Symplectic geometry is a branch of differential geometry and differential topology which studies symplectic manifolds; that is, differentiable manifolds equipped with a closed, nondegenerate 2-form.

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Symplectic Chart

I was reading the article "Symplectic structures on Banach manifolds" by Alan Weinstein. In this article there is one theorem, which is as following: If $B$ is a zero neighborhood in Banach space. ...
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How to keep symplecticity of a diffeomorphism after a coordinate rescaling and Taylor series expansion?

Let's take some, implicitly written, symplectic diffeomorphism $F$ of $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$, let it preserve the (possibly non-standard) symplectic form $\omega$. Suppose I introduce a small parameter ...
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Are curvature forms in complex line bundles symplectic

I know that the curvature form $F_\nabla$ of a connection $\nabla$ in a complex line bundle $L \to B$ is presymplectic (i.e. antisymmetric and closed). Does it also have to be non-degenerate, i.e ...
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Darboux theorem for symplectic manifold of degree 2

Given $p \in M$ and $\alpha \in \Omega^1(M)$ with $\alpha_p \neq 0$, show that there exists a neighbourhood $U$ of $p$ in $M$ and $f,g \in C^{\infty}(U)$ such that $\alpha|_U = f dg$. To show this ...
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Specifics on the Williamson normal form algorithm

I'm looking at the algorithm for Williamson normal form for symplectic diagonalization of positive-definite symmetric real matrices, given on pp.24 here: ...
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Mirror Symmetry of Elliptic Curve

I'm a little bit unsure about the mirror symmetry statement for elliptic curves; specifically, how the flipping of the Kähler and complex moduli works. Perhaps I should say at the outset, the reason ...
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How to derive the standard symplectic form on a 2-sphere in cylindrical polar coordinates?

I have already know that at a point $p\in S^2$ with $u,v$ the tangent vectors at $p$. Then the standard symplectic form is $\omega_p(u,v) :=\langle p,\,u\times v\rangle$ where $u\times v$ is the outer ...
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Exercise about Lagrangian submanifolds

I am trying to solve the following exercise: Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $L$ a compact Lagrangian submanifold such that $H^{1}(L)=0$. Let $\{L_{t}\}_{t\in(-1,1)}$ be a smooth family ...
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Geometric quantization: not understanding the curvature form and Weil's theorem

I am reading a bit about geometric quantization. The texts that I am following are N.M.J. Woodhouse's "Geometric Quantization" and an article from arXiv. I am having troubles understanding the ...
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35 views

Poisson manifolds

Poisson manifolds are said to be generalisations of the usual symplectic manifolds. I was wondering in which direction. If every symplectic manifold is a Poisson manifold and the converse is not true, ...
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Perburb the Monodromy of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk,(more general, Lefschetz fibration over a surface with boundary ) and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it ...
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51 views

Diagonalization of elements of the symplectic algebra.

Let $A$ a symmetric positive definite real matrix of dimension $2n\times 2n$ and $J$ the standard symplectic matrix, with block representation \begin{gather} J= \begin{pmatrix} 0 & -I \\ I ...
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Is $T(M)$ necessarily equivalent to the normal bundle of $M$ in $\textbf{R}^{2n}$, if $M$ is totally real?

Consider real submanifolds, $M^n \subset \textbf{C}^n$. ($\textbf{C}^n \equiv (\textbf{R}^{2n}, J)$, where $J(x, y) = (-y, x)$). $M^n$ is totally real if $J(T_pM) \cap T_pM = 0$, for all $p \in M$. ...
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Trapezoidal rule (differential equation) is not symplectic

Trapezoidal rule $y_n = y_{n-1}+\frac12h(f(y_n+y_{n-1}))$ is not symplectic. I have no clue to prove the claim. Can anyone give me some hints? Thanks for your time.
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Infinite dimensional Hamiltonian systems: looking for textbook/general results

Consider an infinite-dimensional phase space $(X,\omega)$, where $X = V \times V'$ with $V$ being a Banach space and $\omega$ a (weak) symplectic form. Let $E : X \to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function, ...
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27 views

How to show that Jacobi identity for $\{,\}$ is equivalent to $\omega$ being closed?

