The study of vector space with a topology which makes the maps which sums two vectors and which multiply a vector by a scalar continuous. It's a natural generalization of normed spaces.

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4k views

The kernel of a continuous linear operator is a closed subspace?

If $V$ and $W$ are topological vector spaces (and $W$ is finite-dimensional) then a linear operator $L\colon V\to W$ is continuous if and only if the kernel of $L$ is a closed subspace of $V$. ...
13
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2answers
4k views

“Every linear mapping on a finite dimensional space is continuous”

From Wiki Every linear function on a finite-dimensional space is continuous. I was wondering what the domain and codomain of such linear function are? Are they any two topological vector ...
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1answer
570 views

Weak *-topology of $X^*$ is metrizable if and only if …

Let $X$ be a topological vector space on which $X^*$ separates points. Prove that "the weak *-topology of $X^*$ is metrizable if and only if $X$ has a finite or countable Hamel basis"? (A set $\beta$ ...
5
votes
2answers
306 views

How to endow topology on a finite dimensional topological vector space?

This post may be coincide with some of the contents here. From Conway, A course in functional analysis, page 104. If $H$ is a finite dimensional vector space and $F_{1},F_{2}$ are two topologies ...
9
votes
3answers
685 views

Do continuous linear functions between Banach spaces extend?

Just wondering... Let $E$, $G$ be Banach spaces, let $U\subset E$ be a subset of $E$, and let $f:U\rightarrow G$ be a continuous linear function. Can $f$ be extended to a continuous linear function on ...
6
votes
1answer
741 views

Is any Banach space a dual space?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Is there always a normed vector space $Y$ such that $X$ and $Y^*$ are isometric or isomorphic as topological vector spaces (that is, there exists a linear homeomorphism ...
10
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1answer
547 views

If weak topology and weak* topology on $X^*$ agree, must $X$ be reflexive?

Let $X$ be a Banach space and suppose that the weak topology on $X^*$ agrees with the weak* topology on $X^*$. Must $X$ be reflexive? To prove the contrapositive, it will suffice to assume that $X$ ...
5
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1answer
53 views

Part (a) of Exercise 13 of first chapter of Rudin's book “Functional Analysis”

I would really appreciate it if you could give me some advice on the part (a) of Exercise 13 of first chapter of Walter Rudin's book "Functional Analysis": Let $C$ be the vector space of all ...
3
votes
1answer
470 views

$\omega$ - space of all sequences with Fréchet metric

I'm working on to prove the following: Show that the convergence in the space $\omega$ (space of all sequences with respect to the Fréchet metric) is the coordinate convergence. Any hint is ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Dual of a dual cone

Any hint on how to prove the following please: Let $K$ be a convex cone, and $K^*$ its dual cone. Prove that $K^{**}$ is the closure of $K$. Thanks!
4
votes
1answer
454 views

What is the topological dual of a dual space with the weak* topology?

I'm trying to understand a claim I heard in class. To be concrete, suppose $X$ is a compact, hausdorff topological space, and let $C(X)$ be the space of continuous functions on $X$ with the supremum ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Sum of closed and compact set in a TVS

I am trying to prove: $A$ compact, $B$ closed $\Rightarrow A+B = \{a+b | a\in A, b\in B\}$ closed (exercise in Rudin's Functional Analysis), where $A$ and $B$ are subsets of a topological vector space ...
2
votes
2answers
310 views

First theorem in Topological vector spaces.

I came across this theorem and I am disappointed not being able to understand or to have intuition to understand it . I would be glad to get help . Theorem : If $K$ and $C$ are subset of topological ...
0
votes
1answer
846 views

Topology: Proof that a finitely generated cone is closed

Looking for the proof of the lemma asserting that the conical surface (envelope) is a closed space. Thank you.
2
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0answers
51 views

Part (b) of Exercise 13 of first chapter of Rudin's book “Functional Analysis”

I would really appreciate it if you could give me some advice on the part (b) of Exercise 13 of first chapter of Walter Rudin's book "Functional Analysis": Let $C$ be the vector space of all ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Openness of linear mapping

Let $X$ be a topological vector space over the field $K$, where $K=\mathbb R$ or $K= \mathbb C$, and let $f:X\rightarrow K^n$ ($n \in \mathbb N$) be a linear and surjective functional. How to prove ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

When do weak and original topology coincide?

