1
vote
1answer
35 views

Is there a more concise way?

I am currently trying to prove Taylor's Theorem, this is the proof I am given: I am finding this very long and hard to follow, can anyone give me a more concise, clear proof? Thanks
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Using Taylor expansion to evaluate infinite sum

How do I use the Taylor expansion of $$(1+x)^{-\frac{1}{2}} $$ to evaluate $$ \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\binom{2n}{n}\left(-\dfrac{6}{25}\right)^{n} $$ Thanks
1
vote
3answers
33 views

Expand a sin(x^3) in Maclaurin's series and find a 30th derivative at (0)

I have a big task and problems with it. I have to expand this function in Maclaurin's series. $$cos(x^{3})$$ I tried expand it as $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty (x^n)/n!$$ but it's for $cos(x)$. So i don't know ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Expand a function in Maclaurin's series

Please help me expand this function in Maclaurin's series to find an interval of convergence. I tried to turn it into this expression: but it doesn't give me the result. Help me please it's ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Is this series G(1/n) convergent or divergent given G(x)?

Suppose $G(x)=\int_0^x\sin{\left(e^s-1\right)}ds$ Does the series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}G(\frac{1}{n})$ converge or diverge? I'm not sure how to go about solving this; however in our notes it says ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Does Taylor's theorem apply here?

Let $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and $f:U\to \mathbb{R}^n$ with $x\in U$ and $\xi$ sufficiently small. Suppose that the following hold: $f(x+\xi)=\sum_{\alpha=0}^k ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Use Taylor Theorem Special Form to Prove

Suppose $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $ is such that both $f'$ and $f''$ exist for all $x \in \mathbb{R}$, Suppose that on [0,2] the inequalities $|f(x)|\leq 1$ and $|f''(x)|\leq1$ hold. ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Use Taylor Theorem and Taylor Expansion to Prove

Let $g: R\rightarrow R$ be a twice differentiable function satisfying $g(0)=1, g'(0)=0$ and $ g''(x)-g(x)=0$, for all $x$ in R Fix $x$ in R. Show that there exists $M>0$ such that for all natural ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How many terms to use in a Taylor series for local truncation error

So from my understanding for a finite difference approximation, you're supposed to expand the series "about" the point $x$, e.g., $$u(x+h) = u(x) + h \ u'(x) + ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views

Taylor series of the inverse of $x^4+x$

I would like to expand the inverse function of $$g(x) := x^4+x $$ in a taylor series at the point x = 0. I calculated the first and second derivate at x = 0 with the rule of the derivation of an ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

Remainder of Taylor series

The Taylor series of the function $$f(x) = \int_{1}^{\sqrt{x}} \ln(xy)+ y^{3x} dy + e^{2x}$$ at the point $x = 1$ is $$e^2 + (x-1)\left(2e^2+\frac{1}{2}\right) + ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Tangent and Taylor polynomials

We know that this series $x+ \frac{x^3}{3}+\frac{2x^5}{15}+\ldots$ is convergent in $|x|\lt \pi/2$, furthermore it converges to $\tan(x)$. I would like to know if we restrict to finite terms of this ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

f is a smooth function, and $M_n$ is the sup of $f^{(n)}$. Show if $\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{M_n}{n!}R^n < \infty$, then f(x) is the taylor series.

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function (i.e. assume that the n-th derivative $f^{(n)}$ is defined on all of $\mathbb{R}$). Let $R$ denote the radius of convergence of the Taylor ...
4
votes
3answers
94 views

How to check the real analyticity of a function?

I recently learnt Taylor series in my class. I would like to know how is to possible to distinguish whether a function is real-analytic or not. First thing to check is if it is smooth. But how can I ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Weierstraß approximation on the real line

First of all: I am aware of the thread Weierstrass approximation does not hold on the entire Real Line. My question is just that if we have a function like $sin(x)$ that can be approximated by its ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Evaluate $I=\int_{\gamma (0,1)}\frac{zdz}{(z^2-4z+1)^2}$ using Taylor's Theorem

I've shown that $f(z)=\frac{z}{(z^2-4z+1)^2}$ is holomorphic apart from at points $\alpha=2-\sqrt3$ and $\beta=2+\sqrt3$ and that the talyor coefficient of $g(z)=\frac{z}{(z-\beta)^2}$ centred at ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

The remainder of Taylor (Maclaurin) series of $\cos(x)$

Something is bothering me with the remainder of the Taylor (Maclaurin) series of $\cos(x)$. The formula of $a_n$ is $(-1)^k \frac{x^{2n}}{(2n)!}$. By Leibniz Theorem, $r_n<a_{n+1}$ which is, ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Complex Analysis - Taylor Series

