Transformation has many meanings in mathematics. If using this tag, add another tag related to the object being transformed. If there is a tag for your specific kind of transformations, use that one instead: e.g., (laplace-transform), (fourier-analysis), (z-transform), (integral-transforms), (rigid-...

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71 views

What will happen if we try to reconstruct signal using phase only or magnitude only?

I am studying Fourier Transform and it's inverse. We get phase and magnitude from Fourier transform and reconstruct it back from both together My question is that What will happen if we try ...
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1answer
35 views

Eigenvectors and geometrical transformation

$$A= \begin{pmatrix} 2/3 & 2/3 & -1/3 \\ 2/3 & -1/3 & 2/3 \\ -1/3 & 2/3 & 2/3 \\ \end{pmatrix}$$, I need to understand that kind of ...
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1answer
45 views

The curvatures of a transformed surface under a similarity transformation

Setup: Let $f:\mathbb R^3\to\mathbb R^3$ be a similarity transformation. Then $f=rA+b$ for some fixed orthogonal matrix $A$, vector $b$ and nonzero real $r$. Suppose $S$ is a surface, and $S'=f(S)$. ...
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161 views

What is this subclass of the class of monotonic transformations?

Let $u$ be a continuous function from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Then $v$ is called a positive monotonic transformation of $u$ if $u(x) < u(y)$ if and only if $v(x)<v(y)$ and similarly for ...
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42 views

The Adrian Transformation of a function in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$

Recently I came upon a problem (if you would call it that, more of a thought experiment), which was phrased something like this: Rotate the area formed by $\int_{-1}^12dx$ around the curve $h(x)=-...
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83 views

Is this chain of inequalities correct?

Is this chain of inequalities correct? If not how to make it works? $$\frac{\ln \left( 1+x^3+y^3 \right)}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}} \le \frac{\left( x^3+y^3 \right)}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}} \le \frac{ \left( x+y\right)...
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1answer
168 views

How to prove $\sqrt{Y}$ can be variance stabilizing transformation of poisson distribution?

I am studying constant variance checking when conducting ANOVA. I know that $\sqrt{Y}$ is one of the common transformations for a Poisson distribution, but I can't prove it. I also read Anscombe ...
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1answer
63 views

Identifying translations and rotations as compositions.

I am having trouble understanding the below which are the ones underline in red and blue. For the red: Why is that $R_{A,90}(A)=A$ and that $\tau_{AB}(A)=B$ As for the blue: Why is that $R_{A,90}(...
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0answers
19 views

What is or how do you get the rotational matrix of 4-D vector onto the xyz-space?

which would make the 4-D component 0. To be honest I'm not really sure how 4-D rotations work. I know about the simple rotations but not the mechanism in how it rotates, and I'm not sure whether to ...
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1answer
29 views

Does the following series of transformations of inequalities holds?

I am to calculate limit of the function $f(x,y)$ i am trying to apply squeeze theorem. Is the following series of transformations of this inequality correct? If not how to do this correctly? i.e. are ...
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35 views

Let $R$ be any rotation and $P$ any reflection then $R \circ P$ and $P \circ R$ are both glide reflections

Let $R$ be any rotation and $P$ any reflection then $R \circ P$ and $P \circ R$ are both glide reflections I am having trouble showing $P \circ R$ is a glide reflection, I manage to get $R \circ P$, ...
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80 views

Solids of Revolution around other functions.

Recently I've been thinking about solids of revlution, and thought about an interesting experiment. Can you rotate functions around, for example, the line $f(x)=x$? And consequently, could you rotate ...
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27 views

Transformation of graphs, finding the values of unknowns

I am a second grade IB student using "Mathematics Standard Level for the IB Diploma, Cambridge" book.This is the question I have a problem with: "Let f(x)=(3x-5):(x-2) a) Find the value of constants ...
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2answers
151 views

Find a basis for Kernel and Image of a Linear Transformation

Given: $$A = \left\{\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 1 \\ 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\right\}$$ Find a basis for $ImT_A$ and $kerT_A$ So far, I've ...
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1answer
36 views

generating system of the kernel of a module-transformation

Let $G ≠ 1$ be a group and A a commutative ring. Now, the group ring $A[G]$ is naturally an A-module. Next, let's consider the transformation: $$\phi: A[G] \to A, \sum_{g \in G} a_gg \mapsto \sum_{g ...
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103 views

How can I transform coordinate systems based on quaternion data?

I have a single rigid body object, and its orientations in quaternion with respect to two coordinate systems, each is called original and prime, respectively; therefore, I have two quaternions $\...
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3answers
31 views

Why cannot the homogeneous coodinates be zero?

