0
votes
2answers
40 views

How to show that $\cos(x)=\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty (-1)^n \frac {x^{2n}}{ (2n)!} $

We know that cos(x) is infinitely differentiable and the Lagrange remainder $\rightarrow 0$ for all $x$, so the Taylor series indeed produces the function. We also know that $\cos^{(4k)}(x)=\cos(x)$ ...
3
votes
3answers
208 views

Limit of $\dfrac{\tan^{-1}(\sin^{-1}(x))-\sin^{-1}(\tan^{-1}(x))}{\tan(\sin(x))-\sin(\tan(x))}$ as $x \rightarrow 0$

Find $\lim_{x \to 0} \dfrac{\tan^{-1}(\sin^{-1}(x))-\sin^{-1}(\tan^{-1}(x))}{\tan(\sin(x))-\sin(\tan(x))}$ I came across this limit a long time ago and could easily obtain a straightforward solution ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

Is $\cos(\frac{\pi}{3})$ exactly equal to 0.5 or approximately equal to 0.5

We know that $\cos(\frac{\pi}{3})=\frac{1}{2}$, but the expansion for $\cos(x)$ is as follows: $$ \cos(x)=1-\frac{x^2}{2!}+\frac{x^4}{4!}-\frac{x^6}{6!}+\ldots$$ So this would make $$\begin{align} ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Why does $\arctan(\frac{\tan \theta}{2}) \approx \frac{1}{2 - \theta} - \frac{1}{2 + \theta}$ for small $\theta$?

In answering this question, I needed to show that $\arctan \left( \frac{\tan \theta}{2} \right) \approx \frac{\theta}{2}$ when $\theta$ was small. So, naturally, I computed the first few terms of the ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

How to find inverse of $\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$?

I was wondering if there were any way to solve the equation $$\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$$ in terms of $x$. This of course would allow us to express the inverse for this function on $-\frac{\pi}{4}$ to ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Is there a Taylor series for vector cross product?

I have this equation, where $u,v,w,a,b,Ɵ$ are constants. The RHS comes from the Geometric definition of the LHS $(u,v,w)(a,b,c)=||(u,v,w)||||(a,b,c)||\cos(\theta)$ Expanding the 2-norms ...
1
vote
1answer
273 views

Taylor Series Expansion for $\tan x$

I'm trying to determine the Taylor series expansion for $\tan x$: I know that the $n$th derivative of the expansion must be the same as the $n$th derivative of the function. Please help, I have no ...
0
votes
2answers
878 views

Taylor series for $\cot x$

Hi guys could you show me how to do the expansion of the Taylor series of $\cot x $ at the point $x=0$. My idea was to use $\dfrac{\cos x}{\sin x} $ and I want to expand it to the second term because ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Find all $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $\int_0^\infty \sin(x^\alpha)dx$ converges.

Find all $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $\int_0^\infty \sin(x^\alpha)dx$ converges. There is an answer here that differs from mine (they claim for $-\infty<\alpha<-2$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Inequality sine power series

How can we show, for $k\geq 1$ and $x \geq 0$, the inequality below by induction? $\displaystyle \sin x \geq \sum_{n=1}^{2k} (-1)^{n+1} \frac 1{ (2n - 1)! }x^{2n-1} $ The base case $k = 1$ gives ...
3
votes
4answers
220 views

Trigonometric Coincidence

I Know that using Taylor Series, the formula of $\sin x$ is $$x-x^3/3!+x^5/5!-x^7/7!\cdots,$$ and the unit of $x$ is radian (where $\pi/2$ is right angle). However, the ratio of the circumference ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

How does a taylor series of a binomial function equals a trigonometric function? [closed]

Any proof or derivation for the sinx and cosx function would be help. Image taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taylor_series
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Taylor expansions of $\text{atan}(\tan(x))$ and $\text{asin}(\sin(x))$

Do they actually exist? At least in a form that doesn't degenerate into a mantissa function or into repeated ranges of f(x)=x.
2
votes
2answers
202 views

What is the easiest/most efficient way to find the taylor series expansion of $e^{1-cos(x)}$ up to and including degrees of four?

So I have $$e^{1-cos(x)}$$ and want to find the taylor series expansions up to and including the fourth degree in the form of $$c_{0} \frac{x^0}{0!} + c_{1} \frac{x^1}{1!} + c_{2} \frac{x^2}{2!} + c_3 ...
3
votes
3answers
661 views

Trigonometric identities using $\sin x$ and $\cos x$ definition as infinite series

Can someone show the way to proof that $$\cos(x+y) = \cos x\cdot\cos y - \sin x\cdot\sin y$$ and $$\cos^2x+\sin^2 x = 1$$ using the definition of $\sin x$ and $\cos x$ with infinite series. thanks...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Taylor Series of $\sin 2x$ finding $f^{(n)} (a)$ where $a = 0$

ok so i get; f (x) = sin 2x f ' = 2cos 2x f '' = -4sin 2x f ''' = -8cos 2x f '''' = 16sin 2x f ''''' = 32cos 2x f (0) = 0 f '(0) = 2 f ''(0) = 0 f '''(0) = -8 f ''''(0) = 0 f '''''(0) = 32 ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding the 9th derivative of $\frac{\cos(5 x^2)-1}{x^3}$

How do you find the 9th derivative of $(\cos(5 x^2)-1)/x^3$ and evaluate at $x=0$ without differentiating it straightforwardly with the quotient rule? The teacher's hint is to use Maclaurin Series, ...
3
votes
3answers
661 views

Infinite (Taylor) Series

What is the general term for a Taylor series of $\sin(x)$ centered at $\pi/4$? It should be $(-1)^{[??]} \times \sqrt{2}/2 \times \frac{(x-\pi/4)^n}{n!}$ What power is $(-1)$ supposed to be raised ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Approximating $\arctan x$ for large $|x|$

I would like to know if there is reasonably fast converging method for computing large arguments of arctan. Until now I've came across Taylor series that converges only on interval $(-1,1)$ and for ...
4
votes
2answers
532 views

How do we know Taylor's Series works with complex numbers?

Euler famously used the Taylor's Series of $\exp$: $$\exp (x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$$ and made the substitution $x=i\theta$ to find $$\exp(i\theta) = \cos (\theta)+i\sin (\theta)$$ How ...
22
votes
2answers
509 views

Is the Maclaurin series expansion of $\sin x$ related to the inclusion-exclusion principle?

When I see the alternating signs in the infinite series expansion of $\sin x$, I'm reminded of the inclusion-exclusion principle. Could there be any way to visualize it in such a way? Also, is there ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Taylor series expansion of $\sec(x +y^2)$

We have $f(x,y) = \sec(x+y^2)$ I want to find the first two non-zero terms of $f$ at $(0,0)$ starting by Taking the first few terms of $\cos x$ centered at zero, $1 - \frac{x^2}{2!} $ Using this ...