Questions regarding the Taylor series expansion of univariate and multivariate functions, including coefficients and bounds on remainders. A special case is also known as the Maclaurin series.

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differential equation as taylor series

Consider the equation $\frac{\mathrm{d} x(t)}{\mathrm{d}t} = g(x(t))$ , with $x(0) = x_0$, where g is function that admits derivatives of all orders.If the solution of the equation can be written as a ...
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14 views

How to prove a parallel $(u=u_0) $it self curvature?

My name is Gita, and I had aproblem with my math. and need help, I know that a parallel C in a surface of revolution in M be a geodesic if and only if f'(u0)=0. and C is non arc lenght parameterized. ...
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1answer
147 views
+200

Take 2: When/Why are these equal?

This didn't go right the first time, so I'm going to drastically rephrase the query. As per this previous question, I am wondering if the two series ...
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1answer
24 views

How do I approximate cos(0.1) to two-decimal using a Maclaurin series? [on hold]

How do I approximate $\cos(0.1)$ to two-decimal accuracy using the Maclaurin series of $\cos(x)$? I see the equation but I don't know how to use it.
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6 views

Range of convergence for Taylor's series gf given that of g and of f

Are the following 2 points correct? Let $D_f$ denote the maximal domain for which the Taylor's series of $f$ converges. 1) If $D_g = \mathbb{R}$, then $f$ converges $\implies gf$ converges. 2) On ...
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2answers
24 views

Maclaurin Series for a natural logarithm

Can anyone please help me with this question? Find the Maclaurin series and the interval of convergence for $f(x) = \ln(1-7x^9)$ I thought the answer was $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} (-1)^n ...
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2answers
451 views

Approximating roots of the truncated Taylor series of $\exp$ by values of the Lambert W function

To everyone: don't bother writing up another answer, i'm giving this bounty Antonio's answer. It just doesn't let me yet (24 hours delay). If you map the nth roots of unity $z$ with the function ...
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1answer
32 views

Taylor's Theorem and inequalities on some interval of the domain?

From the following form of Taylor's Theorem and assuming that $|f(x)|\le 1$ and $|f''(x)|\le 1$ hold on $[0,2]$, $$f(a+h) = f(a) + hf'(a) + (1/2)h^2f''(a+θh),$$ some application of Taylor's Theorem ...
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1answer
51 views

Integration by expansion

Consider the integral \begin{equation} I(x)= \frac{1}{\pi} \int^{\pi}_{0} \sin(x\sin t) \,dt \end{equation} show that \begin{equation} I(x)= \frac{2x}{\pi} +O(x^{3}) \end{equation} as ...
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1answer
17 views

Range of convergence for Taylor's series (about 0) for e^(sin x)

Is there anything wrong with my method below? Also, is there an easier method? For $sin\,x = \sum^{\infty}_{k=0}\frac{(-1)^kx^{1+2k}}{(1+2k)!}$, $L_1 = \lim_{k\rightarrow\infty} \left| ...
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Taylor expansion and expansion in powers of z-1

I am trying to expand $z^2/(z+1)^2$ as a Taylor Series. I have acquired its partial fraction decomposition of $z^2/(z+1)^2$ = $(1/6)*(1/(z+1)) + (5/6)(1/(z-5))$. The first term is in the form ...
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49 views

Saddle point method: a rigorous proof?

I am trying to prove in a fully rigorous way the Saddle Point method for holomorphic functions of 1 complex variable. In books I find only complicated general statements or non-rigorous proofs. Hence ...
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1answer
36 views

Complex Taylor and Laurent expansions

Let $f(z):=\dfrac{1}{2-z-z^2}, z\in\mathbb{C}\setminus\left\{ {1, -2}\right\}$. i) Express $f$ in the form $\dfrac{A}{1-z}+\dfrac{B}{2+z}$. [Answer to this is $\dfrac{1/3}{1-z}+\dfrac{1/3}{2+z}$]. ...
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2answers
40 views

Taylor series expansion and the radius of convergence

Hello I have some problems concerning Taylor series. Given the function $$f(x)=e^{\sin{x}} $$ I concluded that the Taylor series expansion would be $$f(x) = ...
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1answer
62 views

Remainder in taylor formula

I found on a book a version of Taylor's formula like this: ...
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2answers
23 views

Different Polynomial Expansions of Natural Logarithm

I was recently Taylor-expanding ln around $(1,0)$. I noticed that this polynomial will have a range of input that converges between $0$ and $2$ regardless of Taylor ...
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1answer
18 views

Computational complexity of expanding a MacLaurin/Taylor Series

What methods exist to computationally determine the first $k$ coefficients of a function (possibly polynomial or rational polynomial function)? How do Mathematica/MatLab/Maple/etc. solve this ...
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1answer
47 views

Expansion of Integration

Consider the integral \begin{equation} I(x)=\int^{2}_{0} (1+t) \exp\left(x\cos\left(\frac{\pi(t-1)}{2}\right)\right) dt \end{equation} show that \begin{equation} I(x)= 4+ \frac{8}{\pi}x +O(x^{2}) ...
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1answer
57 views

How to find inverse of $\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$?

