Symplectic geometry is a branch of differential geometry and differential topology which studies symplectic manifolds; that is, differentiable manifolds equipped with a closed, nondegenerate 2-form.

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Tautological 1-form on the cotangent bundle

I'm trying to understand a little bit about symplectic geometry, in particular the tautological 1-form on the cotangent bundle. I'm following Ana Canas Da Silva's notes. On page 10 she describes the ...
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Symplectic reversing diffeomorphisms

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold. Is there a diffeomorphism $f$ on M with $f^{*}\omega =-\omega$?
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Are there exotic symplectic structures on $ S^2 $?

Besides the obvoius symplectic structure on $ S^2$ given by the area element in the standard embedding $ S^2 \to \Bbb R^3$, are there any other closed 2-forms on $ S^2$ which produce nonisomorphic ...
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Checking my understanding of $T^*M$ as a symplectic manifold and the links between the classical description of Lagrangians vs this invariant way.

I am working through a book titled "An introduction to mechanics and symmetry" by Marsden and Ratiu. I have written up a brief summary trying to solidify my understanding of the general principles. ...
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Showing that some symplectomorphism isn't Hamiltonian

I have the next symplectomorphism $(x,\xi)\mapsto (x,\xi+1)$ of $T^* S^1$, and I am asked if it's Hamiltonian symplectomorphism, i believe that it's not, though I am not sure how to show it. I know ...
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Floer theory or Floer homology, an introduction for physicists needed

I need an introduction to Floer theory that's suitable for perhaps a beginning math grad student or a 2nd year physics grad student. The wiki article is sufficiently over my head that it reads as ...
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110 views

Convex boundary of a symplectic manifold

Given a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$, suppose that $\partial M$ is of contact type. A Liouville field on a symplectic manifold is a vector field $X$ such that $\mathcal L_X \omega = \omega$. We ...
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Explicit homotopy equivalence of homogeneous spaces $O(2n)/U(n)$ and $GL(2n,\mathbb{R})/GL(n,\mathbb{C})$

Exercise 2.25 of symplectic topology by McDuff and Salamon asks me to prove that $O(2n)/U(n)$ is homotopy equivalent to $GL(2n,\mathbb{R})/GL(n,\mathbb{C})$. They suggest to use the polar ...
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Why is the moduli space of flat connections a symplectic orbifold?

In her Lectures on Symplectic Geometry on page 159, Ana Cannas da Silva writes "It turns out that $\mathcal{M}$ is a finite-dimensional symplectic orbifold." Can somebody give me a reference for ...
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Moment map of the action of $\operatorname{SO}(3)$ on the sphere

The moment map of the action of $\operatorname{SO}(3)$ on the sphere can be thought of as inclusion from $S^2$ into $\mathbb R^3$ by identifying $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ (the Lie algebra of ...
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Tangent space of Cotangent bundle at zero section?

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold with cotangent bundle $T^*M$. How can I prove that $T_{(p,0)}T^*M$ is naturally isomorphic to $T_pM\oplus T_pM^*$? If this true, then I think I could prove that ...
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Why should a symplectic form be closed?

Thanks for reading my question. I'm wonder why a symplectic form should be closed. I found many different answers in the internet, but it sounds like a technical requirement (if we omit this ...
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352 views

is the geodesic flow on Hyperbolic Plane completely integrable?

I'm looking for examples of completely integrable systems and specifically geodesic flows. We remember that when we have a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ (with $M$ of dimension $2n$) and ...
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symplectic lie algebra is simple

The symplectic lie algebra defined by $sp\left(n\right)=\left\{ X\in gl_{2n}\,|\, X^{t}J+JX=0\right\}$ when $J=\begin{pmatrix}0 & I\\ -I & 0\end{pmatrix}$. So $X\in sp\left(n\right)$ is of ...
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How to find the integral curves that are orbits of one-parameter groups?

