Use this tag for questions about specific tensors (curvature tensor, stress tensor), or questions regarding tensor computations as they appear in multivariable calculus and differential/Riemannian geometry (specifically, when it is amenable to be treated as objects with multiple indices that ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
10 views

Problem in proving that covariant derivative of a vector transforms as a tensor.

I have got this extra term while trying to prove the tensor nature of the covariant derivative of a vector. $\frac{\partial y^r}{\partial x^k} \frac{\partial^2 x^j}{\partial y^r \partial y^m} v'^m(y) ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Einstein notation

I'm confused about a specific issue that I have with the Einstein notation (for tensor fields on manifolds). I want to write the following thing: Let $X$ be a smooth manifold. Choosing local ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

how to mathematically represent a matrix of vectors?

My problem is the following: I have a dataset in particular have $4$ dimensions, for didactic reasons I need to represent this dataset as a $m\times n$ matrix array such that the ($i$-th, $j$-th) ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Why are vectors considered to be rank (0,1) tensors and dual vectors considered to be rank (1,0) tensors?

Sean Carrol in his book of general relativity, he defines a tensor to be a multilinear map from a collection of dual vectors and vectors to $\mathbb{R}$: $T:T^*_p \times...\times T^*_p \times T_p ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

$A: \mathbb R^3 \to \mathbb R^3$ what is the representation of $A$ under coordinate change? (Tensor)

For our initial homework on Tensor Calculus we have to do the following: Consider a map $A: \mathbb R^3 \to \mathbb R^3$, where we use local coordinates $\mathbf{x}$ given by $x^1,x^2$ and $x^3$. ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Tensor Product on Hilbert Spaces (well definedness)

Let $H_1$, $H_2$,...,$H_n$ be $n$ Hilbert Spaces. For each $\phi_i \in H_i$, Let $$ \phi_1 \otimes \phi_2 \otimes... \otimes \phi_n:= \text{Conjugate multilinear form which acts on $H_1 \times H_2.. ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Number of Different Elements of $S_{ijkl}$ with Some Symmetries

I am not good at combinatorics so I am asking this simple question to learn a little. In fact, this question is motivated by the symmetries happening for the stiffness and Eshelby tensors in the ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

different approaches of defining tensors

This Wikipedia article says that tensor can be defined as miltilinear maps or be defined using tensor products. Could anybody explain with a simple example why these two approaches give the same ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Why are contravariant vectors denoted with a superscript (and not a subscript)?

I wonder whether the choice of denoting contravariant/covariant vectors with a superscript/subscript is arbitrary (and could have been made the other way around), or whether there is a specific reason ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Infinitesimal volume element transforms like a scalar

Show that the infinitesimal volume element $d^3x$ transforms like a scalar Attempt: Let $R^{kh} = \frac {\partial \bar x^h}{\partial x^k}$ Since in general a coordinate transformation is $\bar x^h ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

How to indicate the space of sesquilinear forms?

Is there a canonical way to indicate the space of sesquilinear forms? For bilinear forms I can use the (0,2) Tensor space, but since sesquilinear forms are not linear in one variable I don't know how ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Computing the Inverse of a Fourth Order Tensor

Suppose that we have a fourth order tensor ${\bf{A}}$ $${\bf{A}}=A_{ijkl} {\bf{e}}_i \otimes {\bf{e}}_j \otimes {\bf{e}}_k \otimes {\bf{e}}_l$$ in the orthonormal basis ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

Is this 2-tensor symmetric? It satisfies these conditions

I have some scalar field $p$ and a 2nd order tensor $\textbf{T}$ such that $div( \ \textbf{T} \ \textbf{grad}(p) \ )=0$ $\textbf{curl}(\ \textbf{T} \ \textbf{grad}(p) \ )=\textbf{0} $ $\textbf{T}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Is there an invariant similar to the characteristic polynomial for (0,2) and (2,0) tensors?

The characteristic polynomial of a matrix - a (1,1) tensor - is its invariant (independent on basis transformation). Is there a similar invariant for (0,2) and (2,0) tensors? The characteristic ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What are the non-vanishing directions of $A_{a(b} B_{cd)} - B_{a(b} A_{cd)}$? ($A$ and $B$ symmetric tensors)

Question Consider two symmetric tensors $A_{ab}=A_{ba},\, B_{ab}=B_{ba}$ which are generally of full rank (non-degenerate, all eigenvalues non-zero but of general sign) and their tensor product under ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Metric tensor for just one index

I'm novice in the territory of tensor calculus. I know the utilization of the metric tensor to transform the covariant basis to contravariant one, vice versa: $Z^i = Z^{ij}Z_j$ (Eq. 1) I am going ...
-2
votes
1answer
13 views

algebra operations

If $[x]=x^{i}\sigma^{i}$, Find an alternative form for the product $$ x^{i}n^{j}\sigma^{k}\epsilon^{ijk}=x^{i}(\vec{n} \times \vec{\sigma})^{i} $$ that has to be more compact than $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What kind of operation is available here?