I am reading the book a guide to quantum groups. I have a question on page 18. How to show that Jacobi identity for $\{,\}$ is equivalent to $\omega$ being closed? Any help will be greatly ...
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A coisotropic submanifold is locally given by the fibers of a submersion with coordinates in involution

Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $Q \subset M$ a coisotropic submanifold of codimension $k$. I'm trying to prove that for every $x \in Q$, there exists an open subset $U \subset M$ ...
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Momentum Map-Submersion

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting hamiltonian on $M$, such that the momentum map $\Phi \colon M \to \mathfrak{g}^*$ is $G$-equivariant w.r.t. the coadjoint-action on ...
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How does Melnikov function for a Hamiltonian change if one considers an augmented symplectic manifold?

Suppose we have a nonautonomous nearly integrable Hamiltonian system, periodic in $t$ with period $2\pi / \omega$ $$H_{\epsilon}(x,y,t)=H_{0}(x,y) + \epsilon H_{1}(x,y,t)$$ with $(x,y,t) \in ...
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Equation of the form $\overline{\partial}_{J}f=g$ made holomorphic

In section 2.6 of the book "Holomorphic curves in symplectic geometry" by Audin and Lafontaine there is explained when one can transform a perturbed holomorphic curve in a holomorphic curve. I tried ...
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Arnold's proof of Liouville's Theorem on integrable systems

My question happens to be almost identical to the one left unanswered/closed here, which gives a bit of background information - it may not be necessary. I hope the reason it was closed on ...
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Pulling back a Kähler structure on a symplectic submanifold

Let $(K, G, \Omega, J)$ be a Kähler manifold and $(S, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold. Let $i : S \to K$ be a symplectic embedding. Is it possible to endow $S$ with a Kähler manifold structure, ...
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Symplectic manifold $M$, unique vector field $X_f$ on $M$ so that $df(Y)= \omega(X_f, Y)$ for all vector fields $Y$?

Let $M$ be a manifold. A symplectic form is a closed $2$-form $\omega$ suh that $X(p) \to \omega(X,\cdot)(p)$ is an isomorphism from $T_pM$ to $T_p^*M$ for each $p \in M$. A manifold together with a ...
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Diffeomorphism group $\text{Diff}_\omega(D^2, \partial D^2)$, exact differential form.

Let $D^2$ denote the closed unit disk in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let $\omega = dx \wedge dy$ denote the standard area form on $\mathbb{R}^2$ (and on $D^2$ by restriction). Let $\phi$ be a diffeomorphism of ...
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26 views

Notation for vector fields on cotangent bundle

This is probably an easy question. I have some trouble finding the right notation/words for 2 vector fields. Consider $T^*S^1$, the cotangent bundle of the circle. I know that this is a trivial ...
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When does contractible space of almost complex structures taming a given symplectic form $\omega$ contain an integrable compatible one?

Given a symplectic form $\omega$ on a compact symplectic manifold $X$, we know there is a contractible homotopy class $\mathcal{J}_{\omega}$ of almost complex structures that tame $\omega$. A subset ...
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38 views

Pullback of a Hamiltonian

I understand that a Hamiltonian vector field $H$ creates a Hamiltonian flow $\phi_t$. Now, in order to prove that the Hamiltonian is conserved one uses the following \begin{eqnarray*} ...
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Poisson bracket makes $C^\infty(M)$ into a Lie algebra

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold with symplectic form $\omega$. Define the Poisson bracket of two smooth functions $f$, $g$ by $\{f, g\} := \omega(X_f, X_g)$. How do I see that $X_{\{f, g\}} = [X_f, ...
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Symplectic manifold, flow $\phi_t$ generated by unique vector fiel $X_f$ preserves symplectic form $\omega$?

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold with symplectic form $\omega$, let $f$ be a smooth function on $M$, and let $X_f$ be the unique vector field on $M$ so that $df(Y) = \omega(X_f, Y)$ for all vector ...
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Open immersion pulls back symplectic form to symplectic form?

If $M$ is symplectic, and $f: W \to M$ is an open immersion, i.e. an immersion where $W$ and $M$ have the same dimension, does $f$ necessarily pull back a symplectic form on $M$ to a symplectic form ...
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The $Ad^*$ $G$-Orbits in $\mathcal{g}*$ (for $G$ being the Heisenberg group)

I did not understand why, the $Ad^*$ $G$-Orbits in $\mathcal{g}*$ (for $G$ being the Heisenberg group and $\mathcal{g}*$ is the dual space of its Lie algebra $\mathcal g$) are given by i) The ...
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Is a Kähler manifold necessarily symplectic?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. If we pick a basepoint $p \in M$, then for any smooth path $\gamma: [0, 1] \to M$, parallel transport along $\gamma$ induces an automorphism $g_\gamma \in ...
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Wedge Products with the Symplectic Form

Let $ \omega $ denote the symplectic form on $ \mathbb{R}^{2n} $, namely $ \omega = dx_1 \wedge dy_1 + \cdots + dx_n \wedge dy_n $. Then let $ T $ be the linear map from $ (n-1) $- forms to $ (n+1) ...
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How does one compute the Hurewicz homomorphism for a (symplectic) nilmanifold?

