Tagged Questions

Questions regarding the Taylor series expansion of univariate and multivariate functions, including coefficients and bounds on remainders. A special case is also known as the Maclaurin series.

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0
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1answer
87 views

Algebraic Proof of Sum of Exponential Powers is Product of Exponentials

Can somebody provide a proof of the summation of powers law for the product of two exponentials, using only algebra and the Taylor series, no derivatives or calculus tricks?
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Convergence of Taylor series of $\sqrt{1-x}$

Concerning $$\sqrt{1-x} = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \left[\prod_{j=1}^k \left(\frac{j-1-\frac{1}{2}}{j}\right)\right]x^k$$ the Taylor series about $x=0$. For $|x|< 1$ this series converges uniformly. ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Taylor expansion of the electrostatic potential $1/\|\cdot \|$

I have stumbled over this problem several times in electrodynamics, and I just don't get the hang of it. The task is to do a Taylor expansion of $\,f(\vec{x},\,\vec{a}) = ...
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

How do you represent f(x+h) and f(x−h) as a Taylor series using the taylor series formula?

I know the answers are below, however i am not quite sure what to substitute as the "a" in the Taylor series formula. $f(x+h)=f(x)+f′(x)⋅h+\frac 12f′′(x)\cdot h^2+\cdots+\frac 1{n!}f^{(n)}(x) \cdot ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Two case about convergent series

Could you help me to prove analytically that ? I started to study Taylor Series and I'm lost. Thanks in advance.
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Re-expressing the Schrodinger Equation as a first order expansion.

I am reading an online text on quantum computing and the author expands and re-expresses the Schrodinger equation. I am not really sure as to the intermediate steps he used or what happened to the ...
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

Conditions must satisfy $f: (a, b) \to \mathbb{R}$ so that its Taylor series converge to f itself. [duplicate]

I have a doubt. What conditions must satisfy $f: (a, b) \to \mathbb{R}$ so that its Taylor series converge to f itself.
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Solution to curious infinite series

How exactly does one find a closed form to: $$ \sum_{i=0}^{\infty}\left[\frac{1}{i!}\left(\frac{e^2 -1}{2} \right)^i \prod_{j=0}^{i}(x-2j) \right]$$ When expanded it takes on the form $$1 + ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

closed form expression for an infinite series

Is there any closed form expression for the infinite sum $∑_{n≥0}q^{n(n+1)/2}(1+q)(1+q^2)...(1+q^n)u^n$ where both q and n are variables and $n \in N∪0$?
5
votes
5answers
102 views

Interpreting higher order differentials

I'm trying to understand Taylor's Theorem for functions of $n$ variables, but all this higher dimensionality is causing me trouble. One of my problems is understanding the higher order differentials. ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Derivatives as Linear Approximations

I have always thought of the fact that a derivative is a linear approximation as being nothing more than that- an approximation. But is there an epsilon-delta meaning behind that? Is there a stronger ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Taylor series of the function $f(x) = (1+x) ^{\frac{1}{x}}$

Good night!! I got this problem and I'd like to find all the mistakes in my statement. This is my prblem. Find the binomial coefficients of $f(x) = (1+x)^{\alpha}$, with $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$, and ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How do I construct such a numerical method for solving ODE?

I am asked to expand $x(t+h)$ and $x(t+2h)$ around $t$ up to the rest term of the third order, find $A, B, C \in \mathbb R$ such that $$x'(t)=\frac{Ax(t)+Bx(t+h)+Cx(t+2h)}{h} + O(h^2)$$ and based on ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to approximate the bounding region of a 2d differentiable mapping locally?

I have got a differentiable mapping $f:\Bbb R^2 \to \Bbb R^2$, Is the image of $f$ of a very small convex subset (e.g., a unit square) around any point, a bounded region? If it is bounded, can I ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Substituting for Taylor series

So my question is simple: Why is substitution valid? I mean it seems counter-intuitive to me mainly because of the chain rule. For example: The Taylor series of $e^{x^2}$ is simply done by ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Taylor polynomial, Peano form of the remainder of f(x) and its asymptote

Could someone help me complete this or check if my reasoning so far is correct? I'm stuck at finding the oblique asymptote: Write the Taylor polynomial and the Peano form of the remainder of $f(x) = ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Does $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \left[n\left(f\left(\frac{1}{n}\right)-f\left(-\frac{1}{n}\right)\right)-2f'(0)\right]$ converge?

Let $f\in C^3([-1,1])$ Is the series $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \left[n\left(f\left(\frac{1}{n}\right)-f\left(-\frac{1}{n}\right)\right)-2f'(0)\right]$ convergent? I'm trying to use Taylor's ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

How to find the exponent $z$ of $(-1)^z$ for a patterned series of signed ones?