Consider $\mathbb{R}^2$ with standard symplectic structure and inner product. Consider a Hamiltonian $$H=(x,y)A(x,y)^t$$ where $$A=\begin{pmatrix} \alpha & \beta \\ \beta & \delta ...
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Symplectic geometry as a prerequisite for Heegaard Floer homology

I would like to study Heegaard Floer homology in the future in the connection to knot theory. I read a wikipedia article and it seems that I need to first learn a symplectic geometry (topology?). I ...
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Is the Poisson tensor associated to a left invariant symplectic form, also left invariant?

Given a left invariant symplectic form $\omega$ on a Lie group $G$, the Poisson tensor associated to $\omega$ is given by $$\pi(df,dg)=\omega(X_f,X_g)$$ where $X_f$ is the hamiltonian vector field ...
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is any hamiltonian system with just one degree of freedom completely integrable?

An hamiltonian system with $n$ degree of freedom is said to be completely integrable when there exists an system $f_1,\ldots,f_n$ of first integrals mutually Poisson-commuting, such that ...
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Symplectic form on a complex manifold

I am a little muddled and am hoping I can get some clarification about forms in a complex manifold. Since I am only concerned with local issues, consider $M = \mathbb C^n$ as a complex manifold. So ...
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Topology on the space of compatible almost complex structures in symplectic geometry

I have a few fairly generic questions, with a specific application to symplectic geometry in mind. Let me pose the specific problem first: Let a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ be given. One is ...
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Proof for the existence of a second fixed point in Poincaré's last geometric theorem

In "Geometry and Billiards" by S. Tabachnikov the author proves Poincaré's last geometric theorem: "An area-preserving transformation of an annulus that moves the boundary circles in opposite ...
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$4$-form $ \omega \wedge \omega$ vanishes on $S^4$

If $\omega$ is a closed $2$-form on $S^4$, how can I show the $4$-form $ \omega \wedge \omega$ vanishes somewhere on $S^4$? I am guessing that the fact we're talking about the $2$-form being ...
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Self-intersection number of a complex curve in complex projective space

I'm currently trying to get a grip on actually calculating some differential-geometric definitions. I'm looking at the following map from $\mathbb{CP}^{1}$ to $\mathbb{CP}^2$ : ...
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compact symplectic manifolds

Why there is no compact symplectic submanifold with dimension greater than 2 in $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ ?
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How to find lagrangian submanifolds.

I am quite confused on the definition of a lagrangian submanifold $L$ of a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$. In particular, I read that $L \subset M$ is lagrangian iff the symplectic form field ...
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symplectic manifolds

I know sometimes they use advanced methods to prove a given 4-manifold is not symplectic. for instance by Seiberg-Witten theory. But for a manifold to be symplectic we just need to check that there is ...
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Some differential geometry computation woes

I'm trying to follow Moser's argument in symplectic geometry, and running into some troubles. Here is a picture (confusing parts are circled in red): For the first one, what happens when $s+t$ ...
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Space of oriented lines in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ as symplectic quotient.

I've been working out a nice example of symplectic reduction, and have come to a solution only after quite a lot of effort. So I was wondering if anyone knew a more straightforward route to the ...
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170 views

Physical Meaning of Symplectic Vector Fields

The mathematics of symplectic (as well as Hamiltonian) vector fields is something that has been quite clear to me for some time, but recently I have been thinking much more about what certain ...
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Fukaya Categories

I was just wondering: what references one might suggest for learning about Fukaya categories (specifically, good references for self-study)? I suppose I should add that any references with an eye ...
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Scattering of waves by an obstacle

I wish to study the paper by Melroe and Taylor: Near peak scattering and the corrected Kirchhoff approximation for a convex obstacle. Adv in Math, Vol 55 (3), 1985, 242–315. ...
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Why does symplectic geometry have many applications in mathematics

It is not quite intuitive , at least from its origin. Could any one can give me an intuitive explanation?Thank you!
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Symplectic Forms

Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold, so that $\omega$ is a non-degenerate 2-form. If $\dim M = 2n$ why does $\omega$ being non-degenerate imply that $\underbrace{\omega \wedge \ldots \wedge ...
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Symplectic 2-Sphere

Consider the sphere $S^2\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ in cylindrical coordinates $(\theta, z)$ (away from poles $z=\pm 1$) with symplectic structure $\omega=d\theta\wedge dz$. I want to show that the vector ...
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Why is $Sp(2m)$ as regular set of $f(A)=A^tJA-J$, and, hence a Lie group.

