0
votes
0answers
20 views

Taylor expansion and expansion in powers of z-1

I am trying to expand $z^2/(z+1)^2$ as a Taylor Series. I have acquired its partial fraction decomposition of $z^2/(z+1)^2$ = $(1/6)*(1/(z+1)) + (5/6)(1/(z-5))$. The first term is in the form ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Saddle point method: a rigorous proof?

I am trying to prove in a fully rigorous way the Saddle Point method for holomorphic functions of 1 complex variable. In books I find only complicated general statements or non-rigorous proofs. Hence ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Complex Taylor and Laurent expansions

Let $f(z):=\dfrac{1}{2-z-z^2}, z\in\mathbb{C}\setminus\left\{ {1, -2}\right\}$. i) Express $f$ in the form $\dfrac{A}{1-z}+\dfrac{B}{2+z}$. [Answer to this is $\dfrac{1/3}{1-z}+\dfrac{1/3}{2+z}$]. ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Laurents Series Expansion Complex Analysis

So here is the problem, I am having a lot of trouble with laurents expansions and if you guys even know any sources where I can learn these really well and very simply then that would be a great help. ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Taylor Series & complex analysis

I am taking complex analysis. There's a question in the book when trying to prove the theorem, and the theorem goes like this: If $f$ is analytic in the disk $|z-z_0|<R$,then the taylor ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Laurent Series and Taylor Expansion of $ 1 / (e^z - 1) $

Could someone please assist me with the second part of the second paragraph, from "By expanding $f_1$..."? I am not convinced that my expansion for $f_1$ is right - I used the standard binomial, ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Convergence question and degree of polynomial

I'm currently teaching myself power series and Taylor's theorem for complex analysis and I'm having trouble answering questions of the following form: $1)$ Suppose the power series ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the series expansion of $f(z)\cdot\exp\left({s\,\log(z)}\right)$?

For analytic $f$, how can I represent the expression $f(z)\cdot\exp\left({s\,\log(z)}\right)$, i.e. $f(z)\cdot z^s$ in the form $$\sum_{n}^\infty\left(\sum_{k}^\infty a_k s^k\right)z^n,$$ at least ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Prove that a series is $O(t^a)$.

Consider the series $$ u(t,x) = \sum_{i \geq 1} {u_i(x) t_1^i } + \sum_{i+2j \geq k+2, j\geq 1} {\varphi_{i,j,k}(x) t_1^i t_2^j y^k} $$ where $t \in \tilde{\mathbb{C} \setminus \{ 0 \}}$, $x$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

Express $(1-z)^{-1}$ as a power series around $z_0=-1+i$.

I need to express $(1-z)^{-1}$ as a power series in powers of $(z+1-i)$. I would like some guidance on the complex analogue of power series and in writing out this particular case. Many thanks for ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Showing $|a_k | \le 1$

Let $A$ be the closed unit disk $A= \{z \in \mathbb{C}: |z| \le 1 \}$. Suppose $f$ is an entire function whose Taylor series centered at the origin is $$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} a_kz^k$$ and that $f$ maps ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Maclaurin Series Complex Numbers

I'm having trouble getting to the right solution on the function ${z^2\over (1+z)^2}$ ${z^2\over (1+z)^2}$ = ${z^2}$${1\over (1+z)^2}$ = ${z^2}$${1\over (1+z)(1+z)}$ = ${z^2}$${A \over (1+z)}$ + ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Taylor series expansion - application

I am working on the following: Let $f : \mathbb C \to \mathbb C$ be analytic. Suppose for all $z \in \mathbb C$ hold $f(2z) = 4f(z)$ and $f(1) = 1$. Then $f(z) = z^2$ for all $z \in \mathbb C$. I ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Laurent series for $\frac{z}{z+1}$ when $1<|z|<\infty$

Calculate the Laurent series for $\displaystyle\frac{z}{z+1}$ when $1<|z|<\infty$. There is really no singularity here, right? Can I just use a Taylor series, or what should I do?
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Convergence radius of $\sqrt{\cos(z)}$

Compute the first 3 non zero terms of the Taylor expansion of $\sqrt{\cos(z)}$ at $z=0$ and determine its convergence radius, considering only the principal branch of the square root. I've computed ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Derivative of a Taylor series

I have a question about when we compute the derivative of a series. If the original series converges inside a region $R$, must its derivative also converge on the same region $R$?
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Product of two Taylor series

I have the following product of two Taylor series: $$f(x)g(x)=\frac{1}{z-1}\frac{1}{z-2}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} z^n \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2^{n+1}} z^n$$ I wanted to know 2 things: 1st. How can ...
1
vote
3answers
91 views

Taylor series for $e^z\sin(z)$

How can I write the Taylor series for $e^z\sin(z)$ at $z=0$ without making the procedure too complicated? Isn't there an easier way than to compute it's derivatives and find a pattern?
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Laurent series, radii of convergence.