What kind of operation $\clubsuit$ is available here? $$ \underbrace{\left(v^{\mathrm T}A_{n\times n\times n}\right)}_{\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}}\underbrace{\left(v^{\mathrm T}B_{n\times n\times ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Well definedness of Lie bracket (coordinates approach)

For practice I wanted to define Lie bracet in terms of coordinates and show that this definition is independet of the choice of coordinates. So I started with the definition ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Covariant Derivatives and Swapping Indices

Okay,there's a covariant derivative of a rank 2 tensor. Swapping any indices gives a different tensor. Can we associate any physical significance to the swapping? For example, if I have a velocity ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Tensor Contraction Invariance

On page 86 of Bishop and Goldberg's Tensor Analysis on Manifolds you are asked to show that contractions are invariants. Rather than doing it awkwardly for an (r,s)-tensor (r is the contravariant and ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Checking that a two-form transforms correctly under Lorentz transformations

This is exercise $7.22$ in Supergravity by Freedman and Van Proeyen, but I did not understand it and would appreciate if you clear it out. Given the below, I still don't get how, if we define the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Tensors in a vector bundle with infinite-dimensional fibers

If $\xi = (\pi,E,M)$ is a vector bundle such that each fiber has finite-dimension, and $V=\Gamma(M,E)$ is the space of smooth sections, then there is an isomorphism between $(\otimes^r ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Multiplication of tensor and vector

How to do the multiplication of the multidimensional array $A_{n\times n\times n}$ and the vector $v_n$ (indices denote dimensions)? Can you kindly give suggestions or references? Thanks in advance.
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Connection with zero torsion and curvature

I remember encountering the following theorem many, many time ago: if a connection $\nabla$ has $R = 0$ and $T = 0$ then... The problem is that I cannot remember the conclusion. Was it that the ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Are Linear Transformations Always Second Order Tensors?

I've been reading a bit about tensors on Wikipedia (so correctness not guaranteed here) and I have a question. The order of a tensor $T$ is defined as $n+m$, where $n$ denotes the number of covariant ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Is every square matrix a tensor of 2nd order?

Is every square matrix a second order tensor? If not, what is an example of a square matrix, which is not a tensor? How can I prove that a matrix is in fact a tensor?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

#skew symmetric, symmetric and alternating multilinear map in a vector space over field of characteristic 2

can every skew symmetric multilinear map written as sum of symmetric and alternating multilinear map.(specially I mean in a field of characteristic 2)
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Intuition Behind Dual Vectors

Recently I've been self-studying tensor analysis through the book titled "An Introduction to Tensors and Group Theory for Physicists," by Nadir Jeevanjee. I found it to be very intuitive, up until the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What is considered to be the natural (injective) homomorphism $\frac{IL+J}{IL} \rightarrow I \otimes \frac{R}{L}$?

Let $R$ be a ring and $I,J,L \unlhd R$ such that $J \subseteq I$. What is considered to be the natural homomorphism $\frac{IL+J}{IL} \rightarrow I \otimes \frac{R}{L}$ ? Remark: It must be ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Covariant derivative of curved space basis vector is not 0. Why?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQTm-YyKWs0&index=24&list=PLlXfTHzgMRULkodlIEqfgTS-H1AY_bNtq In this video at 24:30 the teacher writes down the expression for the covariant dervative of the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

How many components of an antisymmetric rank five tensor on $ \mathbb{R}^5 $ are independent?

How many components of the a rank five tensor on $\mathbb{R}^5$ which is antisymetric under exchange of any pair of indices are independent? If we write the tensor $E_{i_1i_2i_3i_4i_5}$ then ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Derive second fundamental from metric

If M is immersed in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and the metric is given by $g=e^{x^2+y^2}(dx^2+dy^2)$. How to calculate Gaussian curvature $K_M$? First, I use the Gauss equation ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How to extend the parallelepiped volume formula to higher dimensions?