I'm trying to prove that $Sp(2m)$ is a Lie group using this: defining a function $f(A)=A^tJA-J$ and trying to see that this is a submersion. But I've not realized yet what is the domains and the range ...
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Looking for a good book on Morse-Bott functions.

I am looking for a book to study for the first time Morse-Bott functions. Does anyone know one that is easy to follow and detailed? If there is one connecting this subject with symplectic geometry, it ...
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the tautological 1 form

My question relates to p317-p318 of John Lee's "Introduction to Smooth Manifolds" discussion about the tautological 1 form. In Proposition 12.24, we have the expression: $\tau_{(x, \xi)} = \pi^* ...
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Symplectic Chart

I was reading the article "Symplectic structures on Banach manifolds" by Alan Weinstein. In this article there is one theorem, which is as following: If $B$ is a zero neighborhood in Banach space. ...
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Inclusion $O(2n)/U(n)\to GL(2n,\mathbb{R})/GL(n,\mathbb{C}) $

How to show, that an inclusion of homogenious spaces $$O(2n)/U(n)\to GL(2n,\mathbb{R})/GL(n,\mathbb{C}) $$ is homotopy equivalence? The big space is the space of complex structures on ...
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What is a local invariant?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Then, it is usually said that $M$ has local invariants associated to $g$. For example, the curvature of the Levi-Civita connection associated to $g$. My question ...
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Momentum a cotangent vector?

Imagine we have a particle described by $x \in M$, where $M$ is some manifold, then it is very intuitive I think that a velocity is an element of the tangent space at $x$, so $x' \in T_{x}M.$ Thus, by ...
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A problem about symplectic manifolds in Arnold's book

There is a problem in Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics which says that: Show that the map $A: \mathbb{R}^{2n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ sending $(p, q) \rightarrow (P(p,q), ...
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Surgery or Partial Whitney Trick in McDuff and Salamon proof of Gromov squeezing

In the proof of Gromov squeezing in McDuff and Salamon's epic J-Holomorphic Curves and Symplectic Topology, the authors use a surgery argument without any explicit construction. In the following, ...
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Weyl orbits of integral dominant weights and convex polytopes

Let $\xi$ be an integral dominant weight of a root system $\Delta$, and let $\mathcal{O}_{\xi}$ be its orbit under the action of the Weyl group. The elements of the orbit are the vertices of an ...
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Coordinate-free proof of the hamiltonian character of the geodesic flow

Let be $(M,g)$ a pseudoriemannian manifold. Let us identify the tangent and the cotangent bundles through the musical isomorphism $g^\flat:u\in TM\to g(u,\cdot)\in T^\ast M.$ It is well known ...
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basis free volume form for a symplectic vector space

It's easy to show, using a symplectic basis, that if $\omega$ is a symplectic form on a $2n$-dimensional vector space $V$, then $\omega^n \neq 0$. I'd like to be able to prove it without choosing a ...
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Why spheres are not symplectic manifolds?

Reading some books on diferential geometry, a found that $S^{2n}$ (with $ n>1$) are not symplectic manifolds. They say it's because the de Rham cohomology of this spheres are R, but I do not ...
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Symplectic 2-Torus

Consider the 2-torus $T=S^1\times S^1$ with symplectic form $\omega=d\theta\wedge d\varphi$ and the vector field $X=\partial_\theta$. I wonder if $X$ is hamiltonian. In other words, is $\iota_X\omega$ ...
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volume of projective space $\text{Vol}(\mathbb CP^N)$

How can we compute the volume of projective space $$\text{Vol}(\mathbb CP^N)$$
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No symplectic structure on $S^{2n},\ n>1$

I am trying to show that there is no symplectic structure on the $2n$-dimensional sphere $S^{2n}$, where $n>1$. I've tried following these steps: (a) Given a compact $2n$-dimensional symplectic ...