Use this tag for questions about specific tensors (curvature tensor, stress tensor), or questions regarding tensor computations as they appear in multivariable calculus and differential/Riemannian geometry (specifically, when it is amenable to be treated as objects with multiple indices that ...

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95 views

Can you illustrate the use of coordinate-free notations that serve as an alternative to Einstein summation notation with an example?

"Abstract index" and "coordinate free notations" are often submitted as alternatives to Einstein Summation notation. Could you illustrate their use using an example? Here's a sum written in ...
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0answers
93 views

Gradient is covariant or contravariant?

I read somewhere people write gradient in covariant form because of their proposes. I think gradient expanded in covariant basis i , j , k so by invariance nature of vectors, component of gradient ...
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1answer
138 views

Space of Alternating $k$-Tensors Notation

I will be taking a Differential Geometry class in the Fall, so I decided to get somewhat of a head start by going through Spivak's "Calculus on Manifolds." Before reading, though, I saw the Addenda at ...
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3answers
437 views

Are vectors and covectors the same thing?

In Euclidean space, we usually don't distinguish between vectors and covectors (or dual vectors or 1-forms or whatever you want to call them) -- because the spaces overlap. However, a physicist ...
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1answer
201 views

Invariant tensors in adjoint representation

Suppose we have a simple Lie group $G$ with algebra $\mathfrak{g}=\{X_a\}$, where the generators $X_a$ are in some matrix representation. Is it true that the only invariant rank $n$ tensor in the ...
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1answer
89 views

8th order isotropic tensor

Does anyone knows what is the general form of an $8$th order isotropic tensor? $2$th order is $\delta_{ij}$, $4$th order it is $\lambda \delta_{ij} \delta_{kl}+\mu(\delta_{ik} \delta_{jl} + ...
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1answer
61 views

formula of square of the covariant derivative

I am stuck with the calculation of $(\nabla ^2 \beta)(X,Y,Z_1,\dots,Z_r)$. In the following, capital letters are arbitrary vector fields. Suppose $\beta$ is an $(r,0)$ tensor. Denote $(\nabla ...
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1answer
105 views

Change of Eigenvalues of Ellipsoid Tensor during Rotation

I have an ellipsoid defined by the semiaxes $a,b,c$ and the orthonormal vectors $v_x, v_y, v_z$ describing the directions in which the axes point. The matrix ...
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1answer
54 views

A seemingly counterintuitive result on active and passive transformations of vectors

Let $\mathbf{v}$ be an element of a vector space with Euclidean $R^3$ as the underlying set. Assume the standard Cartesian basis $\{\mathbf{e^{(1)}, e^{(2)}, e^{(3)}}\}$ on it. Let $\mathbf{v^* = R ...
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2answers
204 views

Classical tensor analysis and Tensors on Manifolds

I learned tensors the bad way (Cartesian first, then curvilinear coordinate systems assuming a Euclidean background) and realize that I am in very bad shape trying to (finally) learn tensors on ...
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0answers
54 views

Let $K$ a field, $\operatorname{char}(K)=0$. Let $V$ a vector space over $K$, $\dim(V) \geq 1$, and be $f$ a $n$-tensor. Prove that $f \wedge f =0$

Let $K$ a field, with $\operatorname{char}(K)=0$. Let $V$ a vector space over $K$, $\dim(V) \geq 1$, and be $f$ a $n$-tensor ($f \in {\mathcal T}_n(V):=\Lambda^{n}(V)$), i.e., $f$ is an multilinear ...
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1answer
289 views

Building intuition for tensors in machine learning

I'm trying to understand tensors in the context of machine learning, but all the resources that mention tensors that I've found so far were building the intuitions through physics applications. As ...
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1answer
117 views

A question about vector fields and divergence

I am reading the paper http://www.goshen.edu/physix/mathphys/gco/TensorGuideAJP.pdf in order to gain a basic understanding about tensors. I had some difficulties about understanding some definitions. ...
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1answer
135 views

Introductory questions about tensors

I am trying to understand the concept of tensors. I seem to understand that they are generalization of vectors: They are subject to similar basis transformations with vectors but I am somewhat ...
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0answers
52 views

Time Evolution of Deformation Gradient Tensor in Lagrangian Frame

I found the following proof in a paper: $\frac{D\mathbf{F}}{Dt} = \frac{D\frac{\delta\mathbf{x}}{\delta\mathbf{X}}}{Dt} = \frac{\delta\frac{D\mathbf{x}}{Dt}}{\delta\mathbf{X}}=\frac{\delta ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Dimension of the space of tensors obtained by making partial symmetrizations and skew-symmetrizations.

