Questions regarding the Taylor series expansion of univariate and multivariate functions, including coefficients and bounds on remainders. A special case is also known as the Maclaurin series.

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Using Taylor's Theorem to show $|x-tan(x)|\leq 1/300$ for $0\leq x \leq 1/10$

Using Taylor's Theorem deduce that for $0\leq x \leq 1/10$ $|x-tan(x)|\leq 1/300$ So my attempt; to get the taylors theorem about $x_0=0$ $f(x)=x-tan(x)$ $f'(x)=1-sec^{2}(x)$ ...
4
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2answers
55 views

Approximating the erf function

I was trying to find an approximate solution to the following: $\DeclareMathOperator\erf{erf}$ $$\frac12 \sqrt{\pi} \erf\left (\frac{x-2}{\sqrt{10}}\right) + \frac12 \sqrt{\pi} \erf ...
4
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2answers
231 views

Derivation 9.97 in Jaynes' Probability Theory

In page 298 of Jaynes' Probability Theory: the Logic of Science, equation (9.97), Jaynes says: We expect that, if hypothesis $H$ is true, then $n_k$ will be close to $np_k$, in the sense that the ...
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1answer
65 views

Is there closed form for $(1-p)(1-p^2)(1-p^3)…$ or its Taylor expansion?

I was considering the following problem: Somebody uses a backup for something (e.g. backups a file) and the backup is equally reliable as original storage. The storage is not perfectly reliable and ...
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0answers
15 views

Differentiable function made up of arbitrary points.

Hi all, for this question , my attempt so far is; The function $F$ here is considered as a function of $t$ alone; the value of $x$ is regarded as a constant. Of course, if we change the value of $x$ ...
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1answer
43 views

Find the Taylor Series generated by $\frac1x$ at $x = a$

Can someone help me find the Taylor series for the following equation: $f(x) = \frac1x$ at $a = 10$
3
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1answer
86 views

TaylorSeries of complete elliptic integral of the first kind

I want compute $K(k)$ as a Taylor Series; $k\in\mathbb{R}$ and $\vert k \vert < 1$. Can someone help me? $$ K(k):= \int^{\frac{\pi}{2}}_0 \dfrac{dt}{\sqrt{1-k^2 sin^2t}} $$ Results so far: $$ ...
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3answers
83 views

How to find the full Taylor expansion of the following:

I need to find the full Taylor expansion of $$f(x)=\frac{1+x}{1-2x-x^2}$$ Any help would be appreciated. I'd prefer hints/advice before a full answer is given. I have tried to do partial ...
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1answer
35 views

Proof concerning logs and taylor series

Prove that if $n$ is a positive integer and $|x| \leq \dfrac{1}{2}n$ then $(i)\quad n\log\left(1+\dfrac{x}{n}\right)=x+Q_{n}(x)$ where $(ii)\quad |Q_{n}(x)|\leq\dfrac{|x|^{2}}{n}$ and deduce ...
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2answers
47 views

Can a function be approximated by finite number of Taylor expansion terms outside of disk of convergence?

Suppose we have a finite number of terms for Taylor expansion of a conditionally convergent function. For example, $f=\frac1{1-x}$ with expansion $f=\sum_{n=0}^\infty x^n$. This expansion diverges ...
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1answer
43 views

Find the Taylor polynomial of degree 4 for cos(x), for x near 0

I am self studying calculus and I need help solving a Taylor Series problem. 1a) Find the Taylor polynomial of degree 4 for cos(x), for x near 0: I think the answer would be: ...
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1answer
32 views

Maclaurin series and taylor

Im trying to find the first four terms of Maclaurin series of $\space0.15t^2$ and evaluate $$\int_0^1 e^{-0.15}t^2 dt $$ Please this is a revision question. How do i go about it?
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2answers
234 views

Euler's identity in matrix form

I assume everyone is familiar with the famous mathematical identity due to L. Euler: $$ e^{i \, \pi} + 1 = 0,$$ where $i^2 = -1$ and $e$ is the base of natural logarithms. I was wondering if this ...
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1answer
34 views

A question on Taylor expansion/approximation

Suppose we are given a continuos function $f(x)$ where $x \in [0,2]$, and the function $f(x)$ is $n$-th-order differentiable, for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ and $n>2$. Besides, we know that these ...
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0answers
23 views

Proof of lagrange inversion of taylor series

is there a proof for the lagrange inversion of taylor series? The formula is given in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lagrange_inversion_theorem#Theorem_statement The proof cannot be found in the ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Approximating $\sqrt{101}$ using Taylor series methods

I'm trying to approximate $\sqrt{101}$ using the Taylor series for the function $f(x)=\sqrt{x}$ centered at the point $x=100$. I need to obtain an approximation that is within $0.01$ of the correct ...
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3answers
37 views

Having trouble calculating approximations using Taylor polynomials

I have a problem to approximate $\sqrt{1.06}$ using a third degree Taylor polynomial. The way I learned was to pick a center that we would know the answer to that is close to the value we're trying ...
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1answer
32 views

