Use this tag for questions about specific tensors (curvature tensor, stress tensor), or questions regarding tensor computations as they appear in multivariable calculus and differential/Riemannian geometry (specifically, when it is amenable to be treated as objects with multiple indices that ...

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4
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2answers
275 views

$\det(A \otimes B - B \otimes A) = 0$ why? Why $rk(M) = n^2-n$ ? Why x and -x in Spec(M) ?

Let $A$, $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices. It seems $\det(A \otimes B - B \otimes A) = 0$. Moreover it seems that the kernel of $A \otimes B - B \otimes A$ contains $n$ vectors. Here is MatLab code to ...
1
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1answer
116 views

basic vector being hermitian

If the space has a mixed metric signature, not all the basis vectors are Hermitian. Nevertheless, they are defined to be self-adjoint under reversion. The vector transpose conjugate is, ...
4
votes
1answer
822 views

vector/tensor covariance and contravariance notation

As I looked over the Wikipedia article on covariance and contravariance of vectors and $\mathbf{v}=v^i\mathbf{e}_i$ is said as a contravariant vector while $\mathbf{v}=v_i\mathbf{e}^i$ is said as ...
1
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2answers
612 views

Tensor calculus - Christoffel symbol of the second kind

and I understand these parts up there, but I cannot understand how the second formula of the last equality leads to the third formula. Can anyone show me what relabeling indices rules are used ...
2
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0answers
164 views

Extending Tensor Fields defined on Manifolds to Ambient Space

I am currently reading about tensor fields on manifolds, and I came across two comments that sound contradictory to me. The first comment is made in the book by James Munkres "Analysis on Manifolds", ...
1
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0answers
847 views

Conversion of motion equation from Cartesian to Polar coordinates: Is covariant differentiation necessary?

Say I have the following equation of motion in the Cartesian coordinate system for a typical mass spring damper system: $$M \; \ddot{x} + C \; \dot{x} + K \; x = ...
1
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1answer
199 views

What's are these index objects called? And $\mathrm{\LaTeX}$ \sum question

I want to refer to $$A_iB_jC_k$$ using $$\psi(ijk) = A_iB_jC_k$$ So that I can write out quite overwhelming-looking sums of ABC terms as sums of terms that look like 123, 231, 113, etc. If I am not ...
3
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0answers
214 views

Better Tensor Notation

I am in a General Relativity class, and I am finding the usual tensor notation very difficult to think about -- it seems like there are too many names to express something simple. E.g., I think of ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Is this tensor question valid?

A tensor exercise in a text reads: If $T_i$ are the components of a covariant vector $T$, show that $S_{ij}:=T_iT_j-T_jT_i$ is an order 2 covariant tensor $S$. Am I missing something or is $S$ ...
1
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2answers
374 views

What is the difference between tensors and tensor products?

The tensor product $S\otimes_R T$ of $S$ and $N$ over $R$ is a module. A multilinear form $L:V^r \to R$ is called an $r$-tensor on $V$. On the one hand a tensor is a function sending elements of ...
5
votes
2answers
283 views

Unique symmetric covariant $k$-tensor satisfying $(\operatorname{Sym} T)(A,…,A)=T(A,…,A)$ for all $A \in V$

Let $T$ be a covariant $k$-tensor on a finite dimensional vector space $V$. I want to prove that the symmetrization of $T$ is the unique symmetric $k$-tensor satisfying the following condition: ...
0
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0answers
478 views

Inertia tensor transformation under coordinate change

Let $I(x)$ be an inertia tensor in matrix notation of a body in a coordinate system $x\in R^n$. Under a coordinate change $x=\phi(y)$, does the tensor transform as $Dx^TI(\phi(y))Dx$, where ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

$e_1\otimes e_2 \otimes e_3$ cannot be written as a sum of an alternating tensor and a symmetric tensor

Let $(e_1,e_2,e_3)$ be the standard dual basis for $(\mathbb{R}^3)^\ast$. How can I show that $e_1\otimes e_2 \otimes e_3$ cannot be written as a sum of an alternating (or antisymmetric) tensor and a ...
2
votes
1answer
565 views

The Dimension of the Symmetric $k$-tensors

I want to compute the dimension of the symmetric $k$-tensors. I know that a covariant $k$-tensor $T$ is called symmetric if it is unchanged under permutation of arguments. Also, I know that the ...
7
votes
2answers
168 views

