Can anyone point out clearly. For example : Is Laplace Transform not a transformation ?
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1answer
40 views

Apply Cayley transformation on vector x

If I have $Q = (I + S)(I - S)^{-1}$ ($Q$ is the Cayley transformation of skew-symmetric matrix $S$) then how do I construct a rank-2 $S$ such that $Qx$ has all zeros except the first component?
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2answers
72 views

Sum of uniform random variables $U(0,1)$ and $U(0, a)$

The problem I have is: $X \sim U(0,1), Y \sim U(0,a)$ are independent random variables. Find the pdf of $X + Y$. I've got stuck in an integral-problem, and will show you what I've tried. Skip to the ...
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1answer
83 views

Z transform piecewise function

I have this piecewise function: $$x(n)= \left\{ \begin{array}{lcc} 1 & 0 \leq n \leq m \\ \\ 0, &\mbox{ for the rest} \\ \\ \end{array} ...
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When creating conformal images, how do you change the basis of the input lattice such that spirals result in the transformed image?

I am trying to emulate the results shown in the Wikipedia page on Conformal Images in an attempt to better visualize complex functions (and stare at some trippy images, man). The script I wrote ...
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1answer
52 views

Cayley transformation of a skew-symmetric matrix is orthogonal?

If $S$ is skew-symmetric ($S^{T} = -S$), how do I show that $Q$ is orthogonal where $$Q = (I + S)(I - S)^{-1}$$ which is the Cayley transformation of $S$.
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Need help with linear transformations (with projection and reflection)?

Let $L$ be the line given by the equation $4x − 3y = 0$. Let $S : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be reflection through that line, and let $P : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be ...
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Transformation of ellipsoid to sphere

So I need to find an volume-preservating mapping from an ellipsoid to a ball (solid sphere). (Specifically: x^2/9 + y^2 + z^2 <= 3, but I'd rather understand the general case than just get how to ...
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1answer
41 views

Solving a transformation equation involving vectors and quaternions

I'd like to solve the following equation for $c$, where $a$, $c$, and $d$ are position vectors represented by quaternions with $w$ (the real component) set to $0$ and $b$ is a unit quaternion: ...
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18 views

Finding the Transformation given the domain and the codomain in $\Bbb R^3$

So I am given the domain and the codomain of three matrices such that the $F: \Bbb R^3 \to \Bbb R^3$, $T(1,0,-1) = (2,2,1)$ and $T(1,1,0) = (1,1,0)$, the point here and the question rather is not to ...
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21 views

How do I compute uncertainties in the positions transformed using Helmert transformation?

I am familiar with Python, MATLAB and Mathematica. My data is given by Cartesian coordinates (positions in X,Y,Z (meters), standard deviations XX, YY, ZZ (meters) and a correlation matrix (XY, YZ, ...
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1answer
27 views

Perspective transformation matrix application

I need to transform an angled photographed pice of paper to a "flat" image. I found this question & solution here on Mathematics and tried it out for the image given in the solution: The values ...
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20 views

How to formulate a coordinate transformation

Thank you in advance for taking the time to consider this. I'm trying to figure out how to formulate a coordinate transformation problem (at least that is what I think it is). Background: I have an ...
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19 views

Syncronize positions of 2 rectangles with different origin point while rotation

Suppose we have 2 rectangles in Cartesian coordinate system with (0,0) at the top left corner of the screen. Both of rectangles (a and ...
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1answer
12 views

Equations transformations with roots

How does the following transformation works (do not write that it is easy i want the answer): $$\ln \sqrt[n]{\frac{n!}{n^n}}=\frac{\ln \frac{n!}{n^n}}{n}$$
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21 views

Finding the relative pose of a robot gripper

I have a robot arm with a gripper. I know the gripper pose (relative to the robot base coordinate system) at any moment. At startup, I record the pose of the gripper and set this as the original pose ...
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2answers
40 views

Formula for the sum of fractions [duplicate]

How to find the formula for the sum of fractions like this? $$\frac{1}{1\times 2}+\frac{1}{2\times 3}+\ldots+\frac{1}{n\times (n+1)}=$$
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1answer
43 views

Making sense of polar coordinates transformation on the derivatives

I would like to make sense of the transformation of the differentials in polar coordinates (to fix the ideas). To be more precise, the "right" way to find the transform for the differential and the ...
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2answers
45 views

Cayley Transform and Eigenvalues

I have a particular operator, namely $A=-i\frac{d}{dx}$ that I would like to Cayley transform. $A$ is defined on the Hilbert space $L^{2}[0,1]$ and has domain $\mathcal{D}_{\alpha}=\{g:g \in ...
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1answer
38 views

Rotate a vector about a given axis by the use of a quaternion

I encountered a problem in programming where I need to rotate a given vector about a given angle. To be precise, I need to change it to a quaternion so that I can later change it to a 4x4 matrix to ...
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0answers
53 views

Rotational matrix problem?

In the problem yo-yo is made of two identical cylinders of radius $R$, thickness $h$ and mass $M$, and the yo-yo is let go. In order to define the position of the yo-yo, I need as position vector and ...
2
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1answer
134 views

Fourier COSINE Transform (solving PDE - Laplace Equation)

I'm trying to solve Laplace equation using Fourier Cosine Transform (I have to use that), but I don't know if I'm doing everything OK (if I'm doing everything OK, the exercise is wrong and I don't ...
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1answer
28 views

Normal distribution

X follows a regular normal distribution on V with center $\xi$ and inner product $<\cdot,\cdot>$, and let $\eta \neq 0$ be a vector in V. Show that the reel stochastic variable ...
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1answer
47 views

Changing $[0,2\pi)$ with $S^1$ such that a map defined on $[0,2\pi)$ stays unchanged

* Consider the following procedure of changing the domain of a map, but the map remaining essentially the same - illustrated, for concreteness, in case of the polar-coordinates map.* Let ...
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1answer
71 views

Variants of the change-of-variables formula

Consider the following change of variables formula for $f:X\rightarrow Y$, that holds for any "reasonable" $g:B\subseteq Y \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and $A\subseteq X$ $$ \int_B g(x)\ {\rm ...