I'm working on the following exercise: Prove that a Laurent series \begin{align*} \sum_{n = -\infty}^\infty a_n(z-z_0)^n = \sum_{n = 0}^\infty a_n(z-z_0)^n + \sum_{n = 1}^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
488 views

Finding the taylor series of $f(z) = 1/(1+z^2)$.

I am working on the following exercise: Find the Taylor expansion of the function $f(z) = \frac{1}{1+z^2}$ about $z = 3i$. We had the Taylor Series Theorem in the lecture: Let $D \subset ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Counterexample: For real functions existence of all higher order derivatives doesn't imply analycity.

In the lecture we had an example for a function $f: \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$, which is not analytic. We defined, that a function is said to be analytic at some point $x_0$ if a Taylor series expansion ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How to prove that a complex power series is differentiable

I am always using the following result but I do not know why it is true. So: How to prove the following statement: Suppose the complex power series $\sum_{n = 0}^\infty a_n(z-z_0)^n$ has radius of ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Find “singular expansion” of a function

I have the function $(1-z)^{-z}$, analytic except on $\mathbb{R}_{\geq 1}$ Now in the text, it says the "singular expansion" at $z=1$ is $\displaystyle \frac{1}{1-z} + \log(1-z)+O((1-z)^{1/2})$ I'm ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Computation of the remainder term on a Taylor expansion using contour integrals

I am not really used to the methods of complex analysis, I would like to know for basic monotonic functions like exp(x), log(x), sqrt(x), powers (x^n) and trigonometric functions defined on an real ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

exp(x) for imaginary numbers

Well, I know how to get the $e^x$ function polynomial expansion, but how do I know that this is also valid for imaginary numbers, like $i\pi$? I know that the ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Taylor series with Fibonacci coefficients

Let $\{a_n\}$ be the Fibonacci numbers given by $a_0=0,a_1=1,a_{n+2}=a_{n+1}+a_n$ for $n\geq 0$. Prove that $f(z)=a_0+a_1z+a_2z^2+\ldots$ is a rational function, and determine which rational ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Evaluate $I=\int_{\gamma (0,1)}\frac{zdz}{(z^2-4z+1)^2}$ using Taylor's Theorem

I've shown that $f(z)=\frac{z}{(z^2-4z+1)^2}$ is holomorphic apart from at points $\alpha=2-\sqrt3$ and $\beta=2+\sqrt3$ and that the talyor coefficient of $g(z)=\frac{z}{(z-\beta)^2}$ centred at ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

McLaurin series of complex function

I've got a function $g(z) = \frac {(1-z)(e^z + e^{-z})}{e^z - e^{-z}}$. I have to find coefficients $c_0, c_1, c_2, c_3$ of McLaurin's series of function $g$ (which is $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} c_n z^n ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Taylor series convergence

$$f(z)=\int^z_0 \frac{\zeta-\sin(\zeta)}{\zeta^2+4} \, d\zeta$$ I am supposed to find the convergence radius of its Taylor series at point $a=2$. I can find the radius in simple cases by finding ...
7
votes
2answers
120 views

What are the properties of the roots of the incomplete/finite exponential series?

Playing around with the incomplete/finite exponential series $$f_N(x) := \sum_{k=0}^N \frac{z^k}{k!} \stackrel{N\to\infty}\longrightarrow e^z$$ for some values on alpha (e.g. ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Maclaurin series for $e^z /\cos z$.

I want to find the Maclaurin series for the function $$f(z)=\frac{e^z}{\cos z}.$$ Right away I can tell that the radius of convergence will be $\pi/2$, since it's the distance to the nearest ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

What is the difference between Taylor series and Laurent series?

Can someone intuitively describe what is the difference between Taylor series and Laurent series? Also, what is the most general formula for both?
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Complex Analysis - Taylor Series

The question reads as follows: Let the function $f$ be given by $f(z)=\frac{z}{2}+\frac{z}{e^z-1}$ if $z\neq0$ and $f(z)=1$ if $z=0$. Show that $f$ is analytic at $z=0$ and that $f(z)=f(-z)$. ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Intuition regarding Taylor series for $\frac{e^z}{1-3z}$.