Let $X$ be a topological vector space with topology $T$. When is the weak topology on $X$ the same as $T$? Of course we always have $T_{weak} \subset T$ by definition but when is $T \subset ...
17
votes
2answers
873 views

When is a notion of convergence induced by a topology?

I'm interested in sufficient conditions for a notion of sequential convergence to be induced by a topology. More precisely: Let $V$ be a vector space over $\mathbb{C}$ endowed with a notion $\tau$ of ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Does every $\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C}$ vector space have a norm?

Is there a canonical way to define on any vector space over $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C}$ a norm ? (Or, if there isn't, can someone give me an example of a vector space over $\mathbb{K}$ that is ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

local convexity of $L_p$ spaces

wiki says The spaces $L_p([0, 1])$ for $0 < p < 1$ are equipped with the F-norm they are not locally convex, since the only convex neighborhood of zero is the whole space Why is this so? ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

Meaning of “a mapping preserves structures/properties”

Sometimes I see something like "a mapping preserves the structures of its domain and of its codomain". From Wiki about morphisms in category theory: a morphism is an abstraction derived from ...
7
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3answers
256 views

Can continuity of inverse be omitted from the definition of topological group?

According to Wikipedia, a topological group $G$ is a group and a topological space such that $$ (x,y) \mapsto xy$$ and $$ x \mapsto x^{-1}$$ are continuous. The second requirement follows from the ...
6
votes
1answer
696 views

Generic topology on a vector space?

For a (possibly infinite-dimensional) vector space $V$, I thought about the following topology $\tau$: Let $O \in \tau$ if every $x \in O$ has the property that for every $v \in V$, there is an ...
4
votes
1answer
373 views

An explicit construction for a “doubly weak” topology

Let $(X,s)$ be a topological vector space over $\mathbb{F}$ with linear topology $s$, which we will henceforth refer to as the strong topology. Then, as usual we can construct the continuous dual ...
7
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1answer
182 views

Rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by using quaternion

Express the rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by $\frac{\pi}{3}$ about the $x=y=z$ axis by using quaternions and identifying $\mathbb{R}^3$ with $(i,j,k)$-space. Thoughts: From my point of view, every ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

The weak topology of a product

Let $E$ and $F$ be normed vector spaces and let $E^{\sigma}$, resp. $F^{\sigma}$ be $E$, resp. $F$ with the weak topology associated with the elements of the duals $E^*$, resp. $F^*$. Then, for ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Part (c) of Exercise 13 of first chapter of Rudin's book “Functional Analysis”

I would really appreciate it if you could give me some advice on the part (c) of Exercise 13 of first chapter of Walter Rudin's book "Functional Analysis": Let $C$ be the vector space of all ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

How to construct a particular convex set (when defining inductive limits of Frechet spaces in Reed and Simon)

Let $X$ be a topological vector space (over $\mathbb{C}$) whose topology is defined by a family of separating seminorms $\{\rho_\alpha\}$. Let $X_1$ be a vector subspace of $X$ whose topology is the ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Why are the Differential- and multiplication mapping on $C^{\infty}(\Omega)$ continuous?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be open and $\Omega\neq\varnothing$ and suppose we have the Fréchet topology on $C^{\infty}(\Omega)$ (this can be obtained by the topology construction from out ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

About a weak topology on TVS

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological vector space and suppose $P$ is a separating family of seminorms on $X$. Denote by $\sigma(X,P)$, the weak topology on $X$, the smallest topology on $X$ that makes each ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Doubt Concerning the Definition of a Locally Convex Space Structure through Seminorms?

In the book Introduction to Functional Analysis written by A. E. Taylor there are the following theorems: Theorem 1. Suppose that $X$ is a linear space and that $\mathscr{U}$ is a nonempty family ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Semi-Norms and the Definition of the Weak Topology

When I was searching for the definition of the weak topology, I found two different definitions. One defines the weak topology in terms of a family of semi-norms, while the other defines it in terms ...
8
votes
1answer
197 views

Is there finest topology which makes given vector space into a topological vector space?

