0
votes
1answer
27 views

Is it necessary for a linear map to be an automorphism to allow polar decomposition?

Bowen and Wang's Introduction to Vectors and Tensors I (pg. 168) states a general form of the polar decomposition theorem as Every automorphism A has two unique multiplicative decompositions $$ ...
0
votes
3answers
28 views

Tensor tranformation between basis?

If I am the basis vector $e_i$ into another basis to get $e'_j$ I use: $$e'_j=S_{ij}e_i$$ My text book says that $S_{ij}$ is the ith component of the vector $e'_j$ with respect to the unprimed basis. ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Which Subspaces do Antisymmetric Tensors Represent?

So antisymmetric tensors represent volumetric subspaces (I've asked this here instead of on phys.stackexchange because it seems like more of a math question)? How exactly would one know WHICH ...
6
votes
0answers
56 views
+50

Invariant tensors in adjoint representation

Suppose we have a simple Lie group $G$ with algebra $\mathfrak{g}=\{X_a\}$, where the generators $X_a$ are in some matrix representation. Is it true that the only invariant rank $n$ tensor in the ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

sum representation by/ determinant of elementary tensors

Consider the bijective linear map: $\alpha : K^2 \otimes K^2 \to Mat(2 \times 2,K), \alpha(v \otimes w) = vw^t, v, w \in K^2$ , where $K$ is an arbritrary field. First I want to show that every ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

matrix inverse in tensor notation

Suppose there is a matrix $A$ that transforms vectors, $$ Y = A x $$ Now express this in some other coordinate system, with $x = B z, \,\, y = B w$, so \begin{align*} & Bw = A B z \\ ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Linear transformation from endormorphism to real number

For a finite dimensional vector space $V$, is there a linear transformation between its endomorphism and real number, please? I suspect that since the element of the endomorphism can be represented by ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Confusing question on tensors

A tensor of rank $4$ satisfies $T_{ijkl}=T_{jilk}=-T_{jikl}$ and $T_{ijij}=0$. I need to show that: $$T_{ijkl}=-\varepsilon_{ijp}\varepsilon_{klq}T_{rqrp}$$ Could someone offer a hint? I have tried ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

The derivative of the determinant of a Kronecker product

For an invertible matrix $A$, we have the identity \begin{align} \dfrac{\partial \det A}{\partial A} = \det A (A^{-1})^T \end{align} where the $T$ denotes the transpose operation. How does this ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Index notation interpretation

I'm having some confusion with index notation and how it works with contravariance/covariance. $(v_{new})^i=\frac{\partial (x_{new})^i}{\partial (x_{old})^j}(v_{old})^j$ $(v_{new})^i=J^i_{\ ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Tensor Product over a ring

Given Two Fields $F,K$, and two vector spaces $V,W$ over $F$, what does tensor product $$V\otimes_{K} W$$ mean? I am not certain whether this is defined in general. I came across it in cases wheh ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

When is a symmetric 2-tensor field globally diagonalizable?

Suppose that $\mathbb{R}^n$ has a Riemannian metric $g$. Let $h$ be a smooth symmetric 2-tensor field on $\mathbb{R}^n$. At any point $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$, there is a basis of $T_p \mathbb{R}^n$ in ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Cartesian & Tensor Product

What is the difference between a cartesian product and tensor product of two vector spaces $V_1$ and $V_2$ defined over same field $F$ ?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

using the kronecker product and vec operators to write the following least squares problem in standard matrix form

I have a least squares problem with the following form: $$ \min_\mathbf{X} ~ \left\| \sum_{i=1}^n \mathbf{u}_i^\top \mathbf{X} \mathbf{v}_i - b_i \right\|^2 $$ where $\{\mathbf{u}_i\}_{i=1}^n$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Is every tensor an element of a vector space?

As, the tensor product of two vector spaces $V$ and $W$ over a field $K$ is another vector space over $K$, is it true to say that every tensor is an element of a vector space ? (if we do not consider ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Alternative operator is a homomorphism?