The volume of a parallelepiped $(V)$ is given by the triple scalar product: $$V=\mathbf{c}\cdot{}(\mathbf{a}\times\mathbf{b})$$ where $\mathbf{a}$, $\mathbf{b}$, and $\mathbf{c}$ are the vectors ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

What one need to consider the matrix as a tensor in engineering?

The applications of the tensor within the realm of engineering is not trivial... Viscous sterss tensor, Inertia and so on. But in the case of most of them, the tensor is just a matrix, say 3*3 one, ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Book recommendation for rigorous multilinear algebra , tensor analysis, manifolds.

I am looking for recommendation on books about multilinear algebra, tensor analysis, manifolds theory, basically everything to be able to understand basic concepts of general relativity. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Contravariant vector example with polar coordinates

My book gives me this definition for contravariant vector: Let an n-tuple of real numbers $a^1,a^2, \dots, a^n$ be associated with a point P of an n-dimensional Riemannian space with coordinates ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Solving PDE's in Tensor form

Is there a straight forward method to solving PDE's in tensor form? How do boundary conditions work? For example, I may get the wave equation, $$ \partial_\mu \partial_\nu \eta^{\mu \nu} \psi = 0 $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Confusion regarding notation of a dual transformation

I'm reading Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds and in Chapter 4 he defines the dual transformation (although he doesn't call it that) as follows: If $f:V \rightarrow W$ is a linear transformation, a ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Changing variables: partial derivatives of a tensor

Given is the tensor $T$ in Cartesian coordinates $T=\operatorname{diag}\{T_{xx},T_{yy},T_{zz}\}$ in cylindrical coordinates $T=\operatorname{diag}\{T_{rr},T_{\theta\theta},T_{zz}\}$ How does one ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Show that $R_{\mu\nu}=fg_{\mu\nu}$ (Ricci and metric tensors) and $\dim(M)\geq 3$ then $f$ is constant

I need to prove that given the Ricci and metric tensors $R_{\mu\nu}=fg_{\mu\nu}$ and $\dim(M)\geq 3$ then $f$ is constant. I tried to use some identities but I end up with some sort of a proof ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Cylindrical coordinate derivative of a vector field.

Considering the following identity transformation in cylindrical coordinate: $$\mathbf{v}(R,\theta,z)=R\;\mathbf{e}_{R}+\theta\;\mathbf{e}_{\theta}+z\;\mathbf{e}_{z} $$ Taking its derivative ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Sectional curvature in a paraboloid is always positive.

I'm working on Lee's book ''Riemaniann Manifolds an Introduction to Curvature''. One exercise (11.1) is about to see that the paraboloid given by the equation $y=x_1^2+...+x_n^2$ has positive ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Variation of a tensor $\delta T$.

Let a change of coordinates be given by $x^{\mu}\to x^{\mu '}=x^{\mu}+\varepsilon \xi^{\mu}(x)$ with epsilon a small quantity. Given a tensor $T$ we define $\delta T:=T'(x)-T(x)$. I guess this means ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Decomposing a tensor product space into direct sums

I'm trying to understand how to decompose certain symmetric and anti-symmetric tensor products of vector spaces into direct summands. Let $V$ be a complex finite dimensional vector space and denote ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

The Relation Between Kronecker's Delta and the Permutation Symbol

The Kronecker's Delta is defined as $$\delta_{ij}= \begin{cases} 1 & i=j \\ 0 & i \ne j \end{cases}$$ Also, the Permuation Symbol known as Levi Cevita's Symbol is introduced as ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Treatments of Lie theory and Noether theorems in tensor notation

I am looking for a conceptual treatment of Lie theory and Noether theorems that uses tensors calculus rather than exterior calculus. I know that tensor calculus is not optimal for these subjects, ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Invert tensor expression involving Levi-civita symbol

I have to prove that $$ \omega_{\mu \nu} = \epsilon_{\mu \nu \lambda \kappa} \omega^\lambda u^\kappa $$ given the relations: $$ u_k u^k = -1 $$ $$ \omega_{\mu \nu} u^\nu = 0 $$ $$ \omega^\mu = ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Adjoint of $SU(2)$ from tensor product of fundamental 2-dimensional representation

Given elements of the fundamental 2-dimensional representation of $SU(2)$, for example, $a=(1,0)$ and $b=(0,1)$, how can I multiply them correctly to yield an element of the adjoint? $$ a \otimes b ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Index notation of tensors and mnemonics

I've been trying to learn to manipulate tensors but I've got probably too comfortable with all the matrices in my Linear Algebra course, that it gets really difficult beyond rank-3 tensors. So, ...