3
votes
1answer
59 views

Sum of Neighborhoods of Zero

When do two neighborhoods of zero over a topological vector space add up as: $$aN+bN=(a+b)N\quad a,b\geq 0$$ I could imagine something like balanced might suffice... The problem is that I'd like to ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Extension of function with values in a Banach space

I want to prove the following Let $E,X$ be Banach spaces, and $Y\subset E$ a closed subspace with codimension $1$. Let $T:Y \to X$ be a continuous linear function. Then there exists a continuous ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Completation of an n.v.s. and dimensions of subspaces.

I don't know if the following statement is true: Let $X$ be an n.v.s. with $\text{dim}(X)=\infty$ and not Banach; and $\bar X $ its completation in the bidual space. Let $Y$ be a closed subspace ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Linear bijection non-preserving Hausdorff propery

My question is: If $f: X \to Y$ is a continuous and linear bijection between topological vector spaces, is it possible that $X$ is Hausdorff and $Y$ is non-Hausdorff? (TVSs are considered in the more ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Almost Everywhere Function Space

Problem Let $\Omega$ be a measure space with measure $\mu$ and $V$ a topological vector space not necessarily Hausdorff as well as the function space $\mathcal{F}:=\{f:\Omega\to V\}$ topologized by ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Topology Book including specific aspects

I am looking for a basic book about Topology (maybe also a bit of Functional analysis but basically Topology) including the following points (in addition to the basic points): $\bullet$ Seminorms ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Topological Tensor Product is a Topological Ring Independent of the Choice of Basis

Let $A, B$ be commutative rings containing a field $k$, with $B$ a finite dimensional $k$-module, $w_1, ... , w_N$ a basis. If $w_iw_j = \sum\limits_{n=1}^N c_{ijn}w_n$, then we can define $C$ to be ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Balanced Core: $U\text{ open }\implies U^*\text{ open}$

I need one last lemma for the proof of finite dimensional subspaces are closed: Is it true that if a subset is open so is its balanced core??
5
votes
0answers
102 views

Connections and dependences between topological and algebraic basis in topological vector space

On my last functional analysis exam, one of the tasks was to show that if normed vector space $X$ have countable Hamel basis, then $X$ is separable space (over field $\mathbb{R}$). I am not sure if ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Topological Vector Space: Uniform Structure

Disclaimer: This thread is meant informative and therefore written in Q&A style. Of course everybody is encouraged to give an answer as well! Prove that any topological vector space gives rise ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Infinite Dimensional Topological Vector Space

Let $V$ is a finite-dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{R}$ (or $\mathbb{C}$). To make $V$ a topological space, we may choose the sets $f^{-1}(U)$ as a sub-basis, where $f$ ranges over all linear ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Show that no topological vector space is bounded.

I am studying the concept of topological vector spaces in Grubb's Distributions and Operators. A vector space $X$ (over $\mathbb{L} = \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$) is called a topological vector ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

When a sort of weak topology is enough to generate vector space topology

Consider a vector space $V$, and some functions $f_\alpha: V \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ where $\alpha$ ranges over some index set $A$. We can think about the coarsest topology which: a) makes the ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Properties of compact set: non-empty intersection of any system of closed subsets with finite intersection property

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff topological vector space. Let $C$ be a nonempty compact subset of $X$ and $\{C_\alpha\}_{\alpha \in I}$ be a collection of closed subsets such that $C_\alpha \subset C$ for each ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

strong topology = inductive limit topology on duals of projective limits

I've been bothering with this for some time now, and can't find any source with an actual proof, the statement simply appears to be "well-known". If you know (a source with) a proof, I'd be happy :) ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Some fundamental relations in topology

Are the following relations correct? $\ \{ Normed\, Vector\, Spaces\} \subset \{Topological\, Vector\, Spaces\} \subset \{Uniform \,Spaces\} \subset \{Topological\, Spaces\}$ Then $\ \{Normed\, ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Convex in $ \mathbb{R^n}$

Prove that: [A be a convexe part $(A\subseteq \mathbb{R^n})] \implies [\forall x_1,x_2,...x_n\in A ,\forall\alpha_1,\alpha_2,...\alpha_n\ge0 $ $with$ $ \ \alpha_1+\alpha_2+...+\alpha_n=1 ...
0
votes
4answers
69 views

Are the axioms of a topological space superfluous?

