2
votes
0answers
86 views

Appear the digits in the number $3^{3^{3^3}}$ approximately equally often?

Does the number $$3\uparrow \uparrow 4 = 3^{3^{3^3}}$$ contain the digits 0-9 approximately equally often ? With "approximately" I mean that a chi-squared test for equal distribution would produce ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Prime factors of $2^{2^2}+3^{3^3}+5^{5^5}+7^{7^7}$

Are there any useful restrictions to the prime factors of the number $$2^{2^2}+3^{3^3}+5^{5^5}+7^{7^7}$$ The two smallest are 6771419 and 72153167 , which I found by trial division. The number is ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Comparison between two tetrations

For a given natural number n, what ist the least number m, such that $$e \uparrow \uparrow m > \pi \uparrow \uparrow n$$ It seems that m = n + 1 is the desired number. Is this true for all n ?
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Two more numbers involving tetration with unknown prime factors

I have two more numbers for which I search prime factors : $$6 \uparrow \uparrow 4 + 7 \uparrow \uparrow 4$$ and $$7 \uparrow \uparrow 4 + 10 \uparrow \uparrow 4$$ I searched upto $10^9$ and did ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Is there a proof that the number $2 \uparrow \uparrow m+3 \uparrow \uparrow n$ is always squarefree?

I searched prime factors of the numbers $$z(m,n) := 2 \uparrow \uparrow m + 3 \uparrow \uparrow n$$ where $m,n\ge1$ Interestingly, z(3,3) is prime, the largest prime I found so far and probably the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Does $a \uparrow \uparrow (n+1)-a \uparrow \uparrow n$ divide $a \uparrow \uparrow(n+2) - a \uparrow \uparrow(n+1 )$?

Does $$a\uparrow \uparrow (n+1) - a\uparrow \uparrow n$$ divide $$a\uparrow \uparrow (n+2) - a\uparrow \uparrow (n+1)$$ for all $a,n \ge2$ ? The case n = 0 is easy : $$a^a-a=a(a^{a-1}-1)$$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Stationary prime factor 34276387 , confirmation and generalization wanted.

Sheldon L found out, that $$34276387$$ is a prime factor of $$2 \uparrow \uparrow n + 3 \uparrow \uparrow n$$ for any natural number $n \ge 5$. $2 \uparrow \uparrow n$ leaves the remainder ...
4
votes
2answers
234 views

Calculating $a^n\pmod m$ in the general case

It is well known, that $$a^{\phi(m)}\equiv1\pmod m ,$$ if $\gcd(a,m)=1.$ So, $a^n\pmod m$ can be calculated by reducing n modulo $\phi(m)$. But, for the tetration modulo $m$ $$a \uparrow ...
7
votes
0answers
226 views

Prime factor of $2 \uparrow \uparrow 4 + 3\uparrow \uparrow 4$

I checked the prime factors of $$2 \uparrow \uparrow 4 + 3\uparrow \uparrow 4 = 2^{2^{2^2}} + 3^{3^{3^3}}$$ with trial division and found non below $8*10^9$ Nevertheless, the given number has still ...
3
votes
0answers
179 views

Prime factor of $14 \uparrow \uparrow 3 + 15\uparrow \uparrow 3$ wanted

Checking the prime factors of the numbers $$z(a,b) \ := a \uparrow \uparrow 3 \ +\ b \uparrow \uparrow 3 \ ,$$ a,b positive integers with a < b the number $$z(14,15) = 14 \uparrow \uparrow ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Fast converging sums involving tetrations

Loosely speaken, Liouville's theorem shows that rational series converging "too fast", have a transcendental limit. The concrete criterion is somewhat cumbersome and hard to check. Now my question : ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

Which precision would be needed?

According to Wikipedia, it is not known whether the number $$\pi \uparrow \uparrow 4$$ is an integer. (See Tetration) To which precision would $\pi$ have to be calculated to decide this ? The ...
3
votes
2answers
199 views

Knuth's arrow up notation again

Consider the following recursion : $$ a(1)=3! $$ $$ a(n+1) = a(n)! \quad\hbox{for all $n\geq 1$} $$ For a given $n$, how can the number $m$ with $$ 10 \uparrow \uparrow m < a(n) < 10 \uparrow ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Is crossdirectional partial tetration of order $n^c$?

The following animation shows a sum of a matrix where the parameter $c=0$ gives a straight line in pink, and as $c \rightarrow 1$ it approaches the Chebyshev $\psi$ function, the blue staircase. This ...
88
votes
1answer
20k views

Can $x^{x^{x^x}}$ be a rational number?

If $x$ is a positive rational number, but not an integer, then can $x^{x^{x^x}}$ be a rational number ? We can prove that if $x$ is a positive rational number but not an integer, then $x^x$ can ...
5
votes
3answers
777 views

Calculating 7^7^7^7^7^7^7 mod 100

What is $$\large 7^{7^{7^{7^{7^{7^7}}}}} \pmod{100}$$ I'm not much of a number theorist and I saw this mentioned on the internet somewhere. Should be doable by hand.
5
votes
0answers
321 views

Is ${^5\pi}$ an integer? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to show $e^{e^{e^{79}}}$ is not an integer Is ${^5\pi}$ an integer? It is "obviously" not, right? But can we prove it? Here ${^5\pi}$ means the result of tetration ...