Reference for densities and pseudoforms and non-tensorial representations of $\operatorname{GL}(n)$ and associated vector bundles

I'm looking for a reference that will set me straight on a few things. It started out with densities. In John Lee's book, "Introduction to Smooth Manifolds", densities on vector spaces are functions ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Simple problem with the normal curvature tensor

If $M$ is a s-R(semi-Riemannian) submanifold of a s-R manifold $\overline{M}$ the function $R^{\perp}:\mathfrak{X}(M)\times\mathfrak{X}(M)\times\mathfrak{X}(M)^\perp\rightarrow\mathfrak{X}(M)^\perp$ ...
1
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1answer
332 views

Index/Einstein notation to derive Gibbs/Tensor relations

In a few continuum classes I have seen indicial notation used to derive relations in Gibbs notation. However, Gibbs notation is valid for all coordinates while indicial notation is valid only for ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Help needed with tensors [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: An Introduction to Tensors Recently I came across the concept of tensors and heard it is very difficult to understand. Is there a ...
0
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1answer
2k views

What is the divergence of a matrix valued function?

According to Wikipedia: The divergence of a continuously differentiable tensor field $\underline{\underline{\epsilon}}$ is: ...
1
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2answers
149 views

Intuitive Examples of (r,0) Tensors

It's easy to find "intuitive" examples of $(0, r)$ tensors or even $(k, r)$ tensors $( k, r > 0)$. For the purposes of this question, I am considering a tensor in the "classical" sense as being ...
6
votes
2answers
356 views

Index notation for tensors: is the spacing important?

While reading physics textbooks I always come across notation like: $$J_{\alpha}^{\quad\beta},\ \Gamma_{\alpha \beta}^{\quad \gamma}, K^\alpha_{\quad \beta}.$$ Notice the spacing in indices. I can't ...
94
votes
7answers
4k views

Does a “cubic” matrix exist?

Well, I've heard that a "cubic" matrix would exist and I thought: would it be like a magic cube? And more: does it even have a determinant - and other properties? I'm a young student, so... please ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Tensors, what should I learn before?

Here I will be just posting a simple questions. I know about vectors but now I want to know about tensors. In a physics class I was told that scalars are tensors of rank o and vectors are tensors of ...
1
vote
2answers
474 views

is there a way to solve the following tensor equation?

I have the following tensor (takes a vector of length $m$ and returns a matrix $m \times m$): $C(y) = A \operatorname{diag}(A^T y ) A^{-1}$ for some invertible matrix $A$ of size $m \times m$ ($y$ ...
1
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1answer
634 views

Extracting angular velocity tensor from orthogonal matrices

Let us suppose we have two orthogonal rotation matrices representing a three-dimensional rotations $$\mathbf{R}(t)$$ and $$\mathbf{R}(t+\Delta t)$$ How is it possible to extract the angular velocity ...
2
votes
2answers
380 views

Tensors of order 3

I'm wondering what a tensor of order 3 looks like, and what it's purposes are. I've seen them written down before, but they look like matrices; I'm probably not understanding the concept well. How is ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

general (asymmetric) real rank-2 tensor visualization in 3d

I have general rank-2 real tensor in 3d space represented as a 3x3 real matrix $M$ (it is gradient of a vector field). I am writing some code to visualize it in several isolated points, this is what I ...
3
votes
1answer
845 views

Invariant proof of the Contracted Bianchi Identity

In "Riemannian Manifolds: An Introduction to Curvature," John Lee states the following lemma: Lemma 7.7 (Contracted Bianchi Identity): The covariant derivatives of the Ricci and scalar curvatures ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Mathematically Precise Definition of Covariant and Contravariant Transformation

I am trying to understand the meanings of "covariant transformation" and "contravariant transformation" and how they are related. I have read the related Wikipedia article and still feel I cannot ...
5
votes
2answers
635 views

What is the definition of tensor contraction?

According to Wikipedia's page on tensor contraction: In general, a tensor of type $(m,n)$ (with $m \geq 1$ and $n \geq 1$) is an element of the vector space $V \otimes \ldots \otimes V \otimes V^* ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

How did the author of the following paper compute the curvature matrix?