Let $A=(a_{i_1\dots i_k})_{i_1,\dots,i_k=1}^n$ be a higher order cubic tensor or hypermatrix. The following two facts are well-known and are easy to prove: ${(\bf 1) }$ The dimension of the ...
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0answers
75 views

Planetary motion integral

I was reading Planetary Motion (page 117) in Barry Spain's Tensor calculus, and stupidly enough, I didn't understand this. The equations are: $$\frac{d^2\psi}{d\sigma^2} + ...
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1answer
25 views

Boundedness of Riemannian curvature gradient

I'm reading a paper by Wan-Xiong Shi "Deforming the metric on complete Riemannian manifolds". And there is a statement without proof. It can be summarized as follows: Let $B(x_{0},\gamma)$ be a ...
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1answer
76 views

Question Symmetric 2-Tensors on Vector Fields

I have a question on a direct computation. How would one compute the following $$ (dx \odot dy ) \left(\frac{1+uv+xy}{1+xy} \frac{\partial}{\partial v}, \frac{\partial}{\partial y} \right) $$ and$$ ...
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1answer
80 views

Construct tensors from differential forms?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, differential forms are defined using tensors, could we define a tensor using a differential form? For example, if $\omega$ is a two-form on $M$ which is expressed ...
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1answer
23 views

sum representation by/ determinant of elementary tensors

Consider the bijective linear map: $\alpha : K^2 \otimes K^2 \to Mat(2 \times 2,K), \alpha(v \otimes w) = vw^t, v, w \in K^2$ , where $K$ is an arbritrary field. First I want to show that every ...
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1answer
58 views

Quick question about contravariant and covariant tensors

I have seen many different notations to denote contravariant/covariant and mixed tensors. For example, I think the notation $\omega^{v}_{\,\,\,\mu}$ stands for a mixed tensor, where one index ...
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1answer
34 views

Covariant vectors

As far as I'm aware, covariant vectors are defined by how they transform: But I've also heard that the covariant components of a vector are defined as the dot product of the vector and the various ...
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1answer
58 views

Tensor Notation

I'm just starting to learn about tensors, and have a question. I'm looking at the statement $\Lambda_{\mu}\,^{\alpha}= \eta_{\mu\nu}\eta^{\alpha\beta}\Lambda^{\nu}\,_{\beta}$ What is the difference ...
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0answers
34 views

Characterization of the derivative as a tensor field

I was thinking about the derivative, and I wanted to make sure I’m thinking about it the right way. Suppose we have a $C^{\infty}$ function $f: {V}\to \mathbb{R}$, where $V$ is a finite-dimensional ...
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1answer
154 views

what's the relationship of tensor and multivector

what's the relationship of multivector in geometric algebra and tensor? Is tensor a subset of multivector?
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5answers
241 views

Kronecker delta versus identity matrix

How should $\delta_k^j$ be regarded? Is it a scalar that takes on variable values? A 3x3 identity matrix (in 3 dimensions)? The wikipedia article on raising and lowering indices with the metric ...
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1answer
60 views

$(V^*)^{\otimes n} \cong (V^{\otimes n})^*$

We assume that $V$ is finite dimensional. Make $\theta: (V^*)^n\to (V^{\otimes n})^*$ by $$ \theta(\alpha_1,\cdots,\alpha_n)(v_1 \otimes \cdots \otimes v_n ) := \prod_{i=1}^n \alpha_i(v_i). $$ Then, ...
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1answer
196 views

matrix inverse in tensor notation

Suppose there is a matrix $A$ that transforms vectors, $$ Y = A x $$ Now express this in some other coordinate system, with $x = B z, \,\, y = B w$, so \begin{align*} & Bw = A B z \\ ...
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1answer
45 views

Would a set of tensors be an algebraic group closed under some operation?

Could a set of tensors be known as an algebraic group or why would that not have a group properties? The reason I'm asking is to understand different tensors.
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1answer
31 views

Why this doesn't transform properly?

We are in $\mathbb R^n $, with a tensor field of components $T_\nu$, and being $e_\mu$ the vectors of the basis: $e_\mu \equiv \partial_\mu$, then I'm asked to show that $\partial_\mu T_\nu$ can't ...
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0answers
27 views

Does the definition of the rank of a tensor change in the component-free treatment of tensors?

