# Tagged Questions

Questions regarding the Taylor series expansion of univariate and multivariate functions, including coefficients and bounds on remainders. A special case is also known as the Maclaurin series.

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### Why is it that when n ≥ 1 the series is $\le$ 1/4

So how is the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1^2 * 3^2 * 5^2 ... (2n-1)^2}{2^2 * 4^2 * 6^2 ... (2n)^2}$ < 1/4 for n $\ge$ 1 is it because the series is divergent outside of the interval of ...
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### Is $f(x)=\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{(-x)^n}{n^2+1}$ convex at $x=0$?

Let $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(−1)^n}{ n^2+1} x^n$ be the Taylor series of $f(x)$ about $0$. Then, is it that, $f(x)$ is concave up at $x = 0$?
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### If $|f(x)| \leq 1$ and $|f''(x)| \leq 1$, show $|f'(x)|\leq 2$

Given $f : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$, such that $f'(x)$ and $f''(x)$ exist for all $x \in \mathbb{R}$ and for $x \in [0,2]$, the inequalities $|f''(x)| \leq 1$ and $|f(x)| \leq 1$ hold, I am asked to ...
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### Determining second order Taylor polynomial of function f at two points

Can someone help me determine the second order Taylor approximation of the function 1/(1+x+(y)2) near (0,0) and near (1,0)? This is in the context of directional and partial derivatives.
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### Does multiplying Taylor series by an integer change the interval of validity.

If I have a Taylor series for example, $\frac{1}{1-x} = 1 + x + x^2 + x^3 + x^4 + \ldots, \qquad \text{valid for$-1<x<1$}$ and I multiply the series by some integer, let's say $5$, in ...
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### Algorithms for Taylor Expansions

Is anything known about fast algorithms for taking symbolic Taylor expansions? I have a homegrown algorithm, but it seems to be exponential in the number of terms requested when operations like the ...
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### If $f(x)=\sum_{0}^{\infty}b_n(x-5)^n$ for all $x$, write a formula for $b_8$.

If $f(x)=\sum_{0}^{\infty}b_n(x-5)^n$ for all $x$, write a formula for $b_8$. Now I know that $b_n=\dfrac{f^{(n)}(5)}{n!}$. I have tried various things but I think there is something wrong with my ...
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### Calculating Taylor series of complex function

I'm going through a past exam paper and found a question I can't do. The question is to write down the Taylor expansion of $\frac{z^2}{z-2}, z \in C$ \ {2}, on the disc $|z| < 2$ I've been ...
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### How to calculate the series $-\frac12-\frac14+\frac13-\frac16-\frac18+\frac15-\frac{1}{10}…$?

$-\frac12-\frac14+\frac13-\frac16-\frac18+\frac15-\frac{1}{10}...$ After rearrangement the series looks like $\sum^{\infty}_{n=2}\frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n}$. My way of doing this is using Taylor series of ...
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### Evaluating limits via Infinite Series

I am to evaluate the following limit of sums and quotients of infinite series $\lim\limits_{z \to 0} \frac{(z^3 + z^6 - z^9 + ...)+(2z^3 -2 z^5 + 2z^7 - 2z^9 ...)}{z^8 + z^{16} + x^{24} + ... }$. I ...
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### Show that monotonicity implies positive definiteness of the Jacobian

Given $f: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$, $f$ differentiable, $x,y, p \in \mathbb{R}^n$, show that $(x-y)^T(f(x) - f(y)) \geq 0 \Leftrightarrow p^TDf(x)p \geq 0, \forall p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ This ...
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### If the derivative is written as shifts, can you relate it to the laplace/fourier tranform?

I was wondering if there is a way to write the derivative as an exponential? This might sound crazy at first, but I recently came across this formula for the Taylor expansion in three dimensions: ...
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### How to evaluate this limit using Taylor expansions?

I am trying to evaluate this limit: $\lim_{x \to 0} \dfrac{(\sin x -x)(\cos x -1)}{x(e^x-1)^4}$ I know that I need to use Taylor expansions for $\sin x -x$, $\cos x -1$ and $e^x-1$. I also realise ...
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### find a closed formula for: $\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-(\sin{t}\ \sin{x})^2}}$

I need to find a closed formula for: $\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-(\sin{t}\ \sin{x})^2}}$ By Taylor series in respect of $x$, but I can't find a pattern. Can anyone help me? I can use Wolfram alpha but it ...
### How to evaluate $\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\frac{e^{\arctan{(x)}}-xe^{\pi x}-1}{(\ln{(1+x)})^2}$?
How to evaluate $\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\frac{e^{\arctan{(x)}}-xe^{\pi x}-1}{(\ln{(1+x)})^2}$? So I think we expand to $x^2$ since the lowest term for $\ln(1+x)$ is $x$ Let $u=\arctan{(x)}$ ...
In case of pulsating bubble arising from underwater explosion, bubble radius satisfies the following equation. $x^3\dot{x}^{2} + x^3 + \frac{k}{x^{3(\gamma-1)}} = 1$ The minimum and maximum bubble ...