Transformation has many meanings in mathematics. If using this tag, add another tag related to the object being transformed. If there is a tag for your specific kind of transformations, use that one instead: e.g., (laplace-transform), (fourier-analysis), (z-transform), (integral-transforms), (rigid-...

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Functional equation for polynomials

While reading a chapter entitled "Functional equations for polynomials" in the book "Polynomials" by Victor Prasolov, he states that Every polynomial $f$ of degree $n+1$ satisfies the identity $...
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512 views

Transpose transformation matrix with respect to the base R2x2

I found the following transformation matrix dor the transpose of a 2x2 matrix in $R^{2x2}$ (vector space of the 2x2 matrices with real numbers as elements). \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 &...
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1answer
31 views

Transformations of diffeomorphism $f(z)=e^{i\alpha}z+\overline{z}^3+z^2\overline{z}$ that eliminates $\bar z^3$

Find a transformation of the form $z=w+a\overline{w}^3$ such that $$f(z)=e^{i\alpha}z+\overline{z}^3+z^2\overline{z}$$ where $\alpha\neq2\pi p/q,\ q=1,2,3,4,$ becomes $$\tilde{f}(w)=e^{i\alpha}w+w^2\...
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Determine the image of the strip $S$ consisting of all points $z$ with $\frac{-\pi}{2}\lt Re(z) \lt \frac{\pi}{2}$ and $Im(z)>0$ under $w=i\sin z$

$\color{green}{\text{transformation is}\space w=i\sin z}$ $$w=i\sin z = i\sin(x+iy)=\frac{1}{2}\left(e^{ix-y}-e^{-(ix-y)}\right)=-\cos(x)\sinh(y)+i\sin(x)\cosh(y)$$ $\therefore u = -\cos(x)\sinh(y) \...
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2answers
89 views

Find the region in the w-plane to which the line y = 1 is transformed by $\frac{1}{z}$

I tried to do the following: $$w=\frac{1}{z}=\frac{x-iy}{x^2+y^2}$$ $\implies u = \frac{x}{x^2+y^2} and\space v = \frac{-y}{x^2+y^2}$ $\color{green}{need\space to\space transform\space the\space ...
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305 views

Transform polygons into one another?

I am aware that there must be no standard way to achieve this, but I don't know what has been done so far. I feel like I'm missing keywords to investigate further. I have any two 2D polygons $a$ and $...
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1answer
89 views

What's the exact definition of symmetry?

My question is basically the same as this, but I haven't found the answer given satisfying. The definition of symmetry I've come up with is this: Let $X \subseteq R^2$. A symmetry of $X$ is an ...
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24 views

Mobius transformations — $L^{-1} \times M\lbrace0,1,\infty\rbrace\times L$

$$L^{-1} \times M\lbrace0,1,\infty\rbrace\times L$$ I cannot seem to get the right answer when I multiple them out. $$(1-i)z \cdot (1-z) \cdot \frac{z}{1-i}$$ What do you get when you multiple ...
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1answer
452 views

Help understanding the output from Apache Commons Math's Discrete Fourier Transform

I'm using a discrete Fourier transform to translate a finite set of samples to the frequency domain. I'm trying to start with a very simple set, but am still getting confused. I'm starting with this ...
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44 views

Find basis of an image

Let $ \psi : \mathbb{R}^4 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be a linear transformation described by a formula $$\psi ([x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4])=[x_1+x_3+x_4, -x_2-x_4,x_1+x_2+x_3+2x_4].$$ Find basis of image $\psi(U)...
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13 views

How can I make this tangent function only appear once (or be spaced very widely)?

I only want the function to go from $x=5$ to whenever the function is 4.5 (in other words, when $y=4.5$). Is there any way to do this without specifying the domain? It has to have the shape of the ...
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1answer
108 views

Is every symmetric matrix diagonalizable?

I know that Hermitian matrices are always diagonalizable and real symmetric matrices are real Hermitian matrices and therefore diagonalizable. But, it is always not the case that a symmetric matrix ...
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0answers
58 views

Prove that the continuous $f: \mathbb C \to \mathbb R$ has a global max and min

I am having this continuous transformation $f: \mathbb C \to \mathbb R$ and $\ f\ (\mathbb C)$ is bounded Now I have to prove that there are a global maximum and a global minimum. My thoughts: I ...
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2answers
75 views

Prove that a continuous inverse-transformation of $f: [0,1) \cup \{ 2 \} \to [0,1]$ exists

I am having this transformation $f: [0,1) \cup \{ 2 \} \to [0,1]$ $$f(x) = \begin{cases} x & x \neq 2 \\1 & x = 2 \end{cases}$$ I've already proved that it is continuous. Question: Is ...
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88 views

Can anyone check these true and false statements about linear algebra?