Let $V$ be a real vector space of dimension $n$, for a (real valued) tensor $f$ of order $r$, define the alternative operator $A$ by $$(Af)(v_1,\cdots, v_r)=\frac{1}{r!}\sum_{\sigma\in ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Tensor Einstein summation notation

I have two tensors $A^i$ and $B_j$ with components $(2,3,4)$ and $(1,2,3)$ respectively. What is the difference between $A^i B_i$ and $A^i B_j$? Is it just: $A^i B_i = 2+6+12 = 20$ $A^i B_j =$ $ ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Prove $\frac{1}{N!}\varepsilon_{i_1\dots i_N}\varepsilon_{j_1\dots j_N}A_{i_1 j_1}\dots A_{i_N j_N} = \det A$

Is there any simple way to prove the following: $$\frac{1}{N!}\varepsilon_{i_1\dots i_N}\varepsilon_{j_1\dots j_N}A_{i_1 j_1}\dots A_{i_N j_N} = \det A. \tag{$1$} $$
0
votes
2answers
172 views

Multiplication of 3 matrices - Index vs. Matrix notation

i'm having a problem multiplicating 3 matrices in index notation. I know this should be trivial but i just can't figure it out. Is there any formula like $\ A'_{\mu\nu} = M_{\mu}^{\ ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Square vs non-square tensors?

In mathematics, tensors are objects that operates on vector space. In physics or engineering, tensors usually operates on one vector space and its dual space: $V^{*} \times V^{*} \times V^{*} \times ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

dot product between vector and matrix

In my book on fluid mechanics there is an expression $$ \boldsymbol{\nabla}\cdot \boldsymbol{\tau}_{ij} $$ where $\boldsymbol{\tau}_{ij}$ is a rank-2 tensor (=matrix). Given that ...
6
votes
1answer
311 views

Vectors, Basis, Dual Vectors, Dual Basis and Tensors

I'm trying to understand tensors and I know they have something to do with the basis and the dual basis of a vector space and a dual space. First I will give a concrete example to make clear what I ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

How to generalize symmetry for higher-dimensional arrays?

@BrianM.Scott 's answer to this question Q: 3-dimensional array suggests that there is no standard concept of symmetry for 3-, 4-, N-dimensional arrays, in constrast to the case for 2-D arrays, as in ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Trace of tensor product

I am currently struggeling with the following problem: Imagine that you have 4 vectors $v_1,v_2,v_3,v_4$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and then you want to calculate $\hbox{trace}(v_4 \otimes v_3 \cdot ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Derivative of a tensor

I have a rank-2 tensor given by $$ P_{\alpha \beta} = p\delta_{\alpha \beta} + (u_1^2, u_1u_2 ; u_1u_2, u_2^2) $$ whose derivative with respect to $x_{\alpha}$ I would like to find. According to my ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Annihilator of a Tensor

This is a question I have trouble understanding, hope you can clarify this to me. Problem: Find the annihilator of the tensor $e_1\wedge e_2+e_3\wedge e_4$ in ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Structure Tensor for the Algebra of 2x2 Matrices

Here's a question I need help understanding. Hope you can provide me some insight. Problem: Write the structure tensor for the algebra A of triangular $2\times 2$ matrices with real coefficients. ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Matrix/Tensor Operations

Suppose $A$ is an $m \times n$ matrix, and $B$ is an $n \times k$ matrix. Let $C$ be a tensor, where $$C(i,j,k) = A(i,j) + B(j,k)$$ What is a suitable (tensor) algebraic operation that summarizes ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Factoring tensors by linear transformation

Let $T_n$ be tensors $\left( V^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}\right)$ of order $n$. Now let $\sim$ be equivalence on $T_n$ that $A\sim B$ iff there is regular matrix $M$ that $A\circ M = B$. By $A\circ M$ ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

How to translate between differential forms and tensor index notation

The books on Manifold theory & geometry that I studied introduce connection and curvature in the language of differential forms. But Physics books on the other hand like (General Relativity by ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

When can I recover a (full) tensor-contraction after normalising partial contractions.

I have rank-${1 \brack n}$ tensor $R_{abc....}$ and a rank-${n \brack 1}$ tensor $S^{ABC...}$. Obviously their contraction $$u = R_{abc....}S^{abc...}$$ is a scalar (complex in my case). I can ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Linear System where Coefficient Matrix is a Kronecker Product

I have a system of linear equations where the coefficient matrix and right hand side is given by a Kronecker product: $(A_1 \otimes A_2) u = f_1 \otimes f_2$ My question: Is the solution simply ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Rank-2n tensor algebra eigenvalue equation

Im interested in resources and work done on the eigenvalue equation for rank-2n tensors: $$ M_{ij}A_{j} = \lambda A_{i} \\ $$ $$ M_{ijkl}A_{kl} = \lambda A_{ij} \\ $$ $$ M_{ijklmn}A_{lmn} = \lambda ...
1
vote
0answers
359 views

What are these physicists talking about? Dyadic green function?