Taylor expansion of ln(1+x)

Find the Taylor expansion of $\ln(1+x)$ around $x=0$. I calculated: $f'(0)=1, f''(0)=-1, f'''(0)=1$, etc. $$T(3)=f(0)+f'(0)(x-0)+f''(0)(x-0)^2+f'''(0)(x-0)^3=0 + 1x-\frac{1}{2}x^2+\frac{1}{6}x^3$$ ...
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2answers
39 views

Finding the Maclaurin Series for $\sqrt{1+x^2}$

I can't find the Maclaurin series for $\sqrt{1+x^2}$. Every time it try to find it I get the Maclaurin series for $\sqrt {1+x}$. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
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1answer
13 views

Taylor Polynomial Variable Question

When you have a polynomial that you set your function equal to in the taylor polynomial (centered around $x = a$) $$function = c_0+c_1(x-a)+c_2 (x-a)^2+...$$ why is your variable $(x-a)$. Oddly ...
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2answers
88 views

Taylor Series of $\tan x$

I found a nice general formula for the Taylor series of $\tan x$: $$\tan x = \sum_{n\,=\,1}^\infty \frac {(-1)^{n-1}2^{2n} (2^{2n}-1) B_{2n}} {(2n)!} x^{2n - 1} $$ where $B_n$ are the Bernoulli ...
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1answer
18 views

Give the Maclaurin series for $f(x)=(3+e^{-x})^2$ and find values of $x$ for which this series converges.

Given is: $f(x)=(3+e^{-x})^2$ so I write: $$e^x=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}=1+x+\frac{x^2}{2!}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+\dots$$ $$e^{-x}x=\sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
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2answers
68 views

Maclaurin series: $\frac{x^3}{3!}+\frac{x^4}{4!}+\frac{x^7}{7!}+\frac{x^8}{8!}+\frac{x^{11}}{11!}+\frac{x^{12}}{12!}+…$

The Taylor series of a real or complex-valued function ƒ(x) that is infinitely differentiable at a real or complex number a is the power series $$f(a)+\frac {f'(a)}{1!} (x-a)+ \frac{f''(a)}{2!} ...
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2answers
66 views

Proof of $(1-e^{ix})^{-1}$

In G.H. Hardy's book 'Divergent Series' there is a claim that $(1-e^{ix})^{-1} = \frac {1}{2} + \frac {1}{2} i \cot (\frac {1} {2} x) $ I, for the life of me, can't get past showing that ...
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1answer
24 views

Expanding functions to Taylor series

I need to expand the following functions to a Taylor series and find the radius, and I'm not sure how to do so: (already solved similar questions, but stuck with those.) $f(z) = {\frac{z-1}{3-z}}$ ...
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2answers
53 views

Solving $\lim_{x\rightarrow0}\frac{\log(1+\sin{x})-\log(1+x)}{x-\tan{x}}$ (doubts with Landau notation)

I'm trying to solve the following limit: $$\lim_{x\rightarrow0}\frac{\log(1+\sin{x})-\log(1+x)}{x-\tan{x}}$$ It is pretty straightforward by substituting those expressions by their Taylors ...
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0answers
50 views

The Flat Function

I have to write an essay on the flat function $$\text{flat}(x) = \begin{cases} e^{-\frac{1}{x^2}} & \text{for } x \ne 0 \\ 0 & \text{for } x = 0 \end{cases}$$ and I want to prove ...
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2answers
106 views

Approximating the cosine by Taylor polynomial

Let $f:=\cos(x)$ I'm asked to find for which values of $x$ we can be sure the 4th degree Taylor polynomial will give an error lesser than $\frac{1}{1000}$. Now, ...
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2answers
31 views

Basic doubt on Taylor's polynomial

I have a doubt about a general situation in where I am asked to calculate $f(x)$ with a certain precision. How can I compute the number of terms of the Taylor polynomial needed for that? For example ...
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0answers
52 views

Higher Order Derivative Proof .

I would appreciate if someone could check over my proof for this question and advise me if it is correct. My attempt so far; Now as $f$ is k times differentiable , it taylor series about $x_{0}$ ...
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1answer
94 views

Series expansion of square root function

Could I please know how to expand: $$\sqrt{4-3x^2}$$ I simplified it to $\sqrt{1-\frac34x^2}$ but the question is if I let $x = x^2$, what will the coefficient of, say $x^5$ or $x^{10}$ be in the ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Intuition behind Taylor/Maclaurin Series

** This is a different question than Intuition explanation of taylor expansion? ** I understand some of the intuition behind a Taylor/Maclaurin expansion. More specifically, I understand that adding ...
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1answer
19 views

Compostion of functions in taylor series

I was attempting to help answer a question, but I am curious about the following. Suppose we have an analytic function $f(z)\equiv\sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty} a_k(z-z_0)^k $ on some suitable disk of ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Taylor expansion of a not easily differentiable function

Context: I'm trying to find the period of a simple pendulum. As is well known, if the initial angle is small the period is approximately constant. I'm trying to do a second order expansion. I have ...
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0answers
28 views

How to prove a parallel $(u=u_0) $it self curvature?

