Tagged Questions

The study of vector space with a topology which makes the maps which sums two vectors and which multiply a vector by a scalar continuous. It's a natural generalization of normed spaces.

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48 views

A separation lemma in a real vector space

A lattice $N$ is a free $\mathbb{Z}$-module of finite rank. Let $V$ be the real vector space $N\otimes_\mathbb{Z} \mathbb{R}.$ A cone is a set $\sigma = \{ r_1 v_1 + \ldots + r_k v_k \in V : r_i\geq 0 ...
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1answer
33 views

On the set $U_p=\{x\in X: p(x)\le 1\}$

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff locally convex topological vector space whose topology is generated by a family of continuous seminorms on $X$. For each continuous seminorm $p$ on $X$, let $$U_p=\{x\in X: ...
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0answers
52 views

Is a single nontrivial convex set in a topological vector space enough to make it locally convex?

This is sort of a definition question. While a tvs is locally bounded if it contains a bounded neighborhood of the origin, a tvs is called locally convex if it contains a fundamental system of ...
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101 views

Functional analysis exercise

I would really appreciate it if you could give me some advice on the following exercise in Rudin. Put $K=[-1,1]$; define $\mathcal{D}_K$ as the set of all smooth functionals supported in $K$. ...
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2answers
95 views

On the Space of Continuous Linear Operators on LCTVS

Suppose that $X$ is a locally convex topological vector space (LCTVS) and that $L(X)$ denotes the space of all continuous linear operators on $X$. Question. How can we construct a topology on $L(X)$ ...
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0answers
40 views

Bounded Semivariation and Bounded Variation in locally convex TVS

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff locally convex TVS and let $P(X)$ be a family of seminorms on $X$ that generates $\tau$. We consider the following definitions. Definition 1. A function $f:[a,b]\to X$ ...
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1answer
184 views

Is there finest topology which makes given vector space into a topological vector space?

I we are given a vector space $(V,+,\cdot)$ over a field $\mathbb K$ (where $\mathbb K=\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$), is there the finest topology $\mathcal T$, such that $(V,\mathcal T)$ is ...
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2answers
157 views

How to endow topology on a finite dimensional topological vector space?

This post may be coincide with some of the contents here. From Conway, A course in functional analysis, page 104. If $H$ is a finite dimensional vector space and $F_{1},F_{2}$ are two topologies ...
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0answers
93 views

Compactness in a new convexity

Let $V$ be a topological vector space. For any $m,n\in\mathbb{N}$, denote by $M_{m,n}(V)$ the vector space of all $m\times n$ matrices with entries in $V$. In particular, we denote ...
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1answer
152 views

Taking a convex hull does not increase a supremum of a linear function

Let $X$ be a topological vector space, let $f:X\to\Bbb R$ be a continuous linear function and let $P(X)$ denote the set of all Borel probability measures on $X$. For any $M\subseteq X$ we define the ...
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1answer
183 views

About functions of bounded variation

I got the following the following idea in one of the articles that I'm reading. It goes this way. Let $X$ be a Hausdorff topological vector space and let $\mathcal{D}$ be the family of all divisions ...
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2answers
53 views

Countable subsets of TVSs

This is something which is not clear to me. Take any countable subset $C$ of a compact set $K$ in a locally convex topological vector space $X$. Can we conclude that there is a point $x\in X$ such ...
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1answer
99 views

How Does A Precessing Sphere Precess?

In particular, consider a perfectly spherical object or radius $r$, with a certain axis $L$, and this axis titled relative to a vertical axis by some amount $\theta$. Say that it's "wobbling" in a ...
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0answers
70 views

Pseudo norm-exercice

Let $f$ be a measurable function with finite values almost everywhere. We put $$N_0(f) = \displaystyle\int \dfrac{|f|}{1 + |f|} d \mu.$$ We denoted by $L^0$ the set of measurable functions $f$ such ...
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1answer
112 views

Smooth function which is not continuous

I have seen it mentioned that in certain infinite dimensional topological vector spaces it is possible to have a smooth curve which is not continuous, but I've never seen an explicit example. Can ...
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1answer
129 views

An counterexample of Hahn-Banach theorem in a topological vector space

Problem : Give an example of a TVS $\mathcal{X}$ that is not locally convex and a subspace $\mathcal{Y}$ of $\mathcal{X}$ such that there is a continuous linear functional $f$ on $\mathcal{Y}$ with no ...
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1answer
51 views

On Polar Sets with respect to Continuous Seminorms

In the following, $X$ is a Hausdorff locally convex topological vector space and $X'$ is the topological dual of $X$. If $p$ is a continuous seminorm on $X$ then we shall designate by $U_p$ the ...
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1answer
714 views

