Questions regarding the Taylor series expansion of univariate and multivariate functions, including coefficients and bounds on remainders. A special case is also known as the Maclaurin series.

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Taylor Series for $(1-x)^p$

Can anybody help me with the Taylor series for $(1-x)^p$? I have no idea how to do it. I know that: $(1-x)^{-1}=1+x+x^2+x^3+...$ Any help would be much appreciated.
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0answers
18 views

Taylor's expansion of the singular part of an analytic function

Assume $f$ is analytic on the annulus $R_1<|z-a|<R_2$. Assume $R_1<r<|z-a|$. Define $f_2$ by $$f_2(z)=\frac1{2\pi i}\int_{|x-a|=r}\frac{f(x)dx}{x-z}$$ $f_2$ is analytic on $|z-a|>r$. ...
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28 views

Natural logarithm of a square matrix without eigen-analysis

I'm trying to find a method to determine the natural logarithm of a square nonsingular matrix without using eigenvalues or eigenvectors. So far, I've only found this method: ...
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1answer
34 views

Taylor expansion of the electrostatic potential $1/\|\cdot \|$

I have stumbled over this problem several times in electrodynamics, and I just don't get the hang of it. The task is to do a Taylor expansion of $\,f(\vec{x},\,\vec{a}) = ...
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1answer
466 views

Algebraic Proof of Sum of Exponential Powers is Product of Exponentials

Can somebody provide a proof of the summation of powers law for the product of two exponentials, using only algebra and the Taylor series, no derivatives or calculus tricks?
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1answer
102 views

Convergence of Taylor series of $\sqrt{1-x}$

Concerning $$\sqrt{1-x} = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \left[\prod_{j=1}^k \left(\frac{j-1-\frac{1}{2}}{j}\right)\right]x^k$$ the Taylor series about $x=0$. For $|x|< 1$ this series converges uniformly. ...
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1answer
43 views

How do you represent f(x+h) and f(x−h) as a Taylor series using the taylor series formula?

I know the answers are below, however i am not quite sure what to substitute as the "a" in the Taylor series formula. $f(x+h)=f(x)+f′(x)⋅h+\frac 12f′′(x)\cdot h^2+\cdots+\frac 1{n!}f^{(n)}(x) \cdot ...
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27 views

Two case about convergent series

Could you help me to prove analytically that ? I started to study Taylor Series and I'm lost. Thanks in advance.
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1answer
25 views

Re-expressing the Schrodinger Equation as a first order expansion.

I am reading an online text on quantum computing and the author expands and re-expresses the Schrodinger equation. I am not really sure as to the intermediate steps he used or what happened to the ...
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1answer
44 views

Conditions must satisfy $f: (a, b) \to \mathbb{R}$ so that its Taylor series converge to f itself. [duplicate]

I have a doubt. What conditions must satisfy $f: (a, b) \to \mathbb{R}$ so that its Taylor series converge to f itself.
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2answers
83 views

Prove an inequality (Using Taylor expansion)

Prove: $\frac{x}{1+x} < \ln(1+x) < x$. I thought a good practice would be to prove it using Taylor Expansion. Here's my try: $$\ln(1+x) = x - \frac{x^2}{2} + \frac{x^3}{3}...$$ The n=1 ...
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3answers
210 views

What function does $\sum \limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n3^n}$ represent, evaluated at some number $x$?

I need to know what the function $$\sum \limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n3^n}$$ represents evaluated at a particular point. For example if the series given was $$\sum ...
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5answers
183 views

Interpreting higher order differentials

I'm trying to understand Taylor's Theorem for functions of $n$ variables, but all this higher dimensionality is causing me trouble. One of my problems is understanding the higher order differentials. ...
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2answers
220 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \arctan( a \sin x) \ dx$ using the Taylor expansion of $\arctan (x)$

I was wondering if it's possible to show that for $a >0$, \begin{align}\int_{0}^{\pi/ 2} \arctan (a \sin x) dx &= 2 \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \frac{\left(\frac{\,\sqrt{\vphantom{\Large A}\,1 + ...
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1answer
69 views

How do I construct such a numerical method for solving ODE?

I am asked to expand $x(t+h)$ and $x(t+2h)$ around $t$ up to the rest term of the third order, find $A, B, C \in \mathbb R$ such that $$x'(t)=\frac{Ax(t)+Bx(t+h)+Cx(t+2h)}{h} + O(h^2)$$ and based on ...
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2answers
84 views

Taylor series of the function $f(x) = (1+x) ^{\frac{1}{x}}$

Good night!! I got this problem and I'd like to find all the mistakes in my statement. This is my prblem. Find the binomial coefficients of $f(x) = (1+x)^{\alpha}$, with $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$, and ...
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1answer
72 views

Derivatives as Linear Approximations

I have always thought of the fact that a derivative is a linear approximation as being nothing more than that- an approximation. But is there an epsilon-delta meaning behind that? Is there a stronger ...
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1answer
31 views

How to approximate the bounding region of a 2d differentiable mapping locally?