I was looking for the definition of the rank of a tensor. I found 2 different definitions depending on whether we use the component-free approach of tensors: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensor: ...
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1answer
29 views

Linear transformation from endormorphism to real number

For a finite dimensional vector space $V$, is there a linear transformation between its endomorphism and real number, please? I suspect that since the element of the endomorphism can be represented by ...
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1answer
92 views

Integral/Vector calculus $\oint_{\partial S} u \vec \nabla v \cdot d \vec \lambda=\int_S (\vec \nabla u)\times (\vec \nabla v)\cdot d\vec S.$

I am trying to show that $$ \oint_{\partial S} u \vec \nabla v \cdot d \vec \lambda=\int_S (\vec \nabla u)\times (\vec \nabla v)\cdot d\vec S $$ using Levi Cevita notation methods only. The Levi ...
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0answers
34 views

Tensor Algebra and Isomorphism

Consider the standard tensor algebra over a vector space: $$T(V)=\bigoplus_{n\in N}V^{\otimes n}$$, I am trying to define a linear map from $T(V)\times T(V)\rightarrow T(V)$. Up to this time, I have a ...
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0answers
179 views

Tensor derivatives of a second order tensor function with respect to itself

In a continuum mechanical context, let $\mathbf{A}$ be a second order tensor function. We consider our operations in an orthonormal context $$\mathbf{A} = A_{ij}\, ...
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1answer
66 views

Index notation proving identity

I am trying to prove the identity $\nabla\cdot(\phi\textbf{u})=\phi\nabla\cdot\textbf{u} + \textbf{u}\cdot\nabla\phi$ using index notation but I am a bit stuck. I have so far written ...
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1answer
67 views

Contravariant components of metric tensor

I have a question regarding the contravariant components of the metric tensor in spherical coordinates. I have calculated the covariant components as $g_{rr}=1$, $g_{\theta\theta}=r^2\sin\phi$, and ...
3
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1answer
142 views

Tensors and General Relativity

I've recently begun self studying general relativity, using mostly the material found in Robert Wald's "General Relativity", and almost right out of the gate one encounters the notion of a tensor. In ...
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1answer
90 views

What is a high rank tensor?

Can someone please give me a good example of a rank 3, 2x2x2 or 3x3x3 tensor? Where are these forms arise from? Is a 4x3x3 tensor say, a pressure tensor on a 3D space in 4-dimensions? Are there any ...
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0answers
63 views

Misleading tensor notation for Jacobian inverse?

In Schutz, Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics, is written a Jacobian coordinate transform $\Lambda$, $$ \Lambda^i_j = \frac{\partial x^i}{\partial y^j} $$ The inverse matrix is written $$ ...
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1answer
68 views

jacobian times its inverse - should be identity

Here's an easy one. A Jacobian is $\frac{dx^i}{dy^j}$. The inverse is $\frac{dy^j}{dx^k}$. So, in tensor notation, $\frac{dx^i}{dy^j} \frac{dy^j}{dx^k} = \frac{dx^i}{dx^k} = \delta^i_k$ Now ...
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0answers
47 views

meaning of tensor “component”

In Schutz, Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics, it is written The components of a tensor are its values when it takes basis vectors and one-forms as arguments. It then gives an abstract ...
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1answer
75 views

Confusing question on tensors

A tensor of rank $4$ satisfies $T_{ijkl}=T_{jilk}=-T_{jikl}$ and $T_{ijij}=0$. I need to show that: $$T_{ijkl}=-\varepsilon_{ijp}\varepsilon_{klq}T_{rqrp}$$ Could someone offer a hint? I have tried ...
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38 views

How to change the parametric equations of a hypersurface in $V_N$ to another form…

This exercise was given in the first pages of Synge & Schild Tensor Calculus. The parametric equations of a hypersurface in $V_N$ are $x^1=a\cos{u}$, $x^2 = a\sin{u^1}\cos{u^2}$, $x^3 = ...
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1answer
124 views

Levi-Civita symbol

Is the Levi-Civita symbol a tensor? R. A. Sharipov afirm (In "Quick Introduction to Tensor Analysis", page 30) that "...the Levi-Civita symbol is NOT a tensor..." ...
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1answer
38 views

Time evolution of Laplacian

While reading monograph on the Ricci flow, I came accross a fact (at least I think it is a fact), which is not proved explicitly in that book. Assume a smooth 1-parameter family of Riemannian metrics ...
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44 views

On reconciling different definitions of the $\nabla$ operator in curvilinear coordinates

Note: This questions was originally asked in iMechanica. The main confusion appears to be on whether Christoffel symbols should appear in the divergence of a field expressed in curvilinear ...
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1answer
198 views

Tensor notation (practicing)

I'm praticing tensor notation, and I want to prove this way that given vectors $A,B,C,D$ then $(A \times B) \times (C \times D) = \det(A,C,D)B - \det(B,C,D)A$, where $\det$ means the triple product. ...
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1answer
124 views

The derivative of the determinant of a Kronecker product

For an invertible matrix $A$, we have the identity \begin{align} \dfrac{\partial \det A}{\partial A} = \det A (A^{-1})^T \end{align} where the $T$ denotes the transpose operation. How does this ...