Transformation has many meanings in mathematics. If using this tag, add another tag related to the object being transformed. If there is a tag for your specific kind of transformations, use that one instead: e.g., (laplace-transform), (fourier-analysis), (z-transform), (integral-transforms), ...

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Transformation Matrix project

My task is to find the Transformation Matrix, that projects, any point of the xy-plane, on the line $$ y = 4x$$ The solution should be: $$T=\pmatrix{0.06&0.235\\0.235&0.94}$$ But somehow i ...
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Performing a shift on a piecewise function

Following is a convolution of $y(t) = h(t)*x(t)$ $$y(t) = \cases{\frac{1}{2}e^{2} &\text{ if } t\ge 1 \cr\cr \frac{1}{2}e^{2t} &\text{ if }0 \lt t\lt 1 \cr\cr 0 &\text{ if } t\le 0}$$ ...
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How to find an unitary transformation of $A$ that minimize $(A'_{i,i}-1)^2$?

Is there a way to find an unitary transformation $$ A'=U^+AU $$ that minimize: $$(A'_{i,i}-1)^2$$ In other words, the diagonal elements must be similar to one: $A'_{i,i} \approx 1$ Any hint? ...
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36 views

Linear transformation

Let there be a linear transformation $T:R^3\rightarrow R^2$ Is there a linear transformation so that: $Ker(T)=Span((1,2,1),(0,3,-1))$ and $Im(T)=Span((5,-7))$ Answer: $Dim(V)=Rank(T)+Null(T)=2+1=3$ ...
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Does logged data have to be transformed back to its original form before testing the accuracy?

I have run my data through a model in r, i ran ARIMA to forecast. The model forces a log transformation to be applied to the data. To test the accuracy of the fitted model formed by ARIMA would i need ...
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41 views

Why does the discrete cosine transform compact the information at the “low frequencies”?

I've been investigating about the discrete cosine transform. I think I understand the practical applications it has and how it is used in image/audio compression. I also know it is related with the ...
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11 views

Partial derivative of exponential of cosine transform of a vector

I am looking at the following partial derivative result that involves a cosine transform. Please refer to equation (6) and (9) in ("A unified framework of HMM adaptation with joint compensation of ...
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49 views

How do you prove a hilbert transform?

I am stuck with this question below, I need help;
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64 views

Writing a composite transformation as a matrix multiplication

I am confused about a question on matrix multiplication of a transformation. I have two matrices, P and Q as follows: $$P = \begin{pmatrix}\frac{1}{2} & \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} \\ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} ...
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28 views

What is the proof/show that the post of linear transformation generated by LDA is at most k-1

What is the proof/show that the matrix $Sw$ generated by LDA is at most rank $p-k$, where $p$ is the dimension of the data and $k$ is the number of classes. LDA: ...
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75 views

How to find the equation of the graph reflected about a line?

Consider the graph of $y = e^x$ (a) Find the equation of the graph that results from reflecting about the line $y = 4$. (b) Find the equation of the graph that results from reflecting ...
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Show that a transform is involutive

Let $\mathcal C$ be the class of continuous, nonnegative, not identically equal to zero, concave, positive homogeneous of first order functions from $\mathbb R^n_+ = \{ x \in \mathbb R^n \colon x \geq ...
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29 views

Transformation of a surface normal

I'm taking a university level course in discrete geometrics and graphical programming, and I'm having trouble understanding this exercise. Let p be a point in R^3, n a surface normal, and M a ...
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12 views

Give the transformations of the following functions.

Give the transformations of the following 3 functions. Can you please give me at least 3 points to plot for each function(keeping the domain restriction in mind)? Also for rational function. Also ...
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16 views

help me find the gimbal locks

I have this transformation (x, y, z) |-> (x'', y'', z''). How can the gimbal locks be discerned and where are they? ...
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1answer
43 views

using Boltzman transformation to change PDE to ODE

using Boltzman transformation $\phi=z/\sqrt{t}$ to transform a patrial Problem: $$\frac{\partial \theta}{\partial t} =\frac{\partial }{\partial z} \left(D{\frac{\partial \theta}{\partial ...
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33 views

Finding transformation function for a distribution that looks like exponential

Suppose that we have two data sets, R and P. R is larger than or equal to ...
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26 views