I have got a differentiable mapping $f:\Bbb R^2 \to \Bbb R^2$, Is the image of $f$ of a very small convex subset (e.g., a unit square) around any point, a bounded region? If it is bounded, can I ...
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2answers
85 views

Substituting for Taylor series

So my question is simple: Why is substitution valid? I mean it seems counter-intuitive to me mainly because of the chain rule. For example: The Taylor series of $e^{x^2}$ is simply done by ...
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0answers
118 views

Taylor polynomial, Peano form of the remainder of f(x) and its asymptote

Could someone help me complete this or check if my reasoning so far is correct? I'm stuck at finding the oblique asymptote: Write the Taylor polynomial and the Peano form of the remainder of $f(x) = ...
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2answers
47 views

Does $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \left[n\left(f\left(\frac{1}{n}\right)-f\left(-\frac{1}{n}\right)\right)-2f'(0)\right]$ converge?

Let $f\in C^3([-1,1])$ Is the series $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \left[n\left(f\left(\frac{1}{n}\right)-f\left(-\frac{1}{n}\right)\right)-2f'(0)\right]$ convergent? I'm trying to use Taylor's ...
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3answers
80 views

standard Taylor series using substitution

Find Taylor series using substitution about $0$ for $f(x)=\frac{125}{(5+4x)^3}$ by writing $\frac{125}{(5+4x)^3}=\frac{1}{(1+\frac{4}{5}x)^3}$? Determine a range of validity for this series.
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38 views

How to find the exponent $z$ of $(-1)^z$ for a patterned series of signed ones?

A question in Larson "Calculus" asks for the Taylor series centered at $\frac{\pi}{4}$ of $\cos(x)$. This expands to: $a_n = \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} - \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}(x - \frac{\pi}{4}) - ...
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3answers
119 views

A system of $n$ equations , how does it behave for growing $n$?

I read about the system of $n$ equations in the link below. I wonder how it behaves for growing $n$. Does it converge ? http://math.eretrandre.org/tetrationforum/showthread.php?tid=889 Here it is ...
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2answers
144 views

Taylor's Theorem Problem

This is from my engineering mathematics textbook. Is this version of taylor's theorem correct ? Successive Differentiation, Maclaurin's and Taylor's Expansion of Function $-147$ TAYLOR'S THEOREM ...
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0answers
32 views

Entire periodic $f(z)$ with more than 50 % of the derivatives $0$?

Im looking for a real-entire function $f(z)$ such that for any complex $z$ : $1) $$f(z+p) =f(z)$ With $p$ a nonzero real number. $2)$ $f(z)= 0 + a_1 z + a_2 z^2 + a_3 z^3 + ...$ where more than ...
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140 views

Prove that $\lim_{x\to\infty} f'(x) = 0$ [duplicate]

Let $f(x)$ be twice differentiable on $(0,\infty)$ and let $\lim_{x\to \infty} f(x) = L<\infty$ and $|f''(x)| \le M$ for some $M>0$. Prove that $\lim_{x \to \infty} f'(x) = 0$. I've tried to ...
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1answer
55 views

Taylor's series and the function argument dimension

I've stumbled over an interesting question. In $\cos(x)$, $x$ is measured in, say, radians. When I expand cosine in Taylor's series, I have the terms with $x^3$, $x^5$ etc. so I am summing up ...
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1answer
46 views

Geometric interpretation of a Taylor series like identity

Johann Bernoulli published (something like) the following expression in his journal Acta Eruditorum. $\int_0^x f(t) dt = xf(x)-\frac{x^2}{2!}f'(x)+\frac{x^3}{3!}f''(x)-\frac{x^4}{4!}f'''(x)+...$ Is ...
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0answers
26 views

$X\sim\mathcal N(0,1)$, Why is $\Phi_X^{(j)}(0)=0$ for $j$ odd?

If $X\sim\mathcal N(0,1)$ Why is $\Phi_X^{(j)}(0)=0$ for $j$ odd ? ($\Phi_X^{(j)}(0):j^{th}$ derivative of the characteristic function of the r.v. $X$) We computed ...
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5answers
2k views

What's the Maclaurin Series of $f(x)=\frac{1}{(1-x)^2}$?

This function seemed to be pretty much straight forward, but my solution is incorrect. I have two questions: 1. Where did I make a mistake? 2. I learned that there are shortcuts for finding a series ...
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1answer
42 views

Approximating error using Taylors theorem

I have used a Maclaurin series for the function $f(x) = \cos(2x)$ and have successfully produced: $\dfrac{2^n cos(\frac{n\pi}2)x^n}{n!}$ Now I want to estimate the error in approximating $\cos(2x)$ ...
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1answer
237 views

Real-analytic periodic $f(z)$ that has more than 50 % of the derivatives positive?