The question reads as follows: Let the function $f$ be given by $f(z)=\frac{z}{2}+\frac{z}{e^z-1}$ if $z\neq0$ and $f(z)=1$ if $z=0$. Show that $f$ is analytic at $z=0$ and that $f(z)=f(-z)$. ...
3
votes
4answers
108 views

Taylor series of $\arctan(x+2)$ at $x=\infty$

The simple question is: what is the correct way to calculate the series expansion of $\arctan(x+2)$ at $x=\infty$ without strange (and maybe wrong) tricks? Read further only if you want more details. ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

Short way? Write taylor's formula $f(x,y)=e^{xy}$ $a=(0,0)$ and $p=4$

Write taylor's formula $f(x,y)=e^{xy}$ $a=(0,0)$ and $p=4$ Does there exist any short way? I have to calculate all partial dervatives. Is it?
2
votes
1answer
263 views

Taylor remainder of $f(x,y)=\sin x\cdot \cos y$

Given $f\colon \mathbb R^2\rightarrow\mathbb R,(x,y)\mapsto\sin x\cdot\cos y$ I want to show that there exists $M>0$ such that $$|f(x,y)-T_2(x,y)|\leq M(|x|+|y|)$$ for all $(x,y)\in\mathbb R^2$. ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Differentiate a hypergeometric function expression

I have the following function $$f_\epsilon (p)=\frac{1}{2}(1-p)^\epsilon 2^\epsilon {_2}F_1(1-\epsilon,\epsilon;1+\epsilon;\frac{1-p}{2}),\qquad p\in(-1,1).$$ Here $F$ is the hypergeometric ...
4
votes
4answers
424 views

Find nth derivative of $\frac{x^{n}}{(1-x)^{2}}$, please?

I need to find the nth derivative of $\frac{x^{n}}{(1-x)^{2}}$ for $0<x<1$ So far, I tried the same method used for $\frac{x^{n}}{1-x}$ and here's what I got: \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Prove that the polynomial divided by a fraction of the power of n is equal to the sum of fractions of any constans and successive powers of

Let n≥1 and n is integer. P(x) - polynomial and $deg P(x)<n$. Prove if $ a \in \Bbb R/{0} $ then: $ \frac{P(x)}{(ax+b)^n} = \frac{c_1}{ax+b} + \frac{c_2}{(ax+b)^2}+...+\frac{c_n}{(ax+b)^n}$ for ...
0
votes
1answer
532 views

estimating the error of $\sin(x) = x$ with Taylor's Theorem

I want to calculate the numerical error in approximating $\sin(x)=x$ with Taylor's Theorem. Furthermore, what values of $x$ will this approximation be correct to within $7$ decimal places? Here is ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Estimate the scale of the power series with Poisson pdf-like terms

Sorry to bother you, but I guess that this question is not appropriate for MO, so I repost it here hoping that someone could give me a clue. I would like to have an estimate for the series $$P(t) = ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Taylor Expansion of Power Series

Suppose that $\space f:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is real analytic and that its power series expansion is: $\\ f(x)=\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$ Prove that there exists an $x_0\epsilon (0,x)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Inverse Function Thorem

Let $f,g:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ be smooth functions with $f(0)=0$ and f'$(0)\neq 0$. Consider the equation $f(x)=tg(x), t\in \mathbb R$. Show that in a suitable small interval $|t|\leq \delta$, there ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Taylor series and tempered distributions

Suppose we have a function $\psi$ in $\mathbb{R}$ other than a polynomial which is equal to its Taylor Series for every point in $\mathbb{R}$. Why is the following statement valid? When we interpret ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Doubt on Taylor's expansion

If we have a $f: \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ , $f= f(x,\mathbf{y},z)$, which is $\mathcal{C}^2$ with respect to $x$ and $\mathbf{y}$ for every $z$ and is ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Derivative of a little-o remainder

If we have a $\phi: \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$, $\phi = \phi(t, \mathbf{q},\alpha)$ one-parameter group of infinitesimal transformation which is $\mathcal{C}^2$ ...
1
vote
1answer
362 views

Curvature via hessian in Taylor expansion

In the case of a univariate function, the smaller the second derivative in its Taylor expansion, the smaller is the curvature of the univariate function. Now, how is the curvature of the function ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Find a bounded function with a supporting point

Given, $g(Z)=\operatorname{tr}\phi(Z)$, where $\phi(Z)= Z^T\left( \operatorname{diag}(ZZ^T\mathbf{1}) - ZZ^T\right) Z$ where $Z$ is a real rectangular matrix with more rows than columns (tall and ...
2
votes
2answers
458 views

Confused by Laurent series

A typical problem related to Laurent series is this: For the function $\frac 1{(z-1)(z-2)}$, find the Laurent series expansion in the following regions: $\\(a) |z|<1, \\ (b) 1<|z|<2, ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Confused over analytic functions, point convergence of power series