A question in Larson "Calculus" asks for the Taylor series centered at $\frac{\pi}{4}$ of $\cos(x)$. This expands to: $a_n = \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} - \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}(x - \frac{\pi}{4}) - ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Entire periodic $f(z)$ with more than 50 % of the derivatives $0$?

Im looking for a real-entire function $f(z)$ such that for any complex $z$ : $1) $$f(z+p) =f(z)$ With $p$ a nonzero real number. $2)$ $f(z)= 0 + a_1 z + a_2 z^2 + a_3 z^3 + ...$ where more than ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Basis for a general function of tr$X^k$

I have a function of a $4\times 4$-matrix variable $X$ which is a general function of $\left<X^k\right>$ where $\left<\cdot\right>$ denotes the trace. My question is this: is there a ...
9
votes
3answers
127 views

Prove that $\lim_{x\to\infty} f'(x) = 0$ [duplicate]

Let $f(x)$ be twice differentiable on $(0,\infty)$ and let $\lim_{x\to \infty} f(x) = L<\infty$ and $|f''(x)| \le M$ for some $M>0$. Prove that $\lim_{x \to \infty} f'(x) = 0$. I've tried to ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Lagrange Bürmann Inversion Series Example

I am trying to understand how one applies Lagrange Bürmann Inversion to solve an implicit equation in real variables(given that the equation satisfies the needed conditions). I have tried looking for ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Taylor's series and the function argument dimension

I've stumbled over an interesting question. In $\cos(x)$, $x$ is measured in, say, radians. When I expand cosine in Taylor's series, I have the terms with $x^3$, $x^5$ etc. so I am summing up ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Looking for a family of entire functions.

Let $i$ be a positive integer and let $f_i(x)$ be the $i$ th real transcendental entire function that has the Taylor expansion $f_i (x) = a_{i_0} + a_{i_1} x + a_{i_2} x^2 + ...$ with all $a_{i_n}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Geometric interpretation of a Taylor series like identity

Johann Bernoulli published (something like) the following expression in his journal Acta Eruditorum. $\int_0^x f(t) dt = xf(x)-\frac{x^2}{2!}f'(x)+\frac{x^3}{3!}f''(x)-\frac{x^4}{4!}f'''(x)+...$ Is ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

$X\sim\mathcal N(0,1)$, Why is $\Phi_X^{(j)}(0)=0$ for $j$ odd?

If $X\sim\mathcal N(0,1)$ Why is $\Phi_X^{(j)}(0)=0$ for $j$ odd ? ($\Phi_X^{(j)}(0):j^{th}$ derivative of the characteristic function of the r.v. $X$) We computed ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Approximating error using Taylors theorem

I have used a Maclaurin series for the function $f(x) = \cos(2x)$ and have successfully produced: $\dfrac{2^n cos(\frac{n\pi}2)x^n}{n!}$ Now I want to estimate the error in approximating $\cos(2x)$ ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

How to show MacLaurin series for $\frac{1}{1-x}$ converges using remainder term

$\dfrac{1}{1-x} = 1 + x + x^2 + x^3 + \cdots$ this is valid for $x$ between $-1$ and $1$ not including the endpoints. How can one show that the Lagrange remainder goes to zero as $n$ goes to ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

First Order Approximation Taylor Series

I have the taylor series $f(z)=f(x_0)+(x-x_0)f'(z)+1/2(x-x_0)^2f''(z) ...$ and I am told that "As a first order approximation," $x-x_0$ ~ $\frac{f(x)-f(x_0)}{f'(x_0)}$ assuming $f'(x_0) \neq 0$ I ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Prove an inequality (Using Taylor expansion)

Prove: $\frac{x}{1+x} < \ln(1+x) < x$. I thought a good practice would be to prove it using Taylor Expansion. Here's my try: $$\ln(1+x) = x - \frac{x^2}{2} + \frac{x^3}{3}...$$ The n=1 ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Let $f:[-1,1] \to \mathbb{R}$ be differentiable 3 times, prove $\exists M>0 \ , \ s.t \ f(x) \le Mx^2$

Let $f:[-1,1] \to \mathbb{R}$ be differentiable 3 times, let $f(0)=0$ and $f(x) \ge 0 \ \forall x \in [-1,1]$. Prove: $\exists M>0 \ , \ s.t \ f(x) \le Mx^2$. I separated the proofs to ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Finding Laurent series where given annulus is not in a singularity

I'm given a problem where I need to calculate the Laurent series of $f(z)$ inside the given annulus $$ f(z) = {1\over z^3(z-1)}; \quad 1 < |z| < 2 $$ From online resources(videos, notes) I ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Using Taylor's series in imporper integrals

Is it possible to simplify an improper integral using Taylor's series? How can I prove this procedure is correct? For example, take $$f(\alpha)=\int_0^{\infty} ...
1
vote
3answers
114 views

A system of $n$ equations , how does it behave for growing $n$?