The question asks me to find the Taylor series for $$f(z)=\frac{e^z}{1-3z}.$$ The radius of convergence is $|z|<1/3$ and I know the expansions for $e^z$ and $1/(1-3z)$ are \begin{align} e^z ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Is there a closed form expression for the Taylor series of exp((f(z))?

Given a holomorphic function $f(z) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty f_k z^k/k!$, is there a readable formula for the Taylor series of $\exp(f(z))$? Using the chain and product rules, one can obtain $$\partial_z ...
4
votes
2answers
192 views

Find the principal part of the Laurent expansion of $\frac{(z^{2}-2z-3)^{2}}{\cos(\pi z)+1}$ around $z_{0}=1$

Problem: The function $f(z) = \frac{(z^{2}-2z-3)^{2}}{\cos(\pi z)+1}$ has an isolated singularity at $z_0=1$. a) Find the principal (singular) part of the Laurent expansion of $f$ in a punctured ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

What is a typical example of taylor series for $f(z)$ that converges iff $\operatorname{Re}(z)>0$

What is a typical example of taylor series for $f(z)$ that converges iff $\operatorname{Re}(z)>0$ where $\operatorname{Re}(z)>0$ is not a natural boundary ?
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Looking for examples where $f(z)=\operatorname{inv} \int_{0}^{z} g(z)\, dz$ with $f(z)$ entire and $g(z)$ not meromorphic.

I'm looking for examples where $f(z)=\operatorname{inv}\int_{0}^{z} g(z) \, dz$ with $f(z)$ entire and $g(z)$ not meromorphic. For clarity, by $\operatorname{inv}$, I mean the functional inverse. ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Defining square root by series, and showing properties.

I'm triyng to define the root of a complex number near $1$ using the Taylor's series for $\sqrt{1+x}$, but I'm having some problems. Let $x\in\mathbb{C}$ such that $|x|<1$. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Asymptotic formula for complex gamma function at $+\infty+i \times y$

I am currently looking for the behaviour of the complex gamma function at real infinity: $\lim_{x \to \infty}\Gamma\left(x+i\times y\right)$ and more particularly for asymptotic formulas for the ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Can we compute Fourier series of any function this way?

There is a technique to compute Fourier series much quickly, but I doubt how general this technique can be. Let's look at a simple example to see how the technique goes. Compute Fourier series of the ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Prove Euler's Formula using MacLaurin Series

How can you prove $e^{i\theta} = \cos(\theta) + i\sin(\theta)$ (Euler's Formula) using MacLaurin Series? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Is $e^z\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{k^3}{3^k}z^k$ analytic inside $|z|=3$?

Am I correct that the following function is analytic at least inside $|z|=3$? (I used the ratio test.) The solutions manual says that the function is analytic on and inside |z|=1, so I wonder if I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
172 views

Finding the Taylor series of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z}$ around $z=z_{0}$

I was asked the following (homework) question: For each (different but constant) $z_{0}\in G:=\{z\in\mathbb{C}:\, z\neq0$} find a power series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}(z-z_{0})^{n}$ whose sum ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Are Taylor series and power series the same “thing”?

I was just wondering in the lingo of Mathematics, are these two "ideas" the same? I know we have Taylor series, and their specialisation the Maclaurin series, but are power series a more general ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

An issue with approximations of a recurrence sequence

By trying to give an approximation to a given recurrence sequence I encountered a problem. To be more precise I have a method but it fails if the right condition is not met and I wonder how I should ...
0
votes
1answer
376 views

Taylor Series Expansion with e and sin

Show that when $z\neq0$, (a) $$\frac{e^z}{z^2}=\frac{1}{z^2}+\frac{1}{z}+\frac{1}{2!}+\frac{z}{3!}+\frac{z^2}{4!}+...$$ (b) ...
2
votes
2answers
222 views

Analytic functions of a real variable which do not extend to an open complex neighborhood

Do such functions exist? If not, is it appropriate to think of real analytic functions as "slices" of holomorphic functions?
2
votes
1answer
147 views

expression for Remainder in Taylor theorem for complex variables

I don't understand how the following summation vanishes with $j=k+1$ in wikipedia article .$$R_k(z) = \sum_{j=k+1}^\infty \frac{(z-c)^j}{2\pi i} \int_\gamma \frac{f(w)}{(w-c)^{j+1}}dw = ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Evaluating Taylor coefficient of $e^z$

According to the theory on Taylor polynomials for a complex variable, the $n$-th Taylor coefficient for $e^z$ is given by: $$ \frac{n!}{2\pi i} \int_{C} \frac{e^z}{z^{n+1}} dz. $$ How do we evaluate ...