I am interested in a mathematical explanation(in the sense that you say for example: is it a mapping from A to B) what a dyadic green function and the unit dyad actually is? I am reading this as ...
10
votes
5answers
456 views

Book on tensors

Can anyone recommend me a book on tensors with an intuitive approach? I have some course notes on that subject, but it's really abstract and theoretical. I want to understand why tensors were ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Suficient condition for tensor product of vector spaces..

Can anyone help me showing the following: Let $E$, $F$, $G$ and $H$ vector spaces and $\varphi:E\times F\rightarrow G$ a bilinear map. If for every $\psi:E\times F\rightarrow H$ bilinear there is an ...
6
votes
1answer
743 views

Vorticity equation in index notation (curl of Navier-Stokes equation)

I am trying to derive the vorticity equation and I got stuck when trying to prove the following relation using index notation: $$ {\rm curl}((\textbf{u}\cdot\nabla)\mathbf{u}) = ...
4
votes
1answer
263 views

Tensors as mutlilinear maps

I am aware that many books on differential geometry define tensors as multilinear maps. Namely $$ V\otimes W := L_2(V^*\times W^*,\Bbb F) $$ I am also aware that this space is isomorphic to the tensor ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Represent in a matrix form: $\sum_{ijl}(F_{il}-F_{jl})^2W_{ij}$

How can I represent this in a matrix form: $\sum_{ijl}(F_{il}-F_{jl})^2W_{ij}$ where all the entries are real and $W$ is a known(constant) matrix and $F$ is a rectangular matrix. When I say matrix ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Is the third order term of a Taylor approximation a covariant tensor of rank 3 restricted to (h,h,h)?

Recently reading Peter Lax's linear algebra text, he had a very concise way of writing the Taylor approximation up to second order: $f(x+h) = f(x) + l(h) + \frac{1}{2}q(h) + \|h\|^2 \epsilon(\|h\|)$, ...
2
votes
3answers
56 views

notation question (bilinear form)

So I have to proof the following: for a given Isomorphism $\phi : V\rightarrow V^*$ where $V^*$ is the dual space of $V$ show that $s_{\phi}(v,w)=\phi(v)(w)$ defines a non degenerate bilinear form. ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Finding an “inverse” of a deviatoric tangent

I have have a material model, defining the deviatoric stress for a nonlinear fluid: $\boldsymbol{\sigma}_{\mathrm{dev}} = f(\dot{\boldsymbol{\varepsilon}}_{\mathrm{dev}})$ Now I wish to find the ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Tensor Products, various defintions

I came across a definition for the tensor product which differs from the standard definition. This book defined the tensor product of vector spaces $V$ and $W$ as the space $L(V,W,\Bbb K)$ of bilinear ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Multi-dimensional array decomposition

My question is about decomposing a muti-dimensional array into a product of matricies. To ask the question I will work towards the tensor, and then ask the question about the reverse process. Let ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Splitting a tensor

Is it possible to write $$\int d^3x \,\,\, x_i\,\,x_j\,\,\,f(\vec x)$$ where $f(\vec x)$ is some function of the position and the indices indicate which component, as a sum of a traceless tensor and ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Connection between dual space V* and negation P^c

Notice the following similarity between the vector space dual and negation in propositional logic: $$ V^* \equiv V \rightarrow F $$ $$ P^c \equiv P \rightarrow \bot $$ Is there some general notion ...
2
votes
2answers
379 views

Tensor invariants under isometries

UPD Equivallent formulation --- how do you find all the independent isometric invariants of a tensor? In what follows $V$ is a real inner product space. I want to understand how does one find all ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

How to transform one nonsquare matrix into another

I am modeling the effect of neural activity on synaptic strength. My question, though, is mathematical. I have the following differential equation: $ \tau_{W} ...
2
votes
1answer
553 views

The Dimension of the Symmetric $k$-tensors

I want to compute the dimension of the symmetric $k$-tensors. I know that a covariant $k$-tensor $T$ is called symmetric if it is unchanged under permutation of arguments. Also, I know that the ...
6
votes
2answers
162 views

Reference for densities and pseudoforms and non-tensorial representations of $\operatorname{GL}(n)$ and associated vector bundles

I'm looking for a reference that will set me straight on a few things. It started out with densities. In John Lee's book, "Introduction to Smooth Manifolds", densities on vector spaces are functions ...