# Tagged Questions

A topos (plural topoi, toposes) is a category that behaves like the category of sheaves of sets on a topological space. Topos theory consists of the study of Grothendieck topoi, used in algebraic geometry, and the study of elementary topoi, used in logic.

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### Natural numbers object via initial morphism

I assume that a natural number object (or see nLab) can be defined as an initial morphisms. (edit: as in the title, I ment initial morphism, not objects) $\hspace{1cm}$ Thoughts: Probably $X:=1$, ...
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### The closure of the graph of a certain composite in a topos.

Let $\mathcal{E}$ be an elementary topos with subobject classifier $\Omega$ and let $j\colon \Omega\to\Omega$ be a Lawvere-Tierney topology on it. Assume that, for an object $C$ of $\mathcal{E}$, each ...
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### Where to study $2$-category theory?

Is there any place where I can read about $2$-categories? I am looking for a proper treatment - there is a section in Borceux's Handbook of Categorical Algebra, but it only sketches some parts of the ...
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### Are there any stable $(\infty,1)$-topoi?

Can a stable $(\infty,1)$-category be an $(\infty,1)$-topos?
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### What's the difference between a logic, an internal logic (language) of a category, an internal logic of a topos and a type theory?

maybe this question doesn't make sense at all. I don't know exactly the meaning of all these concepts, except the internal language of a topos (and searching on the literature is not helping at all). ...
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### how would you define the term “elementary” in the context of categories and sets?

I was just reading P.T. Johnstone's introduction to his book "Topos Theory", where he uses the term "elementary" many times to classify the nature of theorems and definitions, examples below. I ...
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### What makes “the topos $\mathbf{M}_2$” such a good counterexample?

I'd like to ask this question sooner rather than later; it might be a bit half-baked. So I'm sorry. It's just that there's a chance I'll be side-tracked from Topos Theory for a couple of months (with ...
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### dense generators and left Kan extensions

Here is an exercise from Borceux, Handbook of Categorical Algebra I, p 174: Consider a category $\mathfrak{C}$, a family $(G_i)_{i \in I}$ of objects of $\mathfrak{C}$ and the corresponding full ...
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### How do you work with infinitesimal exponents in synthetic differential geometry?

I just read this paper by Andrej Bauer, which discusses the basic tenets of synthetic differential geometry. Namely, that for any function $f$, any real number $x$, and any infinitesimal $\epsilon$ (a ...
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### Surjection Vs Surjective geometric morphism

Is it true that a map between ${\bf T1}$ topological spaces $f:X \to Y$ is surjective iff the induced geometric morphism $f:Sh(Y) \to Sh(X)$ is a surjection (i.e. its inverse image part $f^*$ is ...
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### Toposes and Stone-type dualities

The duality between the category Sets and the category CABool of complete atomic boolean algebras is an example of a general Stone-type duality. At the same time, Sets is a topos. Are there other ...
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### Precomposition with a faithful functor

If $F: C \rightarrow D$ is a faithful functor, then is the precomposition with $F$ functor $F^{\star}:[D:\mathbf{Set}] \rightarrow [C:\mathbf{Set}]$ faithful?
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### How do you see that this diagram is a pullback square?

I am trying to understand why the left-hand square of the diagram below (in a topos) is a pullback, where $\Delta_B$ is the diagonal map, $\delta_B$ is clearly the characteristic map of $\Delta _B$ ...
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### Defining “Penon Infinitesimals”.

In this lecture (which is accompanied by these slides), right near the end (so page 9 in the pdf of the slides; I don't think you have to watch the lecture), P. Johnstone refers to the "Penon ...
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### Properties of the $[S,Sets]$, where $S$ is small

I am very new to topos theory and am interested in a couple little properties of a certain elementary topos. Suppose $S$ is a small concrete category. Then I was wondering.. which of there ...
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### Volume 3 of Johnstone's “Sketches of an Elephant”

Recently, I read the Chapter 8 of Johnstone's "Topos theory" and got interested in the homotopy and cohomology theory of Grothendieck toposes. So I'm looking for the textbooks expanding these subjects,...
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### Question on connected and locally connected geometric morphisms.

Is the property of a geometric morphism being both connected and locally connected (in the sense of Part C of the Elephant) stable under pullbacks? I know local connectedness is, I am not sure about ...