The study of vector space with a topology which makes the maps which sums two vectors and which multiply a vector by a scalar continuous. It's a natural generalization of normed spaces.

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Properties of compact set: non-empty intersection of any system of closed subsets with finite intersection property

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff topological vector space. Let $C$ be a nonempty compact subset of $X$ and $\{C_\alpha\}_{\alpha \in I}$ be a collection of closed subsets such that $C_\alpha \subset C$ for each ...
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37 views

Open Convex Subsets of Dense Spaces

So I asked this question yesterday, Existence of Non-Trivial, Convex, Open Set in $C_{\mathbb{C}}[0,1]$ Under $L^{0}$ Metric, and it made my start wondering the following... Suppose the following: ...
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8 views

Topological modules with enough continuous linear functionals.

Context: I'm trying to find out which topological (unital) modules are "good enough" for generalizing results from real or complex functional analysis. For example, I say that a module, in order to be ...
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20 views

Linearly compact subspace is closed

Let $V$ be a vector space with a linear topology, meaning open linear subspaces form a basis of open neighborhoods of $0$. Recall that a subspace $W$ is called linearly compact if for any open ...
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2answers
30 views

strong topology = inductive limit topology on duals of projective limits

I've been bothering with this for some time now, and can't find any source with an actual proof, the statement simply appears to be "well-known". If you know (a source with) a proof, I'd be happy :) ...
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1answer
26 views

Non-locally convex topologies on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ compatible with the vector space structure

So I know that every locally convex topology on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is equivalent to the norm topology. Are there any non-trivial examples of non-locally convex topologies on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ that still ...
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28 views

Does this topology on the dual have a name

Let $X$ be a topological vector space. Let $X^\ast$ denote its continuous dual. It is possible to endow $X^\ast$ with the weak star topology: Def.1: If $e_x: X^\ast \to \mathbb C$ is the map $\varphi ...
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1answer
48 views

Counterexample about non Hausdorff topological vector spaces

I have some troubles with Hausdorffness in TVS: Question 1. Is there any topological vector space $X$ which is not Hausdorff? Question 2. Give an explicit example of a topological vector space $X$ ...
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25 views

Some fundamental relations in topology

Are the following relations correct? $\ \{ Normed\, Vector\, Spaces\} \subset \{Topological\, Vector\, Spaces\} \subset \{Uniform \,Spaces\} \subset \{Topological\, Spaces\}$ Then $\ \{Normed\, ...
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23 views

Question about proof of Krein-Milman Theorem.

I am in the middle of working through the details of the proof of the Krein-Milman theorem in Rudin's Functional Analysis (Theorem 3.23), and I am stuck on one detail. I will state the theorem and ...
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20 views

Convex in $ \mathbb{R^n}$

Prove that: [A be a convexe part $(A\subseteq \mathbb{R^n})] \implies [\forall x_1,x_2,...x_n\in A ,\forall\alpha_1,\alpha_2,...\alpha_n\ge0 $ $with$ $ \ \alpha_1+\alpha_2+...+\alpha_n=1 ...
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4answers
60 views

Are the axioms of a topological space superfluous?

A topology on a set $X$ is a family $\mathcal{T}$ of subsets of $X$, which are open sets and satisfy: (1) $\emptyset, X \in \mathcal{T}$. (2) Any union of elements of $\mathcal{T}$ belongs to ...
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1answer
53 views

Is every “nice” topological vector space a manifold?

Say $V$ is a topological vector space. What conditions do you need to add on $V$ to make it a (topological, maybe infinite-dimensional) manifold? For instance, can we view the Schwartz class ...
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1answer
46 views

Every Bounded set contained in a Compact set

In a general metric space, is every bounded set contained in a compact set?
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45 views

topological vector space of measure functions

Let $(X, \mathcal X, \mu )$ be a measure space, and let $ L(X)$ be the space of measurable functions $f: X \to \mathbb C$. Show that the sets $B(f, \epsilon ,r ): = \{ g \in L(X) : \mu( \{ x : | f(x) ...
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0answers
33 views

A vector space with topology generated by a family of typologies each makes it a topological vector space is a topological vector space

Let $V$ be a vector space, and let $(\mathcal F_ \alpha ) _{ \alpha \in A}$ be a family of topologies on V, each of which turning $V$ into a topological vector space. Let $\mathcal F$ be the vector ...
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28 views

Direct limit, density and norm

Let $E$ be a Banach space, $A_n$ be an increasing sequence of finite dimensional subspaces of $E$, $B_n$ be an increasing sequence of subspaces of $A_n$ and let $C_n = A_n/B_n$. Assume that the ...
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1answer
22 views

Are the finite signed measures on a compact set $M(Compact)$ first countable?