I was wondering if there were any way to solve the equation $$\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$$ in terms of $x$. This of course would allow us to express the inverse for this function on $-\frac{\pi}{4}$ to ...
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1answer
35 views

Is there a more concise way?

I am currently trying to prove Taylor's Theorem, this is the proof I am given: I am finding this very long and hard to follow, can anyone give me a more concise, clear proof? Thanks
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Ito's lemma on $a=\int_0^t x(q) \mathrm{d}B(q)$,where $B=$brownian motion process. [on hold]

Can someone help me apply Ito's lemma on $a=\int_0^t x(q) \mathrm{d}B(q)$, where $B=$brownian motion process. I did this so far: $$\mathrm{d} a=\frac{\partial }{\partial B} \bigg[ \int_0^t x(q) ...
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Taylor expansion question

I try to understand one proof where the author makes the following Taylor expansion $$f(x)=f(x_0) + \frac{f^{(p)}(x_0+\tau(x-x_0))-f^{(p)}(x_0)(x-x_0)^p}{p!}$$ How is this possible? I see that there ...
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Evaluate an integral $\int_{\gamma } z^{n}e^{\frac{1}{z}}dz$ maybe laurent series or taylor expansion?

Please help me with this one guys, I am stuck like a truck trying to get out of thick mud. Evaluate: $\int_{\gamma } z^{n}e^{\frac{1}{z}}dz$ $\gamma$ is the circle f radius 1 centered at 0 and ...
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1answer
43 views

Laurents Series Expansion Complex Analysis

So here is the problem, I am having a lot of trouble with laurents expansions and if you guys even know any sources where I can learn these really well and very simply then that would be a great help. ...
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1answer
26 views

proof of property of exponential distribution, using taylor polynomial

I want to prove that if we have an exponential distribution with parameter $\lambda$, we have that $P(X \le x)=\lambda x + o(x)$. I want to do this by using Taylor-series and the lagrange remainder ...
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2answers
20 views

Find the order of a function.

Consider the function $(x + 2)\cos^2 x$. Determine its order in terms of big-O notation. (A) $O(x)$ (B) $O(x^2)$ (C) $O(\log (x))$ (D) None of the above
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3answers
95 views

definition of the constant $e$

To my knowledge there are two possible ways to define $e^x$ $$e^x = \sum_{i=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^i}{i!}$$ $$e^x = \lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1 + \frac{x}{n}\right)^n$$ So my question is: Why does… ...
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2answers
25 views

Approximation of $x\log(x/a)$ for $x$ near a

I'm trying to see where the approximation $$(x-a) + ((x-a)^2)/2a$$ of $x\log(x/a)$ comes from (for x near a). Might be missing something very trivial but I've already tried the usual expansions ...
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Taylor series argument help for details

http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0601086.pdf I want to ask about the Taylor series argument on page 25 above. The proof want to show $e(x)<e(x_0)$ where $e(x)=c(x,y)-c(x,y_0)$ The problems are: I ...
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3answers
45 views

Taylor error approximation

So a Taylor polynomial is given by the Taylor formula, but how do I approximate the error? I see on wikipedia: $$R_k = \frac{f^{(k+1)}(s)}{(k+1)!} (x-a)^{k+1}$$ Do I just pick any $s$ between $x$ ...
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7answers
766 views

How are the Taylor Series derived?