Given a point (x, y) on the Euclidean plane, for any non-zero real number Z, the triple (xZ, yZ, Z) is called a set of homogeneous coordinates for the point. Why can't Z be zero?
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151 views

How to transform function values to specific interval

I'm doing a project at university about scientific computing and I'm stuck. As in: I seem to lack quite a bit of mathematical background for this project. The program has as input an array of $x$ ...
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1answer
50 views

Is the transformation $T: (r, \theta) \to (r, \theta + \phi)$ linear? Here $\phi$ is a given angle

Let $T$ rotate every point through the same angle $\phi$ about the origin, $i.e.$ $T: (r, \theta) \to (r, \theta + \phi)$ where $\phi$ is given. If in addition that $T(O) = O,$ namely, if $T$ maps the ...
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1answer
26 views

Terminology with linear transformation

I am working on a problem that asks me to "Write C for the matrix whose ij entry is $(1/2)^{ij}$" given that $M$ is the vector space of all $n x n$ matrices and $l$ is a linear transformation on $M$. ...
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31 views

mobius transformation form $M= B(0,1)\setminus\overline{B(1,\sqrt2)}$ to a sector.

I know that the intersections of the two circles need to be sent to $0$ and $\infty$ in order to get a sector $S = \{x+iy: x>0,0<y<x\}$ The intersections of the two balls were i and -i. So i ...
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47 views

The Composition of Two rotations

So far I rewrote the halfturns of d,c,b,a to halfturn (p,n)(m,l) where n=m because lines c and d are parallel so I can make ambiguous lines n and p parallel too. I also know that lines c,d can be ...
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67 views

Transformation that f(A+B)=f(A)+f(B) and f(AB) = f(A)f(B)

if $f:M_{n*n}(F) \rightarrow M_{m*m}(F) $ and f transformation identity to identity matrix and $f(AB) = f(A)f(B) , f(A+B)=f(A)+f(B)$. now we want to prove there is an integer like $k$ that $m = k*n$
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1answer
37 views

How principal component analysis ensures component orthogonality when using zero co-variance as the restriction to maximize variance?

I am currently learning the mathematics behind PCA and I found when PCA maximizes variance to find out the 2nd, 3rd, ... components, it uses zero co-variance as the restriction, as shown below, ...
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3answers
299 views

Transforming a function by a sequence geometric operations on its graph.

I am solving the following problem: Let $f(x) =\sqrt{x}$. Find a formula for a function $g$ whose graph is obtained from $f$ from the given sequence of transformations: shift right $3$ ...
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1answer
49 views

Find the image of the unit vector at the point $z_0=i$ under the function $f(z)=z^2+2z$

From this image find the rotation angle and the expansion factor. $z\in\Bbb C$ I am unsure how to find a way to accurately plot the image. I understand that the image should expand because the ...
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3answers
87 views

Prove that the map $f(z)=\frac{1}{z}$ sends any line onto either a line or a circle.

Show the cases in which the image is a line and the case in which the image is a circle. I understand that representing the equation of line, ($ax+by+c=0$ $a,b,c\in\Bbb R$ $a,b\neq0$ at the same ...
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1answer
40 views

Is centre of a circle remains invarient under Movius transformation?

Prove that the image of the center of a given circle is never the same as that of the circle image under a linear fractional map. Given some linear fractional map$f(z)=\frac{az+b}{cz+d}$, that is $...
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1answer
31 views

Linear Transformations

I have no idea how to work this question. Can someone offer some insight?
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2answers
49 views

How does $y=|x+3|+4$ become $y=\frac{1}{2}|2x+3|+4$ (compositions and translations)

Today, I had a test question that was bothering me because my friend and I had different answers to it. It's a grade 12 math question. It's telling us to explain the changes that were made to the ...
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4answers
285 views

Eigenvalues and Eigenspaces of a Projection

Let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto a subspace $E \subset V$ ($V$ being an inner product space) with $\mathrm{dim(V)}=n$, $\mathrm{dim(E)}=r$. Obtain the eigenvalues and eigenspaces, along with ...
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2answers
54 views

Transformation of xy plane to polar coordinates. (What would be the bound of polar coordinate?)

I have a double integral $$\int_0^a \int_0^x (x^2+y^2)^{1/2} \operatorname d y \operatorname d x$$ So, I am double-integrating $r^2$ What would be the region of the polar coordinate..?
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1answer
63 views

Stereographic Projection from an Arbitrary Point

Let $p \in \mathbb{S}^{n}$, then the stereogaphic projection is a diffeomorpshim $h:\mathbb{S}^{n} \setminus \{p\} \to \mathbb{R}^{n-1}$. Suppose that $p$ is the 'north pole' ($p = (0,0,..,1)$), then ...
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1answer
56 views

Why is this laplace identity true $\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$?

