2
votes
3answers
74 views

$\sigma$-Algebra: Why do we want it to contain complements as well?

Everybody Hello, I was always wondering: (Please answers apart from historical reasons) Why do we want a $\sigma$-Algebra to possess more than just its crucial disjoint $\sigma$-union property? Say, ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Weak* continuity

Let $B$ be the open unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $\mathcal{M}^+$ the set of nonnegative Radon measures on $B$ and $\mathcal{M}^2$ the set of $\mathbb{R}^2 \text{-valued}$ Radon measures on $B.$ I ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Measure-valued maps equal a.e. if their integrals equal over any set

Let $X,Y$ be two standard Borel spaces and let $p,q:X\to\mathcal P(Y)$ be two stochastic kernels, which can be alternatively seen as measure-valued maps. Suppose that for some measure $\mu\in \mathcal ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Taking a convex hull does not increase a supremum of a linear function

Let $X$ be a topological vector space, let $f:X\to\Bbb R$ be a continuous linear function and let $P(X)$ denote the set of all Borel probability measures on $X$. For any $M\subseteq X$ we define the ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Pseudo norm-exercice

Let $f$ be a measurable function with finite values almost everywhere. We put $$N_0(f) = \displaystyle\int \dfrac{|f|}{1 + |f|} d \mu.$$ We denoted by $L^0$ the set of measurable functions $f$ such ...
3
votes
2answers
416 views

Meaning of “a mapping preserves structures/properties”

Sometimes I see something like "a mapping preserves the structures of its domain and of its codomain". From Wiki about morphisms in category theory: a morphism is an abstraction derived from ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

How to define the derivative of Radon measures

Let $M$ be the positive borel measures on a hausdorff topological space $X$, which are finite on compacts sets $--$ i.e. the real cone of radon measures. I am given a definition of a derivative of ...