Questions about symmetry, in group theory, geometry or elsewhere in mathematics. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symmetry

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2
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2answers
59 views

How to “rotate” a function? Or, how to write a function which has a known, rotational symmetry with respect to another function?

EDIT 2: I've posted my "real" question here: http://mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/115766/finding-closed-form-eigenvalues-of-a-particular-matrix I have posed my question formally in LaTeX ...
0
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2answers
780 views

What is a “unique” mirror line of symmetry?

What is a "unique" mirror line of symmetry? For example why does an equilateral triangle have three mirror lines but only one "unique"mirror line of symmetry?
0
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0answers
20 views

Construction of a triangle using symmetry

I need to construct a triangle $\Delta \textrm{ABC}$ knowing that $t_a = AS$, $|AS| = 6\, cm$, $|\measuredangle \textrm{BCA}| = 30°$ and $|AB| = 5.5 \,cm$. I've been told that it's possible to do it ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Symmetry of Rank Two Tensor with Mixed Components

I understand that a rank two tensor (t) is classified as symmetric if $t^{ij} = t^{ji}$ or $t_{ij} = t_{ji}$. Later in my reading, I came across the following quote: It is not useful to speak of ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Property / Feature of a symmetric or skew symmetric matrix for comparison

I have a symmetric matrix of size $n \times n$, where $n$ may range from $10$ to $50$. Let us call this matrix as $M_1$. If from $M_1$, I delete an $m$th row and an $m$th column, all other elements ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Lie Algebra: Dimension of a one-parameter group (dimension of orbit)?

I am reading a book about Applications of Lie Groups to Differential Equations by Peter Olver. Lets say we have a PDE with $p$ independent variables and $q$ dependent variables In Chapter 3.1 (page ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Solution of wave equation

I posted this question for the first time on Physics Stack Exchange more than one year ago. The question was closed as off topic. Even if I reworked the question no one considered the possibility ro ...
0
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1answer
43 views

determine whether group is additive

I am taking a stab at group theory and in some of the questions I am working on they don't explicitly state whether a group is additive or multiplicative. $\mathbb{Z}_4$ is additive (and that makes ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Why is the orthogonal group $O_2$ generated by rotations and reflection only?

Consider the following isometries in the Euclidean group of distance preserving maps of the plane $\mbox{Iso}(\mathbb R^2)$ which is generated by the following: Rotations $\rho_\theta$ about the ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Lie Algebra: Optimal system of one-dimensional sub-algebras of the heat equation

This is a follow up question to Invariants of a PDE by Lie Symmetries, as I tried to follow the reasoning from the book Applications of Lie Groups to Differential Equations (Peter J. Olver, Example ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Invariants of a PDE by Lie Symmetries

I have a little Problem in understanding how to derive invariants form Lie Symmetries (or theire infinitesimals). As one can show the heat equation $u_t=u_{xx}$ has the following symmetries ...
4
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2answers
84 views

Matrix representations of particular generators of the full octahedral group

I want to find matrix representations of the generators $a, b, c$ of the full octahedral group in the presentation $$\{a,b,c \mid a^2=1,b^3=1,(ab)^4=1,ac=ca,bc=cb\}.$$ Is there a recipe to write the ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Reduction of functions with Lie group symmetries

If I have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with a Lie group G as a symmetry, $f(Ax)=f(x),\quad A\in G$ how might I go about obtaining a reduced function $\tilde{f}$ on ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Solving a PDE to Yield Determining Equations

I'm going through an example in Peter Hydon's book "Symmetry Methods for Differential Equations" which finds the basis for the Lie Algebra of the point symmetry generators for Burgers' equations. ...
-1
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0answers
9 views

Symmetric Linear Transformation Matrix Multiplication

Assume that S is a matrix in $ \mathbb R^{nxn} $. Prove that $(S \vec x)^T S \vec y = \vec x \cdot \vec y $ I understand that if S is a symmetric matrix, then the transpose of S equals S. I don't ...
0
votes
3answers
63 views

If $A$ and $B$ are arbitrary $n \times n$ matrices, prove that $(A^TB^TBA)$ is symmetric

My attempt: $(A^TB^TBA)^T$=$(A^T)^T(B^T)^TB^TA^T$=$(AB)B^TA^T$ $\ne$ $(A^TB^TBA)$ therefore $(A^TB^TBA)$ is not symmetric.
2
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2answers
46 views

What is the dimension of a certain vector subspace of invariant matrices?