It is well-known that a power series sums to a function that is analytic at every point inside its circle of convergence and that conversely, if a function is analytic on an open disc then its Taylor ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Taylor expansion of an integral in spherical co-ordinates

I've some difficulty deriving this equation from jackson electrodynamics (The equation after 1.30) $\nabla^2 \Phi_a\left({\textbf{x}}\right)=-\frac{1}{\epsilon_0}\int_{0}^{R} ...
2
votes
4answers
140 views

For $x > -1$ proof that $ \arctan x + \arctan\frac{1-x}{1+x} = \frac{\pi}{4} $

For $x > -1$ proof that $\arctan x + \arctan\dfrac{1-x}{1+x} = \dfrac{\pi}{4} $ I have no idea how to approach this, some kind of help would be greatly appreciated! edit: Thank you all!
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Taylor Polynomial Proof

I am going over a previous year's test and I have no idea how to approach this question. If anyone could please help. Let $g(x)=e^{x^2}$.
3
votes
2answers
809 views

Proof of the “Radius of Convergence Theorem”

I can't figure out how it is valid to invoke the Absolute Convergence Theorem, whose hypothesis is "Let the power series have radius of convergence R", to establish case c of the Radius of Convergence ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

$\frac{\mathrm d^n}{\mathrm d x^n} e^{-\frac {1}{x^2}} = 0$ at $x=0$ [duplicate]

This is an exercise from David Brannan's Mathematical Analysis. I've proved parts (a) - (c) but need help with Part (d). Any guidance appreciated. EDIT I have solved it, by induction using the ...
6
votes
4answers
814 views

Using Taylor's Theorem to show that $\ln(1 + x^2) \leq x^2$

Can we show that if $\operatorname{abs}(x) \lt 1$, then $$\ln(1+x^2) \leq x^2\;,$$ using Taylor's Theorem? I am thinking of expanding it about $x=0$ but I got something like $$f(x) = -x^2 + ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

Taylor expansion of an integral

I am interested in the Taylor series expansion around $t=0$ of the following expression: $$I(t)=\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-x^2}\log\left(e^{-(x-t)^2}+e^{-(x+t)^2}\right)dx$$ Normally, I would proceed by ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Expansion of $x^{-1/2}$ at $0$

Regard the function $f(x) = x^{-1/2}$ on the non-negative real line. The point $z=0$ is 'distinguished' because it is the boundary of the domain of $f$, and because $f$ has a pole there. It seems ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Taylor's Theorem Application Question, $f(x)$ smooth and $f(0)=0$ implies $f(x)/x$ smooth.

I am wondering the following fact, and I believe I know the answer, but I am not sure why. If $f(x)$ is a smooth function from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$, if $f(0)=0$, is it true that $f(x)/x$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Taylor theorem for a multivariate BV function

Given a function $f(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n):\Omega\to\mathbb{R}$ which is in $BV(\Omega)$ and has, in $\textbf{0}$, all partial derivatives up to order $n-1$, all equal to 0: $$ \frac{\partial^{|\alpha|} ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Prove this equation

I'm taking a course on stochastic analysis. I'm stuck on the very first problem of the lecture notes: $\lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1+\frac{\lambda}{n} + o(n^{-1})\right)^n = \exp(\lambda)$ Prior to ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Is it possible to algebraically prove that the $n$th degree Taylor remainder of $f(x)$ is less than $K|\Delta x|^{n+1}$ for $K \in \mathbb{R^+}$?

I found a purely algebraic proof, given below, that for a mononomial $f(x) = x^n$ the magnitude of the error of its linear approximation $| f(x) - [f(a) + f'(a)(x-a)] |$ is less than $K(x-a)^2$ for ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Sequence of polynomials that converges to $|x|$ over $[-1,1]$

Suppose I want to construct a sequence of polynomials that converges to $|x|$ pointwise. I am pretty good on proving that sequences of functions converge to things pointwise, but I am having trouble ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Function $k$ times differentiable $+$ root of multiplicity $k$

Problem: Consider the continuous function $f$ which is $k$ times differentiable: $f(\alpha )=f'(\alpha )=\cdots=f^{(k-1)}(\alpha )=0$ and $f^{(k)}(\alpha )\neq 0$. Assume that $\alpha$ is a root to ...
2
votes
1answer
415 views

Taylor Expansion of $f(x)=\sin x$

The Taylor Expansion of $f(x)=\sin x$ with a Lagrange remainder is: $\sin x = x-{x{3}\over 3!}+{x^{5}\over5!}+\cdots+{(-1)^{m-1}x^{2m-1}\over(2m-1)!}+{(-1)^{m}x^{2m+1}cos \theta x\over(2m+1)!}, ...