A topology on a set $X$ is a family $\mathcal{T}$ of subsets of $X$, which are open sets and satisfy: (1) $\emptyset, X \in \mathcal{T}$. (2) Any union of elements of $\mathcal{T}$ belongs to ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Every Bounded set contained in a Compact set

In a general metric space, is every bounded set contained in a compact set?
0
votes
0answers
50 views

topological vector space of measure functions

Let $(X, \mathcal X, \mu )$ be a measure space, and let $ L(X)$ be the space of measurable functions $f: X \to \mathbb C$. Show that the sets $B(f, \epsilon ,r ): = \{ g \in L(X) : \mu( \{ x : | f(x) ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

A vector space with topology generated by a family of typologies each makes it a topological vector space is a topological vector space

Let $V$ be a vector space, and let $(\mathcal F_ \alpha ) _{ \alpha \in A}$ be a family of topologies on V, each of which turning $V$ into a topological vector space. Let $\mathcal F$ be the vector ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Are the finite signed measures on a compact set $M(Compact)$ first countable?

Let $M(Compact)$ be the set of finite signed measures on a countable set? (with the topology generated by the sets $\left\{ \mu \in M(Compact) : \left| \int f(x) \mu(dx)- a\right| \leq ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Prove that the weak$^*$ topology on the space of tempered distributions is not 1st countable

Please, help me with a proof of this (apparently) known fact whose proof is out of my reach, even though I spent a considerable amount of time looking it up: The weak$^*$ topology on the space of ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

When does a dense subspace destine the weak topology?

Let $E$ be a locally convex space, let $E^{\prime}$ be its continuous dual space and let $F$ be a subspace of $E^{\prime}$ which is dense with respect to the strong topology on $E^{\prime}$ (i.e. the ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Prove that a set is dense and of the first category in $L^2(T)$

Define the Fourier coefficients $\hat{f}(n)$ of a function $f\in L^2(T)$, $T$ is a unit circle, by: $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int\limits_{-\pi}^{\pi}f(e^{i\theta})e^{-in\theta}d\theta$ Let ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views
1
vote
1answer
50 views

About the closedness of Banach space

I'm reading a proof in trying to prove that a Banach space $X$ is reflexive if and only if $X^{*}$ is reflexive. There's a point in the proof saying that $X$ is a closed subspace of $X^{**}$, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

About open mapping and closed range theorem

I'm self-learning Functional Analysis in Rudin's book and found some following statement hard to understand. Hope someone can help me clarify this. 1) $X, Y$ are Banach spaces, $T \in B(X,Y)$, let ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

No infinite-dimensional $F$-space has a countable Hamel basis

If $X$ is an infinite-dimensional topological vector space which is the union of countably many finite-dimensional subspaces, prove that $X$ is of the first category in itself. Prove that therefore ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Subspaces of a Topological Vector Spaces

I have a few questions about topological spaces which I am currently studying. First some definitions that I am using: Definition of subspace topology: Given a topological space $(X,\tau)$ and a ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

In the proof the proving duality of topological vector space

I find hard to understand the proof for this theorem. Hope that some one can help me to clarify this. Thanks Suppose $X$ is a vector space and $X'$ is a separating space of linear functionals on ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

About the continuity of a function in the closed graph theorem proof

I'm reading Functional Analysis book of Rudin, and in the proof of the closed graph theorem, there's one point that I don't understand. Can someone please explain it to me? I really appreciate this. ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Question about the continuity property of a function in topological vector space

I'm reading Functional Analysis book of Walter Rudin, and there's one point in this book that I don't know why he states that. Here is the statement: $f$ is a linear mapping from F-space $X$ into ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

There exists function sequence $\{f_{n}\}$ converges to $0$ such that $\{a_{n}f_{n}\}$ not converges to $0$

Let $X$ be the vector space of all complex functions on the unit interval $[0,1]$, topologized by the family of seminorms $$p_{x}(f) = |f(x)|, \quad (0 \le x \le 1).$$ Show that there exists a ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

In a topological vector space, show if $A$ and $B$ are bounded, then $A + B$ is bounded?