I know the Taylor Series are infinite sums that represent some functions like $\sin(x)$. But it has always made me wonder how they were derived? How is something like ...
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65 views

Taylor expansion for a multivariable function

\begin{align} T(x_1,\dots,x_d) &= \sum_{n_1=0}^\infty \sum_{n_2=0}^\infty \cdots \sum_{n_d = 0}^\infty \frac{(x_1-a_1)^{n_1}\cdots (x_d-a_d)^{n_d}}{n_1!\cdots n_d!}\,\left(\frac{\partial^{n_1 + ...
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2answers
52 views

High Order Derivative Using Maclaurin Series

Use the Maclaurin series to solve the following: $$ \frac{d^6}{dx^6}(x^4e^{x^2}) $$ I got about halfway through the problem before getting stuck. I am not sure how to solve it... Any advice? Also, ...
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1answer
35 views

Taylor series convergence with natural logs

I am working on this problem. Find Taylor series of function $f(x)=\ln(x)$ at $a = 6$. $$f(x) =\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_n (x- 6)^n$$ I seem to be having trouble with the interval of convergence can ...
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1answer
24 views

Taylor Series & complex analysis

I am taking complex analysis. There's a question in the book when trying to prove the theorem, and the theorem goes like this: If $f$ is analytic in the disk $|z-z_0|<R$,then the taylor ...
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2answers
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Taylor series of an integral function

Problem $$I(x) = \int_{1}^x \frac{e^t - 1}{t}$$ Find $I'( \sqrt{x} )$. Solution We know that $F'(x) = f(x)$ by the fundamental theorem of calculus so $$I'(x) = \frac{e^t -1}{t}$$ And so $$I'( ...
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1answer
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A Taylor series question

The Taylor series for $cos(x)$ about $x=0$ is $1-x^2/(2!)+x^4/(4!)-x^6/(6!)+...$ If $h$ is a function such that $h'(x) = cos(x^3)$, then the coefficient of $x^7$ in the Taylor series for $h(x)$ about ...
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2answers
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Taylor's approximation

Our lecturer once showed us that it is possible to approximate the value of 'e' with Taylor's approximation of order - whatever, lets say 3. How would. The result was something like this: $$ ...
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22 views

Question about Taylor's series

Is there an example of a function whose taylor series converge at every point but does not equal the value of the function at every point?
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1answer
48 views

Approximation of $\frac{1}{2^{N}} \binom{N}{\frac{1}{2}(N + s)} $ for big N

I have the following function that I have to approximate for big N and I really have no clue what to do - I hope that anyone can help me out: $$P_N(s) = \begin{cases} \frac{1}{2^{N}} ...
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1answer
618 views

Taylor Series of Hyperbolic Cotangent Coth(x)

Expanding about 0 gets me a divergence on the first term, and the wikipedia article says nothing about how to derive it other than taylor series. It makes me think I'm supposed to use Laurent Series, ...
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Converse of Taylor series expansion

I am doing Taylor series expansion. A/c to my professor an infinitely diffrentiable function w.r.t to some variable can be represented as as a polynomial in that variable of $n$ degree where $n$ ...
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Big-O Notation for remainder terms in Taylor expansion

The Big-O notation is commonly used in Taylor expansions of the form $$f(x+\epsilon)=f(x)+\epsilon f'(x)+O(\epsilon^2)$$ to say that the remainder term grows at least quadratic around $\epsilon=0$. ...
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1answer
31 views

Partial derivatives + Taylor's Formula in several variables

Given a function $f(x) = (x_1+...+x_n)^k$, how do we show that $$D_1^{j_1}\cdots D_n^{j_n}f(x) = k!$$ if $j_1+...+j_n = k$?
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Taylor series for small complex number

Show from Taylor's formula that in first order in a small complex number $z=x+iy$ we have following approximation: $|1+z| \approx 1+x$ and $\frac{1}{|1+z|^3} \approx 1-3x$. If I define a function ...
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Question about Big O notation for asymptotic behavior in convergent power series

Examples of such use of Big O notation can be found for instance on Wolfram Alpha here. More details on the Wikipedia page. The idea, as I understand it, is that the term between parenthesis in Big O ...
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2answers
30 views

Taylor Series Maclaurin Series Interval Expansion

Hi! I am currently woking on some clack online homework problem. I really have no idea how to approach this problem. If someone could help me solve this question I would greatly appreciate it!
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3answers
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Using Taylor expansion to evaluate infinite sum

How do I use the Taylor expansion of $$(1+x)^{-\frac{1}{2}} $$ to evaluate $$ \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\binom{2n}{n}\left(-\dfrac{6}{25}\right)^{n} $$ Thanks
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Taylor Series Calc 2

I am not sure how to find a series representation for the natural log. If anyone can show me some helpful steps to solve this problem it would be greatly appreciated. What is the Maclaurin series ...
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1answer
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Help with Taylor Series

I am trying to find a Taylor series for the following function: ${1\over 1-9x}$ centered at c = 7 I browsed through my Calc II book and found that I can use the general formula for a Taylor series ...