The study of vector space with a topology which makes the maps which sums two vectors and which multiply a vector by a scalar continuous. It's a natural generalization of normed spaces.

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566 views

Differential forms on fuzzy manifolds

This post will take a bit to set up properly, but it is an easy read (and most likely easy to answer); in any event, please bear with me. Question In the usual setting of open subsets of ...
18
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3answers
1k views

When do weak and original topology coincide?

Let $X$ be a topological vector space with topology $T$. When is the weak topology on $X$ the same as $T$? Of course we always have $T_{weak} \subset T$ by definition but when is $T \subset ...
18
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1answer
325 views

Learning Aid for Basic Theorems of Topological Vector Spaces in Functional Analysis

I am self-teaching myself the basics of functional analysis (e.g. topological vector spaces), and frankly I am starting to get a migraine sorting out/organizing in my head all of the ...
16
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2answers
773 views

When is a notion of convergence induced by a topology?

I'm interested in sufficient conditions for a notion of sequential convergence to be induced by a topology. More precisely: Let $V$ be a vector space over $\mathbb{C}$ endowed with a notion $\tau$ of ...
12
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1answer
1k views

If $A$ and $B$ are compact, then so is $A+B$.

This is an exercise in Chapter 1 from Rudin's Functional Analysis. Prove the following: Let $X$ be a topological vector space. If $A$ and $B$ are compact subsets of $X$, so is $A+B$. My guess: ...
11
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2answers
825 views

Does every $\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C}$ vector space have a norm?

Is there a canonical way to define on any vector space over $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C}$ a norm ? (Or, if there isn't, can someone give me an example of a vector space over $\mathbb{K}$ that is ...
11
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3answers
567 views

Topology on the general linear group of a topological vector space

Let $K$ be a topological field. Let $V$ be a topological vector space over $K$ (if it makes things convenient, you may assume it is finite dimensional). Naive Question: Is there a canonical way of ...
10
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1answer
849 views

Semi-Norms and the Definition of the Weak Topology

When I was searching for the definition of the weak topology, I found two different definitions. One defines the weak topology in terms of a family of semi-norms, while the other defines it in terms ...
10
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1answer
402 views

Isomorphisms of Fréchet Spaces

What is the proper notion of an isomorphism between Fréchet spaces? Obviously it should be a linear map. I'm just worried about the analytic structure. Should one be able to order the seminorms on ...
10
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1answer
218 views

Is the standard structure of a topological vector space on reals unique?

The standard stucture of a topological vector space on reals is this given by the metric d(x,y)=|x-y| on the vector space $\mathbb{R},$ with the field of scalars $\mathbb R$ with standard topology. I ...
9
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2answers
3k views

“Every linear mapping on a finite dimensional space is continuous”

From Wiki Every linear function on a finite-dimensional space is continuous. I was wondering what the domain and codomain of such linear function are? Are they any two topological vector ...
9
votes
1answer
650 views

Hahn-Banach theorem: 2 versions

I have a question regarding the Hahn-Banach Theorem. Let the analytical version be defined as: Let $E$ be a vector space, $p: E \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a sublinear function and $F$ be a subspace of ...
9
votes
1answer
321 views

If weak topology and weak* topology on $X^*$ agree, must $X$ be reflexive?

Let $X$ be a Banach space and suppose that the weak topology on $X^*$ agrees with the weak* topology on $X^*$. Must $X$ be reflexive? To prove the contrapositive, it will suffice to assume that $X$ ...
8
votes
3answers
559 views

Do continuous linear functions between Banach spaces extend?

Just wondering... Let $E$, $G$ be Banach spaces, let $U\subset E$ be a subset of $E$, and let $f:U\rightarrow G$ be a continuous linear function. Can $f$ be extended to a continuous linear function on ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Dual of a dual cone

Any hint on how to prove the following please: Let $K$ be a convex cone, and $K^*$ its dual cone. Prove that $K^{**}$ is the closure of $K$. Thanks!
8
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1answer
252 views

Strong topology vs Natural topology

Let $X$ be a locally convex space and $\left< X, X^{\prime} \right>$ stands for the dual pair. The bidual of $X$ is denoted by $X^{\prime \prime}$ and this is a dual of $X^{\prime}$ with a ...
8
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1answer
177 views

Is there finest topology which makes given vector space into a topological vector space?

