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1answer
103 views

Number of 2n-1 equal size partitions up to symmetry

Consider the $K_{2n}$ (or just the set $\{1,\dots,2n\}$) with $S_{2n}$ acting on the vertices. Moreover consider a collection of 2n-1 partitions of the vertices into two equal sized sets (repeated ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Reducing size of ODE system by using symmetries: examples, references help request.

We know: A high order differential equation can be expressed as an ODE system. Knowledge of a symmetry allow one to reduce the order of a differential equation. So if we do $n$-order ODE ...
1
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1answer
51 views

What is the value of $\angle BMN$?

here $ABC$ is a isosceles triangle.$AC=BC$,$\angle C=20$, $\angle ABM=60$ and $\angle BAN=60$.What is the value of $\angle BMN$? please help me with this problem.
11
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1answer
308 views

Why does Group Theory not come in here?

Here is a list of questions that I find quite similar, for the one and only reason that they all show much "symmetry". Which is at the same time my problem, because I don't have a very precise notion ...
1
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2answers
34 views

Can this condition infer that the matrix is Hermite?

$\boldsymbol{A^H A=AA^H}$ does this imply that $\boldsymbol{A}$ is Hermite matrix? Why? $\boldsymbol{A^H}$ is the conjugate transpose of $\boldsymbol{A}$
2
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3answers
143 views

$A$ is a symmetric real matrix. Show that there is $B$ such that $B^3=A$

I'm having trouble with this question, I'd like someone to point me in the right direction. let $A$ be a n by n matrix with real values. show that there is another n by n real matrix $B$ such that ...
1
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3answers
138 views

short question regarding convention - symmetric matrices and transpose

I have a short question because wikipedia is extremly vague on this subject. Suppose I have the matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix} i & 1 \\ 1 & -i\end{pmatrix}$. Is it symmetric? I mean, in the ...
2
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1answer
55 views

ODE system and single PDE “equivalence”, reference request

The answers to this question Replacing large-dimensional ODE systems with one PDE suggest that, in general, one can not hope for "replacing" an ODE system with a single PDE. On the other hand, this ...
6
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0answers
134 views

ODE system and Lie symmetries

The ODE system (see below), where $F$ is a given function together the algebraic condition (SYM) imply that $$\boxed{y(t)=k-x(t)} \tag{*}$$ for some $k$ constant. The result that $y$ is a translation ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Show the integrals are alike without explicit computation.

I saw a couple of striking integrals which are $\hspace{5em} \displaystyle \color{black}{\displaystyle \int_a^b \frac{x\,\mathrm{d}x}{\sqrt{(x^2-a^2)(b^2-x^2)}} }$$\displaystyle\ =\ $$\displaystyle ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

What do you call a convex polyhedron whose symmetry group is transitive on the facets?

I'd like to know a name/source for the following concept: Let $P$ be a convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $G$ be its symmetry group, and let $F$ be the collection of (top-dimensional) faces of ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Showing that the composite trapezoid rule is invariant to certain symmetry

I am trying to show that if $f$ holds certain symmetric properties than the composite trapezoid rule $$ T(n) = (b-a)\frac{f(a)+f(b)}{2n} + \frac{b-a}{2} \sum_{k=1}^{n-1} f(x_k) $$ is invariant over ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Why inner product on R^n have uniform prototype with symmetric matrix A and positive eigenvalues?

Details of the problems are given below. Assume A is a n*n symmetric matrix. Show that any inner product on R^n has this formula for some symmetric matrix A with all positive eigenvalues. The formula ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Symmetric placing of balls

Suppose I have a round domain and put my first ball in the very center (this ball alone constitutes the $0$th ring). Now around this ring (this first ball) I want to add another ring of balls in a ...
2
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0answers
146 views

An isomorphism between the full tetrahedral symmetry group and the cubic rotation group?

I know that the full symmetry group of the tetrahedron and the rotation group of the cube are both isomorphic to $S_4$. But I want to show a direct, visual isomorphism. I tried looking at a ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Is exponential even?