My name is Gita, and I had aproblem with my math. and need help, I know that a parallel $C$ in a surface of revolution in $M$ be a geodesic if and only if $f'(u_0)=0$. and $C$ is non arc lenght ...
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1answer
33 views

differential equation as taylor series

Consider the equation $\frac{\mathrm{d} x(t)}{\mathrm{d}t} = g(x(t))$ , with $x(0) = x_0$, where g is function that admits derivatives of all orders.If the solution of the equation can be written as a ...
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0answers
12 views

Range of convergence for Taylor's series gf given that of g and of f

Are the following 2 points correct? Let $D_f$ denote the maximal domain for which the Taylor's series of $f$ converges. 1) If $D_g = \mathbb{R}$, then $f$ converges $\implies gf$ converges. 2) On ...
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1answer
47 views

Taylor's Theorem and inequalities on some interval of the domain?

From the following form of Taylor's Theorem and assuming that $|f(x)|\le 1$ and $|f''(x)|\le 1$ hold on $[0,2]$, $$f(a+h) = f(a) + hf'(a) + (1/2)h^2f''(a+θh),$$ some application of Taylor's Theorem ...
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2answers
79 views

Integration by expansion

Consider the integral \begin{equation} I(x)= \frac{1}{\pi} \int^{\pi}_{0} \sin(x\sin t) \,dt \end{equation} show that \begin{equation} I(x)= \frac{2x}{\pi} +O(x^{3}) \end{equation} as ...
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0answers
63 views

Saddle point method: a rigorous proof?

I am trying to prove in a fully rigorous way the Saddle Point method for holomorphic functions of 1 complex variable. In books I find only complicated general statements or non-rigorous proofs. Hence ...
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1answer
75 views

Complex Taylor and Laurent expansions

Let $f(z):=\dfrac{1}{2-z-z^2}, z\in\mathbb{C}\setminus\left\{ {1, -2}\right\}$. i) Express $f$ in the form $\dfrac{A}{1-z}+\dfrac{B}{2+z}$. [Answer to this is $\dfrac{1/3}{1-z}+\dfrac{1/3}{2+z}$]. ...
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1answer
42 views

Range of convergence for Taylor's series (about 0) for e^(sin x)

Is there anything wrong with my method below? Also, is there an easier method? For $sin\,x = \sum^{\infty}_{k=0}\frac{(-1)^kx^{1+2k}}{(1+2k)!}$, $L_1 = \lim_{k\rightarrow\infty} \left| ...
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2answers
43 views

Different Polynomial Expansions of Natural Logarithm

I was recently Taylor-expanding ln around $(1,0)$. I noticed that this polynomial will have a range of input that converges between $0$ and $2$ regardless of Taylor ...
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1answer
28 views

Computational complexity of expanding a MacLaurin/Taylor Series

What methods exist to computationally determine the first $k$ coefficients of a function (possibly polynomial or rational polynomial function)? How do Mathematica/MatLab/Maple/etc. solve this ...
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1answer
51 views

Expansion of Integration

Consider the integral \begin{equation} I(x)=\int^{2}_{0} (1+t) \exp\left(x\cos\left(\frac{\pi(t-1)}{2}\right)\right) dt \end{equation} show that \begin{equation} I(x)= 4+ \frac{8}{\pi}x +O(x^{2}) ...
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1answer
78 views

How to find inverse of $\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$?

I was wondering if there were any way to solve the equation $$\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$$ in terms of $x$. This of course would allow us to express the inverse for this function on $-\frac{\pi}{4}$ to ...
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1answer
40 views

Is there a more concise way?

I am currently trying to prove Taylor's Theorem, this is the proof I am given: I am finding this very long and hard to follow, can anyone give me a more concise, clear proof? Thanks
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0answers
45 views

Taylor expansion question

I try to understand one proof where the author makes the following Taylor expansion $$\sum_{i=1}^n(f(X_i) - f(x_0))W_{ni}^*(x_0) = \sum_{i=1}^n ...
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0answers
34 views

Evaluate an integral $\int_{\gamma } z^{n}e^{\frac{1}{z}}dz$ maybe laurent series or taylor expansion?

Please help me with this one guys, I am stuck like a truck trying to get out of thick mud. Evaluate: $\int_{\gamma } z^{n}e^{\frac{1}{z}}dz$ $\gamma$ is the circle f radius 1 centered at 0 and ...
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1answer
65 views

Laurents Series Expansion Complex Analysis

So here is the problem, I am having a lot of trouble with laurents expansions and if you guys even know any sources where I can learn these really well and very simply then that would be a great help. ...