I we are given a vector space $(V,+,\cdot)$ over a field $\mathbb K$ (where $\mathbb K=\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$), is there the finest topology $\mathcal T$, such that $(V,\mathcal T)$ is ...
7
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1answer
235 views

Do the notions of weak and weak* convergence coincide for $\ell^1(\mathbb{N})$?

As my friends and I were studying for our real analysis final exam yesterday, we were playing with various examples and found ourselves asking this question: The space $\ell^1(\mathbb{N})$ is the ...
7
votes
1answer
680 views

The dual of a Fréchet space.

Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a Fréchet space (locally convex, Hausdorff, metrizable, with a family of seminorms ${\|~\|_n}$). I've read that the dual $\mathcal{F}^*$ is never a Fréchet space, unless ...
7
votes
1answer
414 views

Contractibility of convex set

Suppose that $\Omega$ is a convex open subset of an infinite dimensional vector space $E$ such that $\Omega$ is not contained in any finite dimensional subspace of $E$. Let $Q_m\subset \Omega$ denote ...
7
votes
1answer
164 views

Rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by using quaternion

Express the rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by $\frac{\pi}{3}$ about the $x=y=z$ axis by using quaternions and identifying $\mathbb{R}^3$ with $(i,j,k)$-space. Thoughts: From my point of view, every ...
6
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3answers
220 views

Can continuity of inverse be omitted from the definition of topological group?

According to Wikipedia, a topological group $G$ is a group and a topological space such that $$ (x,y) \mapsto xy$$ and $$ x \mapsto x^{-1}$$ are continuous. The second requirement follows from the ...
6
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2answers
249 views

Local base of a topological vector space

I would like to prove that if $B$ is local base for a topological vector space $X$, then every member of $B$ contains the closure of some member of $B$. I would appreciate if somebody can guide me ...
6
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1answer
521 views

Generic topology on a vector space?

For a (possibly infinite-dimensional) vector space $V$, I thought about the following topology $\tau$: Let $O \in \tau$ if every $x \in O$ has the property that for every $v \in V$, there is an ...
6
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1answer
94 views

local convexity of $L_p$ spaces

wiki says The spaces $L_p([0, 1])$ for $0 < p < 1$ are equipped with the F-norm they are not locally convex, since the only convex neighborhood of zero is the whole space Why is this so? ...
6
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1answer
304 views

Uniqueness of the derivative in locally convex topological vector space

I need a hint of proof of uniqueness of the derivative in locally convex topological vector space (it's asserted in Lang's "Introduction to differentiable manifolds"). Define derivative of a function ...
6
votes
2answers
74 views

Alternate definition for boundedness in a TVS

Let $X$ be a topological vector space over $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$. A subset $B\subset X$ is defined to be bounded if for any open neighborhood $N$ of $0$ there is a number $\lambda>0$ ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Is Reflexivity Necessary for the Weak and Weak* Topologies to Coincide?

Let $X$ be a normed vector space, not necessarily Banach. Suppose that $X$ is not reflexive, implying the existence of such $\varphi\in X^{**}$ ($X^{**}$ being the double dual of $X$) of that for any ...
6
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0answers
140 views

Isomorphism between spaces of sections.

Let $M$ be a compact manifold and let $E_i \xrightarrow{\Large \pi_i} M$, $i = 1, 2$, be two (real or complex) vector bundles of the same rank $k$ over $M$. Assume we have metrics $g_1, g_2$ on $E_1$, ...
5
votes
4answers
173 views

Books on locally convex topological vector spaces

My friend asked me for a good book about locally convex topological vector space. I'm not familar with this. Could you give me some good references on it?
5
votes
3answers
473 views

Is $C([0,1])$ a compact space?

Is $C([0,1])$ (I guesss with the max-norm) a compact space? I have to know that because I want to apply Arzela Ascoli.
5
votes
2answers
111 views

Question about Topological Vector Spaces

Let $E$ be a Topological Vector Space and $U$ a bounded set of $E$ with $0\in U$, i.e. given any neighborhood $W$ of the origin, there exist $\alpha>0$ such that $\alpha U\subset W$. Is it true ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Dual of a topological vector space. Is it nontrivial?