I read about the system of $n$ equations in the link below. I wonder how it behaves for growing $n$. Does it converge ? http://math.eretrandre.org/tetrationforum/showthread.php?tid=889 Here it is ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Maclaurin series of (1+x)^(1/x)

how can i find the Maclaurin series of $f(x)=(1+x)^{1 \over x}$? $f(0)$ is not even defined, or should I define it as $f(0)=e$? I stopped at the first derivative as it gets terribly messy. thank ...
8
votes
1answer
226 views

Real-analytic periodic $f(z)$ that has more than 50 % of the derivatives positive?

Im looking for a real-analytic function $f(z)$ such that for any $z$ $1) $$f(z+p) =f(z)$ With $p$ a nonzero real number and where $z$ is close to , or onto the real line such that $z$ is in the ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

The simplest way to pow using only simple arithmetic

i want to get function $f(x, a) = x^a$, for both x and a - real numbers, that uses only + - * /. So only way I found is: get taylor series for $$x^a = \sum_{n = ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Taylors formula

I have a circle $K(a,\epsilon) \subset \Omega $ and for $ \parallel \Delta x \parallel \lt \epsilon $ we look at $ \Delta f = f(a+ \Delta x) - f(a) $ Now I look at the function $ F:[0,1]\rightarrow ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Taylor series $\ln(2+x)$ centered at $x=2$

Taylor series $\ln(2+x)$ centered at $x=2$. Is the correct result $$y=\ln \left(4\right)+\sum _{n=1}^{∞}\frac{\left(-1\right)^n}{4^{\left(2^{\Large n}\right)}}\cdot \frac{\left(x-2\right)^n}{n!}\ ?$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Meaning of interval of convergence when approximating functions

Let's say I have a Taylor series approximation, $p(x)$, of a function $f(x)$ at $a$: $$ p(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty{\frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!}(x-a)^n} $$ And that this Taylor series has a radius of ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Taylor expansions, inequalities and more

(Part A) I have to find the Taylor expansion of order 2 around (0,0) of $$f: \mathbb{R}^{2}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$ $$(x,y)x \mapsto f(x,y) = x\log (1+y)+sin(x+y) $$ Furthermore I have to prove if ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Finding $\zeta(4)$ by Taylor series

Is it possible to solve Zeta(4) function using something similar to the solution for zeta(2) as seen in this video? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTPKyC3Udns
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Proving $\forall x\in\mathbb R : \dfrac{e^x + e^{-x}}2 \le e^{\frac{x^2}{2}}$ with Cauchy's MVT

Prove for all $x\in\mathbb R$: $$\dfrac{e^x + e^{-x}}2 \le e^{\frac{x^2}{2}}$$ Mclauren expansion: $$e^x=1+x+\frac{x^2}{2}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+R_4(x)$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

solution check for approximating derivative using a Taylor expansion.

I'm wondering if there's in a mistake in either my reasoning or the given solution for the problem and was hoping to have someone double check this for me. The problem states: Let $g(2)=3$ , ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

taylor series please i need immediate help

Expand 1/z by Taylor series about a point z=1. what I have done really makes no sense because I have no idea about it. I can only think of 1/z=1/z-1+1 1/z=1/((z-1)*(1/z-1))
0
votes
3answers
86 views

When does the remainder term in the taylor series go to zero?

When does the remainder term in the taylor series go to zero? Theorem: Let $f\in C^{N+1}([\alpha,\beta])$ and $x,x_0\in(\alpha,\beta)$. Then ...
1
vote
4answers
78 views

If $\displaystyle \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}c_{n}x^{n}=0$, show that $c_n= 0$ for any $n$ [closed]

Suppose that $f(x)=\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}c_{n}x^{n}$ for all $x$ with the radius of convergence $R>0$. If $\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}c_{n}x^{n}=0$, show that $c_n=0$ for any $n$.
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Taylor series of $\sin(x)$ converges uniformly on $[-\pi,\pi]$?

According to my notes, the Taylor series of $\sin(x)$ converges uniformly on $[-\pi,\pi]$. I know that the remainder term needs to converge uniformly to $0$ for this to be the case. But I really ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

How can I find the Maclaurin series of $\frac{1}{1+x+x^2}$?

How can I find the Maclaurin series of $\frac{1}{1+x+x^2}$? At first, I found the Maclaurin series of $\frac{1}{1+x}$, which is $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^{n}x^{n}$ and simply replaced $x$ with $x^2 + x ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

$f(x)=\begin{cases}e^{\frac{-1}{x^2}} & \text{ if } x\neq 0 \\ 0& \text{ if } x= 0\end{cases}$ is not equal to its Maclaurin Series

$f(x)=\begin{cases}e^{\frac{-1}{x^2}} & \text{ if } x\neq 0 \\ 0& \text{ if } x= 0\end{cases}$ is not equal to its Maclaurin Series, which is ...