Let $M(Compact)$ be the set of finite signed measures on a countable set? (with the topology generated by the sets $\left\{ \mu \in M(Compact) : \left| \int f(x) \mu(dx)- a\right| \leq ...
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28 views

How do they call the topological tensor product that classifies operators from Hilbert space?

Let $V$ and $W$ be topological vector spaces. There are different ways to complete the tensor product $V \otimes W$, and the only ones that are usually discussed in introductory literature are the ...
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1answer
28 views

The dual of a dual space with the topology of uniform convergence on compact subsets?

$W$ is a Banach space. The topology of $W^*$ is the uniform convergence on the compact subsets of $W$. That is generated by the family of seminorms $$p_K(f)=\sup_{x\in K}|f(x)|,$$ for all compact ...
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2answers
79 views

Infinite Dimensional Vector Space: Finite Dim Subspace Closed and Nowhere Dense

Show that any finite-dimensional subspace $(S,\|\cdot\|)$ of an infinite-dimensional normed vector space $(V,\|\cdot\|)$ is closed and nowhere dense. Proof: Let $\{x^{(n)}\}_{n\geq1}$ be a ...
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1answer
52 views

On convex hulls and intersections of chains of compact sets

Let $V$ be a topological vector space, let $\{ C_i \}_{i \in I}$ be a set of compact subsets of $V$ which forms a chain with respect to inclusion. For now, assume the following stronger properties: ...
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1answer
76 views

Prove that the weak$^*$ topology on the space of tempered distributions is not 1st countable

Please, help me with a proof of this (apparently) known fact whose proof is out of my reach, even though I spent a considerable amount of time looking it up: The weak$^*$ topology on the space of ...
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1answer
43 views

Linear independence in 3-space

The orthogonal orthonormal basis vectors $i,j,k$ in $3$-space are generally accepted as linearly independent. However $j$ can be derived from $i$, by the process of differentiation, and likewise ...
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119 views

Why do we need dual space [closed]

In functional analysis there are many places where dual space is mentioned, but I still don't understand the real power of that concept. Why do we need the dual space?
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3answers
72 views

$\sigma$-Algebra: Why do we want it to contain complements as well?

Everybody Hello, I was always wondering: (Please answers apart from historical reasons) Why do we want a $\sigma$-Algebra to possess more than just its crucial disjoint $\sigma$-union property? Say, ...
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29 views

Closed Monoidal Structures On The Category Of Complete Topological Vector Spaces

Context: The category of Banach spaces, with the projective tensor product is a closed monoidal category. Question 1: Is there a tensor product on the category of complete topological vector spaces, ...
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1answer
28 views

When does a dense subspace destine the weak topology?

Let $E$ be a locally convex space, let $E^{\prime}$ be its continuous dual space and let $F$ be a subspace of $E^{\prime}$ which is dense with respect to the strong topology on $E^{\prime}$ (i.e. the ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Weak* continuity

Let $B$ be the open unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $\mathcal{M}^+$ the set of nonnegative Radon measures on $B$ and $\mathcal{M}^2$ the set of $\mathbb{R}^2 \text{-valued}$ Radon measures on $B.$ I ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Given a Banach space $X$, are weak$^*$ bounded subsets of the dual space $X '$ also strongly bounded (with respect to the usual norm in $X '$)?

Some related facts I already know: 1) In a Banach space $X$, weakly bounded sets are strongly bounded and vice-versa (Thm 3.18 - "Functional Analysis", Rudin); 2) From 1, it follows that my question ...
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1answer
86 views

Two basic questions about topological linear space theory

For a topological vector space(tvs), I'd like to know whether 1.there exist a topological vector space V which is a Hausdorff space but does not satisfies the first countable axiom or 2.there exist ...
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71 views

Is Reflexivity Necessary for the Weak and Weak* Topologies to Coincide?