For any square matrix $A$, the image of $A^7$ is contained in the image of $A$ I think this question is asking If $A^7x=b$, then $b$ must be in $A$ with some vector $y$ such that $Ay=b$. It Seems ...
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1answer
119 views

Find the transformation that maps real axis to itself and imaginary axis to the circle $|w-\frac{1}{2}|=\frac{1}{2}$

Find the transformation that maps real axis to itself and imaginary axis to the circle $|w-\frac{1}{2}|=\frac{1}{2}$ What I did: $$z_{1}=0,z_{2}=i,z_{3}=\infty ,w_{1}=0,w_{2}=\frac{1}{2}(1+i),w_{3}=1$...
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1answer
159 views

Transformation of coordinate axis to make matrix diagonal

Consider the matrix $$ A= \begin{bmatrix}1/8 & \frac{-5}{8\sqrt{3}} \\ \frac{-5}{8\sqrt{3}} & 11/8 \end{bmatrix} $$ which of the following transformations of the coordinate ...
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1answer
59 views

How to prove that a bijective transformation is NOT continuous

I am having this transformation $f: \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ $$f(x) = \begin{cases} x & x \in \mathbb R \setminus \mathbb Q \\x+1 & x \in \mathbb Q \end{cases}$$ I've already prooved ...
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1answer
45 views

Prove: the sum of simultaneously diagonalizable transformations is diagonalizable

Let $T, S$, linear transformations which are simultaneously diagonalizable. Prove that $T+S$ is diagonalizable. I need to rely on the the definition: $T,S$ are called simultaneously diagonalizable ...
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2answers
81 views

Is $f: [0,1[ \cup \{ 2 \} \to [0,1]$ continuous?

I am having this transformation $f: [0,1[ \cup \{ 2 \} \to [0,1]$ $$f(x) = \begin{cases} x & x \neq 2 \\1 & x = 2 \end{cases}$$ How can I prove that this transformation is continuous or ...
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3answers
39 views

No continuous transformation $f([a,b])= ]a,b[$

$ a,b\in\mathbb R$ with $a<b $. Now I want to show that there is NO continuous transformation $f: [a,b] \to \mathbb R $ with $f([a,b])= ]a,b[$ How can I proove that this transformation don't ...
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0answers
14 views

Problem of Closed linear transformation in Normed spaces [duplicate]

Let $X$ a normed space and let $A$ and $B$ be linear transformations such that $$X\subset D_A\rightarrow^{A} X \ \ \text{and} \ \ X\subset D_B\rightarrow^{B} X.$$ If $A$ and $B$ are closed, does it ...
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1answer
103 views

M22 → R Matrix Transformation Kernel

For a transformation such as this, how does one determine the form of the kernel? Is it simply making the right side equal to zero, solving for each individual variable, and then creating a matrix ...
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1answer
42 views

$p(x)$ divides the minimal polynomial iff $\exists v\ne 0: p(T)(v)=0$

Let $V$, a finite dimensional space. Let $T:V\to V$ a linear transformation. Show that $p(x)$, an irreducible polynomial divides $m_T$ (The minimal polynomial of $T$) iff there is a $V\ni v \ne 0$ ...
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1answer
58 views

Can anyone help me with “rotation matrix” and “Image of matrix”?

If A is a 3 by 3 matrix which gives a rotation about some line through the origin in R^3 , then columns of A form a basis of R^3 For any matrix A, the image of A^7 is contained in the image of A Every ...
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2answers
377 views

Prove that $T,S$ are simultaneously diagonalizable iff $TS=ST$. [duplicate]

Definition: We say that $S,T$ are simultaneously diagonalizable if there's a basis, $B$ which composed by eigen-vectores of both $T$ and $S$ Show that $S,T$ are simultaneously diagonalizable iff $...
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1answer
47 views

Questions about “onto” and “linear span of column”

If $T : V^6 \rightarrow V^4$ is a linear transformation And, It can not be one-to-one. Let $A$ be a matrix representation of $T$ Then $T$ is onto if and only if columns of $A$ span $V^4$ This ...
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2answers
45 views

Linear Algebra--searching a name for certain transformations

I am currently taking a Linear Algebra class in Spanish and having difficulty coming across the correct translation for what we are studying. I am looking at a question that asks for the rotation of ...
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2answers
55 views

Linear transformation ker and image

Let $\varphi\colon \mathbb{R}^4 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be described by $\varphi(X)=AX$ where $A=\begin{pmatrix} 3 & 2 & 1 & 3 \\ 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 2 & 1 & 0 &...
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0answers
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Transforming 1D Burger's Equation into infinitely many coupled ODE's

I've been working on the following problem but I can't justify my steps, would a savvy mathematician kindly tell me what, if any, violations I've made. Problem: Show Burger's equation can be written ...
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0answers
66 views

Express a 90 degree rotation matrix in terms of a 180 degree rotation matrix? (both anti-clockwise)

A = [-1 0 0 ] [ 0-1 0 ] [ 0 0 1 ] B = [0 -1 0 ] [ 1 0 0 ] [ 0 0 1 ] How can i represent B in terms of A?
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310 views

How do I detect if a 4x4 transformation matrix contains reflection?

We currently check if the determinant of the upper left 3x3 values is negative to detect reflection in a 4x4 transformation matrix but we are unsure that it works in all cases (any arbitrary 3D ...
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1answer
62 views

Can anyone explain relationship between “onto” and “columns are independent” ?