I would like to be shown how the curvature matrix K on page 7 in the paper "Regularisation Theory Applied to Neurofuzzy Modelling" (Bossley) is computed. ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Is there a particular name for a'long-small-small' tensor/array?

I'm thinking of a 3D array, with dimensions small,small,large. I've taken to saying 'sausage' as shorthand (and I'm sure there are worse NSFW descriptions) but is there a 'legitimate' description for ...
0
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2answers
342 views

Is correct to say that every tensor is a spinor but not every spinor is a tensor?

Can spinors be seen as a generalization of tensors,but with complex numbers?
1
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1answer
90 views

Matrix representing $\Lambda^k$(A)

Let V , W be finite dimensional vector spaces over R. Let A : V->W be a linear map. Choose bases of V and W and the corresponding bases of $\Lambda^k$(V ) and of $\Lambda^k$(W). How to show that the ...
1
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2answers
966 views

Prove the determinant of a tensor is invariant

Given is a second-order tensor $T$, and three arbitrary vectors, $u$, $v$ and $w$, defined in Euclidean point space $\mathcal{E}$. Prove that the determinant of the tensor $T$ $\det T=\frac{Tu.(Tv ...
0
votes
1answer
387 views

Relation between metric tensor and second fundamental form

I'm confused with these definitions. The metric of certain space and the second fundamental form seem to be the same object. I don't know what else to say, this is a pretty straight forward question. ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Trouble deriving the Harris Corner Detection

I just started studying a small paper about the Harris Corner Detection. The problem is I don't understand how step 7 is derived from step 6. In step 7 the expression is expanded in a way that we get ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

gradient of row vector multiplied by scalar

I'm trying to re-write $v (u x)$ where $v$ and $u$ are row vectors and $x$ is a column vector as some expression $M x$ (or $\bar{v}x$, etc.). The motivation is because I'm trying to compute the ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

Taylor expansion in time of the time component of a stress energy tensor

Perform a taylor expansion in 3 dimensions in time on the time compontent of of $T^{\alpha \beta}(t - r + n^{i} y_{i})$ given that $r$ is a contstant and $n^{i} y_{i}$ is the scalar product of a ...
2
votes
2answers
357 views

In tensor notation in Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds, what is that character that looks like a 3?

For example, saying that $T$ is a k-tensor one might see $T\in 3^k(V)$, of course it's not actually a 3. It looks somewhat like Fraktur font Z: $\frak{Z}$. I couldn't detexify it, and it doesn't ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Tensors as matrices vs. Tensors as multi-linear maps

So I read the answers in this question, and don't feel that much closer to an answer about how tensors as multi-linear maps and tensors as "multi-dimensional" matrices are truly related. For ...
47
votes
5answers
6k views

An Introduction to Tensors

As a physics student, I've come across mathematical objects called tensors in several different contexts. Perhaps confusingly, I've also been given both the mathematician's and physicist's definition, ...
10
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2answers
4k views

Intuitive way to understand covariance and contravariance in Tensor Algebra

I'm trying to understand basic tensor analysis. I understand the basic concept that the valency of the tensor determines how it is transformed, but I am having trouble visualizing the difference ...
1
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1answer
442 views

Einstein notation - difference between vectors and scalars

From Wikipedia: First, we can use Einstein notation in linear algebra to distinguish easily between vectors and covectors: upper indices are used to label components (coordinates) of ...
17
votes
1answer
863 views

Proof of $\det(\textbf{ST})=\det(\textbf{S})\det(\textbf{T})$ in Penrose graphical notation

For two matrices $\textbf{S}$ and $\textbf{T}$, a proof of $\det(\textbf{ST})=\det(\textbf{S})\det(\textbf{T})$ is given below in the diagrammatic tensor notation. Here $\det$ denotes the ...
22
votes
2answers
793 views

Is it misleading to think of rank-2 tensors as matrices?

Having picked up a rudimentary understanding of tensors from reading mechanics papers and Wikipedia, I tend to think of rank-2 tensors simply as square matrices (along with appropriate transformation ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

How to visualize a rank-2 tensor?

The notion (rank-2) "tensor" appears in many different parts of physics, e.g. stress tensor, moment of inertia tensor, etc. I know mathematically a tensor can be represented by a 3x3 matrix. But I ...