My book presents the following simplification: $$A(w) = \frac{1}{\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-kx}cos(wx)dx = \frac{2}{\pi}\int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-kx}cos(wx)dx$$ But I can't understand why, since ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Eigenvectors and values of nearly identical symmetrical matrices

I am given 2 matrices which have the following traits: Let $A$ and $B$ be those matrices and $a_{i,j}$ and $b_{i,j}$ be the entries of both matrices. There are 2 disjoint subsets of the indexes, let ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Construct the Green s function for the equation

Construct the Green s function for the equation y^''+ 2y^'+2y=0 Which boundary conditions y(0)=0 , y(π/2)=0 Is this Green s function symmetric? What is the Green s function, if the ...
5
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1answer
211 views

Do Symmetric problems have Symmetric solutions?

There is a general notion of Symmetry in mathematics, that of an object being constant under some transformation. If we think of our object as being a "mathematical problem" we can see certain ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Constraints on eigenvalues due to the form (symmetry) of Matrix

So I have to deal with a square matrix with complex elements $A$ given by - $$A_{ij}(k) = \underbrace{\frac{1}{2}(c_{ij}+c_ji)}_{\text{symmetric under interchange of $i$ and $j$}} \exp(Ik(i-j))$$ ...
1
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1answer
209 views

Smooth diffeomorphisms preserving common symmetries

Let $A$ and $B$ be two $C^\infty$ orientation-preserving diffeomorphic, connected, bounded, open subsets of ${\mathbb R}^n$, with finitely many ends and $G$ the group of isometries of ${\mathbb R}^n$ ...
3
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2answers
64 views

Asymmetry in the error correction in coding theory

Does it make sense to have an error correction code which acts differently on different states (for example if we run something which runs on the binary string from $0^n \rightarrow 1^n$ involving all ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

symmetric ranges of curve division on an oloid

taken from wikipedia , I drew an Oloid by using the functions with ; ; and with ; ; If I use any equal spaced range of t(x) on ; I will end up with an unequal range t(y), which ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Proof that a ODE system admits symmetric solutions

I have a ODE system of the form $\dot{x} = f(x)$ with $x \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Now it is claimed that if $(x_1,x_2,x_3)$ is a solution to the system that also $(-x_1,-x_2,-x_3)$ is a solution. How can I ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Surjectivity for permutation representation of a group action

I am having trouble proving that my function is surjective. Here is the problem statement: Problem statement: Let T be the tetrahedral rotation group. Use a suitable action of T on some set, and the ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Conjugacy classes of rotational symmetry tetrahedron

I am struggling with this question, as I don't know how to give a "short proof" as requested by our professor, as a non-graded exercise. Especially, since we have to do this without using any shapes, ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Farthest points in asymmetric 2D closed curve

Is there a mathematically proper name for the two points that are located farther away from each other in a 2D asymmetric closed curve? See the image below to get an idea of what I mean.
0
votes
3answers
577 views

center of symmetry formula

How to prove that $I(0,-1)$ is the center of symmetry of the function $$F(x)= x - \dfrac{2e^x}{(e^x -1)}$$ Is there any formula that I can directly apply?
4
votes
1answer
241 views

Decomposition formulas for rotational symmetries of a cube

I have a problem that I would like to check my work on. I am also stuck on the verifications for $E$ and $F$. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance. Problem statement: Let $G$ be ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

algorithm for generating interesting normal symmetric continuous functions

Does any one know of, or can think of an algorithm which generates arbitrarily many symmetric normally distributed continuous functions? And when I say interesting I mean more complex distributions ...
1
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2answers
141 views

Using counting formula to get |G| = |kernel φ||image φ|

The counting formula I am saying : Let S be a finite set on which a group G operates, and let Gs and Os be the stabilizer and orbit of an element s of S. Then |G|=|Gs||Os| or ...
1
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2answers
51 views

Property on glide reflections

I need to prove that the conjugate of a glide reflection is a glide reflection. What I have tried: Let $m: X= \begin{pmatrix} x_1\\ x_2 \end{pmatrix} \mapsto \begin{pmatrix} \cos \phi & \sin \phi ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Isometries of the plane

Let $m$ be an orientation-reversing isometry. Prove algebraically the $m^2$ is a translation. What I attempted: We know that $m$ is an orientation-reversing isometry i.e. it is either a reflection or ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Can this polynomial transformation produce new symmetry?