I have a symplectic six-dimensional nilmanifold $X:=G/\Gamma$ in hand, characterized by the sextuple $(0,0,12,13,14+23,24+15)$, which records the exterior derivatives of a basis of $\Gamma$-invariant ...
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Symplectically embedding 2-spheres in 6-manifolds

There is a wealth of research that I have found that characterize different classes of compact $4$-manifolds by the ability (or lack thereof, in the case of aspherical) to (symplectically or smoothly) ...
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Regarding embeddings and homological/cohomological injectivity

Possibly low-level question here: if one has an embedding $M\hookrightarrow X$, call it $\iota$, then this is of course an immersion, so the differential maps $\iota_{\ast}:T_{p}M\rightarrow ...
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Is this computation of the Christoffel coefficients on a Kähler manifold correct?

Let $M$ be a Kähler manifold (in truth, I am only interested in $\Bbb C \Bbb P^n$). Is it possible to express the Christoffel coefficients of the Levi-Civita connection in terms of the coefficients of ...
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Darboux coordinates on projective spaces

I am trying to perform some computations in local coordinates on $\Bbb P ^n \Bbb C$ seen as a symplectic manifold, in order to get a better feeling of some facts. While I do know the coefficients of ...
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40 views

Are the symplectic leaves of a Poisson manifold submanifolds?

In "Introduction to Mechanics and Symmetry" by Marsden and Raţiu it is written, in chapter 10, page 347, example b, that "[s]ymplectic leaves need not be submanifolds". In "Lectures on Poisson ...
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Not understanding the foliation structure of a Poisson manifold

Consider a Poisson manifold $(M, P)$ (no assumption about the rank or regularity of $P$). For each possible rank $2r$ of $P$, let $(M_r, P_r)$ be the corresponding symplectic leaf of dimension $2r$, ...
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Level sets and lagrangian submanifolds

I would like to find all regular values for a map on a symplectic manifold such that the level sets are lagarangians. Precisely, the following example : The $4$-dimensional symplectic manifold ...
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Relation between symplectic blow-up of a compact manifold and fibre bundles over same manifold

The symplectic blow-up of a compact symplectic manifold $(X,\omega)$ along a compact symplectically embedded submanifold $(M,\sigma)$ results in another compact manifold $(\tilde{X},\tilde{\omega})$ ...
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What is a sympelctic bundle

What is a symplectic bundle? Is it a fibre bundle or a vector bundle? I am hoping for a not-very-technical answer because I'm not familiar with bundles in general. Sorry for that. PS: This symplectic ...
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Atiyah-Guillemin-Sternberg convexity theorem

I would like to study the Atiyah-Guillemin-Sternberg convexity theorem: proof and applications. I am already familiarised with hamiltonian actions, moment maps...and with elementary Morse theory. So ...
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What is a pseudo-Kähler manifold?

I am reading a text which says that if a symplectic manifold is pseudo-Kähler, then there exists a unique symplectic connection on it. Since this a side remark without significance to the core of that ...
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Topological intuition about a hamiltonian vector field

Could I ask a conceptual question? If you have a symplectic manifold ($M$, $\omega$) and a real valued function $f : M \to \mathbb{R}$, you can define a hamiltonian vector field $X$ corresponding to ...
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Kähler metrics on the coadjoint orbits of a compact Lie group

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. It is well-known that each orbit for the coadjoint representation of $G$ on $\mathfrak{g}^*$ carries a canonical symplectic structure, ...
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Liouville's theorem and the Wronskian

Liouville's theorem states that under the action of the equations of motion, the phase volume is conserved. The equations of motion are the flow ODE's generated by a Hamiltonian field $X$ and the ...
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What is a Hamiltonian in a Poisson algebra?

Classical physics on the phase space $T^* M$ (with $M$ a smooth manifold) is done mostly in the following way: one endows $T^*M$ with a Riemannian structure $g^*$ (that will give the kinetic term) and ...