Im looking for a real-analytic function $f(z)$ such that for any $z$ $1) $$f(z+p) =f(z)$ With $p$ a nonzero real number and where $z$ is close to , or onto the real line such that $z$ is in the ...
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3answers
35 views

Maclaurin series stuck at finding $L_n$

I need to develop Maclaurin serie of $f(x)=\frac{1}{(1-x)^2}$ I found all the derivative, and all the zero values for the derivatives. I come up with that : ...
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1answer
72 views

Let $f:[-1,1] \to \mathbb{R}$ be differentiable 3 times, prove $\exists M>0 \ , \ s.t \ f(x) \le Mx^2$

Let $f:[-1,1] \to \mathbb{R}$ be differentiable 3 times, let $f(0)=0$ and $f(x) \ge 0 \ \forall x \in [-1,1]$. Prove: $\exists M>0 \ , \ s.t \ f(x) \le Mx^2$. I separated the proofs to ...
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2answers
32 views

How to show MacLaurin series for $\frac{1}{1-x}$ converges using remainder term

$\dfrac{1}{1-x} = 1 + x + x^2 + x^3 + \cdots$ this is valid for $x$ between $-1$ and $1$ not including the endpoints. How can one show that the Lagrange remainder goes to zero as $n$ goes to ...
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1answer
28 views

First Order Approximation Taylor Series

I have the taylor series $f(z)=f(x_0)+(x-x_0)f'(z)+1/2(x-x_0)^2f''(z) ...$ and I am told that "As a first order approximation," $x-x_0$ ~ $\frac{f(x)-f(x_0)}{f'(x_0)}$ assuming $f'(x_0) \neq 0$ I ...
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1answer
76 views

Finding Laurent series where given annulus is not in a singularity

I'm given a problem where I need to calculate the Laurent series of $f(z)$ inside the given annulus $$ f(z) = {1\over z^3(z-1)}; \quad 1 < |z| < 2 $$ From online resources(videos, notes) I ...
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1answer
57 views

Maclaurin series of (1+x)^(1/x)

how can i find the Maclaurin series of $f(x)=(1+x)^{1 \over x}$? $f(0)$ is not even defined, or should I define it as $f(0)=e$? I stopped at the first derivative as it gets terribly messy. thank ...
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1answer
25 views

Using Taylor's series in imporper integrals

Is it possible to simplify an improper integral using Taylor's series? How can I prove this procedure is correct? For example, take $$f(\alpha)=\int_0^{\infty} ...
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2answers
69 views

The simplest way to pow using only simple arithmetic

i want to get function $f(x, a) = x^a$, for both x and a - real numbers, that uses only + - * /. So only way I found is: get taylor series for $$x^a = \sum_{n = ...
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2answers
7k views

Taylor series expansion for $f(x)=\sqrt{x}$ for $a=1$

I seem to be stuck defining an alternating sequence of terms in this series because $f^{(0)}(x)=f(x)$ is positive, as well as $f'(x)$, but then every other term starting with $f''(x)$ is negative. How ...
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1answer
2k views

Series expansion of square root function

Could I please know how to expand: $$\sqrt{4-3x^2}$$ I simplified it to $\sqrt{1-\frac34x^2}$ but the question is if I let $x = x^2$, what will the coefficient of, say $x^5$ or $x^{10}$ be in the ...
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26 views

Taylors formula

I have a circle $K(a,\epsilon) \subset \Omega $ and for $ \parallel \Delta x \parallel \lt \epsilon $ we look at $ \Delta f = f(a+ \Delta x) - f(a) $ Now I look at the function $ F:[0,1]\rightarrow ...
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1answer
47 views

Taylor series $\ln(2+x)$ centered at $x=2$

Taylor series $\ln(2+x)$ centered at $x=2$. Is the correct result $$y=\ln \left(4\right)+\sum _{n=1}^{∞}\frac{\left(-1\right)^n}{4^{\left(2^{\Large n}\right)}}\cdot \frac{\left(x-2\right)^n}{n!}\ ?$$ ...
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2answers
63 views

Meaning of interval of convergence when approximating functions

Let's say I have a Taylor series approximation, $p(x)$, of a function $f(x)$ at $a$: $$ p(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty{\frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!}(x-a)^n} $$ And that this Taylor series has a radius of ...
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2answers
146 views

Proving $\forall x\in\mathbb R : \dfrac{e^x + e^{-x}}2 \le e^{\frac{x^2}{2}}$ with Cauchy's MVT

Prove for all $x\in\mathbb R$: $$\dfrac{e^x + e^{-x}}2 \le e^{\frac{x^2}{2}}$$ Mclauren expansion: $$e^x=1+x+\frac{x^2}{2}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+R_4(x)$$ ...
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0answers
35 views

Taylor expansions, inequalities and more

(Part A) I have to find the Taylor expansion of order 2 around (0,0) of $$f: \mathbb{R}^{2}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$ $$(x,y)x \mapsto f(x,y) = x\log (1+y)+sin(x+y) $$ Furthermore I have to prove if ...
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1answer
74 views

Finding $\zeta(4)$ by Taylor series

Is it possible to solve Zeta(4) function using something similar to the solution for zeta(2) as seen in this video? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTPKyC3Udns
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23 views

solution check for approximating derivative using a Taylor expansion.

I'm wondering if there's in a mistake in either my reasoning or the given solution for the problem and was hoping to have someone double check this for me. The problem states: Let $g(2)=3$ , ...