Let $X$ be a normed vector space, not necessarily Banach. Suppose that $X$ is not reflexive, implying the existence of such $\varphi\in X^{**}$ ($X^{**}$ being the double dual of $X$) of that for any ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Is there a topological space and meanwhile a linear space such that its vector addition is discontinuous but scalar multiplication is continuous?

The title is the question. Does there exist a topological space and meanwhile a linear space X such that its vector addition operation is discontinuous but scalar multiplication operation is ...
3
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1answer
43 views

Extending continuous, densely-defined linear maps between locally convex spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be locally convex topological vector spaces, say over $\mathbb{C}$. To set the stage a bit, I'll say that the topology on $X$ is given by a separating family of semi-norms $(p_i)_{i ...
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0answers
52 views

Is there a non-complete and non-separate metric space?

Is there a (non-trival) non-complete and non-separate metric space? Some notions are here: math.stackexchange.com/questions/182316.
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1answer
40 views

Prove that a set is dense and of the first category in $L^2(T)$

Define the Fourier coefficients $\hat{f}(n)$ of a function $f\in L^2(T)$, $T$ is a unit circle, by: $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int\limits_{-\pi}^{\pi}f(e^{i\theta})e^{-in\theta}d\theta$ Let ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Give an example of Euclidean space.

In the question it is asking what will be if we take out one condition of theorem. $\textbf{Theorem}$: Let {$\phi_{n}$} be orthonormal system in a complete Euclidean Space R. Then {$\phi_{n}$} is ...
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2
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57 views

What do we call a Schauder-like basis that is uncountable?

In a topological vector space, every Schauder basis is assumed countable, by definition. Supposing we drop the countability condition, we call this a [what goes here?] basis?
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2answers
71 views

Compactness in Infinite Dimensional Vector Spaces

Show that, in an infinite dimensional normed space $(V,\|\cdot\|)$, the closed ball of radius $2$ $$ B_2:=\{x\in V:\ \|x\|\leq2\} $$ is not compact. I suspect I am not understanding what is going ...
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1answer
46 views

About the closedness of Banach space

I'm reading a proof in trying to prove that a Banach space $X$ is reflexive if and only if $X^{*}$ is reflexive. There's a point in the proof saying that $X$ is a closed subspace of $X^{**}$, but I ...
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2answers
75 views

Convex Sets in Functional Analysis?

Why is it that convex sets and convex functions are a) so important & b) so intrinsically related to functional analysis as to deserve an entire chapter in Bourbaki's topological vector spaces? ...
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0answers
17 views

A question on a function of bounded semivariation(part 2)

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff locally convex topological vector space and let $P(X)$ be a family of continuous seminorms on $X$ that generates the topology $\tau$. I got the following definition from ...
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1answer
17 views

Is a function of bounded semivariation bounded?

Let $X$ be a topological vector space and let $f:[a,b]\to X$. We say that $f$ is of bounded semi-variation in $[a,b]$ if the set $SV(f,[a,b])$ consisting of all the elements of the form $$\sum_{i=1}^n ...
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73 views

Topology of pointwise convergence - open sets

Let $X$ be the vector space of all complex functions on $[0,1]$, topologized by the family of seminorms $p_{x}(f)=|f(x)|$, $0\le x\le1$. This topology is called the topology of pointwise convergence. ...
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1answer
65 views

Does a barrel contain a neighborhood of $0$? [closed]

Suppose $X$ is topological vector space which is of the second category in itself. Let $K$ be a closed, convex, absorbing subset (a barrel) of $X$. Prove that $K$ contains a neighborhood of $0$.
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1answer
57 views

A question on a function of bounded semivariation

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff locally convex TVS and let $P(X)$ be a family of continuous seminorms on $X$ that generates the topology $\tau$. I got the following definition from one of the articles ...
2
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1answer
64 views

About open mapping and closed range theorem

I'm self-learning Functional Analysis in Rudin's book and found some following statement hard to understand. Hope someone can help me clarify this. 1) $X, Y$ are Banach spaces, $T \in B(X,Y)$, let ...
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1answer
86 views

No infinite-dimensional $F$-space has a countable Hamel basis

If $X$ is an infinite-dimensional topological vector space which is the union of countably many finite-dimensional subspaces, prove that $X$ is of the first category in itself. Prove that therefore ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Subspaces of a Topological Vector Spaces

I have a few questions about topological spaces which I am currently studying. First some definitions that I am using: Definition of subspace topology: Given a topological space $(X,\tau)$ and a ...