Laplace transform, Inverse Laplace transform

Let $(\mathcal{L}f)(s)$ be the Laplace transform of a piecewise continuous function $f(t)$ defined for $t\geq 0$. If $(\mathcal{L}f)(s)\geq 0$ for all $s\in\mathbb{R^+}$ does this imply that $f(t)\geq ...
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23 views

Linear transform $T$ such that $T(b^x)=b(b-1)^x$

The title pretty much says it all. I'm trying to find a linear transform, maybe a vague analog of a derivative, that has the property that if $f(x)=ab^x$, then $T(f)=ab(b-1)^x$, analogous to the ...
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45 views

Transforming a nonlinear system to a linear system

Suppose I have two points in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and I wish to find values of parameters $a$ and $b$ such that I obtain the power law $y=ax^b$ which goes through the two given points. I can solve the ...
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37 views

What does it mean when dim(V)=rankT

I have a question relating to a linear transformation and have ended up with the result that $dim(V)=rank(T)$. I got to this because I'm told that $V$ and $W$ are finite dimensional vector spaces, ...
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Affine Transformation and Continuous Deformation

How do these two concepts relate? Thus far I have a (what I think is a) good intuitive idea of a continuous deformation- the visual basically looks like the boundary being stretched so that it never ...
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20 views

Transformation Matrix of a linear function

Consider the function $f: \mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. Let $A = \{ (1,2,3)^t, (1,0,4)^t,(0,0,2)^t \}$ a base of $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $B = \{ (1,1)^t , (2,1)^t) \}$ a base of $\mathbb{R}^2$. ...
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1answer
41 views

Is a linear transformation just a mathematical description of a straight line?

On Physics Stack Exchange, the question was asked: Are lorentz transformations linear? The up-votes given to an answer seemed to be in proportion to how mathematically sophisticated it was, with mine ...
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31 views

how to find triangular point from a side

i have two triangles. Say a , b , c and p, q, r and the projection of the abc to pqr a - > p b - > q c - > r here known point values are a b c p q and r unknown. $\overline{PR}=\overline{AC}$ ...
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Shift numbers into a different range

I was wondering how can I shift my data that fall between a range lets say [0, 125] to another range like [-128, 128]. Thanks for any help
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Trick for Jordan-Matrix and transformation of basis

some time ago I found a 'trick' for getting a basis-transformation-matrix for jordan. I'd like to understand it, but at a certain point I stuck. Maybe you can help me? Given is a matrix A: ...
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how to extract frequency from a set of numbers

Given the numbers 4,1,0,4,0,0,4,1,0,4 it is obvious there's a dominating frequency of 4 appearing every four numbers. Given 5,1,1,3,0,0,6,1,0,4 again it looks that there's a spike of about 4 (4.5 to ...
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Transformation(?) of Random Variables

There are two independent Gaussian R.Vs: $U:N(-1,1)$ and $V:N(1,1)$ How do I go about finding the PDF of the following transformations? X = U+V T = (U+2V, U-2V) W = U (with 50% chance), V (with ...
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1answer
74 views

Computing the derivative of a transformation matrix

I am trying to find a geometric transformation between two images, where the transformation is a simple scaling matrix. So, if I denote the two image functions as $r$ and $f$ and the scaling matrix as ...
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29 views

Formula to convert time to pixels

I have a list of times represented as 000000 to 240000. For a web application, I convert those times to pixels by simply ...
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39 views

What is a transformation?

I am not a native English speaker and I have been pointed out that the word "transformation" as a synonym of "function" is grammatically incorrect. However, I even found a wikipedia and a mathworld ...
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1answer
47 views

Finding image and the null space of a linear transformation

Take $x \in \mathbb{R}^n\backslash\{0\}$ and let $L = \text{span}\{x\}$. Now we consider the linear transformation $$T \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n,$$ to be given by $T(y) = \text{proj}_{L}y ...
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1answer
47 views

Halmos Measure Theory section 39 Theorem D

I have trouble explaining the remark "The function $\phi$ plays the role of Jacobian (or, rather, the absolute value of the Jacobian) in the theory of transformation of multiple integrals". I know ...
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Why would the discrete fourier transform “see” signals like this? What is the origin of spectral leakage?