I remember reading this statement before. It is as follows. Transformation is onto if and only if columns are linearly independnet Transformation is one-to-one if and only if rows are independent ...
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1answer
37 views

Find a matrix representing a given linear transformation [duplicate]

$T(X) = [\{x_1-x_2+x_3\}, \{0+x_2-x_3\}, \{0+0+0\}]$ is a linear transformation from $\mathbb R^3$ to $\mathbb R^3$. Find a matrix $A$ such that $T(x) = A(x)$ Can anyone point me in the right ...
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2answers
200 views

what is the difference between linear transformation and affine transformation?

Recently, I am struglling with the difference between linear transformation and affine transformation. Are they the same ? I found an interesting question on the difference between the functions. But ...
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1answer
64 views

Easy little triangle configuration

One of the four shapes is not needed to make the shape in the first pic. Which one? Once again, is it just noticing some properties? Or are there any other logical ways of figuring it out? I ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Proving: $\exists n\le \dim_F(V):V=\Im (T^n)\oplus \ker(T^n)$

Let $V$ above $\mathbb{F}$ and let $T:V\to V$. Prove there is a $n\le \dim_\mathbb{F} V$ such that $V=\Im(T^n)\oplus \ker(T^n)$ Now I know that for all $k$: $\ker (T^{k}) \subseteq \ker(T^{k+1})$ ...
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1answer
94 views

Can There Be A Dilation That Maps Parallelogram B to Parallelogram A?

There are 2 parallelograms, A and B. They have the same angle measures. Both have 2 sides that measure 6 units. Parallelogram As 2nd set of parallel lines are longer than the 2nd set of parallelogram ...
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3answers
61 views

If the transformation is not onto, does that mean that it is not one to one?

If transformation T: V -> V and it is not onto, then nullity is not 0 So, it seems like it is not one-to-one when it is not onto. And, If transformation is onto, is it one to one? because nullity ...
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1answer
51 views

What does it mean "$X \mapsto AX$ is a surjective mapping from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$?

question is If square matrix $A$ has determinant $1$, then $X \mapsto AX$ is a surjective mapping from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$. What does $X \mapsto AX$ mean?? is it equivalent to say $T(...
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2answers
232 views

How to rewrite double sum in matrix operation?

I have a double sum $\sum_{i=1,j=1}^n \alpha_i \alpha_j y_i y_j(x_i,x_j),\ x_i \in R^{d},\ y_i \in R,\ \alpha_i \in R $ How it can be rewritten in terms of vectors and matrices operations?
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1answer
78 views

Graph shifting, compression, and stretch

Given $f(x)$, sketch $p(x) = (1/2)f(2x-6)-3$. I can't put the graph here. You can just tell me the order of transformation of the graph. What i did by myself is horizontal compressing (using $2x$ in ...
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2answers
378 views

Prove two commutative linear transformations on a vector space over an algebraically closed field can be simultaneously triangularized

Prove two commutative linear transformations on a finite-dimensional vector space $V$ over an algebraically closed field can be simultaneously triangularized. It is equivalent to show if $AB=BA$, ...
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1answer
37 views

Prove that $S(W)$ is Invariant subspace

Let $S, T: V\to V$ such that $ST=TS$. Let $W\subseteq V$. Prove that if $W$ is invariant subspace of $T$ then also $S(W)$ is invariant subspace of $T$. Let $w\in W$. $$T(S(w)) = S(T(w)) = S(w')$$ ...
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227 views

Prove the rank of the direct sum of two linear transformations (on finite-dimensional vector spaces) is the sum of their ranks.

I would like to show the rank of the direct sum of two linear transformations (on finite-dimensional vector spaces) is the sum of their ranks. Definition: Let $M$ and $N$ be any two vector spaces, ...
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1answer
30 views

Transform $f(x)$ to time based function $f(t)$

I have a function of $(x,y)$ , for example $y = mx +c$, And I also have a function for velocity in time manner, for example $v = 2t$ Basically I want to draw $f(x)$ in some delta time $t_0 - t_1$ ...
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1answer
257 views

Z transform piecewise function

I have this piecewise function: $$x(n)= \left\{ \begin{array}{lcc} 1 & 0 \leq n \leq m \\ \\ 0, &\mbox{ for the rest} \\ \\ \end{array} ...
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1answer
123 views

Know if a 4x4 matrix is a composition of rotations and translations (quaternions)

I am using quaternions to describe 3D transformations. A position in space is representated by a (x,y,z,1) vector, and a transformation by a 4x4 matrix, following quaternions logics as far as I could ...
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1answer
47 views

what is the rank of the multiplication transformation $A$ if $AX=PX$ and $P$ has rank $m$?

Consider the vector space consisting of all linear transformations on a vector space $V$, and let $A$ be the (left) multiplication transformation that sends each transformation $X$ on $V$ onto $PX$, ...
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1answer
59 views

Under what conditions is the operator $Ax = [x, y]x'$ a projection?

Suppose that $V$ is a vector space, $x'$ is a vector in $V$, and $y$ is a linear functional on $V$; write $Ax = [x, y]x'$ for every $x \in V$. Under what conditions on $x'$ and $y$ is $A$ a projection?...