I've got a polynomial transformation on $\mathbb{R}^6$, and I have a conjecture about it, but I'm having a hard time proving it. The transformation looks like this: $ u:= abcde + abc + abe + ade + ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Question on a lemma related to isometries

$\textbf{Lemma:}$ An isometry $f$ that has the form $m=t_a \rho_{\theta} $, with $\theta \neq 0$, is a rotation through the angle $\theta$ about a point in the plane. $\forall x \in ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Symmetry in a $p$-sphere

Let $S(p)$ be the unit sphere at the origin in the $\mathcal{l}_p$-norm. What symmetries does it have? For instance in the $\mathcal{l}_2$-norm we have unitary symmetry in the Euclidean case. In ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

How do I proove the symmetry of Metric space?

I'm looking for the proof of that: d(x,y) = d (y,x). I know that I have to use the "non-negativity" and "triangle inequality" but I don't know how to combine them to get the result.
1
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1answer
491 views

Proving the symmetry of an equivalence relation

When proving the symmetry of an equivalence relation, must each equivalence class be closed under symmetry. for example: the relation both x and y > 10 or both x and y < 10 across all ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

The intersection of two symmetry planes is a symmetry axis

I wonder if the intersection of two planes of symmetry for some three dimensional object, is a symmetry axis of that object (i.e. an axis for which there exists an angle (smaller than 360°), so that ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Is the graph of $X = {0,1,2,3,4}$ with the $<$ relation directed or indirected?

Let $X = {0,1,2,3,4}$ Draw the graph associated with the $<$ relation on $X$. Should this graph be directed or undirected? The answer of this question is given, but I am looking for an ...
1
vote
1answer
293 views

a conjugate of a glide reflection by any isometry of the plane is again a glide reflection

Q : Prove that a conjugate of a glide reflection by any isometry of the plane is again a glide reflection, and show that the glide vectors have the same length. I know that: the conjugate ...
0
votes
2answers
287 views

Pentagon axis of symmetry

Quick question: Can a pentagon have an axis of symmetry passing through two (one, none) of its vertices? I'm given the following definition for axis of symmetry: A figure is said to have an axis of ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Combining symbols with symmetry

So this question has probably been answered already, but I can't find a good answer through searching google or this site. Basically, if I have n symbols, how many n-length combinations of the ...
1
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3answers
146 views

Frieze groups, wallpaper groups

Can someone suggest a source that proves the classifications of the 7 frieze groups and 17 wallpaper groups in an elegant way?
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4answers
221 views

equilateral triangle; $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + d^2)^2.$

In equilateral triangle ABC of side length d, if P is an internal point with PA = a, PB = b, and PC = c, the following pleasingly symmetrical relationship holds: $3(a^4 + b^4 + c^4 + d^4) = (a^2 + b^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Finding 'symmetrical range' from mean.

A machine used to make butter where its masses are normally distributed with mean m and standard deviation s.It is found that 5% from these butters are having mass more than 85g where else 10% are of ...
5
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2answers
65 views

Why this definition for “symmetry transformation”?

This question concerns section 8.5.1 in these notes: I don't understand why a symmetry transformation is defined as such. What implications is there if $\delta \mathcal L$ is a total ...
1
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3answers
1k views

Coloring a cube with 4 colors

There are some topics on this forum related to my question. Most of them use Burnsides Lemma. I don't know this lemma and I don't know whether it is applicable to my problem. Can someone explain the ...
2
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0answers
153 views

Make one cube out of 8 little cubes

As part of a puzzle, you have to stack 8 little $1\times 1\times 1$-cubes so that they form one big $2\times 2\times 2$-cube. Now I want to check all possible solution to the puzzle and therefor I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Automorphisms of a structure as a powerful tool for studying the structure

This is just an arbitrary testimony of an often repeated slogan: "The group of automorphisms of a given structure is often a powerful tool for studying this structure." D. Lascar, On the ...