The discrete fourier transform of $x = (x_{0},\dots,x_{N-1})$ is defined as $\displaystyle X_{k} = \sum_{n=0}^{N-1} x_{n}\omega^{kn}_{N}$ where $\omega^{kn}_{N} = e^{-2\pi ik/N}$ and ...
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35 views

Mobius transformations are bijections proof

I don't understand the last line of this proof. To show a function is bijective we need to show it is one-to-one and onto. The proof shows that $f$ is one-to-one only. For some reason $f^{-1}$ ...
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Given the minimal polynomial, find the largest invariant subspace

Let the linear transformation T on the vector space $V$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ have minimal polynomial $(x^{7} - x^{3})$. a) What is the largest invariant subspace W of V for which $T (W) = W$? b) Find a ...
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1answer
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Changing the length scale of the system of coordinates

Change the length scale on the axes of original system of coordinates, in which the equation $$y=x^3-px\qquad\text{(1)}$$ is plotted, i.e. introduce new coordinates $x_1$ and $y_1$ instead of ...
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Transformation of variables

Let variables $U$ and $V$ be uniformly distributed on $[-\pi, \pi]$, and independent. Let: $$(x,y) = (\cos(U+V),\sin(U-V))$$ What is the probability distribution function of $f_{x,y}(x,y)$ My ...
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Do rotations of one point around all arbitrary axes form a sphere?

Correct me if I am wrong but assume I have a point in 3D which I would like to rotate around all arbitrary axes fixed at common origin. Then this is true that all orbits circled by rotated point will ...
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22 views

Strongest 'average' for a diverse set of numbers?

I have a set of numbers consisting of two general size numbers: size 'a', and size 'b' which are about three times bigger in size than size 'a'. There is some variation and the list might look like ...
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15 views

Extract translation vector from two homogenous transformation matrices

Given two homogenous transformation matrices $$ A = \begin{pmatrix} a_{11}&a_{12}&a_{13}&a_{14}\\ a_{21}&a_{22}&a_{23}&a_{24}\\ a_{31}&a_{32}&a_{33}&a_{34}\\ ...
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Stable equilibrium position of 3d models.

I have 2 models, described by vertices arrays. The aim is to find stable equilibrium position of one of the models upon the other. The algorithm should consider the possibilities of transformation of ...
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A question on the procedure of finding the matrix of a linear transformation of a polynomial and a combination of its derivatives

I'm trying to self-study Linear Algebra from Linear Algebra Done Wrong, but the book doesn't have solution manual so my question might be extremely easy, apologize in advance: The question is for the ...
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Find the matrix that represents a rotation clockwise around the origin by$ 30∘$ followed by a magnification by a factor of 4.

Find the matrix that represents a rotation clockwise around the origin by 30∘ followed by a magnification by a factor of 4. My attempt: I multiplied the magnification matrix $\left[ ...
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1answer
59 views

Use the transformation $x=u^2-v^2$, $y=2uv$ to evaluate the integral

$$\int_0^1 \int_0^{2\sqrt{1-x}} \! \sqrt{x^2+y^2} \, \mathrm{d}y\,\mathrm{d}x$$ Here's where I'm at: $J(x,y)=4u^2+4v^2$ Substituting $x$ and $y$ into the integral: $\sqrt{(u^2-v^2)^2+4u^2v^2} ...
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How do you solve a linear transformation with no transformation matrix given?

I am stuck, I can't see how Tff was found with no transformation matrix. And now am being asked to find Tgg, help me http://oi60.tinypic.com/33yrplv.jpg
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104 views

Relation between two distributions expressed in terms of their CDFs

Not great at stats, and having trouble wrapping my mind around this. Would love an explanation, not overly detailed, in plain english of what these transformations mean. The bias correction ...
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32 views

Linear transformation - linear matrix & kernel

I have a problem understanding getting the KERNEL and IMAGE of a linear transformation. We have the following transformation given: $$ \mathbb{R}_{2}[ x ] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_{2}[ x ] $$ $$ (\phi ...
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Translation of basis for a vector space on the specified distance

In the Euclidean space $XYZ$ is a basis $X_1Y_1Z_1$ defined that is specified by the vectors $\overrightarrow {O_1X_1}$, $\overrightarrow {O_1Y_1}$ and $\overrightarrow {O_1Z_1}$. How to calculate ...