I was wondering why this laplace identity is true? Does it follow from definition? $$\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$$ I'm trying to understand the first ...
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1answer
161 views

The Matrix of a Transformation from P2 to P1

I don't understand how T(1), T(x), and T(x^2) were found in the picture so I did it using another method I saw on StackExchange. (a + b)x - c => -c + (a + b)x + 0x^2 so the first row would be {0, 0, -...
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1answer
71 views

Line plane intersection

I have two planes in $\mathbb R^3$ as shown below: axes representation corrected after MvG's comment Each plane is a finite area, a rectangle with length and width $H_l, H_w$. Each plane has its ...
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38 views

inverse laplace tranform

I have a simple question, There are some functions $f(t)$, $g(t)$ and lets say $F(s)$ and $G(s)$ for the form of Laplace transform of $f(t)$ and $g(t)$, respectively. While I am solving ...
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114 views

How do I calculate 3D movement based on yaw, pitch and roll?

I'm creating a 3D game demo and I need to calculate the position of the player in the space (i.e. the player's x, y and z coordinates). I understand that this would be affected based on the camera ...
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1answer
21 views

Is a series that contains the index term a function of the same series without the index term?

Can it be shown that $U_{2} = \sum_{i=1}^{n} [i*g(Y_{i})]$ is a function of $U_{1}=\sum_{i=1}^{n} g(Y_{i})$ ? My intuition tells me that this is not true because of the changing (for lack of a ...
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112 views

Fractional Linear Transformation: Region between two circles to strip

I'm trying to find Fractional Linear Transformation (if one exists) that maps the region between the circles $\|z+1| = 1\}$ and $\{|z|=2\}$ to the region between the horizontal lines $Im(z) = 1$ and $...
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1answer
52 views

Prove the result of multiplying a complex number by (1 + i)

I know that if I multiply a complex number that has the form a + bi by the number (1 + i), this will rotate the vector that corresponds to the complex number by 45 degrees in the counterclockwise ...
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58 views

Reducing heat equation into nondimensional form

I want to get nondimensional form of heat equation $u_t=a(x,t)u_{xx}$. For the case of $a(x,t)=a(t)$, by setting $A(t)=\int_0^ta(\eta)d\eta$ and $t=\phi(\tau)$, where $\phi$ is the inverse mapping $\...
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20 views

Make a conform map g that sends the unit disk to $A = \{w: \operatorname{arg}(w) \in(\frac{\pi}{4},\frac{3\pi}{4})\}$ such that $g(2i) = 0$

make a conform transformation g that sends the unit disk to $A = \{w: \operatorname{arg}(w) \in(\frac{\pi}{4},\frac{3\pi}{4})\}$ such that $g(2i)$. I actually solved it by taking the inverse of $f(x) ...
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183 views

Mapping A point from one 3D Coordinate System to Another 3D coordinate System with Euler Angles between the two systems given

Suppose I have a point in the green coordinate system, and I wish to describe it in reference to the orange coordinate system. I know the roll, pitch, and yaw of the green system with respect to the ...
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2answers
56 views

suppose $|a|<1$, show that $\frac{z-a}{1-\overline{a}z}$ is a mobius transformation that sends $B(0,1)$ to itself.

Suppose $|a|<1$, show that $f(x) = \frac{z-a}{1-\overline{a}z}$ is a mobius transformation that sends $B(0,1)$ to itself. To make such a mobius transformation i tried to send 3 points on the edge ...
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1answer
89 views

Which linear transformations preserve this?

Let $a,b,x,y\in \mathbb{Z}$ (with $a,b$ given) and consider the equation $a(x^2+y^2)=bxy$. Consider transformations taking $x$ to $px+p'y$ and $y$ to $qx+q'y$. For which integers $p,q,p',q'$ is it ...
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1answer
26 views

Matrix of $L(A)=A^{T}$ From $R^{2 \times 2} \rightarrow R^{2 \times 2}$

A bit of trouble with this question: Find the matrix of the linear transformation $L(A)=A^{T}$ From $R^{2 \times 2} \rightarrow R^{2 \times 2}$ with respect to the basis $\begin{bmatrix} 1&0\\0&...
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1answer
58 views

Inverse Fourier Transform Proof

I am aware of how Fourier Transformation and Fast Fourier Transformation works, however I do not understand the logic of the inverse of FFT. Could someone explain why the inverse fourier ...
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1answer
55 views

Is monotony preserved under expectation?

let $X_1 \sim f_1(x)$ and $X_2 \sim f_2(x)$. Suppose we know that $\mu_1=E(X_1)<E(X_2)=\mu_2$ and let $\nu_1=E(\log(X_1))$ and $\nu_2=E(\log(X_2))$. Since $\log$ is monotonically increasing, my ...
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1answer
123 views

How to rotate an orientation (Euler angles)

If I have an orientation defined by Euler angles and I want to simulate a rotation of the coordinate system about the origin (doesn't matter to me how the rotation is specified), how would I get the ...