I we are given a vector space $(V,+,\cdot)$ over a field $\mathbb K$ (where $\mathbb K=\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$), is there the finest topology $\mathcal T$, such that $(V,\mathcal T)$ is ...
7
votes
1answer
558 views

Sequential and topological duals of test function spaces

Given a test function space, in particular $\mathcal{S}=\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the Schwartz space) or $\mathcal{D}=\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the space of compactly supported smooth test ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Relative countable weak$^{\ast}$ compactness and sequences

I am finding serious difficulties in understanding some things about relative countable compactness and the use of sequences in proving it by my functional analysis text, Kolmogorov-Fomin's. For ...
4
votes
1answer
487 views

Finding the topological complement of a finite dimensional subspace

I know that for any finite dimensional subspace $F$ of a banach space $X$, there is always a closed subspace $W$ such that $X=W\oplus F$, that is, any finite dimensional subspace of a banach space is ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

Left topological zero-divisors in Banach algebras.

Let $ A $ be a unital Banach algebra. Define $ \zeta: A \longrightarrow [0,\infty) $ by $$ \forall a \in A: \quad \zeta(a) \stackrel{\text{def}}{=} \inf_{b \in \mathbb{S}(A)} \| ab \|, $$ where $ ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

On separable Hilbert space $H$, weak operator topology is metrizable on bounded parts of $B(H)$

The following is a theorem of Takesaki's operator theory: In this proof, weak topology means weak operator topology. I'm wonder why the theorem holds just for bounded parts of $B(H)$ and also ...
6
votes
1answer
344 views

Uniqueness of the derivative in locally convex topological vector space

I need a hint of proof of uniqueness of the derivative in locally convex topological vector space (it's asserted in Lang's "Introduction to differentiable manifolds"). Define derivative of a function ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Question about proof that finite-dimensional subspaces of normed vector spaces are direct summands

I am reading a proof that finite-dimensional subspaces of normed vector spaces have closed direct sum complements. This is the proof: Let $\{e_1, ..., e_n\}$ be a basis for $\mathcal M$. Every $x ...
3
votes
1answer
554 views

proving that $SO(n)$ is path connected

Our professor gave us exercise to show that $G=SO(n,\mathbb R)$ is path connected. He gave some hints, using them I have come upto this far: I have shown that $SO(n)$ acts on $S^{n-1}$ transitively ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

What do we call a Schauder-like basis that is uncountable?

In a topological vector space, every Schauder basis is assumed countable, by definition. Supposing we drop the countability condition, we call this a [what goes here?] basis?
2
votes
1answer
258 views

Definition of boundedness in topological vector spaces

From Wikipedia: Given a topological vector space $(X,τ)$ over a field $F$, $S$ is called bounded if for every neighborhood $N$ of the zero vector there exists a scalar $α$ so that $$ S ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Simple Continuity Question concerning Vector Bundles

I'm a bit confused about the following part in Sir Michael Atiyah's "K-Theory." Let $E = X \times V$ and $F = X\times W$, and let $\phi: E\to F$ be a vector bundle homomorphism. Why is the induced ...
11
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3answers
649 views

Topology on the general linear group of a topological vector space

Let $K$ be a topological field. Let $V$ be a topological vector space over $K$ (if it makes things convenient, you may assume it is finite dimensional). Naive Question: Is there a canonical way of ...
6
votes
1answer
309 views

Confused by proof in Rudin Functional Analysis, metrization of topological vector space with countable local base

I'm working through Rudin's Functional Analysis, and I am confused by a step in his proof for Theorem 1.24, which states that if X is a topological vector space with a countable local base, then there ...
5
votes
2answers
290 views

If you know the convergent sequences, how do you know the open sets?

I have a homework problem which I feel should be simple but is actually surprisingly tricky. This is why I love math sometimes.... Let $X$ be a normed linear space. Suppose $\|\cdot\|_1$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Closed Bounded but not compact Subset of a Normed Vector Space

Consider $\ell^\infty $ the vector space of real bounded sequences endowed with the sup norm, that is $||x|| = \sup_n |x_n|$ where $x = (x_n)_{n \in \Bbb N}$. Prove that $B'(0,1) = \{x \in l^\infty ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Openness of linear mapping 2

I quote a previously asked question : Let $X$ be a topological vector space over the field $K$, where $K=\mathbb{R}$ or $K=\mathbb{C}$, and let $\mathbb\{f\colon X\rightarrow K^n\}$ ($n \in ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Metrizability of the unit ball $B_{X^*}$.

I am trying to prove the assertion: If $X$ is a separable normed space, then the unit ball in $X^*$ with the weak* topology, $(B_{X^*},\sigma(X^*,X))$, is metrizable. Firstly, I took ...