I get as far as this before I am stuck: Pick any neighbourhood of $0$ and call it $U$. Then there exists $a, b$ such that $A \subseteq aU$ and $B \subseteq bU$. So hence $ A + B \subseteq aU+bU$. ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

How to prove in a topological vector space: cl(A) + cl(B) is a subset of cl(A+B), where cl denotes closure?

I'm not sure where to really proceed. My process is as follows. Take any $x \in cl(A)+cl(B)$. Assume for a contradiction that $x \notin cl(A+B)$. Then there exists an open set $U$ such that $ x \in ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

How can we ensure that a space is a subset of locally convex topological space?

I am looking for fast ways to ensure that a given set is a subset of topologically locally convex space. I have already read the posts post1:seminorms-in-locally-convex-spaces, ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Notions of topological spaces and matrices

How can I show that: For all $r>0$, exists $A$ nonsingular matrix, such that $B_r(A)\subseteq GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ For all $A\in GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ and for all $r>0$, there exists $\alpha>0$ ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Every locally connected non separating plane continuum is an AR

A continuum is a compact connected metric space. A plane continuum is a continuum contained in $R^2$. We say that a plane continuum does not separate the plane provided that $R^2\setminus X$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

proving that $SO(n)$ is path connected

Our professor gave us exercise to show that $G=SO(n,\mathbb R)$ is path connected. He gave some hints, using them I have come upto this far: I have shown that $SO(n)$ acts on $S^{n-1}$ transitively ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Exercise involving topological vector spaces, linear maps, and the quotient map

I'm doing a homework problem out of Rudin's $\textit{Functional Analysis}$ which is basically a proof of which I have completed some of it, but I'm not sure about the rest of it. Without further ado, ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

On Some Locally Convex Topologies of a Vector Space(Update)

This is an update of my previous question in here. Suppose that $(X,\tau)$ is already a locally convex TVS. Let us denote by $X'$, the space of all $\tau$-continuous linear functionals on $X$, the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

On Some Locally Convex Topologies of a Vector Space

Suppose that $(X,\tau)$ is already a locally convex TVS. Let us denote by $X'$, the space of all $\tau$-continuous linear functionals on $X$, the topological dual of $X$. For each $f\in X'$, define ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

A question on the sets $V(p,\epsilon)$ in the book of Rudin

I am reading the book of Rudin's functional analysis. Let us start with a vector space $X$ over the reals and we let $P$ be a separating family of seminorms on $X$. For each $p\in P$ and $\epsilon ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Compactness in a new convexity

Let $V$ be a topological vector space. For any $m,n\in\mathbb{N}$, denote by $M_{m,n}(V)$ the vector space of all $m\times n$ matrices with entries in $V$. In particular, we denote ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Countable subsets of TVSs

This is something which is not clear to me. Take any countable subset $C$ of a compact set $K$ in a locally convex topological vector space $X$. Can we conclude that there is a point $x\in X$ such ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

A separable, regular space which has cardinality of the continuum but is not first countable?

Actually the title says it all. Is there such a topological space which is separable, regular, has cardinality of the continuum but is not first countable? If so, is there also an example of a ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Homeomorphism via Minkowski functional?

Suppose $E$ is an infinite dimensional topological vector space and $\Omega\subset E$ is open, convex and $0\in \Omega$. The Minkowski-functional of $\Omega$ is defined by: $$ p_\Omega:E\to ...
7
votes
1answer
427 views

Contractibility of convex set

Suppose that $\Omega$ is a convex open subset of an infinite dimensional vector space $E$ such that $\Omega$ is not contained in any finite dimensional subspace of $E$. Let $Q_m\subset \Omega$ denote ...
4
votes
2answers
305 views

Topology of the space of hermitian positive definite matrices

Let $\mathcal{H}_n \mathbb{C}$ be the set of hermitian $n \times n$ complex matrices. This set carries the structure of a vector space over $\mathbb{R}$ under usual addition. It also inherits the ...