$\newcommand{\Sig}{\Sigma}$ Let $\Sig$ be a diagonal matrix with strictly positive entries on the diagonal. Define $V=\{B \in M_n\mid B\Sig +\Sig B^T=\Sig B +B^T \Sig \}$ (where $M_n$ is the vector ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Find a basis of the space V of all symmetric 3x3 matricies, and thus determine the dimension of V

I need help finding the general element or matrix of $V$. Do I need to find the basis of the nullspace and basis of the image to solve this problem?
0
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0answers
18 views

Identifying Symmetric Matricies

If $A$ and $B$ are arbitrary $nxn$ matrices, which of the matrices must be symmetric? $something^T$ means the transpose of "something". $A^T$$A$ $A-A^T$ $A^TB^TBA$
18
votes
2answers
321 views

Why is this definite integral antisymmetric in $s\mapsto s^{-1}$?

I recently happened into the following integral identity, valid for positive $s>0$: $$\int_0^1 \log\left[x^s+(1-x)^{s}\right]\frac{dx}{x}=-\frac{\pi^2}{12}\left(s-\frac{1}{s}\right).$$ The ...
8
votes
2answers
250 views

Reflection with respect to a parabola

I know how to find a reflection with respect to one of the axis or with respect to the origin, but let's say I want to find the reflection with respect to a parabola, how do I do it? Let's say we have ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Does Linear Transformation transforms orthonormal bases of symmetric matrix into orthogonal vectors?

How would you show it? I went all over the book: looked at Linear Transformation definition again, looked at orthogonality of bases for symmetric matrices. I got to the point: Since L is linear ...
3
votes
2answers
552 views

a conjugate of a glide reflection by any isometry of the plane is again a glide reflection

Q : Prove that a conjugate of a glide reflection by any isometry of the plane is again a glide reflection, and show that the glide vectors have the same length. I know that: the conjugate ...
2
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1answer
19 views

Combination of even and odd functions

Can someone help me how to show that any function $f(x)$ defined on a symmetrically placed interval can be written as a sum of an even and a odd function? What is the special role played by ...
3
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1answer
45 views
0
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1answer
38 views

Showing a function is odd

I have this equation: $$ f(x) = \frac{2x^2+3}{x-2} $$ and I have to prove it has half-turn symmetry around the point (2,8). I know that for a function to have half-turn symmetry, it needs to have ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Symmetric and reflexive closure on positive integers

Finding the symmetric and reflexive closure of the relation $R = \{(a, b) | a > b\}$ on the set of positive integers. For symmetric closure I have: $R = \{(a, b) | a > b\} U \{(b, a) | a > ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Determining if Poset based on Domain and Comparison Operator?

Can someone help me with how to think about the below problem? I know that a poset is a relation which is reflexive, antisymmetric, and transitive, but unless I'm dealing with finite sets I have a lot ...
3
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0answers
25 views

Fixed-point subspace of $O(2)^-$, a subgroup of $O(3)$

$O(2)^-$ is generated by the $SO(2)$ of rotations about the $z$-axis and a reflection through a vertical plane. The space $V_l$ is generated by spherial harmonics, i.e., Cartan decomposition ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Proof concerning preservation of negative eigenvalues under matrix addition of symmetric matrices

I've been working on this proof from a test review for about an hour and a half trying to figure out what to do. I have also scoured the internet in an attempt to find a similar problem to hint at ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Translational Invariance

Consider a system of objects labeled by the index $I$, each object located at position $x_{I}$. (For simplicity, we can consider one spatial dimension, or just ignore an index labeling the different ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Symmetry of the multiplier of a l.c.s.c. abelian group

Let $G$ be a l.c.s.c. (locally compact, second countable) Abelian group, and let $\hat{G}$ be its (well-defined) dual. Consider the group $G\oplus\hat{G}$ (which is a l.c.s.c. Abelian group itself), ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Symmetry of Fourier Transform Spectrum

Given the continuous Fourier Transform $X(f)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}x(t)e^{-j2\pi ft}dt$ A sufficient condition for it to exist is $E_{x}=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}|x(t)|^{2}dt < +\infty$. We can ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Commutation relation between su(N) and clifford algebra generators.