Question about proof that finite-dimensional subspaces of normed vector spaces are direct summands

I am reading a proof that finite-dimensional subspaces of normed vector spaces have closed direct sum complements. This is the proof: Let $\{e_1, ..., e_n\}$ be a basis for $\mathcal M$. Every $x ...
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1answer
133 views

On Absolutely Continuous Functions

I would like to know if we can extend the concept of absolute continuity to functions $f:[a,b]\to X$, where $X$ is a topological vector space. I browsed some books on Topological Vector Spaces but ...
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1answer
42 views

About Regulated Functions

Definition. Let $X$ be a Banach space. A mapping $f:[a,b]\to X$ is called regulated if it has one sided limits. In the setting of a Hausdorff topological vector space $X$, can we still define ...
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0answers
61 views

A property involving a polar of a set

Let $X$ be LCTVS and let $X'$ be its topological dual. Let $A\subseteq X$. Suppose that $x\in X$ and satisfies the following property: $$|x'(x)|<1 \mbox{ for all } x'\in A^0$$ where $A^0$ is a ...
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2answers
89 views

A separable, regular space which has cardinality of the continuum but is not first countable?

Actually the title says it all. Is there such a topological space which is separable, regular, has cardinality of the continuum but is not first countable? If so, is there also an example of a ...
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1answer
46 views

About the induced vector measure of a Pettis integrable function(part 2)

Notations: In what follows, $X$ stands for a Hausdorff LCTVS and $X'$ its topological dual. Let $(T,\mathcal{M},\mu)$ be a finite measure space, i.e., $T$ is a nonempty set, $\mathcal{M}$ a ...
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1answer
190 views

About Lusin's condition (N)

We say that $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies Lusin's condition (N) provided $$m(f(B))=0 \quad\mbox{whenever}\quad B\subseteq [0,1] \mbox{ with }m(B)=0$$ where $m$ stands for the Lebesgue measure on ...
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1answer
63 views

Checking if the induced mapping is well-defined

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a $\sigma$-algebra of subsets of a nonempty set $T$, $X$ is Hausdorff LCTVS, $X'$ the topological dual of $X$, and $m: \mathcal{M}\to X$ a countably additive vector measure on ...
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1answer
54 views

About the induced vector measure of a Pettis integrable function

In what follows, $X$ stands for a Hausdorff LCTVS and $X'$ its topological dual. Let $(T,\mathcal{M},\mu)$ be a finite measure space, i.e., $T$ is a nonempty set, $\mathcal{M}$ a $\sigma$-algebra of ...
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2answers
58 views

Composition of a vector measure and a linear functional

Assume that $X$ is topological vector space over the field $\mathbb{R}$. Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a $\sigma$-algebra of subsets of a nonempty set $T$. We say that $$m: \mathcal{M}\to X$$ is a vector ...
3
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1answer
220 views

About Henstock integrable vector-valued function

In what follows, $X$ is a Hausdorff locally convex topological vector space over the reals whose topology is generated by a family $P$ of all continuous seminorms on $X$. We consider the following ...
2
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1answer
77 views

About Equicontinuous and Boundedness

Let $X$ be a TVS and $X'$ denotes the space of all continuous linear functionals on $X$. Let us denote the $weak^*$-topology on $X'$ by $\sigma(X',X).$ My question is this. Why does every ...
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1answer
88 views

About a Weak Topology of a Vector Space

Let $X$ be a real vector space and suppose $P$ is a separating family of seminorms on $X$. Denote by $\sigma(X,P)$, the weak topology on $X$, the smallest topology on $X$ that makes each $p\in P$ ...
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1answer
51 views

About a Weak Topology on TVS(part 2)

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological vector space and suppose $P$ is a separating family of seminorms on $X$. Denote by $\sigma(X,P)$, the weak topology on $X$, the smallest topology on $X$ that makes each ...
4
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1answer
57 views

Homeomorphism via Minkowski functional?