In the case of normed spaces we know their duals are nonempty using a quick application of the Hahn Banach Theorem. If we step back to the larger class of locally convex spaces, an enthralling ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Confused by proof in Rudin Functional Analysis, metrization of topological vector space with countable local base

I'm working through Rudin's Functional Analysis, and I am confused by a step in his proof for Theorem 1.24, which states that if X is a topological vector space with a countable local base, then there ...
5
votes
1answer
445 views

Sequential and topological duals of test function spaces

Given a test function space, in particular $\mathcal{S}=\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the Schwartz space) or $\mathcal{D}=\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the space of compactly supported smooth test ...
5
votes
1answer
871 views

Convex functions and families of affine functions

I know that the supremum of a family of affine functions is convex. Just wondering if it is true (and if so how one proves) that the converse -- any $C^1$ convex function is the supremum of some ...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

Why do we need dual space [closed]

In functional analysis there are many places where dual space is mentioned, but I still don't understand the real power of that concept. Why do we need the dual space?
5
votes
1answer
140 views

Taking a convex hull does not increase a supremum of a linear function

Let $X$ be a topological vector space, let $f:X\to\Bbb R$ be a continuous linear function and let $P(X)$ denote the set of all Borel probability measures on $X$. For any $M\subseteq X$ we define the ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Pseudonormable Product Spaces

I want to prove that a product $\prod_{i\in I}X_i$ of topological vector spaces is pseudonormable only if a finite number of the factor spaces are also pseudonormable and the rest have the trivial ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Bounded and compact sets in a subspace of $\mathbb R^{\mathbb N}$

Let $$ X= \{u=(u_1, u_2, \ldots): u_n \ne 0 \text{ only for a finite number of terms}\}\subseteq\mathbb R^\mathbb N, $$ with the topology inherited from $\mathbb R^\mathbb N$ (the "pointwise ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

The kernel of a continuous linear operator is a closed subspace?

If $V$ and $W$ are topological vector spaces (and $W$ is finite-dimensional) then a linear operator $L\colon V\to W$ is continuous if and only if the kernel of $L$ is a closed subspace of $V$. ...
5
votes
1answer
290 views

How to define the derivative of Radon measures

Let $M$ be the positive borel measures on a hausdorff topological space $X$, which are finite on compacts sets $--$ i.e. the real cone of radon measures. I am given a definition of a derivative of ...
5
votes
0answers
102 views

Connections and dependences between topological and algebraic basis in topological vector space

On my last functional analysis exam, one of the tasks was to show that if normed vector space $X$ have countable Hamel basis, then $X$ is separable space (over field $\mathbb{R}$). I am not sure if ...
5
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0answers
33 views

Closed Monoidal Structures On The Category Of Complete Topological Vector Spaces

Context: The category of Banach spaces, with the projective tensor product is a closed monoidal category. Question 1: Is there a tensor product on the category of complete topological vector spaces, ...
5
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0answers
162 views

Evaluation map is not continuous always.

Let $E$ be a not normable locally convex space, define $$F: E'\times E\to \mathbb R$$ $$(f,e)\to f(e)$$ I have to show that $F$ is not continuous when $E'\times E$ is given product topology. I was ...
5
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0answers
126 views

Curiosities about the content of a rare book: Topological Vector Spaces by A. Grothendieck

The book is a celebrated and highly influential book by A. Grothendeck, which was published in 1954, in French and for various reasons, it has been out of print since 1973. I am very much interested ...
4
votes
4answers
141 views

Question on Topological vector space 1

I have numbered this question as (1) because I will be posting series of questions where I don't understand. I hope its allowed. I want to prove the following : If $X$ is a topological vector ...
4
votes
1answer
271 views

An explicit construction for a “doubly weak” topology

Let $(X,s)$ be a topological vector space over $\mathbb{F}$ with linear topology $s$, which we will henceforth refer to as the strong topology. Then, as usual we can construct the continuous dual ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

“The two notions of boundedness coincide for locally convex spaces”

From Wiki The boundedness condition for linear operators on normed spaces can be restated. An operator is bounded if it takes every bounded set to a bounded set, and here is meant the more ...
4
votes
2answers
329 views

Example of a topological vector space

I have the following question: give an example of a topological vector space $E$ with subspace $M$ and $N$, such that $E = M \oplus N$ algebraically, but not topologically (so $E \ncong M \sqcup N$). ...