Why does the $ \gamma_5 $ matrix commute with the generators of the $su(N)$ algebra? In the case of the chiral symmetry from physics, [$Q_a$, $Q_b^5$] = $i \epsilon_{abc}Q^5_c$ where the $Q_a, Q^5_a$ ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Symmetric Matrices and Diagonalization

Hi, I am trying to figure this problem out, but I am having difficulty. What I do know is that since A is symmetric, then S must be orthogonal. Also that S^(-1) must equal S^t (Transpose). ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Characterizing orthogonally-invariant norms on the space of matrices

Denote by $M_n$ the space of $n \times n$ real matrices. We say a norm on $M_n$ is orthogonal invariant if: $$\|OX \|=\| XO\|=\|X \| \, \, \forall O \in O_n,X \in M_n$$ I am trying to characterize ...
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0answers
30 views

Metrizability of space of unitary operators on Hilbert space

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be a (complex) Hilbert space. Define $\mathbb{P}$ as a projective space over $\mathbb{H}$, i.e. $\mathbb{P}=\left(\mathbb{H}\setminus\{0\}\right)/\sim$, where $f\sim g$ iff there ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

All-Russian Olympiad question (sum of symmetrical functions)

(All-Russian Olympiad, $1995$, $11^{th}$ Graders, Final Round) Prove that every real function, defined on all of $\mathbb R$, can be represented as a sum of two functions each of which has a vertical ...
3
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0answers
23 views

Isometries of the canonical left invariant metric on $GL_n$

Consider $GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ with the left-invariant Riemannian metric obtained by left translating the standard metric on $T_IGL_n \cong M_n \cong \mathbb{R}^{n^2}$. (i.e for $X,Y \in T_IGL_n \,: ...
2
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1answer
20 views

Can the isometry group of a metric space determine the metric?

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space. There are always other metrics on $X$ which generates the same topology, and have the same isometry groups, for instance $\tilde d =\sqrt d$. (The same will be true for ...
2
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0answers
48 views

A brief answer for the determinant of a matrix

I am given the following matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{6 \times 6}$, where $a_{ij}=\sum_{k=1}^{10} x_k^{i+j-2}$. Remark: If $A=(a_{ij})_{10 \times 10}$ with the same $a_{ij}$ defined above, the answer is very ...
1
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1answer
60 views

a*b = a/b = b/a (what's this symmetry called?)

I was playing around with numbers the other day, and I found an interesting symmetry, that I would like to know if it has any specific name assigned to it. Let's assume the notation n:a to refer to ...
3
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5answers
102 views

Fastest way to show that $D_6 \to S_5$ is an injective homomorphism

I want to show that there is an injective homomorphism from $D_6 \to S_5$ where $D_6$ denotes the dihidral group of order 12 and $S_5$ the symmetric group. But I'm not sure how I can do this ...
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3answers
67 views

Does $y=(ax^{2}+bx+c)/(dx+e)$ have any lines of symmetry? [closed]

Does $y = \dfrac{ax^2 + bx + c}{dx + e}$ have any lines of symmetry. If it does, what are they, and if not, how would one prove that it doesn't have any lines of symmetry? (Please consider the ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Does $y=2/x$ have any lines of symmetry?

Lines of symmetry for $y=1/x$ are $y=x$ and $y=-x$. Does $y=2/x$ likewise have lines of symmetry?
3
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0answers
36 views

Is there an explicit left invariant metric on the general linear group?

Consider $GL_n^+$, the group of (real) invertible matrices with positive determinant. Is it possible to find an explicit formula for a metric on $GL_n^+$ which is left-invariant, i.e ...
0
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1answer
16 views

Surjective mapping of matrices under rotational and reflection symmetries

Let me preface this by saying that I'm not a mathematician and that I'm having a hard time stating my problem in the proper terms. Nevertheless, I'm faced with a problem for which I think an elegant ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Show if lines $L_1$ and $L_2$ are parallel then reflection $r_{L_1L_2}$ is a translation

I need to show that if lines $L_1$ and $L_2$ are parallel then the reflection $r_{L_1L_2}$ is a translation. I can draw two lines that are parallel and show how a reflection in both results in a ...
0
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2answers
21 views

necessary and sufficient conditions under which a symmetric matrix X

How to answer this question ? Provide necessary and sufficient conditions under which a symmetric matrix $X$ can be written as $X =A^T A$ for some matrix $A$.
0
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1answer
36 views

“Minimising” a linear combination of orthonormal vectors

I am working with two $24\times1$ orthonormal vectors, and I wish to find the linear combination of these for which the maximum possible number of entries in the resultant vector are equal to (or ...