Suppose $E$ is an infinite dimensional topological vector space and $\Omega\subset E$ is open, convex and $0\in \Omega$. The Minkowski-functional of $\Omega$ is defined by: $$ p_\Omega:E\to ...
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1answer
72 views

About a weak topology on TVS

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological vector space and suppose $P$ is a separating family of seminorms on $X$. Denote by $\sigma(X,P)$, the weak topology on $X$, the smallest topology on $X$ that makes each ...
1
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1answer
114 views

About Closed Unit Balls

If $(X, \|\cdot \|_X)$ is a normed vector space over $\mathbb R$, then the closed unit ball of $X$ is given by $$B(X)=\{x\in X: \|x \|_X \le 1\}.$$ If $X^{*}$ is the set of all bounded linear ...
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1answer
91 views

$V$ is finite dimensional iff $V'$ with the weak topology is normable

Why is the following statement valid? Note, $V$ is locally convex Hausdorff topological vector space over $\mathbb{C}$ and $V'$ is the space of all continuous linear maps from $V \to \mathbb{C}$. ...
4
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1answer
115 views

The weak topology of a product

Let $E$ and $F$ be normed vector spaces and let $E^{\sigma}$, resp. $F^{\sigma}$ be $E$, resp. $F$ with the weak topology associated with the elements of the duals $E^*$, resp. $F^*$. Then, for ...
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1answer
458 views

Contractibility of convex set

Suppose that $\Omega$ is a convex open subset of an infinite dimensional vector space $E$ such that $\Omega$ is not contained in any finite dimensional subspace of $E$. Let $Q_m\subset \Omega$ denote ...
2
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0answers
102 views

Which are nontrivial examples of analytical functions on Frechet spaces?

Let $X$ be a real linear topological space, which is a (separable) Frechet space, such that the topology on $X$ is generated by the countable family $\{p_n:n\in\omega\}$ of norms . A real-valued ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Hahn-Banach Separation Theorem and Bishop's Theorem

I am looking at the proof of Bishop's Theorem on pages 122 and 123 of Rudin's Functional Analysis. The following quote is from the the last two sentences of the proof on pg. 123. "Every continuous ...
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votes
2answers
321 views

Topology of the space of hermitian positive definite matrices

Let $\mathcal{H}_n \mathbb{C}$ be the set of hermitian $n \times n$ complex matrices. This set carries the structure of a vector space over $\mathbb{R}$ under usual addition. It also inherits the ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Some basic questions about minima of a real-valued functions

The following theorem is basically from the Fermat's Theorem page of wikipedia. Let $X$ denote a subset of $\mathbb{R}$, and suppose $f : X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ attains a global minimum at $x ...
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1answer
266 views

Are projections onto closed complemented subspaces of a topological vector space always continuous?

Suppose $X$ is a topological vector space and $X = V \oplus W$ is a decomposition of $X$ into closed subspaces. The decomposition gives rise to a projection $P$ onto $V$ (depending on the choice of ...
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4answers
193 views

Books on locally convex topological vector spaces

My friend asked me for a good book about locally convex topological vector space. I'm not familar with this. Could you give me some good references on it?
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1answer
331 views

Learning Aid for Basic Theorems of Topological Vector Spaces in Functional Analysis

I am self-teaching myself the basics of functional analysis (e.g. topological vector spaces), and frankly I am starting to get a migraine sorting out/organizing in my head all of the ...
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1answer
166 views

Rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by using quaternion

Express the rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by $\frac{\pi}{3}$ about the $x=y=z$ axis by using quaternions and identifying $\mathbb{R}^3$ with $(i,j,k)$-space. Thoughts: From my point of view, every ...
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2answers
340 views

$C^\infty(R^n)$ is a Banach Space when equipped with topology of uniform convergence

Prove $C^\infty(\Bbb R^n)$ is a Banach Space when equipped with topology of uniform convergence. $C^\infty(\Bbb R^n)$ is space of all continuous functions that converge to $0$ at $\infty$. And, the ...
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1answer
115 views

Properties of $ \text{Exp}(A) $, where $ A $ is a Banach algebra.

$ \newcommand{\Exp}{\operatorname{Exp}} $ Let $ A $ be a unital Banach algebra. For $ a \in A $, consider $$ \Exp(A) \stackrel{\text{def}}{=} \{ e^{a_{1}} e^{a_{2}} \cdots e^{a_{n}} ~|~ n \in ...
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2answers
1k views

Closed Bounded but not compact Subset of a Normed Vector Space

Consider $\ell^\infty $ the vector space of real bounded sequences endowed with the sup norm, that is $||x|| = \sup_n |x_n|$ where $x = (x_n)_{n \in \Bbb N}$. Prove that $B'(0,1) = \{x \in l^\infty ...
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2answers
114 views

Question about Topological Vector Spaces

Let $E$ be a Topological Vector Space and $U$ a bounded set of $E$ with $0\in U$, i.e. given any neighborhood $W$ of the origin, there exist $\alpha>0$ such that $\alpha U\subset W$. Is it true ...
2
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1answer
118 views

About sequentially complete and complete TVS

Let us use $X$ to mean a topological vector space. I know that if $X$ is a complete TVS then it is sequentially complete. I know that the converse is not true, so what I need now is to construct a TVS ...